Women's Rights? : The Politics of Eugenic Abortion in Modern Japan (Publications Series Monographs)

Women's Rights? : The Politics of Eugenic Abortion in Modern Japan (Publications Series Monographs)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 342 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9789053567937
  • DDC分類 305

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    11
Introduction 13
Problems of rights: The issue of rights in an 15
international context
The aims of this book with regard to the 20
concept of 'rights'
Related research 22
On target groups: Social movement 28
organisations of women, disabled people, and
anti-abortion activists
On the structure 32
1 Historical Background 35
Laws on abortion between the Meiji period and 35
the end of the Second World War
The Ie household system and women's position 36
during the Meiji period
Towards the growing militarism of the 1930's 38
After the Second World War 42
2 Abortion Debates in the 1970's 59
The attempt to revise the Eugenic Protection 59
Law: The draft proposal and those behind it
Reaction of women to the proposed revisions 65
to the Eugenic Protection Law
The encounter between the movements of women 66
and disabled people
Disabled people's arguments against the 68
proposal
In search of movement rhetoric 70
Philosophical contribution of the Women's 77
Liberation Movement
Debate inside the Women's Liberation Movement 78
about the concept of an individual political
'right'
3 On women's selfishness and the right to 85
abortion
Genealogy of the concept of rights 85
Political philosophy in Japan before the 96
concept of 'rights' was introduced
A rights analysis of the Japanese abortion 106
debate during the 1970's
Towards the 1980's: The 1975 UN Women's 114
Conference and the solidarity of Japanese
women
4 Abortion Debates in the 1980's 117
The 1982 attempt to repeal the economic 117
reasons clause and the anti-abortion argument
The reaction of the disabled people's movement 131
Rights in the 1980's 138
5 Analysis of the Discourse on the Concept of 141
Individual, Political Rights in the 1980's
On the frequent use of the term 'right' in 142
the 1980's
On a debate about the Mizuko business and the 155
usage of the term 'right' in Japan
The 1980's in comparison with the 1970's 158
From the 1980's into the 1990's 159
6 The Debate on the Notion of Individual, 167
Political Rights after the Repeal of the
Eugenic Protection Law
The main problem after the Eugenic Protection 167
Law: Reproductive technologies
Individual doctors and their perspectives on 175
women's right to self-determination
Reproductive technologies use women's bodies 187
What can be learned from these debates? 192
7 Liberated Individuals? 195
The meaning of the 'self' with 'women's right 195
to self-determination'
Liberalism 198
On the meaning of 'women's right to 201
self-determination' as used by the women's
movement
'Who is the self' in women's right to 215
self-determination
Conclusion Summary of the Analysis and the 219
Future of the Concept of 'Rights'
1970's: Women's right to abortion is women's 219
egoism
The 1980's: International arguments, new 231
rhetoric, and a new phase in movements'
activities
The possibility of enriching the concept of 235
'rights'
Appendix 1 Crimes of abortion (Chapter 29 of 241
the Japanese Penal Code)
Appendix 2 The Eugenic Protection Law 243
Appendix 3 The Law to Protect the Mother's Body 257
Appendix 4 A demand letter from Osaka Aoi Shiba 261
no kai to the Hyogo Prefecture
Appendix 5 A leaflet written and distributed by 263
TANAKA Mitsu, on behalf of the Women's
Liberation Movement (Tokyo, 1973)
Notes 269
Bibliography 313
Index 337