Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy : An International Comparative Analysis (New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation)

Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy : An International Comparative Analysis (New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 544 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781843763390
  • DDC分類 658

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2001.

Full Description


The book analyses the evolution of research and innovation policies in the world's leading countries. The last decade has witnessed a radical transformation of the landscape shaped after World War II, as described in the seminal collection edited by Richard Nelson in the early 1990s. Even though national systems have inherited different institutional arrangements and trajectories, analyses show three major converging trends in their public policies. There has been a retraction from support to large firms and programmes and a shift toward small to medium enterprises and the innovation infrastructure; the focus on public research and training capabilities is growing; and there has been a redesign of public intervention with the growing role of regions and states on one hand and multinational authorities on the other, particularly in the European Union.The authors, all leading scholars in innovation research, provide thorough analytical descriptions of the national innovation system in their country and set that system in historical perspective. Each chapter is written so the reader can easily make comparisons between countries and regions. Six major issues are identified and addressed in each chapter:* the dynamics of universities and their relations with the economy* the evolving role of defence R&D and other large public programmes* the growth of technology policies and the innovative capabilities of SMEs* the changing rationale for government laboratories* the growing role of regions in fostering innovation* the capability of government to adapt to rapid changes in innovation systems.This essential book will be of interest to scholars and students of science, technology and innovation policy, management, institutional economics and managers of research and innovation policies at a national and local level.

Table of Contents

Contributors                                       vii
Acknowledgements ix
1 General Introduction: A Focus on Research and
Innovation Policies
Philippe Lar馘o and Philippe Mustar 1 (14)
2 The United States National Innovation System
after the Cold War
David C. Mowery 15 (32)
3 Research Policy Trends in the United States:
Civilian Technology Programs, Defense
Technology and the Deployment of the National
Laboratories
Barry Bozeman and James S. Dietz 47 (32)
4 The Structure and Perspective of Science and
Technology Policy in Japan
Yukio Sato 79 (36)
5 The Research, Development and Innovation
System in Korea
Sung Chul Chung 115(42)
6 The Emergence of a New European Union
Research and Innovation Policy
Paraskevas Caracostas and Ugur Muldur 157(48)
7 The German Innovation System
Frieder Meyer-Krahmer 205(48)
8 The United Kingdom National System of
Research, Technology and Innovation
Luke Georghiou 253(44)
9 The Netherlands: Science Policy by Mediation
Barend van der Meulen and Arie Rip 297(28)
10 Science, Technology and Innovation Policy in
Finland
Erkki Ormala 325(34)
11 The Spanish System of Research
Emilio Mu z 359(40)
12 Science, Technology and Innovation Policy in
Italy
Alberto Silvani and Giorgio Sirilli 399(48)
13 French Research and Innovation Policy: Two
Decades of Transformation
Philippe Lar馘o and Philippe Mustar 447(50)
14 General Conclusion: Three Major Trends in
Research and Innovation Policies
Philippe Lar馘o and Philippe Mustar 497(14)
Index of Boxes, Figures and Tables 511(4)
Index 515