The Spirit of Prophecy Defended


The Spirit of Prophecy Defended

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 521 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780391041851
  • DDC分類 231.74


With a New Introduction by J. Ramsey Michaels. This edition includes the full text of the 1713 edition and Lacy's recently discovered and previously unknown marginalia, as well the notes and preface of the 1832 edition of Scottish Presbyterian Edward Irving.

Full Description

The Spirit of Prophecy Defended (originally published in 1713 as The General Delusion of Christians) is a thoroughgoing apology for the miracles, signs, and wonders of the Christian past and of its followers, the so-called French Prophets, a small ecstatic movement in eighteenth-century England that traced its roots to the Montanists of the early church. In this retypeset edition-an indispensable primary source on the movement-J. Ramsey Michaels establishes that John Lacy was the original author of The General Delusion of Christians. This edition includes the full text of the 1713 edition and Lacy's recently discovered and previously unknown marginalia, as well as the notes and preface of the 1832 edition of Scottish Presbyterian Edward Irving, whose own ministry was marked by ecstatic signs and wonders.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations                              xv
Introduction to The Spirit of Prophecy xvii
Defended, 2003 Edition, J. Ramsey Michaels
Preface of Edward Irving (1832) xxxvii
A minute Inquiry into the Scripture, touching
the several Ways used of God
in revealing himself; namely, the Apparition
of Angels, Divine Dreams,
Prophetic Visions, Voices heard, and
Inspiration. Wherein the original Text is
carefully heeded, and illustrated from the
most ancient and universally esteemed
Versions of it, and explained also from the
most learned Annotators thereon.
Introduction. Our Knowledge of God is
imperfect by
Revelation, and much more by natural 3 (4)
There was something unaccountable for, by
Reason, in the Way and Manner of
revealing; proved
from the opposition and contempt of it
by those who
were most distinguished for human wisdom 7 (5)
Natural Reason is perverted, when
constituted alone as
a judge decisive of Revelation; because
its innate and
accidental infirmities do incapacitate
for such a seat
of tribunal 12 (12)
We are bound to believe the invisible
agency of Angels,
asserted in scripture, to be
continually over us:
therefore to disbelieve the same when
visible is
inconsistent 24 (4)
Neither is bodily hurt received upon the
appearance of
an Angel, nor every familiarity on his
part to man,
inconsisting with the ministration of a 28 (4)
celestial one
Angels have often assumed the style of 32 (8)
the Deity
Disquietude of Mind upon a Vision or
Dream no
argument against its Divinity 40 (1)
Many peculiar Honours stamped upon the
by Dream 41 (6)
Divine Dreams and Visions not always
understood at the
time of receiving them 47 (4)
Sounds of Terror formed by the spirit of 51 (1)
Voices angelical or Divine, very terrible 52 (2)
Dark speeches usual to the Spirit of 54 (1)
The most bright Communication Divine to
Moses was
through the ministry of an Angel 54
The word Visionair, or Seer, of equal
authority with that
of Prophet, throughout the Old 1 (62)
Testament 6
Some miraculous Variations of Natural
Objects in their
Appearance 63 (2)
Thick Darkness, in a Prophetic
Manifestation, consistent
with the spirit of God 65 (1)
Visions often seen without Ecstasy 66 (1)
The Worship of God, as revealed, was
built upon Vision
primarily after the Flood 67 (2)
God has revealed himself to Persons the 69 (1)
most Unholy
Visions not seen with the Natural Eye 70 (2)
The Meanness of Things represented by
Vision does not
make it less from God 72 (4)
Angels do appear in several Forms
different from the
human 76 (5)
A Supernatural Impression on the Senses
of Taste and
Smell 81 (5)
The Scripture sense of the word Prophet
is not specifical
of predicting 86 (3)
Revelation under the Gospel communicated
Terror 89 (3)
Prophetical Ecstasies in the Old and New
largely explained to evince a spirit on 92 (5)
the Prophet
Prophesying by Signs in the Scriptures
largely treated on;
proving also a Spirit superior on him 97 (9)
The Prophet in Scripture was visibly
moved or agitated
by a Spirit, both in the New and in the
Testament 106 (18)
Inspiration Prophetic might be, either
under the New
or Old Testament, by the Hand or
Influence of an
Angel 124 (13)
The Utterance and Words were often
inspired to the
Prophet as well as the Sense 137 (7)
Extract from most of the Writers now extant
unto the Time of Constantine;
skewing from them that the spirit of Prophecy
continued to be publicly
acknowledged existing for three hundred Years
at least.
