バーンズ&グローブ看護研究入門(第8版)<br>Burns and Grove's the Practice of Nursing Research : Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence (8TH)

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バーンズ&グローブ看護研究入門(第8版)
Burns and Grove's the Practice of Nursing Research : Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence (8TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 718 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780323377584
  • DDC分類 610.73072

Full Description


Master the research methods used as a foundation for evidence-based practice! Burns and Grove's The Practice of Nursing Research, 8th Edition provides a solid foundation in the appraisal, synthesis, and generation of research evidence for clinical nursing practice. Not only will you learn how to properly evaluate and use existing research evidence, but you'll also learn how to participate in research and quality improvement projects. Updated to reflect today's focus on online research and evidence-based practice, this edition includes clear, step-by-step guidelines to research procedures as well as many examples from current and classic literature. From an expert author team led by Jennifer Gray, this book helps you perform scholarly research for evidence-based practice.Emphasis on evidence-based practice helps you learn to generate research evidence and to appraise and synthesize existing research for application to clinical practice.Emphasis on qualitative research includes phenomenological research, grounded theory research, ethnographic research, exploratory-descriptive research, and historical research.Coverage of quantitative, qualitative, and other research methodologies gives you a solid foundation to conduct, appraise, and apply research evidence to the realities of today's clinical practice.Rich examples from the nursing literature bring research principles to life.Information on collecting digital data guides you through the use of online research.Clear, comprehensive coverage is organized into five units: 1) Introduction to Nursing Research, 2) The Research Process, 3) Putting It All Together for Evidence-Based Health Care, 4) Analyzing Data, Determining Outcomes, and Disseminating Research, and 5) Proposing and Seeking Funding for Research.NEW Mixed Methods Research chapter and emphasis covers this increasingly popular approach to research.NEW! Expanded emphasis on qualitative research provides more balanced coverage of qualitative and quantitative methods, addressing the qualitative research methodologies that are often the starting point of research projects, particularly in magnet hospitals and DNP programs.ENHANCED emphasis on evidence-based practice addresses this key graduate-level QSEN competency.UPDATED emphasis on the most currently used research methodologies focuses on the methods used in both quantitative research and qualitative research, as well as outcomes research and mixed methods research.NEW! Quick-reference summaries are located inside the book's covers, including a table of research methods on the inside front cover and a list of types of research syntheses (with definitions) inside the back cover.NEW student resources on the Evolve companion website include 400 interactive review questions along with a library of 10 Elsevier research articles.NEW! Colorful design highlights key information such as tables and research examples

