認知経済学:学際的アプローチ<br>Cognitive Economics : An Interdisciplinary Approach (2004. XIV, 475 p. 23,5 cm)

個数:

認知経済学:学際的アプローチ
Cognitive Economics : An Interdisciplinary Approach (2004. XIV, 475 p. 23,5 cm)

  • 在庫がございません。海外の書籍取次会社を通じて出版社等からお取り寄せいたします。
    通常6~9週間ほどで発送の見込みですが、商品によってはさらに時間がかかることもございます。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合がございます。
    2. 複数冊ご注文の場合、分割発送となる場合がございます。
    3. 美品のご指定は承りかねます。

  • 提携先の海外書籍取次会社に在庫がございます。通常2週間で発送いたします。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合が若干ございます。
    2. 複数冊ご注文の場合、分割発送となる場合がございます。
    3. 美品のご指定は承りかねます。
  • 【重要:入荷遅延について】
    各国での新型コロナウィルス感染拡大により、洋書・洋古書の入荷が不安定になっています。
    弊社サイト内で表示している標準的な納期よりもお届けまでに日数がかかる見込みでございます。
    申し訳ございませんが、あらかじめご了承くださいますようお願い申し上げます。

  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 475 p.
  • 商品コード 9783540404682

基本説明

Part I: Conceptual and Theoretical Bases/ Part II: Research Areas.

Full Description


The social sciences study knowing subjects and their interactions. A "cog nitive turn", based on cognitive science, has the potential to enrich these sciences considerably. Cognitive economics belongs within this movement of the social sciences. It aims to take into account the cognitive processes of individuals in economic theory, both on the level of the agent and on the level of their dynamic interactions and the resulting collective phenomena. This is an ambitious research programme that aims to link two levels of com plexity: the level of cognitive phenomena as studied and tested by cognitive science, and the level of collective phenomena produced by the economic in teractions between agents. Such an objective requires cooperation, not only between economists and cognitive scientists but also with mathematicians, physicists and computer scientists, in order to renew, study and simulate models of dynamical systems involving economic agents and their cognitive mechanisms. The hard core of classical economics is the General Equilibrium Theory, based on the optimising rationality of the agent and on static concepts of equilibrium, following a point of view systemised in the framework of Game Theory. The agent is considered "rational" if everything takes place as if he was maximising a function representing his preferences, his utility function.

