Multicultural Psychology (2ND)

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Multicultural Psychology (2ND)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 314 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781538101100
  • DDC分類 616.890089

Full Description


Appropriate for both undergraduate and graduate courses, Multicultural Psychology, secondedition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the field. This research-based and highlyapplied text aims to increase students' sensitivity, awareness, and knowledge of ethnicity,race, and culture and their influence on human behavior and adjustment. A diverse and highlyrespected team of authors effortlessly weaves together theory with the latest research onethnic and racial minority groups. Engaging boxes throughout the chapters also highlightkey concepts and findings and their practical applications.New to This Edition: * Expanded discussion on the interactive effects of key social variables on ethnic and racial groups' attitudes, norms, values, and behaviors.* Additional sections on topics such as ethnic disparities in health care quality and access andpsychological approaches to reducing racism. New coverage of ethnic and racial minority group members who also share other minority statuses (e.g., sexual and gender minorities) and additional coverage of biculturalism and multicultural and multiracial individuals' identity formation.* Reorganized table of contents to better reflect a developmental learning approach.* Updated content to include recent research in psychology and related fields (e.g., new acculturation models, an ecological model of health behavior, sociocultural issues in sexual identity formation, and other culture-related syndromes).* Revised ancillaries-written by the authors-include an instructor's manual, test bank, MSPowerPoint slides, and a new open access Companion Website