Table of Contents

Unit One Introduction to Nursing Research,         1  (75)
1 Discovering the World of Nursing Research, 1 (17)
Definition of Nursing Research, 1 (1)
Framework Linking Nursing Research to the 2 (9)
World of Nursing,
Significance of Research in Building an 11 (7)
Evidence-Based Practice for Nursing,
2 Evolution of Research in Building 18 (19)
Evidence-Based Nursing Practice,
Historical Development of Research in 18 (7)
Nursing,
Methodologies for Developing Research 25 (2)
Evidence in Nursing,
Classification of Research Methodologies 27 (3)
Presented in This Text,
Introduction to Best Research Evidence for 30 (7)
Practice,
3 Introduction to Quantitative Research, 37 (25)
The Scientific Method, 37 (1)
Types of Quantitative Research, 38 (3)
Applied Versus Basic Research, 41 (1)
Rigor in Quantitative Research, 42 (1)
Control in Quantitative Research, 43 (2)
Control Groups Versus Comparison Groups, 45 (1)
Steps of the Quantitative Research Process, 45 (7)
Selecting a Research Design, 52 (10)
4 Introduction to Qualitative Research, 62 (14)
Perspective of the Qualitative Researcher, 62 (3)
Approaches to Qualitative Research, 65 (11)
Unit Two The Research Process, 76 (355)
5 Research Problem and Purpose, 76 (22)
The Research Problem, 76 (2)
The Research Purpose, 78 (1)
Sources of Research Problems, 78 (5)
How to Decide on a Problem Area and 83 (3)
Formulate a Purpose Statement,
Examples of Research Topics, Problems, and 86 (12)
Purposes for Different Types of Research,
6 Objectives, Questions, Variables, and 98 (22)
Hypotheses,
Levels of Abstraction, 98 (1)
Purposes, Objectives, and Aims, 99 (2)
How to Construct Research Questions, 101(3)
Variables in Quantitative Versus 104(5)
Qualitative Research,
Defining Concepts and Operationalizing 109(2)
Variables in Quantitative Studies,
Hypotheses, 111(9)
7 Review of Relevant Literature, 120(18)
Getting Started: Frequently Asked Questions, 120(3)
Developing a Qualitative Research Proposal, 123(1)
Developing a Quantitative Research Proposal, 124(1)
Practical Considerations for Performing a 125(1)
Literature Review,
Stages of a Literature Review, 126(6)
Processing the Literature, 132(2)
Writing the Review of Literature, 134(4)
8 Frameworks, 138(19)
Introduction of Terms, 138(2)
Understanding Concepts, 140(2)
Examining Statements, 142(5)
Grand Theories, 147(1)
Middle-Range Theories, 147(1)
Appraising Theories and Research Frameworks, 148(2)
Developing a Research Framework for Study, 150(7)
9 Ethics in Research, 157(35)
Historical Events Affecting the Development 157(4)
of Ethical Codes and Regulations,
Early U.S. Government Research Regulations, 161(1)
Standards for Privacy for Research Data, 161(1)
Protection of Human Rights, 162(12)
Balancing Benefits and Risks for a Study, 174(1)
Human Subject Protection in Genomics 175(1)
Research,
Obtaining Informed Consent, 176(5)
Institutional Review, 181(3)
Research Misconduct, 184(2)
Animals as Research Subjects, 186(6)
10 Quantitative Methodology: 192(25)
Noninterventional Designs and Methods,
Concepts Relevant to Quantitative Research 194(3)
Designs,
Design Validity for Noninterventional 197(3)
Research,
Descriptive Research and Its Designs, 200(8)
Correlational Designs, 208(9)
11 Quantitative Methodology: Interventional 217(34)
Designs and Methods,
Concepts Relevant to Interventional 217(4)
Research Design,
Validity for Interventional Research, 221(9)
Categorizing and Naming Research Designs, 230(1)
Experimental Designs, 230(8)
Quasi-Experimental Designs, 238(8)
Maintaining Consistency in Interventional 246(1)
Research,
Algorithms of Research Design, 247(4)
12 Qualitative Research Methods, 251(33)
Clinical Context and Research Problems, 252(1)
Literature Review for Qualitative Studies, 252(1)
Theoretical Frameworks, 252(1)
Research Objectives or Questions, 253(1)
Obtaining Research Participants, 254(2)
Data Collection Methods, 256(9)
Electronically Mediated Data, 265(3)
Transcribing Recorded Data, 268(1)
Data Management, 268(1)
Data Analysis, 269(6)
Methods Specific to Qualitative Approaches, 275(9)
13 Outcomes Research, 284(26)
Current Status of Outcomes Research, 285(1)
Theoretical Basis of Outcomes Research, 285(2)
Structure and Process Versus Outcome in 287(6)
Today's HealthCare and Outcomes Research,
Federal Government Involvement in Outcomes 293(2)
Research,
Nongovernmental Involvement in Outcomes 295(1)
Research,
Outcomes Research and Evidence-Based 295(4)
Practice,
Methodological Considerations for Outcomes 299(1)
Studies,
The Specific Designs of Outcomes Research, 300(10)
14 Mixed Methods Research, 310(19)
Philosophical Foundations, 310(1)
Overview of Mixed Methods Designs, 311(8)
Challenges of Mixed Methods Designs, 319(4)
Critically Appraising Mixed Methods Designs, 323(6)
15 Sampling, 329(34)
Sampling Theory, 329(7)
Probability (Random) Sampling Methods, 336(6)