All Preachers in Christian Assemblies not
inspired during the Apostolic Age 144 (1)
There were many called Apostles besides
the Twelve
named by our Lord 145 (7)
The full and clear sense of the word
Paraclete, rendered
the Comforter, promised to the church 152 (3)
by our Lord ....
The Bishop of Lincoln's Testimony, that
the Gifts
prophetical, to women as well as men,
continued in the
church after the age of the Apostles 155 (3)
The Tracts of Barnabas, Clement, and
Hermas, enrolled
in the New Testament for four hundred 158 (1)
The Volume of the New-Testament
Scriptures not limited
to the number of Tracts now in it until 158 (2)
A.D. 500
The Manner and Ways of the Spirit of
exhibited from the Tracts of Barnabas,
Hermas, Ignatius, and Polycarp 160 (17)
N.B. By the quotations preceding in this
Part, and from all
those hereunder following, not only the
spirit of prophecy is
acknowledged publicly existent for more
than three hundred years
in the Christian church, but several
things in the manner and
privileges thereof (not here observed)
are more particularly described.
Prophets mentioned by Eusebius, who,
with those in the
preceding article, do prove prophecy
existing unto
A.D. 150 177 (1)
Different Degrees in the Gift of
Prophecying, from
Mr. Dodwell 178 (2)
Diversity in the very Gifts of 180 (2)
Prophecy, from Dr. Hicks
Justin Martyr declares the Gift of
Prophecy publicly
refulgent unto A.D. 170 182 (1)
About A.D. 180, Athenagoras, and the
Churches of Lyons
and Vienne, declare to the same effect 183 (1)
That the Gift of Prophecy abounded in
churches unto A.D. 200, appears from 184 (7)
Of the Pre-eminences and some possible
Defects of the
Spirit of prophecy, by Mr. Dodwell 191 (1)
Several Marks and Privileges of the
prophetic Spirit in
the second and third centuries, by Mr. 192 (3)
Several Uses, Ends, and Ways of the
prophetical spirit in
the churches of the same time, by Dr. 195 (3)
The first apparent Decrease of the
extraordinary Gifts
was between the years 220 and 250 198 (1)
After the year 200, many Evangelists
mentioned by
Eusebius 199 (1)
The Martyrology of Perpetua and others
new Visions and Prophecyings unto A.D. 200 (1)
Natalius and Potamiana, and other public
Testimonies of
Vision in Eusebius about the same time 201 (1)
A great number of Witnesses to Vision,
for edification of
the churches at Rome and Jerusalem, 202 (2)
about A.D. 240
Several Testimonies of Dionysius, bishop
of Alexandria, to
the Spirit of Prophecy, about A.D. 260 204 (2)
Some Manifestations of a Visionary Light
frequent in
these times 206 (1)
Tertullian, who lived to A.D. 230,
testifies the Gifts of
the spirit public in his time 207 (3)
Theophilus and Minutfus Felix are authors
witnessing to
the like to A.D. 240 210 (1)
The Gifts of Prophecy publicly exercised
in the age of
Origen, namely, unto A.D. 255 211 (4)
Large Evidences of Revelation given by
St. Cyprian in
his time 215 (9)
Rigaltius's Observations upon the
Ecstasies and Dreams
in Cypr僘n's time 224 (1)
Arnobius, Lactantius, and Julius
Firmicus, with others,
prove the extraordinary Gifts
subsisting unto the
year 300, and afterwards 225 (2)
Towards the latter end of this period,
Christians became
generally scoffers at revelation and
the ways of the
prophetic Spirit 227 (8)
Imports that the spirit which was condemned
by some Churches, during
the said Ages, under the Name of Montanism,
for diabolical, was probably,
by all that appears of it upon any good
Authority, the true Spirit of Prophecy.