Table of Contents

In Memoriam: Dr. Gerardo Marin (1947-2018)         ix
Preface x
Acknowledgments xiv
Introduction 1 (2)
1 Psychology in a Multicultural World 3 (26)
Learning about Racial and Ethnic Diversity in 3 (2)
Psychology
What Is Multicultural Psychology? 5 (2)
Multicultural Psychology and 6 (1)
Multiculturalism
Effects of Living in a Multicultural Society 6 (1)
The United States as a Racially and 7 (2)
Ethnically Diverse Society
Within-Group Diversity 9 (1)
Ancestry 9 (8)
Race and Ethnicity 11 (1)
Multiracial or Multiethnic Background 12 (1)
Age Differences 12 (1)
Language Use and Proficiency 13 (1)
Educational Attainment 13 (1)
High School Persistence Rates 14 (1)
College Enrollment 14 (1)
Socioeconomic Status and Poverty 15 (1)
Correlates of Poverty 16 (1)
Why Study Multicultural Psychology? 17 (3)
Improving Psychological Research 17 (1)
Advancing Culturally Diverse Societies 18 (1)
Improving the Quality of Health and Human 19 (1)
Services
Promoting Cultural Competencies 19 (1)
Multicultural Psychology, Cultural 20 (1)
Psychology, and Cross-Cultural Psychology
The Growth of Multicultural Psychology 21 (8)
2 Key Theoretical Concepts 29 (18)
"Mommy, What Color Are You?" 29 (1)
Understanding Culture 30 (3)
Dimensions of Culture 31 (1)
Cultural Influences on Psychological 32 (1)
Processes
Understanding Ethnicity 33 (2)
The Problems of Ethnic Assessment and Labels 34 (1)
Understanding Race 35 (2)
Whiteness 36 (1)
Social Orientations or Ways of Being 37 (2)
Views of the Self Across Cultures 37 (2)
Social Stratification 39 (3)
Minority Status 42 (1)
Power and Privilege 43 (4)
3 Responsible Research With Racial and Ethnic 47 (34)
Communities
"That Is Not Me!!" 47 (2)
Responsible, Culturally Appropriate Research 49 (2)
A Definition of Responsible, Culturally 50 (1)
Appropriate Research
Implementing Responsible, Culturally 51 (7)
Appropriate Research
An Initial Consideration: Contextualization 51 (1)
Culturally Appropriate Methods 52 (1)
Choosing a Research Approach 53 (5)
Experiments 53 (1)
Interviews and Surveys 54 (1)
Focus Groups 54 (1)
Case Studies 54 (1)
Ethnographies 55 (1)
Secondary Data Analysis 55 (1)
Community-Based Participatory Research 55 (3)
(CBPR)
Key Issues in Developing Responsible, 58 (14)
Culturally Appropriate Research
Instrument Characteristics 58 (6)
Psychological Tests 59 (1)
Translation of Research Instruments 60 (1)
The Translation Process 61 (2)
Use of Interpreters 63 (1)
Properly Identifying and Describing 64 (7)
Participants
Intragroup Heterogeneity 64 (1)
Disaggregating Participants 65 (5)
Migration Rationale and History 70 (1)
Culturally Appropriate Analysis of 71 (1)
Information or Data
The Problem of Limited Participation in 72 (2)
Research
Ethical Considerations 74 (7)
Informed Consent 74 (1)
Freedom to Discontinue Participation 74 (1)
Respect for Privacy and Confidentiality 75 (1)
Appropriate Balance Between Risks or Costs 76 (5)
and Benefits
4 Acculturation 81 (28)
"Call Me Jessie, Not Josefina!" 81 (2)
Defining Acculturation 83 (3)
Early Definitions 84 (1)
Contemporary Definitions 85 (1)
Understanding Assimilation and Segmented 86 (2)
Assimilation
Models of Acculturation 88 (6)
The Unidirectional Model of Acculturation 88 (1)
Berry's Two-Dimensional Model of 89 (2)
Acculturation
A Social Context Model of Acculturation 91 (1)
The Interactive Acculturation Model (IAM) 92 (1)
The Relative Acculturation Extended Model 93 (1)
(RAEM)
Biculturalism 94 (1)
Enculturation 95 (2)
Generational Differences and Acculturation 97 (1)
Acculturational Stress 98 (3)
Acculturative Stress and Reasons for 99 (2)
Migration
Measuring Acculturation 101(4)
Levels of Acculturation 105(4)
5 Intersecting Identities-Part 1: Racial, 109(26)
Ethnic, and Class Dimensions
Who Are You? 109(1)
Understanding the Multiple and Intersecting 110(1)
Dimensions of Identity
Defining Racial, Ethnic, and Class Identities 111(3)
Racial Identity 111(1)
Ethnic Identity 112(2)
Components of Ethnic Identity 112(2)
Class Identity 114(1)
Models of Racial and Ethnic Identity 114(12)
Development and Formation
Racial Identity Development 114(3)
Evaluating Cross' Model of Racial 115(2)
Identity Development
Ethnic Identity Development 117(5)
Factors Shaping Ethnic Identity 120(2)
Development
Developmental Factors 120(1)
Family Factors 121(1)
Social Factors 121(1)
Acculturation Factors 122(1)
Biracial/Multiracial Identity Development 122(4)
Biracial Identity Resolution Strategies 124(1)
Stage Models of Biracial Identity 125(1)
Development
Evaluating Models of Biracial Identity 125(1)
Development
Relationship of Racial, Ethnic, and Class 126(9)
Identities to Psychosocial Adjustment
Racial Identity and Adjustment 126(2)
Self-Esteem 126(1)
Psychological Adjustment and Mental Health 127(1)
Risk for Drug Use 127(1)
Physical Health 127(1)
Perceptions of Racism 128(1)
Ethnic Identity and Adjustment 128(2)
Self-Esteem 128(1)
Psychological Adjustment and Mental Health 128(1)
Risk for Drug Use 129(1)
Protection Against Discrimination and 129(1)
Racism
Biracial/Multiracial Identities and 130(2)
Adjustment
Self-Esteem 130(1)
Psychological Adjustment and Mental Health 130(2)
