Pope John XXIII called Vatican II a new Pentecost in the church's life. While the great meetings of 1962-1965 opened the church's windows to let the stale air out and the fresh winds in, the years since have been decades of contradictory movements: tradition and progress, conservation and innovation, reform and renewal, status quo and change. Vatican II has become so much of a battleground that some who lived through it may have lost sight of its original intentions. Many believers do not even remember the pre-Vatican II world of Catholicism. Still others have tried to continually apply and update the spirit of the Council without appreciating the context in which the church gathered and the global circumstances that surrounded the Council's implementation. 101 Questions and Answers on Vatican II brings us back to the beginning-to the preparations and expectations for the Council, to the meetings and developments in 1962-1965, to the internal church struggles and the exterior influences that shaped the final documents, and to the many layers of experience and perspectives within the church since the Council adjourned.For people who have heard of Vatican II but have only experienced the Council through a glass darkly, this book takes them back to the beginning to a basic question: "Just what was Vatican II?" Highlights: --no other guide like this one. --user-friendly format. --sure to be a hit in parishes, lay leadership groups, RCIA and catechist groups.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1 (6)
101 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
The Calling of Vatican II 7 (12)
What was Vatican II? 9 (1)
What does ecumenical mean? 9 (1)
In this context, what does council mean? 10 (2)
But the church is not a democracy, is it? 12 (1)
Who calls a council? 12 (1)
What is a pastoral council? 13 (1)
What was the initial response to Pope John 13 (1)
So, then, everyone pitched in to prepare 14 (1)
for the Council?
How long did the preparation period go on? 15 (1)
What did John XXIII mean by ``the signs of 16 (1)
The church was supposed to change as the 16 (1)
Did everyone agree with that metaphor, that 17 (2)
the church had to open its windows and let
in some fresh air?
The Players, The Tensions, The Media 19 (12)
Who attended Vatican II? 21 (1)
What was so revolutionary about it? 21 (1)
Who was Cardinal Bea? 22 (1)
Who was Cardinal Ottaviani? 23 (1)
What's an intervention? 23 (1)
Where did everyone live? And who paid for 24 (1)
their stay in Rome?
Why did the bishops feel the need for 25 (1)
Was the world press at the Council in force? 26 (1)
Why the official secrecy at the Council? 26 (1)
There was a revolt on the Council's first 27 (2)
What was wrong with the Council of Trent? 29 (2)
First Session: October 11-December 8, 1962 31 (10)
Giving the Church Back to the People
Returning to the Church's Primitive Beginnings
So, how did the conciliar debate finally 33 (1)
The conservatives wanted to keep the Mass 33 (1)
in Latin, and the progressives wanted it to
be in the vernacular?
Why the big argument about language? 34 (1)
So the progressives won the first battle of 35 (1)
What was the Council's finest hour? 35 (1)
Kind of surprising, isn't it, to have a 36 (1)
group of clerics applauding someone who was
calling for an end to clericalism?
How did the Council help update the 36 (1)
What do you mean by ``ecumenical thrust''? 37 (1)
How did the Council promote Christian unity? 38 (1)
What does primacy mean? 39 (1)
Did Vatican II really succeed in redefining 39 (2)
A New Pope for the Second Session: September 41 (8)
29-December 4, 1963 The Pace
Slows...Disagreements Over Power Issues
Pope John XXIII died before his Council 43 (1)
What's a conclave? 43 (1)
What happened inside the conclave that 44 (1)
elected John XXIII's successor?
What was different about the Council when 44 (1)
it resumed in 1963?
What's collegiality? 45 (1)
What was it about the Roman Curia that 46 (1)
How did the conservatives fight back at the 46 (3)
Council's second session?
Third Session: September 14-November 21, 1964 49 (16)
Working for Peace Among the World's Religions
Rethinking the Ends of Marriage
What kicked off the debates at the 51 (1)
Council's third session?
Did the Council affirm the goodness of 52 (1)
Did Vatican II really resolve the Catholic 52 (1)
Church's view of other religions once and
What did the Council mean by ``the reign of 53 (1)
And what did the Council have to say about 54 (1)
war and peace?
Given the Council Fathers' concerns for the 54 (1)
issues that affect the everyday world of
Catholics, did they have any discussions
What did Vatican II say about ``the ends of 55 (1)
Did this insight from Gaudium et Spes pave 55 (1)
the way for the discussions that would be
held by the post-Vatican II commission on
But didn't Pope Paul VI turn his back on 56 (1)
his own commission and reaffirm the
church's traditional ban on birth control a
few years later?
