The Papers of Benjamin Franklin : August 16, 1782, through January 20, 1783 (Papers of Benjamin Franklin) 〈38〉

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The Papers of Benjamin Franklin : August 16, 1782, through January 20, 1783 (Papers of Benjamin Franklin) 〈38〉

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Full Description


This volume covers the five-month period ending January 20, 1783, when Britain signed preliminary articles of peace with France and Spain, and Britain and the United States declared a cessation of hostilities, effectively ending the American Revolution. Most of the volume deals with the deliberations that brought about this momentous turn of events.Franklin had worked tirelessly since the previous April to negotiate a peace treaty, employing his diplomatic arts so as to mollify both the British and the French. For the final rounds of negotiations conducted in the fall of 1782-a day-by-day drama of difficult discussions and not infrequent setbacks-he was joined by John Adams, John Jay, and Henry Laurens. Finally, on November 30, the Americans signed a preliminary peace treaty with Britain that would take effect when Britain, France, and Spain signed treaties of their own.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations                              xxix
Contributors to Volume 38 xxxii
Statement of Methodology xxxiii
Abbreviations and Short Titles xxxix
Note by the Editors and the Administrative Board lv
Introduction lvi
Chronology lxvi
1782
Editorial Note on Franklin's Accounts 3 (2)
Editorial Note on Promissory Notes 5 (1)
To [John Jay], August 16 6 (1)
From William Bell, [August 16] 7 (1)
From David Hartley, August 16 8 (2)
From Loyseau, August 16 10 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 16 11 (1)
To Mary Hewson, August 17 12 (1)
From Henry Johnson, August 17 12 (1)
From Puchelberg, August 17 13 (2)
From John Shuttleworth, August 17 15 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 17 15 (1)
From the Comte de Grasse, August 18 16 (1)
From John Swindell, August 18 17 (1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, August 18 17 (1)
To Henry Laurens, August 19 18 (1)
From Pierre Colomb, August 19: see page 48,
note 4, and above, XXXVII, 650, note 4
From Joseph Hardy, August 19 19 (1)
From Michel-Ren Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 20 (1)
August 19
From William Carmichael, August 20 21 (3)
From William Cheetham, August 20 24 (1)
From Jan Ingenhousz, August 20 25 (3)
From William Lee, August 20: see above,
XXXVII, 595, note 5
From Matthew Ridley, August 20: see above,
XXXVII, 278, note 1
From Watson & Cossoul, August 20 28 (1)
From Francis Coffyn, August 21 29 (1)
From John MacMahon: Prescription and 30 (4)
Directions, [August 23-24]
From Margaret Stewart, August 23 34 (1)
From the Comte de Vergennes, August 23 35 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 23 35 (1)
To Vergennes, August 24 36 (1)
From Gaetano Filangieri, August 24 37 (2)
William Withering's "On Calculus Complaints": 39 (2)
R駸um  [after August 24]
Editorial Note on Remedies for the Stone 41 (1)
From Adroyon, [after August 24]: see page 41
From the Duc de Chaulnes, [after August 24]:
see page 41
From Guerin, [after August 24]: see page 41
From Vincent, [after August 24]: see pages 41
From Cousturier, August 25: see page 471
From Samuel Mansfield: Promissory Note,
August 25: see page 5
From Thomas Potter: Promissory Note, August
25: see page 5
From John Smith: Promissory Note, August 25:
see page 5
From Madame Sorin de Bonne, August 25: see
page 472
From Mattheus Lestevenon van Berkenrode, 42 (1)
August 26
Stephen Carpenter, Joshua Johnson, and Nathan
Kelso: Bond, August 26: see page 56, note 4
From de Ferriere, August 26: see pages 476-7
From De Grasse, August 26 43 (1)
From William Hodgson, August 26 43 (2)
From John Wright, August 26 45 (2)
From F駘ix Vicq d'Azyr, [before August 27] 47 (1)
To Pierre Colomb, August 27 48 (1)
From Juliana Ritchie, August 27 49 (1)
To Caleb Whitefoord, August 29 50 (1)
Joseph Wright to William Temple Franklin, [c. 51 (1)
August 29]
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, August 30 52 (1)
To the Marquis de Castries, August 31 53 (1)
