The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China : An Abridgement of Joseph Needham's Original Text 〈1〉

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The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China : An Abridgement of Joseph Needham's Original Text 〈1〉

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 336 P.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521292863
  • DDC分類 509.51

Full Description


Joseph Needham's Science and Civilisation in China is a monumental piece of scholarship which breaks new ground in presenting to the Western reader a detailed and coherent account of the development of science, technology and medicine in China from the earliest times until the advent of the Jesuits and the beginnings of modern science in the late seventeenth century. It is a vast work, necessarily more suited to the scholar and research worker than the general reader. This paperback version, abridged and re-written by Colin Ronan, makes this extremely important study accessible to a wider public. The present book covers the material treated in volumes I and II of Dr Needham's original work. The reader is introduced to the country of China, its history, geography and language, and an account is given of how scientific knowledge travelled between China and Europe. The major part of the book is then devoted to the history of scientific thought in China itself. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the milieu in which arose the schools of the Confucians, Taoists, Mohists, Logicians and Legalists. We are thus brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese Middle Ages, to the doctrines of the Two Forces (Yin and Yang) and the Five Elements (wu hsing), to the impact of the sceptical tradition and Buddhist and Neo-Confucian thought.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      vi
List of Tables vii
Preface viii
Introduction 1 (4)
The Chinese language 5 (10)
The geography of China 15 (4)
Chinese history: (i) The pre-Imperial Ages 19 (14)
Chinese history: (ii) The Empire of All Under 33 (25)
Heaven
The travelling of science between China and 58 (20)
Europe
Confucianism 78 (7)
Taoism 85 (29)
The Mohists and Logicians 114 (13)
The fundamental ideas of Chinese science 127 (64)
The pseudo-sciences and the sceptical 191 (25)
tradition
Chin and Tang Taoists and Sung Neo-Confucians 216 (34)
Sung and Ming idealists and the last great 250 (9)
figures of Chinese naturalism
Buddhist thought 259 (10)
The Legalists 269 (7)
Human law and the laws of Nature 276 (31)
Bibliography 307 (5)
Index 312