環境物理学(第3版)<br>Principles of Environmental Physics (3TH)

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環境物理学(第3版)
Principles of Environmental Physics (3TH)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 418 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780125051033
  • DDC分類 577.1

基本説明

Concerns the description and analysis of physical processes that establish the conditions in which all species of life survive and reproduce. This new edition contains further material on causes of global warming, applications of remote sensing, and the carbon and water cycles of crops and forests.

Full Description


"Environmental Physics" concerns the description and analysis of physical processes that establish the conditions in which all species of life survive and reproduce. The subject involves a synthesis of mathematical relations that describe the physical nature of the environment and the many biological responses that environments evoke. "Environmental Physics" provides a basis for understanding the complex responses of plants and animals to environmental change. International concern with climate change has made both politicians and the general public much more aware of the impact of local and global weather on all aspects of domestic life, industry and commerce."Environmental Physics" has become more widely used by biologists, atmospheric scientists and climate modellers to specify interactions between surfaces and the atmosphere. This new edition contains further material on causes of global warming, applications of remote sensing, and the carbon and water cycles of crops and forests. It presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense.It not only deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between them that are a central feature of life on earth. It includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology and agriculture. It also includes numerical problems and worked examples.

Contents

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION LIST OF SYMBOLS 1. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS 2. GAS LAWS Pressure, volume and temperature Specific heats Lapse rate Water and water vapour Other gases 3. TRANSPORT LAWS General transfer equation Molecular transfer processes Diffusion coefficients Radiation laws 4. RADIATION ENVIRONMENT Solar radiation (i) Interception Direct solar radiation Diffuse radiation Radiation reflection Radiative properties of natural materials Net radiation 7. MOMENTUM TRANSFER Boundary layers Wind profiles and drag on uniform surfaces Lodging and windthrow 8. HEAT TRANSFER Convection Non-dimensional groups Measurements of convection Conduction Insulation of animals 9. MASS TRANSFER (i) Gases and water vapour Non-dimensional groups Measurement of mass transfer Ventilation Mass transfer through pores Coats and clothing 10.MASS TRANSFER (ii) Particles Steady motion 11.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (i) Water surfaces and vegetation Heat balance equation Heat balance of thermometers Heat balance of surfaces Developments from the Penman Equation 12.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (ii) Animals Heat balance components The thermo-neutral diagram Specification of the environment Case studies 13.TRANSIENT HEAT BALANCE Time constant General cases Heat flow in soil 14.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (i) Profiles and fluxes Profiles Profile equations and stability Measurement of flux above the canopy 15.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (ii) Interpretation of measurements Resistance analogues Case studies: Water vapour and transpiration Carbon dioxide and growth Sulphur dioxide and pollutant fluxes to crops Transport within canopies APPENDIX BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES INDEX