Massacre at Montsegur

Massacre at Montsegur

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 420 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781842124284
  • DDC分類 272.3

Full Description


In 1208 Pope Innocent III called for a Crusade against a country of fellow-Christians. The new enemy was Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse, one of the greatest princes in Western Christendom, premier baron of all the territories in southern France where the langue d'oc was spoken. So began the Albigensian Crusade (named after the French town of Albi), which was to culminate in 1244 with the massacre of Cathars at the mountain fortress of Montsegur. This Crusade was the Catholic Church's response to the rapid growth of a rival Christian religion in the very heart of Christendom - the religion of the Cathars (or 'pure ones'). These heretics drew their strength from the consciousness of belonging to a faith that had never seen eye to eye with Catholicism and was more ancient than the Church itself. From the beginning this religious war was to show all the characteristics of a national resistance movement, so that in the end it was not just the survival of the Cathar faith that was at stake but also that of the Languedoc itself as an autonomous and independent region of France.

Table of Contents

  The background of the Crusade                    1  (27)
The Initial Facts 1 (6)
The Crusaders 7 (8)
The Land of Languedoc 15 (13)
Heresy and Heretics 28 (54)
Origins 28 (4)
Doctrine and Dogma 32 (12)
Organization and Expansion 44 (18)
Catharism in its Social and Moral Aspects 62 (8)
The Struggle against `Babylon' 70 (12)
The Pre-heretical Church 82 (20)
The Period before Innocent III 82 (11)
The Mission and Failure of St Dominic 93 (9)
The Campaign of 1209 102(30)
Warfare in the Middle Ages 103(6)
Beziers 109(12)
Carcassonne 121(11)
Simon de Montfort 132(45)
Portrait of a General 132(12)
The Count of Toulouse 144(18)
The King of Aragon 162(15)
The Consecration and Failure of the Crusade 177(24)
The Lateran Council 177(10)
The War of Liberation 187(14)
The King of France 201(17)
Raymond VII's Victory 201(6)
King Louis's Crusade 207(11)
The Final Years of Occitan Independence 218(36)
The Consequences of the War 218(7)
Catharism as a National Religion 225(14)
The Treaty of Meaux 239(15)
The Church's Peace 254(32)
The Church and Heresy 254(13)
The Council of Toulouse 267(6)
The Church's Dilemma and the Dominican 273(13)
Reform Movement
The Inquisition 286(24)
Early Activities 286(12)
The Inquisition at Work 298(12)
The Cathar Resistance 310(30)
The Organization of the Resistance 310(6)
The Sanctuary of Montsegur 316(11)
Raymond VII's Rebellion and Defeat 327(13)
The Siege of Montsegur 340(25)
The Siege 340(16)
The Massacre 356(9)
Epilogue 365(3)
Appendix A: A Catharist Ritual 368(5)
Appendix B: Preliminary Discourse Addressed to 373(3)
the Postulant by the Elder
Appendix C: A Catharist Prayer 376(1)
Appendix D: Repressive Measures and Decrees 377(6)
Promulgated against the Cathars by Councils
between 1179 and 1246
Appendix E: Sentences of the Inquisition 383(3)
Appendix F: The Debate between Izarn and Sicart 386(4)
Chronological Table 390(6)
Notes and References 396(6)
Bibliography 402(6)
Index 408