From J. Hill, August 31: see above, XXXVII,
726-7, note 6
From Jean-Baptiste Le Roy, [after August?] 54 (1)
From Cl駑ent Nogu鑽es and Genevi钁e Belamy Le
Veillard, [before September 1]: see above,
XXX, 296, note 2
Wine Cellar Inventory, [September 1-30] 54 (1)
From Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux, 55 (1)
September 2
From Matthew Ridley, September 2 56 (1)
Achille-Guillaume Leb鑒ue de Presle to 57 (1)
William Temple Franklin, September 2
To Robert R. Livingston, September 3 58 (4)
From Isaac All, September 3 62 (1)
From Thomas Barclay, September 3 63 (1)
From Henry Laurens, September 3 64 (1)
To Joseph-Mathias G駻ard de Rayneval, 65 (1)
September 4
To John Jay, September 4 66 (1)
From Charles-Guillaume-Fr馘駻ic Dumas, 67 (1)
September 4
From Henry Grand, [before September 5] 68 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, September 5 68 (5)
From Richard Oswald, September 5 73 (1)
From Edward Bridgen, September 6 74 (1)
From Samuel Cooper, September 6 75 (4)
From Jean-Charles-Pierre Lenoir, September 6:
see above, XXXVII, 726-7, note 6
From-Mesny, September 6 79 (1)
From Gabriel-Claude Palteau de Veimerange, 80 (1)
September 6
From Vicq d'Azyr, September 6 81 (1)
To Castries, September 7 81 (1)
Franklin: Passport for Elkanah Watson, Jr.,
September 7: see pages 28-9, note 8
From Richard Oswald, September 7: see page
74, note 6
To Richard Oswald, September 8 82 (2)
To Vergennes, September 8 84 (1)
From Richard Oswald, [after September 8]: see
page 74, note 6
To Joseph Banks, September 9 84 (1)
From-Bucaille, September 10: see pages 474-5
From Lamarque, Fabre & Cie., September 10 85 (2)
From Henry Laurens, September 10 87 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., September 10 88 (1)
To Baron Grantham, September 11 89 (1)
To Mesny, September 11 90 (1)
From-Pigault de Lepinoy, September 11: see
page 479
From-St. Clair, September 11 90 (2)
The Marquis de Lafayette's Note Containing 92 (1)
Vergennes' Proposal, [September 11?]
From Williams, Moore & Co., September 11 93 (1)
From Francis Dana, September 2/12 [i.e., 94 (2)
September 12]
From Jeanne Dubois and Mademoiselle-La
Morlon, September 12: see page 475
From Lafayette, September 12 96 (3)
From Mary Maccatter and Amy Kelly, September 99 (2)
12
To Lafayette, September 13 101 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, September 13[ 4] 102 (2)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, September 13 104 (1)
From-Bouchet, September 14 104 (1)
From John MacMahon: Prescription and 105 (1)
Directions, September 14
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., September 14 106 (1)
From John Carroll, September 15 107 (1)
From Henry Wyld, September 15 107 (1)
From Samuel Beall, September 16 108 (1)
From William Bell, September 16 109 (1)
From Samuel Courtauld II, September 16 110 (1)
From Alphonse-Vincent-Louis-Antoine Leroy,
September 16: see pages 472-3
From Antoine-Nicholas Servin, with Franklin's 111 (1)
Note for a Reply, September 16
To David Hartley, September 17 112 (1)
To [John Jay], September 17 113 (1)
From Lafayette, September 17 113 (1)
From Lafayette, September 17: see page 114,
note 9
To Lafayette, September 17 114 (1)
From Castries, September 17 115 (1)
From Francis Xavier Schwediauer, September 17 116 (1)
From H. Adolph Hoffmeister, September 18: see
page 473
From Robert R. Livingston, September 18 117 (2)
From Philippe-Denis Pierres, September 18 119 (1)
To Pierres, September 20 119 (1)
From Amelia Barry, September 20 120 (1)
From Samuel Cooper Johonnot, September 20 121 (1)
From Lafayette, [September 21?] 121 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., September 21 122 (1)
To Jean-Louis Giraud Soulavie, September 22 123 (5)
From Alexandre-Th駮dore Brongniart, September 128 (1)
22
From Jonathan Shipley, September 22 129 (2)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, September 23 131 (1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, September 23 132 (1)
From Richard Oswald, September 24 133 (1)
From Matthew Ridley, September 24: see above,
XXXVII, 278, note 1
From the Board of Trustees of Dartmouth 134 (2)
College, September 24
From Jean-Baptiste de Loose, [before
September 25]: see pages 470 
From Le Roy: Two Letters, [on or after 136 (2)
September 25]