Table of Contents

1 What is Cognitive Economics?                     1  (12)
Paul Bourgine
1.1 Introduction 1 (2)
1.2 Forms of Individual Rationality 3 (3)
1.3 The Search for Collective Rationality 6 (4)
1.4 Towards Cognitive Economics 10 (3)
Part I: Conceptual and Theoretical Bases 13 (168)
2 Rational Choice under Uncertainty 15 (18)
Mohammed Abdellaoui
2.1 Introduction 15 (1)
2.2 Expected Utility Theory 16 (7)
2.3 Violations of Expected Utility 23 (3)
2.4 Generalizations of Expected Utility 26 (3)
2.5 Concluding Remarks 29 (1)
References 30 (3)
3 General Equilibrium 33 (22)
Alan Kirman
3.1 The Basic Model: an Exchange Economy 35 (3)
3.2 Walrasian Equilibrium 38 (2)
3.3 Proof of the Existence of Equilibrium 40 (1)
in the Two Good Case
3.4 Competitive Equilibrium and Pareto 41 (2)
Optimality
3.5 Production in General Equilibrium 43 (2)
3.6 The Informational Requirements of the 45 (1)
Competitive Mechanism
3.7 Uniqueness and Stability of 46 (2)
Equilibrium
3.8 Towards More Realistic Models 48 (4)
3.9 Conclusion 52 (1)
References 52 (3)
4 The Principles of Game Theory 55 (24)
Bernard Walliser
4.1 Introduction 55 (2)
4.2 Static Games without Uncertainty 57 (5)
4.3 Dynamic Games without Uncertainty 62 (6)
4.4 Static Games with Incomplete 68 (5)
Information
4.5 Dynamic Games with Imperfect 73 (5)
Information
References 78 (1)
5 Rationality and the Experimental Study of 79 (16)
Reasoning
Guy Politzer
5.1 Introduction 79 (1)
5.2 Studies of Reasoning in the Laboratory 79 (5)
5.3 An Assessment of Performance 84 (5)
5.4 Reassessing Results in the Judgment 89 (1)
and Decision-making Domain
5.5 Two kinds of Rationality? 90 (1)
5.6 Conclusion 91 (1)
References 92 (3)
6 Supraclassical Inference without Probability 95 (18)
David Makinson
6.1 First Path - Using Additional 100(2)
Background Assumptions
6.2 Second Path - Restricting the Set of 102(4)
Valuations
6.3 Third Path - Using Additional Rules 106(3)
6.4 Conclusion 109(2)
References 111(2)
7 From Natural to Artificial Intelligence: 113(18)
Numerical Processing for Cognitive Tasks
Fr馘駻ic Alexandre and Herv Frezza-Buet
7.1 Introduction 113(2)
7.2 General Presentation and Justification 115(1)
7.3 The Evolution Analogy 116(4)
7.4 Artificial Neural Networks 120(4)
7.5 A Stochastic Behavioral Approach: 124(4)
Reinforcement Learning
References 128(3)
8 An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics 131(26)
Mirta B. Gordon
8.1 Introduction 131(1)
8.2 The Ising Model 132(5)
8.3 Probabilities, Information and Entropy 137(3)
8.4 Probability Laws in Statistical 140(9)
Physics
8.5 Fluctuations and Thermodynamic Limit 149(2)
8.6 Systems out of Equilibrium 151(1)
8.7 Numerical Simulations 152(2)
8.8 Conclusion 154(1)
References 155(2)
9 Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and the 157(12)
Transition to Disorder in Physics
Serge Galam
9.1 Introduction 157(2)
9.2 The Ising Model 159(1)
9.3 Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking 159(3)
9.4 Applying an External Field 162(1)
9.5 Creating Local Disorder 163(2)
9.6 What Happens in the Vicinity of the 165(1)
Critical Point?
9.7 Adding More Disorder 166(2)
9.8 Conclusion 168(1)
References 168(1)
10 Co-Evolutionist Stochastic Dynamics: 169(12)
Emergence of Power Laws
Sorin Solomon, Peter Richmond, Ofer Biham
and Ofer Malcai
10.1 Introduction 169(3)
10.2 The Stochastic 172(2)
Lotka-Volterra-Eigen-Schuster (LVES)
System
10.3 The Multiplicative Langevin Process 174(1)
10.4 Analysis of the Stochastic LVES 175(1)
System
10.5 Discussion 176(2)
References 178(3)
Part II: Research Areas 181(282)
11 Topics of Cognitive Economics 183(16)
Bernard Walliser
11.1 Introduction 183(2)
11.2 Reasoning Theory 185(2)
11.3 Decision Theory 187(3)
11.4 Game Theory 190(3)
11.5 Economic Theory 193(2)
11.6 Conclusions 195(4)
12 What is a Collective Belief? 199(14)
Andre Orl饌n
12.1 Introduction 199(3)
12.2 Pure Coordination Games and 202(3)
Schelling Saliences
12.3 Situated Rationality and the Role of 205(3)
Contexts
12.4 The Autonomy of Group Beliefs 208(3)
12.5 Conclusion 211(1)
References 212(1)
13 Conditional Statements and Directives 213(16)
David Makinson
13.1 Conditional Propositions 213(9)
13.2 Conditional Directives 222(3)
13.3 Summary 225(1)
13.4 Guide to Further Reading 225(1)
