This book assesses the contemporary situation of women in India in four broad domains: the cultural, the social, the political and the economic.
This book investigates the contemporary situation of women in India by focusing on four broad domains: the cultural, the social, the political and the economic. The writers argue that despite apparently positive indicators of progress, particularly in education and paid employment, little has changed in the position of women.
Steadily falling sex ratios, they suggest show a growing - and in some parts of India an institutionalized - bias against the female child. They trace the complex way in which this is connected with the nature of development processes, and assert that in recent years, simultaneously with economic development, there seems to have been a strengthening of male biases, patriarchal norms and values across all castes and classes in India.
Can these two processes be seen as entirely separate, they ask, or are they organically linked? Together, these essays provide a fresh perspective on the situation of women's lives in India and bring out interesting contrasts and comparisons between the North and the South.
1. Introduction: The Politics of Identity, Social Inequalities and Economic Growth - Karin Kapadia
PART I THE PARADOXES OF DEVELOPMENT
2. Between the Devil and the Deep Sea: Shrinking Options for Women in Contemporary India - Nirmala Banerjee
3. The Violence of Gender Biased Development: Going beyond social and demographic indicators - Padmi Swaminathan
4. Translocal Modernities and Transformations of Gender and Caste - Karin Kapadia
PART II VIOLENCE, DIFFERENCE AND THE WOMEN'S MOVEMENT
5. Surviving Violence, Making Peace: Women in Communal Conflict in Mumbai - Kalpana Sharma
6. Confrontation and Negotiation: The Women's Movement's Responses to Violence Against Women - Urvashi Butalia
7. Multiple Dimensions of Violence Against Rural Women in Uttar Pradesh: Macro and Micro Realities - Nisha Srivastava
PART III WIDENING DEMOCRACY: REPORTS FROM THE FRONTLINES
8. Grassroots, Gender and Governance: Panchayati Raj Experiences from Mahila Samakhya Karnataka - Revathi Narayanan
9. Exploring Gender Inflections within Panchayat Raj Institutions: Women's Politicisation in Andhra Pradesh - Seemanthini Niranjana
10. New Modes of Violence: the Backlash against Women in the Panchayat System - Shail Mayaram
11. Interlocking Patriarchies and Women in Governance: A Case Study of Panchayat Raj Institutions in Tamil Nadu - Anandhi S.
PART IV A HISTORY THAT REPEATS ITSELF
12. Towards a Feminist Politics? The Indian Women's Movement in Historical Perspective - Samhita Sen
Notes on Contributors