From Benjamin Lincoln, September 25 138 (2)
From de Loose, with Franklin's Note for a
Reply, September 25: see page 471
From Robert Morris: Two Letters, September 25 140 (1)
From Mathieu Martinet, [after September 25]:
see page 476
To Robert R. Livingston, September 26 141 (1)
To Robert Morris: Extract, September 26 142 (1)
From-Petit, September 26: see page 389
From Robert Morris: Two Letters, September 27 143 (8)
From the Continental Congress: Commission and 151 (3)
Instructions, [September 28]
From Charles Grant, September 28 154 (1)
From William Grey, September 28 154 (1)
From Robert Morris, September 28 155 (1)
From-Marcel, September 29: see page 472
From Thomas Barclay, September 30 156 (2)
From Nathaniel Barrett, September 30 158 (1)
From Samuel Butler, September 30: see page
181, note 2, and above, XXXV, 540 
From Robert Morris, September 30 159 (3)
To Thomas Pownall: Extract, [September] 162 (1)
From Benjamin Putnam, September 163 (1)
From Fr鑽e-Frederic, [after September]: see
page 470
The American Peace Commissioners: Commission 164 (4)
for William Temple Franklin, [October 1]
Franklin: Discharge of Captain Fage's Parole, 168 (1)
October 1
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, October 1 169 (1)
From Richard Bache, October 1 170 (1)
From Sarah Bache, October 1 171 (2)
From Robert Morris, October 1 173 (1)
From Caleb Whitefoord and Richard Oswald, 174 (1)
October 1
Bettally & Noseda to William Temple Franklin, 174 (3)
October 1
From Ingenhousz, October 2 177 (3)
From Rolland freres, October 2 180 (1)
From Georgiana Shipley, October 2 181 (2)
From Johann Rodolph Valltravers, October 2 183 (2)
William Temple Franklin to Robert R. 185 (1)
Livingston, October 2
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, [on or after 186 (1)
October 3]
From Sir Edward Newenham, [October 3, 10, or 187 (1)
17]
From the Comtesse de Ponteney, October 3 188 (1)
From Vergennes, October 3 189 (1)
From the Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, October 4 190 (1)
Preliminary Articles of Peace: First Draft 190 (5)
Treaty, [October 5-7]
From Laurent Josselin and Other Applicants 195 (2)
for Emigration, [on or before October 5]
From Robert Morris, October 5 197 (1)
From Vicq d'Azyr, October 5: see page 196,
note 9
From Samuel Powel Griffitts, October 6 198 (1)
From Jane Mecom, October 6 199 (1)
From William Lee, October 7 200 (2)
From Marc Le Fort, October 7: see above,
XXXV, 327, note 4
From Robert Morris: Three Letters, October 7 202 (2)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, October 7 204 (1)
From Patience Wright, October 7 205 (1)
To the Judges of the Admiralty of Vannes,
[after October 7]: see page 204, note 6
From Thomas Barclay, October 8 206 (2)
From the Chevalier de Keralio, October 8 208 (1)
From Henry Wyld, October 8 209 (1)
To John and Sarah Jay, October 9 209 (1)
To the Judges of the Admiralty of Vannes,
October 9: see page 212, note 8
From Anthony Kennan, October 9[-12] 210 (2)
From Williams, Moore & Co., October 9 212 (1)
From the Baron d'Arendt, [October 10] 213 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., October 10 214 (1)
From-Coulougnac, October see page 456, note 7
From Henry Johnson, October it 214 (1)
Franklin: Memorandum Concerning Prize,
[before October 12]: see page 216, note 9
From Cuming & Macarty, [before October 12] 215 (1)
To the Judges of the Admiralty of Vannes: Two
Certificates, October 12: see page 216, note 9
From-de Castella, October 12: see pages 477-8
From Fr鑽es Camusat et C. Lerouge, October
12: see page 477
From-Regnier, October 12 216 (1)
To G駻ard de Rayneval, October 13 217 (1)
From D'Arendt: Letter and Receipt, October
13: see page 213, note 2
From Anne-Louise Boivin d'Hardancourt Brillon 218 (1)
de Jouy, October 13
To Robert R. Livingston, October 14 219 (4)
To Robert Morris: Extract, October 14 223 (1)
From the Abb駸 Chalut and Arnoux, October 14 224 (1)
From William Hodgson, October 14 224 (2)
To John Adams, October 15 226 (1)
From G駻ard Brantsen, October 15 227 (1)
From Joshua Preble, October 16 228 (1)
From Girardot, Haller & Cie., October 18 228 (1)
From Francis Hopkinson, October 18 229 (1)
From the Comtesse d'Houdetot, October 18 230 (1)
From [Balthasar Heinrich Rudolf von?]