References 226(3)
14 Choice Axioms for a Positive Value of 229(16)
Information
Jean-Marc Tallon and Jean-Christophe
Vergnaud
14.1 Introduction 229(2)
14.2 Decision Trees 231(1)
14.3 Positive Value of Information, 232(7)
Consequentialism and the Sure Thing
Principle
14.4 A Weaker Axiom on Dynamic Choices 239(1)
for a Positive Value of Information
14.5 Positive Value of Information 240(2)
without Probabilistic Beliefs
14.6 Concluding Remarks 242(1)
References 242(3)
15 Elements of Viability Theory for the 245(22)
Analysis of Dynamic Economics
Jean-Pierre Aubin
15.1 Introduction 245(4)
15.2 The Mathematical Framework 249(3)
15.3 Characterization of Viability and/or 252(3)
Capturability
15.4 Selecting Viable Feedbacks 255(2)
15.5 Restoring Viability 257(7)
References 264(3)
16 Stochastic Evolutionary Game Theory 267(14)
Richard Baron, Jacques Durieu, Hans Haller,
Philippe Solal
16.1 Introduction 267(1)
16.2 Models of Adaptive Learning in Games 267(2)
16.3 Stochastic Stability 269(6)
16.4 Application: Cournot Competition 275(3)
References 278(3)
17 The Evolutionary Analysis of Signal Games 281(12)
Jean-Francois Laslier
17.1 Introduction 281(1)
17.2 A Sender-Receiver Game 282(4)
17.3 A Cheap-talk Game 286(4)
17.4 Conclusion 290(1)
References 291(2)
18 The Structure of Economic Interaction: 293(20)
Individual and Collective Rationality
Alan Kirman
18.1 Introduction 293(1)
18.2 Individual and Collective 294(1)
Rationality
18.3 Aggregate and Individual Behavior: 294(4)
An Example
18.4 Collective Rationality 298(2)
18.5 Different Forms of Interaction 300(1)
18.6 Herd Behavior in Financial Markets 301(2)
18.7 Local Interaction 303(1)
18.8 Networks 303(3)
18.9 Misperception of the Interaction 306(1)
Structure
18.10 A Simple Duopoly Game 307(2)
18.11 Conclusion 309(1)
References 310(3)
19 Experimental Markets: Empirical Data for 313(22)
Theorists
Charles Noussair and Bernard Ruffieux
19.1 Introduction 313(2)
19.2 Methodology: How is an Experimental 315(3)
Market Constructed?
19.3 The Principal Results from Service 318(2)
Markets
19.4 The Behavior of Asset Markets 320(4)
19.5 The Dynamics of Learning in 324(3)
Strategic Interactions
19.6 Conclusion 327(3)
References 330(5)
20 Social Interactions in Economic Theory: An 335(24)
Insight from Statistical Mechanics
Denis Phan, Mirta B. Gordon and Jean-Pierre
Nadal
20.1 Introduction 335(2)
20.2 Discrete Choice with Social 337(7)
Interactions (I): Individual strategic
behavior and rational expectations
20.3 Discrete Choice with Social 344(6)
Interactions (II): Market price and
adaptive expectations
20.4 Market Organisation with Search and 350(3)
Price Dispersion
20.5 Conclusion 353(1)
References 354(5)
21 Adjustment and Social Choice 359(12)
G駻ard Weisbuch and Dietrich Stauffer
21.1 Introduction 359(1)
21.2 The INCA Model 360(2)
21.3 Simulation Results 362(6)
21.4 Conclusions 368(1)
References 369(2)
22 From Agent-based Computational Economics 371(28)
Towards Cognitive Economics
Denis Phan
22.1 Introduction 371(1)
22.2 Multi-agent Systems and Agent-based 372(3)
Computational Economics
22.3 Basic Concepts of Multi-agent 375(9)
Systems with Network Interactions
22.4 Individual and Collective Learning 384(9)
and Dynamics in a Discrete choice model
22.5 Conclusion 393(1)
References 394(5)
23 Social Networks and Economic Dynamics 399(18)
Jean-Benoit Zimmermann
23.1 Introduction 399(2)
23.2 Small Worlds in a Knowledge-based 401(5)
Economy
23.3 Influence Networks and Social 406(8)
Learning
23.4 Conclusion 414(1)
References 415(2)
24 Coalitions and Networks in Economic 417(12)
Analysis
Francis Bloch
24.1 Introduction 417(2)
24.2 Cooperative Solutions to Group and 419(2)
Network Formation
24.3 Noncooperative Models of Groups and 421(2)
Networks
24.4 Applications 423(3)
References 426(1)
Lexicon 426(3)
25 Threshold Phenomena versus Killer Clusters 429(14)
in Bimodal Competion for Standards
Serge Galam and Bastien Chopard
25.1 Introduction 429(1)
25.2 The Model 430(2)
25.3 Discussion 432(3)
25.4 Finite Size Effects 435(3)
25.5 Species Evolution 438(1)
25.6 Conclusions 439(1)
References 440(3)
26 Cognitive Efficiency of Social Networks 443(20)
Providing Consumption Advice on Experience
Goods
Nicolas Curien, Gilbert Laffond, Jean Lain 
and Fran輟is Moreau

