Every language has been influenced in some way by other languages. In many cases, this influence is reflected in words which have been absorbed from other languages as the names for newer items or ideas, such as perestroika, manga, or intifada (from Russian, Japanese, and Arabic respectively). In other cases, the influence of other languages goes deeper, and includes the addition of new sounds, grammatical forms, and idioms to the pre-existing language. For example, English's structure has been shaped in such a way by the effects of Norse, French, Latin, and Celtic--though English is not alone in its openness to these influences. Any features can potentially be transferred from one language to another if the sociolinguistic and structural circumstances allow for it. Further, new languages--pidgins, creoles, and mixed languages--can come into being as the result of language contact.In thirty-three chapters, The Oxford Handbook of Language Contact examines the various forms of contact-induced linguistic change and the levels of language which have provided instances of these influences. In addition, it provides accounts of how language contact has affected some twenty languages, spoken and signed, from all parts of the world. Chapters are written by experts and native-speakers from years of research and fieldwork. Ultimately, this Handbook provides an authoritative account of the possibilities and products of contact-induced linguistic change.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction and conspectus: What is language contact or CILC?: Anthony P. Grant, Edge Hill University.Part 1: Language Contact and Linguistic Theory Chapter 2 Theories of language contact: Donald Winford, Ohio State UniversityChapter 3 Phonetics, phonology and CILC: Thomas Klein, late, Georgia Southern University, E-Ching Ng, Yale University, and Anthony Grant, Edge Hill UniversityChapter 4 Morphology and CILC: Francesco Gardani, Universität Zürich.Chapter 5 Syntax and CILC: Malcolm Ross, Australian National University.Chapter 6 Semantics and CILC: Brian Mott and Natalia Laso, Universidat de BarcelonaChapter 7 Sociolinguistic, sociological and sociocultural approaches to CILC: Graham Thurgood, CSU-ChicoChapter 8 The role of code-mixing and code-switching in CILC: Ad Backus, U of TilburgChapter 9 First and second language acquisition and CILC: Eva Eppler and Gabriel Ozón, U of Roehampton and U of SheffieldChapter 10 CILC and endangered languages: analysis and documentation: Alexandra Aikhenvald, James Cook UniversityChapter 11 Pidgins: Mikael Parkvall, University of StockholmChapter 12 Creoles: John McWhorter, Columbia UniversityChapter 13 Mixed languages: Norval Smith, University of Vienna, and Anthony Grant, Edge Hill UniversityPart 2: Language Contact in Several LanguagesChapter 14 Irish: Raymond Hickey, University of Duisburg-EssenChapter 15 Welsh: Clive Grey, Edge Hill University (retired)Chapter 16 English: Joan Beal, Emerita, University of Sheffield, and Mark Faulkner, Trinity College Dublin.Chapter 17 Spanish: Miriam Bouzouita, University of GhentChapter 18 Tagdal: Carlos M. Benítez-Torres, Payap University, Chiang Mai, ThailandChapter 19 Goemai: Birgit Hellwig. La Trobe UniversityChapter 20 Berber: Lameen Souag, CNRS-LACITO, ParisChapter 21 Ossetic: Oleg Belyaev, Lomonosov State University MoscowChapter 22 Neo-Aramaic: Eleanor Coghill, University of UppsalaChapter 23 Malayalam: P. Sreekumar, Dravidian UniversityChapter 24 Korean: Ho-min Sohn, University of Hawai'i at ManoaChapter 25 Khmer: John Haiman, Macalester CollegeChapter 26 Warlpiri and Light Warlpiri: Carmel O'Shannessy, University of MichiganChapter 27 Tok Pisin: Adam Blaxter Paliwala, University of Sydney.Chapter 28 Reef Island languages, Åshild Næss, University of OsloChapter 29 Eskimo/Aleut: Anna Berge, University of Alaska-Fairbanks.Chapter 30 Lower Mississippi as a linguistic area: David Kaufman, independent scholarChapter 31 American Sign Language: David Quinto-Pozos and Robert Adam, Gallaudet UniversityChapter 32 Guaraní: Jorge Gomez-Rendón, University of AmsterdamChapter 33 Cape Verdean Creole, Marlyse Baptista, University of Michigan