Niebelsch z, October 18: see page 478
From George Washington, October 18 231 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., October 18 232 (1)
From James Mathews, October 19 233 (1)
From Pierre Penet, October 20 234 (2)
To William Lee, October 21 236 (1)
From Deacon M. Auer, with Franklin's Note for 237 (1)
a Reply, October 21
From [Christophe-Claire] Danyel de Kerv馮an 238 (1)
et al., October 21
From Anthony Kennan, October 21: see page
211, note 5
From Soulavie, October 21 239 (2)
From Williams, Moore & Co., October 21 241 (1)
From Jacques-Fran輟is Crespin, October 22 242 (1)
From Edward Bridgen, October 23 243 (1)
From Fr鑽es Camusat et C. Lerouge, October
23: see page 477
From Thomas Townshend, October 23 244 (1)
From G駻ard de Rayneval, [before October 24] 245 (1)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, October 24 246 (1)
From Edward Bridgen, October 25 247 (1)
From Richard Bache, October 26 247 (1)
From John Davies and David Gavin, October 26 248 (1)
From Henry Johnson, October 26 249 (1)
From James Jay, October 27 250 (1)
From Robert Morris, October 27 251 (1)
From Ezekiel Edwards, October 28 252 (1)
From David Hartley, October 29 253 (1)
From James Pearce, October 29 254 (1)
From John Barry, October 31 255 (1)
From Maxwell Garthshore, October 31 256 (1)
From John Adams, November 1 257 (3)
From Cuming & Macarty, November 1 260 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., November 1 261 (1)
To [William Moore], November 2: see pages
287-8, note 5
To [Jonathan Trumbull], November 2: see pages
287-8, note 5
Philip Mazzei to the American Peace 261 (2)
Commissioners, November 2
From Francis Dana, October 22 [i.e., November 263 (1)
2]
From Brantsen, [after November 3]: see page
227, note 7
Preliminary Articles of Peace: Second Draft 263 (12)
Treaty, [November 4-7]
To Thomas Townshend, November 4 275 (1)
Richard Oswald to the American Peace 276 (2)
Commissioners, November 4
From Chalut and Arnoux, November 4: see page
302, note 1
Henry Strachey to the American Peace 278 (1)
Commissioners, November 5
From the Marquis de S馮ur, November 5 279 (1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, [November 5 or later?] 280 (1)
The American Peace Commissioners to Henry 281 (1)
Strachey, November 6
To Vergennes, November 6 282 (1)
From Joshua Barney, October [i.e., November 6] 282 (1)
From Fran輟is-Louis Bayard, November 6 283 (1)
From Chalut and Arnoux, November 6 284 (1)
From Matthew Ridley, November 6: see page
283, note 2
From Williams, Moore & Co., November 6 285 (1)
The American Peace Commissioners to Richard 285 (2)
Oswald, November 7
To Robert R. Livingston, November 7 287 (1)
From Claude-Mamm鑚 Pahin de Champlain de La 288 (1)
Blancherie, November 7
From the Baron Samuel Gustaf Hermelin, [after 289 (1)
November 7]
From James Nassau Colleton, [before November
8]: see page 291, note 7
To Vergennes, November 8 289 (1)
To Vergennes: Note, [c. November 8]: see page
149, note 1
From David Hartley, November 8 290 (1)
From Vicq d'Azyr, November 8 291 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, November 9 292 (3)
From Jonathan Trumbull, November 9 295 (1)
To Vergennes, November 10 296 (1)
From Jean-Pierre Duplan, November 10 297 (1)
From Edward Bancroft, [November 11] 298 (1)
From Lewis R. Morris, [November 11] 299 (1)
From William Lee, November 12 300 (1)
From Sir Edward Newenham, November 12[-13] 301 (1)