The second and third centuries did
acknowledge that
there were outward visible signs of a
Spirit moving the
prophets, among Christians 235 (5)
Several Functions of the then Prophets in
the churches or
public assemblies 240 (3)
The falling away, 2 Thess. ii. 3, 243 (1)
The falling away or apostasy in the
Christian church
went on increasing from the Apostolic 244 (4)
A summary Account of the Inspired,
Montanists, by Dr. Hicks 248 (6)
The Christian prophet spake in the name
and person
of God 254 (1)
An Account of the Prophets nick-named
Montanists, by
Godfrey Arnold, a Lutheran Minister 255 (8)
The Spirit of Prophecy properly a Reprover 263 (2)
The Fourteen Articles, whereon the Spirit
of Montanus,
and others, was condemned 265 (2)
That a prophet is false who is not owned
by the existing
church, disproved 267 (4)
The Spirit of Montanus, &c. not condemned
by the
churches generally 271 (5)
That the Spirit of Prophecy must be
communicated from
men, disproved 276 (2)
The Montanists falsely accused to have
pretended to
greater prerogatives than the Apostles 278 (3)
The Spirit of Montanus, &c. owned to have
had most,
if not all the properties of the Divine
spirit; and yet
taxed inconsistently with having no
at all 281 (3)
The Spirit of Montanus groundlessly
charged with
enforcing of Legal Observances 284 (1)
The same Spirit charged for diabolical,
because it
pretended to eminent holiness 285 (1)
The Montanists falsely charged with 286 (2)
scandalous Vices
The Montanists falsely taxed with taking 288 (2)
of Bribes
That the Scripture forbids a prophet to
receive gifts or
money, proved false 290 (1)
The Montanists wrongfully charged again 291 (1)
in Article IX
The Spirit of these prophets wrongfully
charged with
avoiding sufferings 292 (4)
The persecutors of Montanus manifestly
aimed to
suppress prophecy in general 296 (1)
Some outward manifestation of a Spirit on
the prophets
owned then even by their accusers 297 (3)
Whether the Divine Spirit may not
suppress for a time
the exercise of reason and the sense, 300 (2)
Whether by the scripture a prediction of
the Spirit may
not fail of accomplishment, discussed 302 (6)
The Montanists falsely accused for
setting up a new
order of discipline in the church 308 (7)
Clear Proofs enumerated of the condemners
of Montanus,
their being vilifiers and quenchers of 315 (8)
the Spirit
The great Guilt of rejecting, despising,
or quenching the
Spirit of Prophecy 323 (17)
Some lesser Reasons of condemning the
examined 340 (4)
The Opposers of the Spirit expunged the
Revelations of
St. John out of their New Testament 344 (2)
The Opposers of the Spirit then were
erroneous in
Doctrine 346 (3)
These Opposers wrongfully disannulled the
Baptism of
the Montanists 349 (2)
These Opposers were Scoffers of Sacred
Things, under
the Cloak of vain Philosophy 351 (4)
These Opposers turned Persecutors under 355 (4)
the Reign of Constantine
The final Extinguishing of Prophecyings
by a General
Council, examined 359 (7)
These Ages (so quenching of Prophecy) did
alter and
corrupt the Text of Scripture 366 (5)
Gives an Account of many now-a-days
prevailing Principles, touching the
spirit of Prophecy, which are proved to be
antiscriptural, and which nevertheless
are taken to be decisive, in the Trial of
The Scriptures a perfect Standard to
measure and judge
of Prophecy 371 (5)
No Man ought to judge for or against
