Single Carrier FDMA : A New Air Interface for Long Term Evolution (Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing)

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Single Carrier FDMA : A New Air Interface for Long Term Evolution (Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 192 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780470724491
  • DDC分類 621.382

Full Description


Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) is a novel method of radio transmission under consideration for deployment in future cellular systems; specifically, in 3rd Generation Partnership Project Long Term Evolution (3GPP LTE) systems. SC-FDMA has drawn great attention from the communications industry as an attractive alternative to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). Introduction to Single Carrier FDMA places SC-FDMA in the wider context of wireless communications, providing the reader with an in-depth tutorial on SC-FDMA technology. The book introduces the reader to this new multiple access technique that utilizes single carrier modulation along with orthogonal frequency multiplexing and frequency domain equalization, plus its applications in communications settings. It considers the similarities with and differences from orthogonal frequency division modulation, multiplexing, and multiple access used extensively in cellular, broadcasting, and digital subscriber loop applications. Particular reference is made to the peak power characteristics of an SC-FDMA signal as an added advantage over OFDMA.Provides an extensive overview of the principles of SC-FDMA and its relation to other transmission techniques. Explains how the details of a specific implementation influence the tradeoffs among various figures of merit. Describes in detail the configuration of the SC-FDMA uplink transmission scheme published by 3GPP. Features link level simulation of an uplink SC-FDMA system using MATLAB. This is an essential text for industry engineers who are researching and developing 3GPP LTE systems. It is suitable for engineers designing wireless network equipment, handsets, data cards, modules, chipsets, and test equipment as well as those involved in designing LTE infrastructure. It would also be of interest to academics, graduate students, and industry researchers involved in advanced wireless communications, as well as business analysts who follow the cellular market.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Introduction 1 (14)
Generations 1 (2)
Standards 3 (1)
Cellular Standards Organizations 3GPP and 3 (3)
3GPP2
IEEE Standards 6 (1)
Advanced Mobile Wireless Systems Based on 6 (5)
FDMA
IEEE 802.16e-Based Mobile WiMAX 6 (2)
3GPP2 Ultra Mobile Broadband 8 (1)
3GPP Long Term Evolution 8 (2)
Summary and Comparison of Mobile WiMAX, 10 (1)
LTE and UMB
Figures of Merit 11 (1)
Frequency Division Technology in 12 (1)
Broadband Wireless Systems
References 13 (2)
Channel Characteristics and Frequency 15 (22)
Multiplexing
Introduction 15 (1)
Radio Channel Characteristics 15 (10)
Physics of Radio Transmission 16 (5)
Effects of Extraneous Signals 21 (2)
Transmitting and Receiving Equipment 23 (1)
Radio Propagation Models 24 (1)
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing 25 (5)
Signal Processing 26 (3)
Advantages and Weaknesses 29 (1)
Single Carrier Modulation with Frequency 30 (4)
Domain Equalization
Frequency Domain Equalization 30 (2)
Comparison with OFDM 32 (2)
Summary 34 (1)
References 35 (2)
Single Carrier FDMA 37 (24)
Introduction 37 (1)
SC-FDMA Signal Processing 38 (4)
Subcarrier Mapping 42 (2)
Time Domain Representation of SC-FDMA 44 (6)
Signals
Time Domain Symbols of IFDMA 45 (2)
Time Domain Symbols of LFDMA 47 (1)
Time Domain Symbols of DFDMA 48 (1)
Comparison of Subcarrier Mapping Schemes 48 (2)
SC-FDMA and Orthogonal Frequency Division 50 (3)
Multiple Access
SC-FDMA and CDMA with Frequency Domain 53 (2)
Equalization
Single Carrier Code-Frequency Division 55 (2)
Multiple Access (SC-CFDMA)
Summary 57 (2)
References 59 (2)
SC-FDMA in 3GPP Long Term Evolution 61 (22)
Introduction 61 (2)
3GPP Technical Specifications 61 (1)
Contents of the Physical Layer 62 (1)
Technical Specifications
Protocol Layers and Channels 63 (4)
Uplink Time and Frequency Structure 67 (4)
Frames and Slots 67 (2)
Resource Blocks 69 (2)
Basic Uplink Physical Channel Processing 71 (5)
Reference (Pilot) Signal Structure 76 (1)
Summary 77 (1)
References 78 (1)
Appendix - List of 3GPP LTE Standards 78 (5)
Channel Dependent Scheduling 83 (24)
Introduction 83 (5)
SC-FDMA Performance Measures 88 (3)
Scheduling Algorithms 91 (2)
Channel Models used in Scheduling Studies 93 (2)
Channel-Dependent Scheduling Simulation 95 (10)
Studies
Schedules Based on Perfect Channel 96 (5)
State Information
Schedules Based on Delayed Channel 101(2)
State Information
Discussion of Scheduling Studies 103(2)
Summary 105(1)
References 105(2)
MIMO SC-FDMA 107(16)
Introduction 107(1)
Spatial Diversity and Spatial 108(1)
Multiplexing in MIMO Systems
MIMO Channel 109(2)
SC-FDMA Transmit Eigen-Beamforming with 111(6)
Unitary Preceding
Impact of Imperfect Feedback: Precoder 113(2)
Quantization/Averaging
Impact of Imperfect Feedback: Feedback 115(2)
Delay
SC-FDMA Spatial Diversity 117(1)
Summary 117(3)
References 120(3)
Peak Power Characteristics of a SC-FDMA 123(20)
Signal
Introduction 123(1)
Peak Power Characteristics of a Single 124(4)
Carrier Signal
PAPR of Single Antenna Transmission 128(4)
Signals
PAPR of Multiple Antenna Transmission 132(4)
Signals
Peak Power Reduction by Symbol Amplitude 136(5)
Clipping
Summary 141(1)
References 142(1)
Simulation of a SC-FDMA System Using 143(22)
MATLAB®
Introduction 143(1)
Link Level Simulation of SC/FDE 143(3)
Link Level Simulation of SC-FDMA 146(3)
Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Simulation of 149(1)
SC-FDMA
Summary 150(1)
References 150(1)
Appendix - Simulation Codes 151(14)
MATLAB® Simulation Codes for SCIFDE 151(4)
MATLAB® Simulation Codes for 155(4)
SC-FDMA (Link Level)
MATLAB® Simulation Codes for 159(6)
SC-FDMA and OFDMA (PAPR)
Appendix A: Derivation of Time Domain Symbols 165(6)
of Localized FDMA and Distributed FDMA
A.1 Time Domain Symbols of LFDMA 165(2)
A.2 Time Domain Symbols of DFDMA 167(4)
Appendix B: Derivations of the Upper Bounds 171(4)
in Chapter 7
B.1 Derivation of Equations (7.9) and 171(1)
(7.10) in Chapter 7
B.2 Derivations of Equations (7.13) and 172(3)
(7.14) in Chapter 7
Appendix C: Deciphering the 3GPP LTE 175(4)
Specifications
Appendix D: Abbreviations 179(4)
Index 183