Polarization in Spectral Lines (Astrophysics and Space Science Library Vol.307) (2004. XVII, 896 p.)

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Polarization in Spectral Lines (Astrophysics and Space Science Library Vol.307) (2004. XVII, 896 p.)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 914 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781402024146

基本説明

After an introductory part based on classical physics, this book tackles the subject by a rigorous quantum-mechanical approach.

Full Description

Quod si tam celebris est apud omnes gloria Adamantis, atque varia ista opum gaudia, gemmae unionesque, ad ostentationem tantum placent, ut digitis colloque circumferantur; non minori a?ciendos speraverimgaudio eos, quibus curiositatis conscientia quam deliciarum est potior, novitate corporis alicujus, instar crystalli translucidi, quod ex Islandia nuper ad nos perlatum est; cujus tam mira est constitutio, ut haud sciam, num alias magis naturae apparuerit gratia. Erasmus Bartholinus, Experimenta crystalli islandici disdiaclastici Apart from a few objects of our immediate neighborhood (the solar system), all the information on the physical phenomena taking place in the Universe comes from the radiation that the astronomical objects send into space and that is ?nally collected on earth by telescopes or other instruments. Among the di?erent kinds of radiation, electromagnetic waves have by far played the most important role in the history of Astronomy - probably, it is not unrealistic to say that more than 99% of our present knowledge of the Universe derives from the analysis of the electromagnetic radiation. Such radiation contains three di?erent kinds of information, encoded into as many physical characteristics typical of any oscillatory propagation phenomenon: the propagation direction, the frequency and amplitude of the oscillation, and the oscillation direction - or polarization.

Contents

Description of Polarized Radiation.- Angular Momentum and Racah Algebra.- Atomic Spectroscopy.- Quantization of the Electromagnetic Field (Non-Relativistic Theory).- Interaction of Material Systems with Polarized Radiation (the Classical Approach).- Interaction of Material Systems with Polarized Radiation (the Quantum Approach).- Statistical Equilibrium Equations and Radiative Transfer Coefficients for Atomic Systems.- Radiative Transfer for Polarized Radiation.- Line Formation in a Magnetic Field.- Non-Equilibrium Atomic Physics.- Astrophysical Applications: Solar Magnetometry.- Astrophysical Applications: Radiation Anisotropy in Stellar Atmospheres.- Astrophysical Applications: the Outer Layers of Stellar Atmospheres.- Astrophysical Applications: Stellar Atmospheres.