Understanding Prescription Drugs for Canadians for Dummies

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Understanding Prescription Drugs for Canadians for Dummies

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 526 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780470838358
  • DDC分類 615.1

Full Description


The ultimate Canadian guide to prescription medication Over half of all Canadians take at least one prescription drug, but most of us know very little about the medication we're taking, including why we've been prescribed anything in the first place. Understanding Prescription Drugs Canadians For Dummies will answer many of the questions Canadians have about prescription drugs, but were afraid ask our doctors and pharmacists. Topics covered include: What a prescription drug is Common concerns Side effects Ailments and drugs used to treat them Prescribing practices Understanding Prescription Drugs For Canadians For Dummies will go beyond the encyclopedic and often overwhelming information offered in massive pill books on the Web. It will empower readers, providing them with the knowledge they need as responsible consumers.

Table of Contents

Introduction                                       1  (1)
About This Book 2 (1)
Conventions Used in This Book 3 (1)
What You Don't Have to Read 3 (1)
Foolish Assumptions 4 (1)
How This Book Is Organized 4 (1)
Part I: A Healthy Look at Prescription 4 (1)
Drugs
Part II: Ailments A to Z 4 (1)
Part III: Medications A to Z 4 (1)
Part IV: Common Concerns 5 (1)
Part V: The Part of Tens 5 (1)
Icons Used in This Book 5 (2)
Part I: A Healthy Look at Prescription Drugs 7 (86)
Prescription Drugs and You 9 (6)
Prescription Drugs: The Basics 9 (2)
Your Doctor, Your Pharmacist, and You 11 (1)
Treating What Ails You 12 (1)
Getting to Know Your Medicines 12 (1)
Addressing Your Concerns 13 (1)
Last(ing) Advice to Take from Chapter 1 14 (1)
Prescribing Knowledge 15 (16)
How Drugs Work 16 (6)
Entering the fray: How medicines get 16 (1)
into our bodies
The incredible journey: How a pill gets 17 (3)
from your mouth to your brain, bones,
and beyond
How drugs affect your body's cells 20 (1)
How your body rids itself of medication 21 (1)
What Is a Prescription Drug? 22 (4)
The difference between over-the-counter 22 (2)
drugs and prescription drugs
The difference between 24 (1)
behind-the-counter drugs and
prescription drugs
The difference between prescription 25 (1)
drugs and complementary and alternative
medicines
The Difference between a Brand-Name Drug 26 (3)
and a Generic Drug
Brand-name drugs 26 (1)
Generic drugs 26 (1)
Choosing brand-name or generic drugs 27 (2)
The Non-Medicinal Ingredients in Oral 29 (2)
Medications
Your Doctor, Your Pharmacist, and You 31 (28)
Prescribing Patience 31 (2)
Prescribing Prescription Drugs: Your 33 (8)
Doctor's Role
Why your doctor prescribed a drug 33 (1)
What you need to tell your doctor 34 (1)
How your doctor chooses your 35 (4)
prescription drug
What to make sure your doctor tells you 39 (2)
Dispensing Prescription Drugs: Your 41 (8)
Pharmacist's Role
What your doctor needs to tell your 42 (2)
pharmacist
What you need to tell your pharmacist 44 (1)
What you need to make sure your 45 (4)
pharmacist tells you
Consuming Prescription Drugs: Your Key 49 (10)
Role
Understanding the prescription label 49 (2)
Noting the warning labels 51 (1)
Understanding the package insert 52 (1)
What to watch for with your medications 53 (6)
Making Sure Your Prescription Works for You 59 (34)
Taking Your Medication: Practical Answers 59 (14)
for Common Questions
What drugs am I taking? 60 (1)
What dose am I supposed to take? 60 (1)
How will I know whether I need to 61 (1)
change doses?
How often should I take my medicine? 62 (1)
What should I do if I miss a dose? 63 (1)
Can I split the drug? 64 (3)
Should I take my medicine with food? 67 (1)
Are there things I should avoid when 68 (1)
taking my medicine?
Can I stop my prescription before it's 69 (1)
finished?
