Essentials of College Physics (PCK)

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Essentials of College Physics (PCK)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 779 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495106197
  • DDC分類 530

Full Description


ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE PHYSICS is a streamlined version of Serway's market-leading College Physics text, using the same clear and logical presentation of the concepts and principles but providing a slimmer and more affordable alternative for instructors looking to focus on the core concepts.By integrating the guiding principles of physics education research and including unique just-in-time quantitative problem-solving features, the text strikes a balance between problem-solving support and conceptual understanding. "Math Focus" boxes and a unique "Math Appendix" provide your students with an opportunity to master their numerical problem-solving skills and then connect those skills to concrete physics applications. "Quick Quiz" and "Checkpoint" questions provide students with ample opportunity to test their conceptual understanding, while "Tips" boxes help students avoid common misconceptions. And all "Worked Examples" feature a two-column format, explaining each step of the solution both conceptually and quantitatively.The innovative technology program is perfectly tailored to support any course design. All end-of-chapter problems, worked examples, checkpoints and quick quizzes are available in WebAssign (enhanced with hints and feedback), allowing instructors to securely create and administer homework assignments in an interactive online environment. For instructors utilizing classroom response technology, a complete suite of questions, pre-formatted in PowerPoint (R), is available to support the JoinIn (TM) on TurningPoint (R) interactive lecture solution, or the "clicker" software of your choosing.The text's flexible, accessible, and focused presentation, coupled with an extraordinary technology program, gives students and instructors the tools they need to succeed.