Prophecy by any
other Rule, and ought to be determined 376 (7)
by that
The Danger in our Age of Infidelity in 383 (4)
The Church of England does not hold
Inspiration to be ceased for ever 387 (1)
The Gift of Prophecy was not appointed
for any time
limited 388 (2)
New Prophecying does not undermine or
supersede the
scriptures 390 (2)
That there be many Promises in the New
Testament of
the spirit, indefinite for time 392 (9)
To say, There is no need of Prophets, is
an Arrogancy,
and an unscriptural Usurpation on God 401 (2)
To say, God will not send them, because
we should not
receive them, is unscriptural 403 (1)
That no Woman can be authorized to
Prophecy, is a
doctrine antiscriptural 404 (2)
That God never revealed Himself to
Children, disproved
by scripture 406 (1)
That an Holy spirit cannot make a
Quotation from an
Heathen Author, refuted in Doctrine IX 407 (1)
To inveigh against the Clergy, proves a
Man not to be
acted by the Divine Spirit, disproved 408 (1)
Improprieties in any Language prove it
not to be from
God, confuted 409 (2)
The Holy spirit never would speak in a
unknown to the Hearers, confuted 411 (1)
No sort of Impressions inward or
outward, by Vision,
Voice, &c., can have any certainty, is
a doctrine wholly
infidel, and overthrows the authority 412 (7)
of scripture
Whenever God sent Prophets, He always
gave them
power to work Signs and Wonders, 419 (3)
Every Prophet is bound to prove his
Inspirations by
Miracles, or we are bound to reject
him, though he be
really inspired, is a doctrine merely
human and
unscriptural 422 (5)
No Man is to be believed a Prophet
without the brightest
holiness, confuted 427 (5)
Actions that become not a Man of Gravity,
cannot come
from the Spirit of God, answered 432 (3)
Prophets are to be subject in their
prophesying to
Human Order, refuted 435 (2)
Visions of difficult Explication are to
be rejected,
disproved 437 (3)
Threatening of Judgments upon Opposers
cannot be of
God, antiscriptural 440 (1)
Great part of the scripture was composed
with Human
Care and Study, answered 441 (3)
The Claim of Inspiration is an
Affectation of Tyranny
over the Understandings of Men, answered 444 (3)
Using of the written Word is inconsistent
with Inspiration,
refuted 447 (1)
The Knowledge of Men's Thoughts does not
prove a
Spirit to be Divine, answered 448 (3)
Recapitulation of the General Scheme 451 (4)
Reverence to the Prophetic Voice proved a
New-Testament Duty 455 (4)
Protestants, as such, are bound to 459 (8)
practise this Duty
Several Uses and Benefits of the Spirit
of Prophecy to
the Church 467 (6)
Sadducism, the principal Delusion of this
Age, by
Benjamin Camfield, Minister 473 (10)
The said Delusion more and more daily 483 (2)
The Conclusion. A Citation from Mr.
Locke, touching the
due use of Reason 485 (2)
Another of like kind from Sir Charles
Wolsely, in respect
to Revelation 487 (3)
The regular way of inquiring into, and
judging of
Revelation, by Dr. Goodman 490 (3)
A Summary Recollection of the Scope of 493 (8)
this Treatise
Seventy Unwarrantable Opinions commonly
touching the Ways of God revealing 501 (4)
Mr. Le Clerc's, and others, Objections to
the Inspiration
of many parts of Scripture 505 (3)
Two Citations from Mr. John Hales, of 508 (2)
Eaton College
Many peculiar Prejudices of the Clergy to
the Spirit of
Prophecy, instanced 510 (4)
Every Man ought therefore to judge for 514