Should I refill my prescription? 70 (3)
Head to Toe: Using Different Types of 73 (10)
Medication Properly
Easy to swallow: Pills, capsules, and 73 (1)
liquids
In the eye of the beholder: Eye drops 74 (1)
and ointments
Hear, hear! Ear drops 75 (1)
On the nose: Nose drops and sprays 76 (1)
Hit me with your best shot: Inhalers 77 (3)
Getting it in the end: Suppositories 80 (1)
and enemas
For Women Only: Vaginal preparations 81 (1)
Rubbing it in: Lotions, creams, 81 (1)
ointments, and patches
Needling questions: Injections 82 (1)
Looking After Your Medication 83 (2)
Storing your medication 84 (1)
Dealing with leftover medication 85 (1)
On the Road Again: Travelling with a 85 (3)
Prescription Medicine
Preparing for your trip 86 (1)
Packing your prescription medicine 86 (1)
Forgetting your prescription medicine 86 (2)
at home
Why Your Prescription Drug Might Not Be 88 (5)
Working
Are you sure your medicine is not 88 (1)
working?
Are you taking the right medicine? 89 (1)
Are you on the right dose of the 90 (1)
medicine?
Are you taking the prescription 91 (1)
properly?
Is the medicine being absorbed Into 91 (2)
your body?
Part II: Ailments A to Z 93 (76)
Ailments and Their Treatment 95 (74)
Conventions We Use in This Chapter 95 (1)
Acne 96 (1)
Addison's Disease 97 (1)
Alcoholism 98 (1)
Allergies 98 (1)
Alzheimer's Disease 99 (1)
Anemia 100(1)
Iron deficiency 100(1)
Vitamin B12 deficiency 100(1)
Angina 101(1)
Anxiety Disorders 102(1)
Arrhythmias 103(1)
Arthritis 104(2)
Osteoarthritis 104(1)
Rheumatoid arthritis 105(1)
Asthma 106(1)
Athlete's Foot 107(1)
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 108(1)
(ADHD)
Baldness 108(1)
Bedwetting 109(1)
Bipolar Disorder 109(1)
Blood Clots 110(1)
Cancer 110(2)
Breast cancer 111(1)
Prostate cancer 111(1)
Chlamydia 112(1)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 112(1)
(COPD)
Claudication 113(1)
Cold, Common 114(1)
Cold Sores 114(1)
Conjunctivitis 114(1)
Contraception 115(1)
Cough 115(1)
Depression 116(1)
Diabetes 117(2)
Insulin therapy 117(1)
Oral hypoglycemic agents 118(1)
Diarrhea 119(1)
Dizziness 119(1)
Ear Infections 120(1)
Eczema 121(1)
Edema 121(1)
Endocarditis Prophylaxis 122(1)
Endometriosis 123(1)
Epilepsy 123(1)
Erectile Dysfunction 124(1)
Fibromyalgia 125(1)
Flatulence 125(1)
Gastroenteritis 126(1)
Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) 126(1)
Glaucoma 127(1)
Gonorrhea 127(1)
Gout 128(1)
Headaches 129(1)
Heart Attack 130(1)
Heart Failure 131(1)
Hemorrhoids 132(1)
Hepatitis, Viral 132(1)
Herpes, Genital 133(1)
Hirsutism 134(1)
HIV/AIDS 135(1)
Hyperprolactinemia (Enlarged Prostate) 136(1)
Hypertension 136(2)
Hyperthyroidism 138(1)
Hypothyroidism 139(1)
Incontinence, Urinary 139(1)
Infertility 140(1)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease 140(1)
Influenza 141(1)
Insomnia 142(1)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome 143(1)
Kidney Failure 143(1)
Kidney Stones 144(1)
Libido, Reduced 145(1)
Lipid Disorders (Abnormal Cholesterol and 146(1)
Triglyceride Levels)
Lupus 147(1)
Menopause 148(1)
Menstrual Cramps 148(1)
Multiple Sclerosis 149(1)
Muscle Cramps 149(1)
Nausea and Vomiting 150(1)
Obesity 150(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 151(1)
Osteoporosis 151(1)
Pain 152(1)
Parkinson's Disease 152(1)
Pneumonia 153(1)
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 154(1)
Prostatis 154(1)
Prostatism (Enlarged Prostate) 155(1)
Psoriasis 155(1)
Restless Legs Syndrome 156(1)
Rosacea 156(1)
Schizophrenia 157(1)
Shingles 157(1)
Sinusitis 158(1)