Table of Contents

  Part 1: Mechanics
Introduction 1 (17)
Standards of Length, Mass, and Time 1 (2)
The Building Blocks of Matter 3 (1)
Dimensional Analysis 4 (1)
Uncertainty in Measurement and 5 (3)
Significant Figures
Conversion of Units 8 (1)
Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude 9 (1)
Calculations
Coordinate Systems 10 (1)
Trigonometry 11 (1)
Problem-Solving Strategy 12 (2)
Summary 14 (4)
Motion in One Dimension 18 (23)
Displacement 18 (1)
Velocity 19 (5)
Acceleration 24 (2)
Motion Diagrams 26 (2)
One-Dimensional Motion with Constant 28 (5)
Acceleration
Freely Falling Objects 33 (2)
Summary 35 (6)
Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion 41 (20)
Vectors and Their Properties 41 (2)
Components of a Vector 43 (4)
Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration 47 (1)
in Two Dimensions
Motion in Two Dimensions 48 (5)
Relative Velocity 53 (2)
Summary 55 (6)
The Laws of Motion 61 (29)
Forces 61 (1)
Newton's First Law 62 (1)
Newton's Second Law 63 (5)
Newton's Third Law 68 (1)
Applications of Newton's Laws 69 (8)
Forces of Friction 77 (5)
Summary 82 (8)
Energy 90 (34)
Work 90 (4)
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem 94 (3)
Gravitational Potential Energy 97 (7)
Spring Potential Energy 104(5)
Systems and Energy Conservation 109(1)
Power 110(3)
Work Done by a Varying Force 113(2)
Summary 115(9)
Momentum and Collisions 124(23)
Momentum and Impulse 124(4)
Conservation of Momentum 128(2)
Collisions 130(7)
Glancing Collisions 137(3)
Rocket Propulsion 140(1)
Summary 141(6)
Rotational Motion and the Law of Gravity 147(27)
Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration 147(3)
Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular 150(1)
Acceleration
Relations Between Angular and Linear 151(3)
Quantities
Centripetal Acceleration 154(6)
Newtonian Gravitation 160(5)
Kepler's Laws 165(3)
Summary 168(6)
Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational 174(30)
Dynamics
Torque 174(4)
Torque and the Two Conditions for 178(1)
Equilibrium
The Center of Gravity 179(2)
Examples of Objects in Equilibrium 181(2)
Relationship Between Torque and Angular 183(6)
Acceleration
Rotational Kinetic Energy 189(1)
Angular Momentum 190(3)
Summary 193(11)
Solids and Fluids 204(42)
States of Matter 204(1)
The Deformation of Solids 205(4)
Density and Pressure 209(3)
Variation of Pressure with Depth 212(3)
Pressure Measurements 215(1)
Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle 216(4)
Fluids in Motion 220(6)
Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics 226(3)
Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and 229(5)
Viscous Fluid Flow
Transport Phenomena 234(3)
Summary 237(9)
Part 2: Thermodynamics
Thermal Physics 246(26)
Temperature and the Zeroth Law of 246(1)
Thermodynamics
Thermometers and Temperature Scales 247(4)
Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids 251(6)
Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas 257(5)
The Kinetic Theory of Gases 262(5)
Summary 267(5)
Energy in Thermal Processes 272(25)
Heat and Internal Energy 272(2)
Specific Heat 274(2)
Calorimetry 276(2)
Latent Heat and Phase Change 278(5)
Energy Transfer 283(9)
Summary 292(5)
The Laws of Thermodynamics 297(30)
Work in Thermodynamic Processes 297(3)
The First Law of Thermodynamics 300(9)
Heat Engines and the Second Law of 309(7)
Thermodynamics
Entropy 316(3)
Human Metabolism 319(2)
Summary 321(6)
Part 3: Vibrations and Waves
Vibrations and Waves 327(27)
Hooke's Law 327(4)
Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with 331(3)
Uniform Circular Motion
Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a 334(3)
Function of Time
Motion of a Pendulum 337(3)
Damped Oscillations 340(1)
Waves 340(3)
Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength 343(1)
The Speed of Waves on Strings 344(2)
Interference of Waves 346(1)
Reflection of Waves 347(1)
Summary 348(6)
Sound 354(33)
Producing a Sound Wave 354(1)
Characteristics of Sound Waves 354(2)
The Speed of Sound 356(2)
Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves 358(3)
Spherical and Plane Waves 361(2)
The Doppler Effect 363(4)
Interference of Sound Waves 367(2)
Standing Waves 369(4)
Forced Vibrations and Resonance 373(1)
Standing Waves in Air Columns 374(2)
Beats 376(2)
The Ear 378(2)
Summary 380(7)
Part 4: Electricity and Magnetism
Electric Forces and Electric Fields 387(26)
Properties of Electric Charges 387(1)
Insulators and Conductors 388(2)
Coulomb's Law 390(4)
The Electric Field 394(4)
Electric Field Lines 398(2)
Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium 400(2)
Electric Flux and Gauss's Law 402(5)
Summary 407(6)
Electrical Energy and Capacitance 413(32)
Potential Difference and Electric 413(7)
Potential
Electric Potential and Potential Energy 420(2)
Due to Point Charges
Potentials and Charged Conductors 422(2)
Equipotential Surfaces 424(1)
Capacitance 424(1)
The Parallel-Plate Capacitor 425(2)
Combinations of Capacitors 427(6)
Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor 433(2)