26.1 Introduction 443(1)

26.2 The Model 444(6)

26.3 Discussion 450(4)

26.4 Conclusion 454(2)

References 456(1)

Appendix: convergence analysis 456(7)

The Future of Cognitive Economics 463(10)

Jacques Lesourne

Index 473

354040472.TOC3540404724


Part I Formation, Evolution and Destruction of

Star Clusters

Globular Cluster Formation

K.M. Ashman 3 (13)

Evolution of Globular Cluster Systems

E. Vesperini 16 (6)

The Disruption Time of Clusters in Selected

Regions of Four Galaxies

H.J.G.L.M. Lamers, S. G. Boutloukos 22 (6)

Star Clusters in Interacting Galaxies: The Case

of M51

N. Bastian, H.J.G.L.M. Lamers 28 (4)

The Formation of Stellar Clusters in Turbulent

Molecular Clouds: Effects of the Equation of

State

Y. Li, R.S. Klessen, M.-M. Mac Low 32 (4)

Formation History of the Star Clusters in M82 B

G. Parmentier, R. de Grijs, G.F. Gilmore 36 (7)

Part II Young Star Clusters

Star Clusters in Mergers

S. Mengel 43 (11)

Young Massive Clusters in Normal Galaxies

S. S. Larsen 54 (6)

Intermediate-Age Globular Clusters in Merger

Remnants

P. Goudfrooij 60 (6)

Star Cluster Systems in Interacting and

Starburst Galaxies: A Multicolour Approach

R. de Grijs 66 (6)

The H Band Luminosity Function of the Centre of

the 30 Dor Cluster

M. Andersen, H. Zinnecker, B. Brandi, G. 72 (4)

Meylan, A. Moneti

The W-Function Applied to the Age of Globular

Clusters

M. Rengei, G. Bruzual 76 (7)

Part III Globular Cluster Systems of Early-Type

Galaxies

Globular Cluster Systems of Early Type Galaxies

A. Kunde 83 (12)

Globular Clusters in Early-Type Galaxies

D.A. Forbes 95 (6)

A New Cluster Sub-Population in Lenticular

Galaxies

J.P. Brodie, S.S. Larsen 101(6)

Stellar Populations in NGC 1399 Traced by

Globular Clusters from a Wide-Field Study

B. Dirsch, T. Richtier, D. Geisier, J. C. 107(6)

Forte, L.P. Bassinn, W.P. Gieren

Uncovering the NGC 5128 Globular Cluster System

G.L.H. Harris, D. Geister, W.E. Harris, J.E. 113(4)

Hesser, M. Reid, M. Milne, S. C. Hulme, T. T.

Kidd, B.P. Schmidt

The Chemistry of Extragalactic Globular Clusters

M. Kissler-Patig, T.H. Puzia, R. Bender, P. 117(4)

Goudfrooij, M. Hempel, C. Masston, T.

Richtier, R. Sgglig, D. Thomas

VLT Spectroscopy of NGC 3115 Globular Clusters

H. Kuntschner, B.L. Ziegler, R.M. Sharpies, 121(4)

G. Worthey, K.J. Fricke

Extragalactic Globular Clusters in the

Near-Infrared

M. Hempel, M. Kissler-Patig, M. Hilker, T.H. 125(4)

Puzia, J.P. Brodie, P. Goudfrooij, D.

Minniti, S.E. Zepf

Globular Clusters Old and Young in NGC 5128

(Centaurus A)

E. W. Peng, H. C. Ford, K. C. Freeman 129(4)

Extragalactic Globular Cluster Planetary

Nebulae: Three Candidates in NGC 5128

M. Rejkuba, D. Minniti, J.R. Walsh 133(4)

Study of the Star Cluster Population in NGC 7727

G. Trancho, B. Miller, F. Schweizer, B. 137(6)

Whitmore

Part IV Globular Cluster Systems of Late-Type

Galaxies

Globular Cluster Systems of Spirals

P. Barmby 143(12)

Globular Cluster Systems of Spiral Galaxies

Beyond the Local Group

K.L. Rhode 155(6)