Smoking Cessation 159(1)
Stroke 159(1)
Syphilis 160(1)
Throat Infections 161(1)
Toenail Infections 161(1)
Tremor, Essential 162(1)
Tuberculosis 163(1)
Ulcers, Peptic 163(2)
Urinary Tract Infections 165(1)
Bladder infections 165(1)
Kidney Infections 165(1)
Vaginal Dryness 166(1)
Vaginal Infections 166(1)
Vitiligo 167(1)
Warts, Genital 168(1)
Warts, Skin 168(1)
Part III: Medications A to Z 169(260)
All in the (Drug) Family 171(258)
Conventions We Use in This Chapter 171(2)
Prescription Drugs 101: A Primer 173(3)
Prescription drug use during pregnancy 173(1)
and breastfeeding
Prescription drugs and children 173(1)
Prescription drug interactions and 174(1)
side-effects
Prescription drug choices 175(1)
Alpha-adrenergic Agonists (Centrally 176(2)
Acting)
Alpha Blockers 178(4)
Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors 182(1)
Alzheimer's Disease Medicines 183(3)
Aminosalicylates 186(3)
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) 189(3)
Inhibitors
Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) 192(2)
Anti-anxiety Medications 194(5)
Anti-arrhythmics 199(5)
Antibiotics 204(20)
Aminoglycosides 208(2)
Cephalosporins 210(1)
Fluoroquinolones 211(2)
Lincosamines 213(3)
Macrolides 216(1)
Nitroimidazoles 217(2)
Penicillins 219(2)
Sulfas 221(1)
Tetracyclines 222(2)
Anticancer Drugs for Breast and Prostate 224(5)
Cancer
Anticholinergics (for Overactive Bladder) 229(3)
Anticoagulants 232(5)
Low molecular weight heparins 235(2)
Anticonvulsants 237(12)
Antidepressants 249(8)
Antifungal Agents 257(4)
Antihistamines 261(3)
Anti-obesity Drugs 264(3)
Antiparkinsonian Drugs 267(4)
Antiplatelet Agents 271(5)
Antipsychotics 276(6)
Antiretroviral Drugs 282(1)
Antithyroid Agents 283(2)
Antituberculosis Drugs 285(2)
Antiviral Agents 287(3)
Beta Blockers 290(5)
Biologic Response Modifiers 295(1)
Bisphosphonates 296(4)
Calcium Channel Blockers 300(4)
Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors 304(2)
Contraceptive Therapy 306(6)
Oral contraceptive therapies 307(2)
Medroxy-progesterone acetate 309(2)
(Depo-Provera)
Levonorgestrel (Plan B) 311(1)
Corticosteroids 312(14)
Nasal corticosteroids 316(1)
Ophthalmic (eye) corticosteroids 317(2)
Oral corticosteroids 319(3)
Otic (ear) corticosteroids 322(2)
Rectal corticosteroids 324(1)
Topical corticosteroids 325(1)
Diuretics 326(8)
Dopamine Agonists 334(3)
Gastrointestinal Tract Motility Modifiers 337(3)
and Related Drugs
Eye Drops to Treat Glaucoma 340(7)
Fibrates (Fibric Acid Derivatives) 347(2)
Histamine (H1) Agonist 349(2)
Immunosuppressive Drugs 351(5)
Inhaled Medicines to Treat Asthma and 356(9)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
(COPD)
Insulin 365(5)
Leukotriene Antagonists 370(1)
Lithium 371(3)
Menopausal Hormone Therapy 374(3)
Narcotic (``Opioid'') Analgesics 377(3)
Nitrates 380(4)
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs 384(3)
(NSAIDs)
Oral Hypoglycemic Agents 387(10)
Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors 397(2)
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) 399(2)
Retinoids 401(3)
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators 404(4)
(SERMs)
Serotonin (5 HT) Receptor Agonists 408(3)
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants 411(2)
Statins 413(3)
Stimulants 416(2)
Testosterone 418(3)
Thyroid Hormones 421(2)
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) 423(3)
Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor 426(3)
Part IV: Common Concerns 429(48)
Side-Effects and Drug Interactions 431(14)