How can Catholics disagree with a law laid 57 (1)
down by the pope?
You said schema 13 dealt with a good many 58 (1)
other issues concerning justice and peace?
What justified the church's new involvement 59 (1)
in justice and peace?
You mean the Council Fathers were pulling 60 (1)
back on the church's traditional missionary
What do you mean by ``a special Christian 61 (1)
presence in the world''?
What did Pope Paul VI have to say about all 61 (1)
this new thinking about the church's
mission in the world?
Why was it important for nuns to be 62 (1)
involved in writing their own prescriptions
Is that why nuns started changing their 62 (1)
Did the third session end on a high note? 63 (2)
Fourth Session: September 14-December 8, 1965 65 (6)
Compromise and Reform, A Mixed Conclusion
Did the Council Fathers feel better when 67 (1)
they finally saw the end in sight?
What documents were finally approved and 67 (1)
promulgated at the fourth session?
Why was it important for the Fathers to 68 (1)
pass a statement on the Jews?
What was the significance of Dignitatis 69 (1)
Humanae, Vatican II's Declaration on
How did the Council end? 69 (2)
The Church Right After the Council---The 71 (22)
What happened after the Council? 73 (1)
How were the changes put forth at the 74 (1)
Council explained to the faithful?
Overall, how was Vatican II received by the 74 (1)
hierarchy? The people in the pews?
Confusion seems to be the dominant 75 (1)
experience of Catholics after the Council.
Was Vatican II's particular time in history
a factor in this confusion?
Didn't religious education right after the 76 (1)
Council address this confusion?
So why did the catechism style of teaching 77 (1)
fail us after the Council?
What took the place of the catechism? 77 (1)
What happened to the Blessed Mother after 78 (1)
Did the Council Fathers take the same 79 (2)
approach toward the veneration of the
The architecture of churches changed after 81 (1)
Vatican II, didn't it?
In some cases, church music also went to 81 (1)
the same extremes as church architecture,
It seems that Vatican II was a confusing 82 (1)
blessing for the church. Did it receive any
After so many years, are there still those 83 (1)
who reject Vatican II?
What is the authority of the sixteen 84 (1)
Vatican II documents? Are Catholics bound
to obey them?
As the years passed after the Council, do 84 (2)
you think the church suffered any damage or
loss of credibility?
Anyone familiar with the post-conciliar 86 (2)
church knows that the Council triggered a
radical split between conservatives and
liberals. How can we see the Council as
good when it has created this split?
Given the certitude that the pre-Vatican II 88 (1)
church offered, isn't it natural that
certain tensions would emerge?
Did Vatican II also change the catechism's 89 (1)
previous thinking about vocations?
It seems that some important shifts in the 89 (4)
church's self-understanding occurred at
Vatican II, changes that would require
Catholics to rethink the faith as well, Do
The Church Today-The Legacy of Vatican II 93 (24)
Given what you have said about the early 95 (1)
years right after the Council, it seems as
though theology changed almost overnight.
Was that the case?
Theology has a new worldview? 95 (1)
I am confused. You said that the truths of 96 (2)
Revelation do not change. How then can
Revelation be ``ongoing''?
What new methodologies have theologians 98 (1)
employed since the Second Vatican Council?
What do you mean by the inductive approach 99 (2)
So what should post-conciliar theologians 101(1)
be doing today?
What is the magisterium? 102(1)
Did Vatican II have anything to say about 103(2)
Overall, what was the Council trying to do 105(2)
and what did it do?
What do you mean by the church as 107(1)
What do you mean when you say that the 108(1)
Council Fathers described the church as ``a
How did the other Christian churches react 109(1)
to this notion that the church was ``a
Tell us more about the image of the church 110(2)
as ``the pilgrim people of God.''
What is ``the theology of the laity''? 112(1)
What do you mean by sensus fidelium? 113(1)
But haven't there been times when the 114(1)
sensus fidelium has failed to concur with a
teaching of the official church?
If you could recommend a reading of only 115(2)
one of the sixteen documents of Vatican II,
which one would it be?
Can anyone make a case for calling another 119(3)
council---Vatican III, perhaps?
Second Vatican Council's 16 Documents and Dates 122(2)
Suggestions for Further Reading 129(2)