From Sir Edward Newenham, November 13 302 (2)
From Vergennes: Two Letters, November 13 304 (1)
From William Hodgson, November 14 305 (1)
From Sir Edward Newenham, November 14 306 (1)
From Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, November 14 307 (1)
From Charles Quentin Racine, November 14: see
page 475
To Vergennes, November 15 308 (1)
From D'Arendt, November 15: see page 213,
note 2
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, November 15 309 (1)
From Castries, November 15 310 (1)
From Destombes fr鑽es, November 15: see page
389
From William Jones, November 15 310 (2)
To All Captains and Commanders of American 312 (1)
Vessels, [November 16]
From William Carmichael, November 16 313 (1)
From Johann Thaddeus de Ehet and Other 314 (3)
Consulship Seekers, [November 16]
From Luigi Pio, November 16 317 (1)
From Richard Price, November 18 318 (3)
British Counterproposal to the Second Draft 321 (4)
Treaty: Selected Articles, [November 19]
From the Baron d'Espagnac, November 19 325 (1)
From David Hartley, November 19 325 (1)
From Mathew Carey, [before November 20] 326 (2)
From [Millet]: Grocery Bill, November
20[憂anuary 7, 1783]: see page 610, note 9
From Vergennes, November 20 328 (1)
Lafayette to the American Peace 329 (2)
Commissioners, November 21
From Robert R. Livingston, November 21 331 (3)
From George Washington, November 21 334 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., November 21 334 (1)
From Cohin & Cie., November 22: see page 456,
note 7
From Lafayette, [on or before November 22] 335 (2)
To Fran輟is Steinsky, November 23 337 (1)
From Joshua Barney, November 23 338 (1)
From Castries, November 23 339 (1)
From Nathaniel Fanning, November 23 340 (3)
From Juliana Penn, November 23 343 (1)
To the Judges of the Admiralty of Vannes:
Four Certificates, November 24: see pages
232-3, note 6
From John Jay, [November 24] 344 (1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., November 24 345 (1)
From the Prince d'H駭in, November 25: see
page 329, note 2
Henry Strachey's Remarks to the American 346 (3)
Peace Commissioners, November 25
From John Jay, [November 25] 349 (1)
From Fran輟is-Pierre de S駲ueville, [November 349 (1)
25]
To Richard Oswald, November 26 350 (7)
To the Earl of Shelburne, November 26 357 (1)
From-Arnauld, November 26: see pages 389-90
From Lafayette, [November 26] 357 (1)
From Richard Oswald, November 26 358 (1)
From Robert Pigott, November 26 359 (1)
The American Peace Commissioners to 360 (1)
Lafayette, [November 27]
Franklin: Order for the Release of Captain 361 (1)
Francis Dundas, [November 27]
From Richard Bache: Three Letters, November 27 362 (2)
From-Des Rosi鑽es, November 27: see page 195
From Ingenhousz, November 27 364 (3)
From Robert R. Livingston, November 27 367 (1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, November 27 368 (2)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., November 27 370 (1)
To David Hartley, November 28 371 (1)
To James Jay, November 28 371 (1)
From Francis Dana, November 17/28 [i.e., 372 (2)
November 28]
From Jonathan Williams, Jr.: Two Letters, 374 (1)
November 28
Franklin's Proposed Article 5, [November 29] 375 (3)
To Vergennes, November 29 378 (1)
From Ingenhousz, November 29 378 (3)
From N. Leleu l'稱n  November 29: see page
195
From Jacques-Christophe Valmont de Bomare, 381 (1)
November 29
Preliminary Articles of Peace, [November 30] 382 (6)
