Essential Criminology (4TH)

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Essential Criminology (4TH)

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  • 提携先の海外書籍取次会社に在庫がございます。通常約2週間で発送いたします。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合が若干ございます。
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  • ●この商品は国内送料無料です。
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 416 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780813348858
  • DDC分類 364

Full Description


In the fourth edition of Essential Criminology , authors Mark M. Lanier, Stuart Henry, and Desire J.M. Anastasia build upon this best-selling critical review of criminology, which has become essential reading for students of criminology in the 21st century.Designed as an alternative to overly comprehensive, lengthy, and expensive introductory texts, Essential Criminology is, as its title implies, a concise overview of the field. The book guides students through the various definitions of crime and the different ways crime is measured. It then covers the major theories of crime, from individual-level, classical, and rational choice to biological, psychological, social learning, social control, and interactionist perspectives. In this latest edition, the authors explore the kind of criminology that is needed for the globally interdependent twenty-first century. With cutting-edge updates, illustrative real-world examples, and new study tools for students, this text is a necessity for both undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures                         ix
Preface and Acknowledgments xi
1 What Is Criminology? The Study of Crime, 1 (12)
Criminals, and Victims in a Global Context
Globalization 2 (4)
What Is Criminology? 6 (4)
What Is Victimology? 10 (1)
Criminology and Public Policy 11 (1)
Summary and Conclusion 12 (1)
Discussion Questions 12 (1)
2 What Is Crime? Defining the Problem 13 (26)
Legal Definition 15 (1)
Consensus and Conflict Approaches 16 (5)
Hagan's Pyramid of Crime 21 (3)
Crime Prism 24 (2)
Application of the Prism to the Problem of 26 (9)
School Violence
Crimes of the Powerless 35 (1)
Crimes of the Powerful 36 (1)
Summary and Conclusion 37 (1)
Discussion Questions 38 (1)
3 Classical, Neoclassical, and Rational-Choice 39 (32)
Theories
The Preclassical Era 41 (2)
The Classical Reaction 43 (5)
Neoclassical Revisions 48 (1)
Criminal Justice Implications: The Move to 49 (9)
"Justice" Theory
Redefining Rational Choice: Situational 58 (4)
Factors and Routine-Activities Theory
Conceptual and Empirical Limitations: What 62 (5)
the Research Shows
Summary and Conclusion 67 (1)
Summary Chart: Classical, Rational-Choice, 68 (2)
and Routine-Activities Theories
Discussion Questions 70 (1)
4 "Born to Be Bad": Biological, Physiological, 71 (25)
and Biosocial Theories of Crime
Biological and Positivistic Assumptions 73 (2)
The Born Criminal 75 (2)
Early US Family-Type and Body-Type Theories 77 (3)
Contemporary Biological Perspectives 80 (2)
Biosocial Criminology: A Developmental 82 (8)
Explanation of Crime
Conceptual and Empirical Limitations 90 (1)
Criminal Justice Policy Implications 91 (2)
Summary and Conclusion 93 (1)
Summary Chart: Biological Theory 93 (2)
Discussion Questions 95 (1)
5 Criminal Minds: Psychiatric and Psychological 96 (28)
Explanations for Crime
From Sick Minds to Abnormal Behavior 99 (1)
Shared Psychological Assumptions 100(1)
The Psychoanalytic Approach 101(4)
Trait-Based Personality Theories 105(6)
Behavioral, Situational, and Social Learning 111(3)
and Modeling Theories
Cognitive Theories 114(3)
Ecological Psychology 117(1)
Evolutionary Psychology 118(2)
Summary and Conclusion 120(1)
Summary Chart: Psychological Theories of Crime 121(2)
Discussion Questions 123(1)
6 Learning Criminal Behavior: Social Process 124(28)
Theories
Common Themes and Different Assumptions 130(1)
Sutherland's Differential Association Theory 131(6)
Cognitive Social Learning Theory 137(2)
Neutralization Theory: Learning 139(9)
Rationalizations as Motives
Summary and Conclusion 148(1)
Summary Chart: Social Process Theories 149(2)
Discussion Questions 151(1)
7 Failed Socialization: Control Theory, Social 152(27)
Bonds, and Labeling
Control Theory: Learning Not to Commit Crime 154(11)
Labeling Theory: A Special Case of Failed 165(9)
Socialization?
Summary and Conclusion 174(1)
Summary Chart: Control Theory and Labeling 175(3)
Theory
Discussion Questions 178(1)
8 Crimes of Place: Social Ecology and Cultural 179(28)
Theories of Crime
The Historical Roots of Social Ecology Theory 181(1)
Common Themes and Assumptions 182(1)
The Chicago School 183(7)
The New Social Ecology Theories 190(5)
Cultural Theories of Crime and Deviance 195(8)
Summary and Conclusion 203(1)
Summary Chart: Social Ecology Theory and 204(2)
Culture Conflict Theory
Discussion Questions 206(1)
9 The Sick Society: Anomie, Strain, and 207(36)
Subcultural Theory
Common Themes and Assumptions 210(2)
Founders of Anomie and Strain Theory 212(16)
Recent Revisions to Anomie and Strain Theory 228(9)
Summary and Conclusion 237(1)
Summary Chart: Anomie and Strain Theory 238(3)
Discussion Questions 241(2)
10 Capitalism as a Criminogenic Society: 243(30)
Conflict and Radical Theories of Crime
Common Themes and Assumptions and Some Key 246(2)
Differences
The Roots of Conflict Criminology 248(4)
Contemporary Conflict Criminology 252(4)
The Roots of Radical Theory: Marx's Analysis 256(5)
of Capitalist Society
Contemporary Radical Criminology 261(1)
Common Themes and Assumptions 261(9)
Summary and Conclusion 270(1)
Summary Chart: Conflict Theory and Radical 271(1)
Theory
Discussion Questions 272(1)
11 Patriarchy, Gender and Crime: Feminist 273(24)
Criminological Theory
Common Themes and Assumptions 275(5)
Liberal Feminism 280(3)
Radical Feminism 283(3)
Marxist Feminism 286(2)
Socialist Feminism 288(4)
Gendered Theory 292(1)
Epistemological Issues and Postmodern Feminism 293(1)
Summary and Conclusion 294(1)
Summary Chart: Feminist Theory 295(1)
Discussion Questions 296(1)
12 New Directions in Critical Criminological 297(29)
Theory
Critical Criminologies 297(24)
Summary and Conclusion 321(1)
Summary Chart: Left Realism, 322(3)
Postmodern/Constitutive Theory and
Abolition/Peacemaking/Restorative Justice
Discussion Questions 325(1)
Note 325(1)
13 Conclusion: Toward a Unified Criminology 326(15)
Integrative Criminologies 326(4)
Reciprocal Integrative Criminology 330(3)
Robert Agnew's Unifying Criminology 333(5)
Summary and Conclusion 338(1)
Discussion Questions 339(1)
Note 339(2)
References 341(56)
Index 397