Nonprobability (Nonrandom) Sampling Methods 342(2)
Commonly Applied in Quantitative and
Outcomes Research,
Nonprobability Sampling Methods Commonly 344(3)
Applied in Qualitative and Mixed Methods
Research,
Sample Size in Quantitative Research, 347(4)
Sample Size in Qualitative Research, 351(2)
Research Settings, 353(1)
Recruiting and Retaining Research 354(9)
Participants,
16 Measurement Concepts, 363(31)
Directness of Measurement, 363(1)
Measurement Error, 364(3)
Levels of Measurement, 367(2)
Reference Testing Measurement, 369(1)
Reliability, 370(5)
Validity, 375(9)
Accuracy, Precision, and Error of 384(4)
Physiological Measures,
Sensitivity, Specificity, and Likelihood 388(6)
Ratios,
17 Measurement Methods Used in Developing 394(37)
Evidence-Based Practice,
Physiological Measurement, 394(8)
Observational Measurement, 402(1)
Interviews, 403(4)
Questionnaires, 407(4)
Scales, 411(4)
Q-Sort Methodology, 415(2)
Delphi Technique, 417(1)
Diaries, 418(2)
Measurement Using Existing Databases, 420(2)
Selection of an Existing Instrument, 422(1)
Constructing Scales, 423(3)
Translating a Scale to Another Language, 426(5)
Unit Three Putting It All Together for 431(62)
Evidence-Based Health Care,
18 Critical Appraisal of Nursing Studies, 431(22)
Evolution of Critical Appraisal of Research 431(1)
in Nursing,
When Are Critical Appraisals of Research 432(2)
Implemented in Nursing?,
Nurses' Expertise in Critical Appraisal of 434(1)
Research,
Critical Appraisal Process for Quantitative 435(8)
Research,
Critical Appraisal Process for Qualitative 443(10)
Studies,
19 Evidence Synthesis and Strategies for 453(40)
Implementing Evidence-Based Practice,
Benefits and Barriers Related to 453(2)
Evidence-Based Nursing Practice,
Guidelines for Synthesizing Research 455(25)
Evidence,
Models to Promote Evidence-Based Practice 480(3)
in Nursing,
Implementing Evidence-Based Guidelines in 483(5)
Practice,
Evidence-Based Practice Centers, 488(1)
Introduction to Translational Research, 489(4)
Unit Four Collecting and Analyzing Data, 493(127)
Determining Outcomes, and Disseminating
Research,
20 Collecting and Managing Data, 493(26)
Study Protocol, 493(1)
Factors Influencing Data Collection, 494(11)
Preparation for Data Collection, 505(3)
Pilot Study, 508(1)
Role of the Researcher During the Study, 508(7)
Research/Researcher Support, 515(1)
Serendipity, 516(3)
21 Introduction to Statistical Analysis, 519(16)
Concepts of Statistical Theory, 519(4)
Types of Statistics, 523(4)
Practical Aspects of Statistical Analysis, 527(3)
Choosing Appropriate Statistical Procedures 530(5)
for a Study,
22 Using Statistics to Describe Variables, 535(10)
Using Statistics to Summarize Data, 535(4)
Using Statistics to Explore Deviations in 539(6)
the Data,
23 Using Statistics to Examine Relationships, 545(11)
Scatter Diagrams, 545(1)
Bivariate Correlational Analysis, 545(6)
Bland and Altman Plots, 551(1)
Factor Analysis, 552(4)
24 Using Statistics to Predict, 556(11)
Simple Linear Regression, 556(4)
Multiple Regression, 560(1)
Odds Ratio, 561(2)
Logistic Regression, 563(1)
Cox Proportional Hazards Regression, 564(3)
25 Using Statistics to Determine Differences, 567(11)
Choosing Parametric versus Nonparametric 567(1)
Statistics to Determine Differences,
t-tests, 567(5)
One-Way Analysis of Variance, 572(2)
Pearson Chi-Square Test, 574(4)
26 Interpreting Research Outcomes, 578(15)
Example Study, 578(1)
Identification of Study Findings, 579(4)
Identification of Limitations through 583(4)
Examination of Design Validity,
Generalizing the Findings, 587(1)
Considering Implications for Practice, 588(1)
Theory, and Knowledge,
Suggesting Further Research, 589(1)
Forming Final Conclusions, 590(3)
27 Disseminating Research Findings, 593(27)
Components of a Research Report, 593(5)
Types of Research Reports, 598(8)
Audiences for Communication of Research 606(1)
Findings,
Strategies for Presentation and Publication 607(13)
of Research Findings,
Unit Five Proposing and Seeking Funding for 620(42)
Research,
28 Writing Research Proposals, 620(29)
Writing a Research Proposal, 620(1)
Types of Research Proposals, 621(1)
Contents of Student Proposals, 622(8)
Seeking Approval for a Study, 630(3)
Example Quantitative Research Proposal, 633(16)
29 Seeking Funding for Research, 649(13)
Building a Program of Research, 649(3)
Building Capital, 652(2)
Identifying Funding Sources, 654(3)
Submitting a Proposal for a Federal Grant, 657(2)
Grant Management, 659(1)
Planning Your Next Grant, 660
Appendices
Appendix A z Values Table, 662(3)
Appendix B Critical Values for Student's t 665(2)
Distribution,
Appendix C Critical Values of rfor Pearson 667(1)
Product Moment Correlation Coefficient,
Appendix D Critical Values of ffor a = 0.05 668(2)
and a = 0.01,
Appendix E Critical Values of the x2 670(1)
Distribution,
Glossary, 671(26)
Index, 697