From Benjamin Putnam, November 30 388 (1)
From Gilles de Lavall馥 and Other Offerers of 389 (4)
Goods and Schemes, [c. November]
From the Comtesse de Golowkin, [after 393 (1)
November]
From James Jay, [after November]: see page
372, note 2
Inventory of Franklin's Wine Cellar, December
1[-31]: see page 54, note 8
From John Taylor, December 1 394 (2)
From George Walker, December 1 396 (2)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., December 1 398 (1)
From Filangieri, December 2 398 (3)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, December 2 401 (1)
From John Adams, December 3 401 (2)
To John Adams, November [i.e., December] 3 403 (1)
From Sarah Bache, December 3 404 (1)
From George Holt, December 3 404 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, December 3 405 (1)
From Gurdon S. Mumford, December 3 406 (1)
Franklin: Draft of Two Bills of Exchange,
December 4[-20]: see page 455, note 3 and
page 482, note 3
To Robert R. Livingston, December 4 407 (1)
From the Comtesse de La Brosse, December 4:
see page 473
From Lafayette, December 4 407 (1)
From Thomas Percival, December 4 408 (1)
From Heinrich Hartmann Zeller, December 4:
see page 478
To Joshua Barney, December 5 409 (1)
To Robert R. Livingston, December 5[-14] 410 (7)
From Catharine Greene, December 5 417 (2)
From S馮ur, December 5 419 (1)
To Vergennes, December 6 419 (1)
From Lafayette, December 6 420 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, December 6 421 (1)
ニneas MacKintosh et al.: Parole, December 6:
see page 423, note 4
George Meggs: Parole, December 6: see page
423, note 4
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., December 6 422 (1)
From Pierre Galibert, [before December 7]:
see page 314
Parole for Lawrence Robert Campbell, 423 (2)
[December 7]
From Chipman Bangs: Promissory Note, December
7: see page 5
From the Abb Pierre Bertholon, December 7:
see page 314
From Rufus Hopkins: Promissory Note, December
7: see page 5
From Henry Laurens, December 7 425 (1)
From Abel James, [before December 8] 425 (4)
From Lafayette, December 8 429 (1)
From the Marquis de Saint-Auban, December 8 430 (1)
From Joshua Barney, December 9 431 (1)
From Rodolphe-Ferdinand Grand, December 9 432 (1)
Franklin's Sketch of Articles of Peace, 433 (2)
[between December 10 and 13?]
From L. Lanoix, December 10: see page 391
From Charles-Dominique de Vyssery de 435 (3)
Bois-Val馥, December 10
From Isaac-Jean-Georges-Jonas Grand, December 438 (1)
11
The American Peace Commissioners to Francis 439 (1)
Dana, December 12
From John Adams, December 12 440 (1)
From-Antheaume, December 12: see page 391
From Alleyne Fitzherbert, December 12 440 (1)
From William Hodgson, December 12 441 (1)
From K駻alio, December 12 442 (1)
From the Comte de Lacep鐡e, December 12 443 (1)
From Joseph Priestley: Extract, December 12 443 (1)
Franklin: Proposed Article for the Definitive 444 (2)
Treaty, [on or before December 13]
From the Comte Creutz, December 14 [i.e., 13] 446 (1)
To [Creutz], [December 13] 446 (1)
Madame F. Pechigny to Franklin or William 446 (1)
Temple Franklin, December 13
Notes for a Reply to-Stockar zur Sonnenbourg, 447 (2)
[before December 14]
The American Peace Commissioners to Robert R. 449 (4)
Livingston, December 14
To Robert Morris, December 14 453 (3)
From-Le Baron, December 14 456 (1)
From Pierres, December 14 457 (1)
From the Baron de Thun, December 14 458 (1)
To Vergennes, December 15 459 (1)
