Discuss the criteria of scientific choice and the organization of scientific evaluation; evaluation techniques, their limitations, and their role in determining policy; performance of academic institutions, research groups, research training, and national science policies.
The Ciba Foundation is an international scientific and educational charity which was established in order to promote international co-operation in biological, medical and chemical research. It organizes about eight multidisciplinary symposia each year on topics ready for discussion by a small body of research workers. This volume embodies the proceedings of a conference on the evaluation of scientific research, held at the Ciba Foundation's offices in London, on 6th-8th June 1988. Topics include the evaluation of research training, scientific institutions, research groups and the link between technology and science.
Criteria for evaluation a generation later, A.M.Weinberg; organization of evaluation, L.Georghiou; an alternative quantitative approach to the assessment of national performance in basic research, T.Braun et al; technology and its links with science - measurement and policy implications, K.Pavitt; the role and effectiveness of peer review, C.E.Kruytbosch; the evaluation of research training, J.Anderson; the impact of different modes of research funding, F.Narin; evaluation of scientific institutions - lessons from a bibliometric study of UK technical universities, J.Irvine; evaluation of research groups, A.F.J.van Raan; the contemporaneous assessment of a big science discipline, M.J.Moravcsik; how research investment decisions are made in Japanese industry, F.Kodama; how science policies are determined in the United States, C.T.Hill; the impact of evaluation data on policy determination, T.Luukkonen-Gronow; the Cassandra paradox relating to the effectiveness of evaluation and forecasting methods, P.Montigny.