Understanding Side-Effects 431(7)
Allergic reactions 432(1)
Dose-related side-effects 433(1)
Side-effects from your drug acting 434(2)
where you'd rather it didn't
Idiosyncratic reactions 436(1)
Drug intolerance 436(1)
Side-effects from non-medicinal 437(1)
ingredients
How to Avoid Side-Effects 438(2)
Questions to ask your doctor before you 438(1)
leave the office
Questions to ask your pharmacist before 439(1)
you leave the pharmacy
Questions to ask yourself before you 439(1)
take your new medicine
What to Do If You Experience a Side-Effect 440(1)
Understanding Drug Interactions 441(4)
Drug-drug interactions 441(1)
Drug-food interactions 442(1)
Drug-alcohol interactions 442(1)
Drug-complementary and alternative 443(1)
medicine interactions
Drug-sunshine interactions 444(1)
Prescription Drugs for Moms-to-Be, Kids, 445(14)
and Seniors
Drug Safety for Women Who Are Pregnant or 445(4)
Breastfeeding
Looking at whether a drug is safe when 446(3)
pregnant or breastfeeding
What to do if you're taking a 449(1)
prescription drug and then find out
you're pregnant
Drug Safety for Children 449(4)
Special issues regarding your child's 450(2)
use of stimulant medicines to treat
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD)
How to help your child swallow a 452(1)
medicine
Drug Safety for Seniors 453(6)
Considering special risks for seniors 453(1)
Helpful ways for seniors to stay 454(3)
organized with their prescription
medicines
Watching out for special side-effects 457(2)
in seniors
Dealing with Emergencies and 459(12)
Hospitalizations
Can It Wait? Deciding When You Require 459(2)
Emergency Medical Attention
Dealing with an Overdose 461(2)
What to Do If You Run Out of Your 463(1)
Prescription Medicine
Your Prescription Drugs and 464(7)
Hospitalizations
Your prescription drugs and the 464(2)
emergency department
Your prescription drugs and the 466(2)
inpatient wards
Your prescription drugs when you're 468(3)
discharged from hospital
Coping with the Costs of Prescription Drugs 471(6)
How Your Doctor Can Help You Save Money 471(2)
How Your Pharmacist Can Help You Save 473(1)
Money
How the Government Can Help You 474(1)
How Your Private Health Insurer Can Help 475(1)
You
How the Pharmaceutical Industry Can Help 475(1)
You
Buying Prescription Drugs over the 475(2)
Internet
Part V: The Part of Tens 477(14)
Ten Changes We Hope to See in the World of 479(6)
Prescription Drug Therapy
A Catastrophic Drug Plan 479(1)
Drugs That Say What They Are 480(1)
More Skepticism about New Drugs 480(1)
Better Package Inserts and Information 480(1)
Sheets
More Quality Time with Your Pharmacist 481(1)
Better Medical News Reporting 481(1)
More Certainty about a Drug's 482(1)
Effectiveness and Tolerability
Smarter Technology 482(1)
Easier Ways to Know When It's Time to 483(1)
Take Your Medicine
Multipills 483(1)
And a Final Fantasy 484(1)
Ten Not-So-Trivial Facts about Prescription 485(6)
Drugs
How Many New Prescription Drugs Are 485(1)
Approved Each Year in Canada?
How Much Do Canadians Spend on 486(1)
Prescription Drugs?
How Expensive Is It to Run a Drug Study? 486(1)
How Often Do People Improperly Take Their 487(1)
Prescription Medicines?
What Are the Best-Selling Prescription 487(1)
Drugs in Canada?
What Are the Best-Selling Prescription 488(1)
Drug Classes in Canada?
How Often Are Prescription Drugs Used for 488(1)
``Unapproved Indications''?
How Many Pharmacists Are Practising in 489(1)
Canada?
How Many Pharmacies Are in Canada? 489(1)
How Much Medicine Is in a Pill? 489(2)
Drug Index 491(27)
General Index 518