VLT Spectroscopy of Globular Clusters in the

Sombrero Galaxy

E. V. Held, A. Moretti, L. Federici, C. 161(6)

Cacciati, L. Rizzi, V. Testa

Wide Field Photometry of the M104 Globular

Cluster System

A. Moretti, E. V. Held, L. Rizzi, V. Testa, 167(6)

L. Federici, C. Cacciati

Part V Globular Clusters in Galaxy Groups

Globular Clusters in Nearby Galaxy Clusters

M. Hilker 173(6)

Globular Clusters in Compact Groups

C. Da Rocha, C. Mendes de Oliveira, M. 179

Bolte, B.L. Ziegler, T.H. Puzia

Properties of the Globular Cluster Systems of

the Sculptor Group

K.A.G. Olsen, B. W. Miller, R.A. Schommer, 185(6)

N.B. Suntzeff, J. Bright

Optical Diffuse Light in Nearby Compact Groups

C. Mendes de Oliveira, C. Da Rocha, C.R. 191(8)

Raba軋, D.N.E. Pereira, M. Bolte

Part VI Globular Clusters in Dwarf Galaxies

Globular Cluster Systems of Dwarf Galaxies

B. W. Miller 199(12)

The Colors of Dwarf Elliptical Globular Cluster

Systems

J. Lotz, B. Miller, H. Ferguson, M. Stiavelli 211(6)

Dynamical Evolution of LMC Star Clusters

M.I. Wilkinson, J.R. Hurley, A.D. Mackey, 217(7)

G.F. Gilmore

Formation of Globular Clusters: In and Out of

Dwarf Galaxies

O.Y. Gnedin 224

Age and Metallicity of a Globular Cluster in 78 (159)

the Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy DDO

M.E. Sharma, O.K. Silchenko, A.N. Burenkov 230(7)

Part VII Stellar Population Models Compared to

Globular Clusters

Stellar Population Models

C. Maraston 237(12)

Synthetic Integrated Colours as Age Indicators

S.K. Yi 249(6)

The Y2 Isochrones and Stellar Evolution Tracks

S.K. Yi, P. Demarque, Y.-C. Kim 255(2)

A New Evolutionary Synthesis Tool for Modelling

Young Star Clusters in Merging Galaxies

P. Anders, R. de Grijs, U. Fritze - v. 257(4)

Alvensleben

Blue Horizontal-Branch Stars and Simple Stellar

Populations

H.-c. Lee, Y.- W. Lee, B.K. Gibson 261(6)

Relative Ages of Globular Clusters

T.H. Puzia 267(8)

Relative Ages of the Globular Cluster

Subpopulations in M87

A. Jord疣 275(8)

Part VIII Kinematics of Globular Cluster Systems

Kinematics of Globular Cluster Systems

S.E. Zepf 283(10)

The Morphology of the Radial Velocity

Distribution of Globular Clusters in NGC 1399

T. Richtler, B. Dirsch, D. Geisler 293(6)

Dynamics of the M31 Globular Cluster System

K. Perrett, D. Hanes, T. Bridges, D. Stiff 299(6)

2dF Spectroscopy of M104 Globular Clusters

T. Bridges, K. Freeman, K. Rhode, S. Zepf 305(5)

Dynamics of Stars and Globular Clusters in

Galaxy Halos

A.J. Romanowsky, N. G. Douglas, K. Kuijken, 310(7)

M. Arnaboldi, M. Kissler-Patig, R.M.

Sharples, S.E . Zepf, K.L. Rhode

Part IX Globular Cluster Systems in the Context

of Galaxy Formation

Issues in E Galaxy Formation: Many Problems,

Few Solutions

W.E. Harris 317(12)

The Globular Cluster Luminosity Function

D.E. McLaughlin 329(7)

The Formation of Globular Clusters in the Local

Universe

B. Whitmore 336(6)

Forming Globular Cluster Systems in a

Semi-Analytic Scheme

M.A. Beasley, C.M. Baugte, D.A. Forbes, R.M. 342(6)

Sharples, C.S. Freak

The High-Redshift Formation of Metal-Poor

Globular Cluster Systems

M.R. Santos 348(7)

Author Index 355