The Invisible Hand : Economic Thought Yesterday and Today (2004. 300 p. 24 cm)

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The Invisible Hand : Economic Thought Yesterday and Today (2004. 300 p. 24 cm)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 300 p.
  • 商品コード 9783540023555

基本説明

An easily comprehensive introduction of the world of economics, both instructuve and entertaining.

Full Description


An easy-to-read and comprehensive description of the world of economics.Includes simple graphics, comprehensive examples, numerous anecdotes and historical illustrations.Instructive and entertaining at the same time.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 People and Markets (Microeconomics)      1  (68)
The Invisible Hand of the Market 3 (6)
From Mercantilism to Market Economy 3 (3)
Monopolies and the Cournot Point 6 (2)
References for Further Reading 8 (1)
Competition in Theory and in Practice 9 (7)
From "Perfect Competition" to Dynamic 9 (2)
Competition
Competition Policy: Harvard versus Chicago 11 (3)
Natural Monopolies and Government Market 14 (2)
Access Barriers
References for Further Reading 16 (1)
Prices, Costs and Profits 16 (11)
Alfred Marshall's Scissor Theorem 16 (3)
The Laws of Large-Scale Production and 19 (1)
Their Limits
Turgot's Law of Returns and Marshall's 20 (2)
Producers' Surplus
Trade Margins and Speculation 22 (2)
Fair Prices and Government Intervention 24 (2)
Into Markets
References for Further Reading 26 (1)
The Utility and Real Value of Commodities 27 (7)
The Classical Paradox of Value and Gossen's 27 (3)
Laws
Pareto Optimality and Distribution of Income 30 (2)
Consumer Sovereignty and Merit Goods 32 (2)
References for Further Reading 34 (1)
Causes of Market Failure 34 (11)
Should the State Act as Night Watchman? 34 (2)
Natural Collective Goods 36 (1)
The Non-Applicability of the Exclusion 37 (1)
Principle
Externalities and Environmental Problems 38 (3)
Are Environmental Taxes and Charges Unjust? 41 (1)
Voluntary Negotiations: The Coase Theorem 42 (1)
The Environment and Politics 43 (2)
References for Further Reading 45 (1)
Fair Wages and the Right to Work 45 (11)
Th en's Equation for a Natural Wage 45 (2)
Karl Marx's Labour Theory of Value 47 (2)
Problems of Socialism 49 (1)
The Pareto Curve 50 (2)
Minimum Wages and Maximum Income Limits? 52 (2)
Productivity and Wage Rates 54 (1)
References for Further Reading 55 (1)
The Mystery of Capital and Interest 56 (13)
Interest Rates and Bans on Interest 56 (2)
Who do Capital Gains Belong to? 58 (2)
B m-Bawerk's Third Reason 60 (1)
Paradoxes of Capital Theory 61 (3)
Natural Interest Rates and Monetary Policy 64 (3)
References for Further Reading 67 (2)
Chapter 2 Crises of Market Economies 69 (66)
(Macroeconomics)
How Does Money Enter the Economy? 71 (8)
From Shell Money to the Peel Banking Act 71 (5)
Money Supply and Price Levels 76 (3)
References for Further Reading 79 (1)
Business Cycles and Shortages in Demand 79 (11)
Francois Quesnay's Tableau Economique 79 (3)
The Say Theorem 82 (2)
Marx's Theory of Crises and the Theory of 84 (2)
the Purchasing Power of Wages
The Keynesian Revolution 86 (3)
References for Further Reading: 89 (1)
Why Do Business Cycles Fluctuate? 90 (11)
Knife-Edge Growth 90 (4)
Aftalion's Use of Fire as an Example: The 94 (2)
Accelerator Principle
Business Cycle Policy: Is it Possible to 96 (1)
Master the Chaos?
Business Cycle Theory at a Political Level 97 (1)
The Influence of Politicians on the 98 (2)
Business Cycle
References for Further Reading 100(1)
Does Technical Progress Destroy Jobs? 101(7)
The Release Theory versus the Compensation 101(3)
Theory
Irksome Structural Changes 104(3)
References for Further Reading 107(1)
Inflation and Unemployment 108(9)
The Quantity Theory 108(3)
The Controversy about the Philips Curve 111(3)
The Bullionist Controversy 114(2)
References for Further Reading 116(1)
Growth and Wealth 117(8)
In Praise of Saving 117(2)
Shortages of Capital and Underdevelopment 119(1)