Class Identity and Adjustment 132(4)
Physical and Mental Health 132(3)
6 Intersecting Identities-Part 2: Gender and 135(18)
Sexuality Dimensions
"Why Do We Have to Label Everyone?" 135(1)
Defining Gender and Sexual Identities 136(1)
Gender Identity 136(1)
Sexual Identity 136(1)
Models of Gender and Sexual Identity 137(7)
Development and Formation
Gender Typing and Gender Identity Formation 137(5)
Asian American Gender Identity 137(1)
African American Gender Identity 138(2)
Latino/Latina Gender Identity 140(2)
Sexual Identity Formation 142(2)
Navigating Intersecting Racial, Sexual, 142(2)
and Gender Stressors
Cultural, Family, and Minority Considerations 144(2)
in Coming Out
Asian Americans 144(1)
Latinos 145(1)
African Americans 145(1)
Relationship of Gender and Sexual Identities 146(7)
to Psychosocial Adjustment
Gender Identity and Adjustment 146(2)
Psychological Functioning and Physical 146(1)
Health
Body Image 147(1)
Risk for Drug Use 147(1)
Sexual Identity and Adjustment 148(8)
Psychological Adjustment and Mental Health 148(5)
7 Family Structure, Relations, and Socialization 153(20)
"In My Family, We Never Openly Say 'I Love 153(1)
You'"
An Ecological Perspective of Family 154(2)
Functioning
Factors Affecting Family Structures and 156(2)
Household Arrangements
Migration 156(1)
Socioeconomic Status (SES) 156(1)
Exposure to Stress and Trauma 157(1)
Cultural Values and Beliefs 157(1)
Family Functioning, Socialization, and 158(15)
Adjustment
Parenting Styles 158(5)
Ethnic Minority Fathers 161(1)
Disciplinary Practices 162(1)
Asian American Tiger Moms: Fact or 162(1)
Fiction?
Parent-Child Relationships 163(1)
Academic Achievement 164(2)
Couple Relationships 166(3)
Family Stress and Coping 169(4)
8 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination 173(26)
A True Story by One of the Authors (G.M.) 173(1)
Understanding Stereotypes 174(7)
Stereotype Content 175(1)
Development of Stereotypes 176(3)
Stereotype Characteristics and Effects 179(2)
Stereotype Threat 179(1)
Stereotypes Influenced by 180(1)
Intersectionalities
The Effects of Ethnic Labels on 181(1)
Stereotypes
Prejudice and Discrimination 181(7)
Measuring Prejudice and Discrimination 183(1)
The Experience of Discrimination 184(1)
Why Do People Discriminate? 185(3)
The Role of Implicit Attitudes 186(1)
The Role of Disparagement Humor 187(1)
Racism 188(2)
Racial Microaggressions 189(1)
Reducing Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism 190(4)
Intergroup Contact 191(1)
Dialogue Across Difference 192(1)
School Desegregation 193(1)
Other Promising Practices 193(1)
The Benefits of a Multicultural Society 194(5)
9 Physical Health and Well-Being 199(34)
"Son, I've Lost Something" 199(1)
Influential Models of Health 200(3)
Biomedical Model 200(1)
Biopsychosocial Model 201(1)
Ecological Models 202(1)
Culture, Ethnicity, and Health 203(2)
Health Disparities Among Racial and Ethnic 205(11)
Groups
Defining Health Disparities 206(1)
Examples of Health Disparities 207(8)
Mortality 207(1)
Coronary Heart Disease 208(3)
Cancer 211(1)
Diabetes 212(1)
HIV and AIDS 213(2)
Disparities in Health Care Access and 215(1)
Quality
Factors Associated With Health Disparities 216(11)
Behavioral Lifestyle 216(3)
Tobacco Use 217(1)
Alcohol Consumption 218(1)
Substance Use and Abuse 219(1)
Acculturation 219(2)
Accessible and Affordable Health Care 221(1)
Poverty and Community Characteristics 221(1)
Undocumented Status 222(1)
Discrimination and Racism 223(1)
Environmental Racism 224(1)
Spirituality and Religion 225(2)
Reducing Racial and Ethnic Health 227(1)
Disparities: The Federal Government's
Approach
Culturally Competent Health Care 227(6)
Barriers to Health Care at the 228(1)
Organizational Level
Barriers to Health Care at the Structural 229(1)
Level
Clinical Level of Competent Care 229(4)
10 Psychological Adjustment 233(24)
"He's All Right; He's Just Funny 233(1)
That Way"
Mental Health and Psychological Distress 234(1)
A Broader Perspective on Adjustment 234(1)
Prevalence and Risk of Major Psychological 235(6)
Disorders
General Epidemiological Surveys 235(1)
Surveys Specific to Ethnic Minority 235(1)
Communities
Major Disorders in Ethnic Minority 236(5)
Populations
Major Depression 236(1)
Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and 237(2)
Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders 239(1)
Dual Diagnosis 240(1)
Cultural Influences on the Explanation and 241(3)
Expression of Psychological Distress
Service Utilization 244(1)
Selected Factors Influencing Effective 244(5)
Delivery of Mental Health Services
Immigration and Acculturation Factors 244(2)
Limited Economic Resources 246(1)
Clinician Bias and Client Mistrust 246(1)
Language Barriers 247(1)
Cultural Acceptability Barriers 248(1)
Practical and Ethical Guidelines for 249(8)
Culturally Sensitive Practice
Preassessment and Pretherapy Intervention 250(1)
Assessment 250(2)
Nontraditional Interventions 252(1)
Humility in Practice 252(1)
Collaborative Care in Treatment 252(1)
Evidence-Based Treatment 253(4)
Glossary 257(8)
References 265(40)
Photo Credits 305(2)
Index 307