Capacitors with Dielectrics 435(4)
Summary 439(6)
Current and Resistance 445(20)
Electric Current 445(2)
A Microscopic View: Current and Drift 447(2)
Speed
Current and Voltage Measurements in 449(1)
Circuits
Resistance and Ohm's Law 450(1)
Resistivity 451(2)
Temperature Variation of Resistance 453(2)
Superconductors 455(1)
Electrical Energy and Power 456(2)
Electrical Activity in the Heart 458(2)
Summary 460(5)
Direct-Current Circuits 465(26)
Sources of emf 465(1)
Resistors in Series 466(2)
Resistors in Parallel 468(5)
Kirchhoff's Rules and Complex DC Circuits 473(2)
RC Circuits 475(4)
Household Circuits 479(2)
Conduction of Electrical Signals by 481(3)
Neurons
Summary 484(7)
Magnetism 491(30)
Magnets 491(3)
Magnetic Fields 494(2)
Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying 496(3)
Conductor
Torque on a Current Loop and Electric 499(3)
Motors
Motion of a Charged Particle in a 502(3)
Magnetic Field
Magnetic Field of a Long, Straight Wire 505(2)
and Ampere's Law
Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel 507(2)
Conductors
Magnetic Fields of Current Loops and 509(3)
Solenoids
Magnetic Domains 512(1)
Summary 513(8)
Induced Voltages and Inductance 521(26)
Induced emf and Magnetic Flux 521(2)
Faraday's Law of Induction 523(4)
Motional emf 527(3)
Lenz's Law Revisited (The Minus Sign in 530(1)
Faraday's Law)
Generators 531(4)
Self-Inductance 535(3)
RL Circuits 538(2)
Summary 540(7)
Alternating Current Circuits and 547(30)
Electromagnetic Waves
Resistors in an AC Circuit 547(3)
Capacitors in an AC Circuit 550(1)
Inductors in an AC Circuit 551(2)
The RLC Series Circuit 553(3)
Power in an AC Circuit 556(2)
Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit 558(1)
The Transformer 559(2)
Maxwell's Predictions 561(1)
Hertz's Confirmation of Maxwell's 562(1)
Predictions
Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an 563(1)
Antenna
Properties of Electromagnetic Waves 564(4)
The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves 568(2)
Summary 570(7)
Part 5: Light and Optics
Reflection and Refraction of Light 577(22)
The Nature of Light 577(1)
Reflection and Refraction 578(4)
The Law of Refraction 582(3)
Dispersion and Prisms 585(2)
The Rainbow 587(1)
Huygens' Principle 588(2)
Total Internal Reflection 590(3)
Summary 593(6)
Mirrors and Lenses 599(28)
Flat Mirrors 599(2)
Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors 601(2)
Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions 603(5)
Images Formed by Refraction 608(4)
Atmospheric Refraction 612(1)
Thin Lenses 613(8)
Lens and Mirror Aberrations 621(1)
Summary 622(5)
Wave Optics 627(26)
Conditions for Interference 627(1)
Young's Double-Slit Experiment 628(3)
Change of Phase Due to Reflection 631(1)
Interference in Thin Films 632(4)
Diffraction 636(2)
Single-Slit Diffraction 638(2)
The Diffraction Grating 640(2)
Polarization of Light Waves 642(5)
Summary 647(6)
Optical Instruments 653(19)
The Camera 653(1)
The Eye 654(4)
The Simple Magnifier 658(2)
The Compound Microscope 660(2)
The Telescope 662(2)
Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular 664(3)
Apertures
Summary 667(5)
Part 6: Modern Physics
Relativity 672(21)
Galilean Relativity 672(1)
The Speed of Light 673(2)
Einstein's Principle of Relativity 675(1)
Consequences of Special Relativity 675(7)
Relativistic Momentum 682(1)
Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence 683(4)
of Mass and Energy
General Relativity 687(2)
Summary 689(4)
Quantum Physics 693(20)
Blackbody Radiation and Planck's 693(2)
Hypothesis
The Photoelectric Effect and the Particle 695(3)
Theory of Light
X-Rays 698(1)
Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals 699(2)
The Compton Effect 701(2)
The Dual Nature of Light and Matter 703(3)
The Wave Function 706(1)
The Uncertainty Principle 707(1)
Summary 708(5)
Atomic Physics 713(21)
Early Models of the Atom 713(1)
Atomic Spectra 714(1)
The Bohr Model 715(5)
Quantum Mechanics and the Hydrogen Atom 720(3)
The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic 723(3)
Table
Characteristic X-Rays 726(1)
Atomic Transitions and Lasers 727(2)
Summary 729(5)
Nuclear Physics 734(24)
Some Properties of Nuclei 734(3)
Binding Energy 737(1)
Radioactivity 738(3)
The Decay Processes 741(6)
Natural Radioactivity 747(1)
Nuclear Reactions 747(3)
Medical Applications of Radiation 750(2)
Summary 752(6)
Nuclear Energy and Elementary Particles 758
Nuclear Fission 758(3)
Nuclear Fusion 761(3)
Elementary Particles and the Fundamental 764(1)
Forces
Positrons and Other Antiparticles 765(1)
Classification of Particles 766(1)
Conservation Laws 767(3)
The Eightfold Way 770(1)
Quarks and Color 770(2)
Electroweak Theory and the Standard Model 772(1)
The Cosmic Connection 773(2)
Problems and Perspectives 775(1)
Summary 776
Appendix A
Mathematics Review 1 (13)
Appendix B
An Abbreviated Table of Isotopes 14 (5)
Appendix C
Some Useful Tables 19 (2)
Appendix D
SI Units 21 (1)
Answers to Checkpoints, Quick Quizzes and 22
Odd-Numbered Conceptual Questions and
Problems
Credits 1 (1)
Index 1