The Golden Rule of Accumulation 120(3)
The Connection Between Interest Rates and 123(2)
Growth Rates
References for Further Reading 125(1)
Limits of Economic Growth 125(10)
The Oil Price Shocks of the 1970s 125(3)
Are the World's Raw Materials Running Out? 128(1)
The "Robber-Booty" Problem and the 129(3)
Hotelling Rule
Is there any Justice for Future Generations? 132(2)
References for Further Reading 134(1)
Chapter 3 Trade and changes in the world 135(58)
economy (Foreign trade)
Should We Protect Ourselves from Cheap 137(10)
Competition from Abroad?
From Mercantilism to the Free Trade Theory 137(3)
Ricardo's Theorem of Comparative Cost 140(1)
Advantages
Arguments Advanced for Duties 141(3)
Dumping and Protectionism 144(3)
References for Further Reading 147(1)
Winners and Losers in World Trade 147(6)
Do Large Countries Have Big Advantages? 147(2)
Are the Countries that Have Raw Materials 149(1)
Being Exploited?
The Effect of the Terms of Trade and the 150(2)
Optimal Tariff
References for Further Reading 152(1)
When National Economies Run into Debt 153(6)
What Is a Balance in Foreign Trade? 153(1)
Equilibrium in the Balance of Payments and 154(2)
the J-Curve Effect
Are Deficits in the Balance of Payments a 156(2)
Sign of Weakness?
References for Further Reading 158(1)
Will International Competition Lead to 159(6)
Falling Wages?
The Factor-Proportions Theorem 159(2)
Factor Price Equalization and the 161(2)
Stolper-Samuelson Theorem
Globalization and Dynamic Competition 163(2)
References for Further Reading 165(1)
Globalization and Competition Between 165(7)
Locations
Mobile Capital - Falling Wages? 165(2)
Is the Competition between Locations a 167(1)
Zero-Sum Game?
Migration of Labour 168(3)
References for Further Reading 171(1)
The History of the Currency System 172(8)
The Gold Standard and its Demise 172(3)
Bretton Woods and Triffin's Dilemma 175(4)
Fixed Exchange Rates Cannot be Enforced 179(1)
References for Further Reading 180(1)
Why Does the Dollar Rate Fluctuate? 180(13)
The Purchasing-Power Parity Theory and its 180(3)
Limits
The Role of the International Flow of 183(2)
Capital
Currency Speculation 185(3)
Can Monetary Union Help? 188(2)
Monetary Policy in the Hotel Foyer 190(1)
References for Further Reading: 191(2)
Chapter 4 The State and Social Matters (Public 193(60)
Finance)
The State and its Role in the Economy 195(9)
Rule of Law or Rule of the Elite? 195(3)
The Church and the State 198(1)
Mercantilism and Socialism 199(3)
Ordoliberalism 202(1)
References for Further Reading: 203(1)
Democracy and Market Economy 204(8)
Is there a "Third Way"? 204(1)
Co-determination of Workers 205(2)
Arrow's Voting Paradox 207(3)
Is Federalism an Answer? 210(1)
References for Further Reading 211(1)
Social Aspects of a Market Economy 212(8)
From the "Coal Miners' Penny" to the 212(3)
Welfare State
Is there an Optimal Rate of Government 215(3)
Outlays?
The "Magic Triangle" of Social Policy 218(2)
References for Further Reading 220(1)
Taxes and Justice 220(9)
Who Should Pay how Much in Taxes? 220(2)
Limits of Social Justice 222(3)
Pro and Contra Poll Taxes 225(4)
References for Further Reading 229(1)
Family Policy and Provision for Old Age 229(9)
Birth Rates and Social Protection 229(2)
Pay-as-You-Go Systems or Capital-Funded 231(3)
Systems?
Abundance of Children as an Economic Asset 234(1)
Subsidiarity Principle or Welfare State 235(2)
Principle?
References for Further Reading 237(1)
Economic Laws and Juridical Thinking 238(5)
Can Values be Classified Unequivocally? 238(2)
Good Intentions and Negative Consequences 240(2)
Sisyphus or Hercules? 242(1)
References for Further Reading 242(1)
The Welfare State and Unemployment 243(10)
Is Full Employment Possible at All? 243(1)
Natural Unemployment and Mismatch 244(2)
The Poverty Trap and Wage Autonomy 246(3)
Costs of Social Protection and Negative 249(3)
Income Tax
References for Further Reading: 252(1)
Index of Names 253(4)
Subject Index 257