From Edward Bancroft, December 15 460 (1)
From John Holker, December 15 461 (1)
From Vergennes, December 15 461 (2)
From Thomas Barclay, December 16 463 (1)
From R. Bingel, December 16: see pages 478-9
From Samuel Vaughan, December 16 463 (1)
To Vergennes, December 17 464 (2)
From Chalut and Arnoux, December 17 466 (1)
From Williams, Moore & Co., [before December 467 (1)
18]
Franklin: Certificate Concerning Silas Deane, 468 (1)
[December 18]
From Thomas Cox: Promissory Note, December
18: see page 5
From Nicholas Geoffroy, [December 18] 469 (1)
From -Parent de Bellehache and Other Favor 469 (11)
Seekers, December 18
From Jean-Fr馘駻ic Perregaux, December 18 480 (1)
From-Mamboumal de Saradin, December 19: see
page 390
From Vergennes, December 19 481 (1)
The American Peace Commissioners to Robert R. 481 (1)
Livingston, December 20
To Gabriel Johonnot, December 20 482 (1)
From Francesco Favi, December 20 483 (1)
From-Grenieux: Receipted Bill, December 20:
see page 4, note 7
From the Conde de Sousa Coutinho, December 20 483 (1)
From Samuel Cooper, December 21 484 (1)
From Penet, December 21 485 (1)
From Endmann Fr馘駻ic Senff, December 21: see
page 391
Receipt for John Adams, December 22 486 (1)
Charles-Etienne Gaucher to William Temple 486 (1)
Franklin, [before December 23]
To Robert Morris, December 23 487 (2)
From Matthew Ridley, [December 23] 489 (1)
To Francis Hopkinson, December 24 490 (1)
From Henry Laurens, December 24 491 (1)
To Henry Laurens, December 24 491 (1)
To Robert R. Livingston, December 24[-25] 492 (1)
From Edward Bridgen, December 24 493 (1)
From Joseph Hirigoyen, December 24 494 (1)
From La Nouvelle Librairie de la Cour et de
l'Acad駑ie de Mannheim, December 24: see page
390
From Valltravers, December 24 495 (2)
From the Comte d'Albon, December 25 497 (1)
From James Carr, December 25 498 (2)
From Vergennes, December 25 500 (1)
Elkanah Watson, Jr., to William Temple 501 (2)
Franklin, December 25
To Richard Bache: Extract, December 26 503 (1)
To Samuel Cooper, December 26 503 (2)
From Catharine Greene, December 26 505 (1)
From Jane Mecom, December 26 506 (2)
From David Barclay, December 27 508 (2)
From Crespin, December 27: see page 243, note
4
From J. Tahon, December 27: see pages 473-4
From David Barclay, December 28 510 (1)
From-Enouf, December 28: see page 474
From Le Couteulx & Cie., December 28 511 (1)
From Benjamin Putnam, December 28 512 (1)
From Vergennes, December 30 513 (1)
To Vergennes, December 30 513 (1)
From Richard Bache, December 30 514 (1)
From John Dickinson, December 30 514 (1)
From Henry Laurens, December 30 515 (1)
From Six Escaped Seamen, December 30: see
page 499, note 6
From Valltravers, December 30: see page 497,
note 2
From Benjamin Vaughan, December 31 515 (5)
From Andr [Andrew] Chester, [December]: see
pages 314-15
Franklin: Proposed New Version of the Bible, 520 (2)
[1782 or after]
Passport for Cartel Ships, [1782] 522 (1)
From-, [1782?]: see page 456, note 7
From Alexis Bremont, [1782 or 1783]: see
pages 475-6
From-Cavelier fils, [1782?]: see pages 315-16
From Jacques-Donatien Le Ray de Chaumont,
[1782?]: see above, XXXVI, 617, note 3
From Samuel Cooper, [1782?] 523
From Creutz, [1782?]: see above, XXXV, 479,
note 9
From Dangirard fr鑽es, 1782: see above,
XXXVI, 617, note 3
From-Gourdeau de Monthigny, [1782?]: see page 471 (53)
From-Favier, [1782?] 524 (1)
From Anne-Catherine de Ligniville Helv騁ius, 525 (1)
[1782?]
From Mademoiselle-Juppin, [1782 or after] 526 (1)
From Le Roy: Two Letters, [1782?] 526 (2)
From the Abb Gabriel Bonnot de Mably, [1782] 528 (1)
From Fran輟is-F駘ix Nogaret, [1782?]: see
above, XXXVI, 730, note 8
From Pierre & Jean-Baptiste Payen, [1782?]:
see pages 195-6
From the Abbesse Marie du Saint Esprit, 1782 528 (1)
From Balthazar-Georges Sage, [c. 1782?] 529 (1)
From [Jean-Louis?] Toscano: Two Letters,
[1782]: see above, XXXVI, 307-8
The Abb Alessandro (Agostino) Beliardi's 529 (1)
Account of Franklin's Remedy for a Cold,
[1782 or after]
1783
Franklin and Jacques Finck: Agreement, 530 (2)
[before January 1]
From Sarah Bache, January 1[-2] 532 (1)
From Samuel Cooper Johonnot, January 1 533 (1)
From Le Couteulx & Cie., January 1 534 (1)
From Godefroi Roi fils, January 1: see pages
390 
From Wilhelm Augustine von Steuben, January
1: see page 474
From Sarah Bache, January 2 535 (1)
From Dominique-Louis Ethis de Corny, January 2 536 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, January 2 537 (2)
From [Jacob?] Moreau-Dufourneau, January 2:
see page 474
From Robert Morris, January 2 539 (1)
Draft of a Declaration to Be Made by the 540 (2)
American Peace Commissioners, January 2
From Michel-Guillaume St. John de Cr钁ec忖r, 542 (2)
January 3
From Ferdinand Grand, January 3 544 (1)
From Thomas Jefferson, January 3 545 (1)
From Le Roy, January 3 545 (1)
From Robert Morris, January 3 546 (1)
From John Sargent, January 3 547 (1)
From Antoinette-Th駻鑚e Melin Dutartre, 548 (1)
January 4
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., January 4 549 (1)
From Ferdinand Grand, January 5 550 (1)
From Michael Hillegas, January 6 551 (1)
From Robert R. Livingston, January 6 552 (4)
To Benjamin Franklin Bache, January 7 556 (1)
To Samuel Cooper Johonnot, January 7 557 (1)
From Sarah Bache, January 7 558 (2)
From Joshua Barney, January 7 560 (1)
From-Damboix fils, January 7: see page 196
From the Marquis de Grammont, January 7 561 (1)
From James and Charles Hill, January 7 561 (1)
From Antoine-Fran輟is Prost de Royer, January 562 (2)
7
To David Barclay, January 8 564 (2)
To Mary Hewson, January 8 566 (2)
From William Hodgson, January 8 568 (1)
From Jacques Chapel, January 9: see page 316
From Francis Coffyn, January 9 569 (1)
From Pio, January 9: see page 401, note 7
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., January 9 570 (1)
To Filangieri, January 11 571 (2)
From John Bondfield, January 11 573 (1)
From Robert Morris, January 11 574 (3)
From-D'Ron, January 11: see page 476
From Josephus Corabita de Laskowski, January
12: see page 472
From Louis-Guillaume Le Veillard, January 12:
see page 479
From Daniel Alfons von Sandoz-Rollin, January
12: see pages 391-2
From Antoine-Alexis-Fran輟is Cadet de Vaux, 577 (1)
January 13
From Thomas Connoly: Promissory Note, January
13: see page 5
From Richard Grubb, January 13 578 (1)
From Mary Hewson, January 13 578 (1)
From William and R. Macarty, January 13 579 (1)
From Robert Morris, January 13 580 (2)
From Servin, January 13 582 (1)
To William Hodgson: Extract and Note, 583 (1)
[January 14]
To Richard Oswald, January 14 584 (1)
Franklin: Discharge of Captain Maclean's
Parole, January 14: see pages 568-9, note 2
Francis Dana to the American Peace 585 (2)
Commissioners, January 3/14 [i.e., January 14]
From Sidney Lee, January 14 587 (1)
To the Earl of Shelburne, January 15 587 (2)
From L駮nard App馥, January 16 589 (2)
From Richard Barrington, January 16: see
pages 471-2
From Samuel Curson, January 16 591 (1)
From Marie-Fran輟ise-F駘icit Mandat de
Fraguier, January 16: see page 316
From-Penide, January 16: see page 196
From Vergennes, January 16 592 (1)
Bill of Exchange Drawn on Robert Morris, 593 (1)
January 16
From the Comtesse d'Houdetot, January 17 594 (1)
From Le Roy, January 17 594 (1)
From Vergennes, January 18 595 (1)
To Vergennes, January 18 596 (1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, January 18 596 (2)
To John Adams, January 19 598 (1)
To Benjamin Vaughan, January 19 599 (1)
From Ren Georges Gastellier, January 19 599 (1)
From Robert Morris, January 19 600 (2)
From Barth駘emy Faujas de Saint-Fond, January 602 (3)
19
From Benjamin Vaughan, January 19 605 (1)
The American Peace Commissioners: Acceptance 605 (3)
of the British Declaration of the Cessation
of Hostilities, [January 20]
From Jean Guillaume (Johann Wilhelm)
Backhaus, January 20: see pages 316-17
From Louis-Julien Garos, January 20 608 (2)
From-Millet, January 20 610 (3)
Index 613