遊牧民帝国:モンゴルからドナウまで<br>Nomadic Empires : From Mongolia to the Danube

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遊牧民帝国:モンゴルからドナウまで
Nomadic Empires : From Mongolia to the Danube

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  • Transaction Publishers(2003/11発売)
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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 252 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780765802040
  • DDC分類 950.2

基本説明

Examines nomadic people, variously called Indo-Europeans, Turkic peoples, or Mongols.

Full Description

Nomadic Empires sheds new light on 2,000 years of military history and geopolitics. The Mongol Empire of Genghis-Khan and his heirs, as is well known, was the greatest empire in world history. For 2,000 from the fifth century b.c. to the fifteenth century a.d., the steppe areas of Asia, from the borders of Manchuria to the Black Sea, were a "zone of turbulence," threatening settled peoples from China to Russia and Hungary, including Iran, India, the Byzantine empire, and even Syria. It was a true world stage that was affected by these destructive nomads.

This cogent, well-written volume examines these nomadic people, variously called Indo-Europeans, Turkic peoples, or Mongols. They did not belong to a sole nation or language, but shared a strategic culture born in the steppes: a highly mobile cavalry which did not require sophisticated logistics, and an indirect mode of combat based on surprise, mobility, and harassment. They used bows and arrows and, when they were united under the authority of a strong leader, were able to become a deadly threat to their sedentary neighbors.

Chaliand addresses the subject from four perspectives. First, he examines the early nomadic populations of Eurasia, and the impact of these nomads and their complex relationships with settled peoples. Then he describes military fronts of the Altaic Nomads, detailing events from the fourth century b.c. through the twelfth century a.d., from the early Chinese front to the Indo-Iranian front, the Byzantine front, and the Russian front. Next he covers the undertakings of the great nomad conquerors that brought about the Ottoman Empire. And finally, he describes what he calls "the revenge of the sedentary peoples, exploring Russia and China in the aftermath of the Mongols. The volume includes a chronology and an annotated bibliography.

Now in paperback, this cogent, well-written volume examines these nomadic people, variously called Indo-Europeans, Turkic peoples, or Mongols. They did not belong to a sole nation or language, but shared a strategic culture born in the steppes: a highly mobile cavalry that did not require sophisticated logistics, and an indirect mode of combat based on surprise, mobility, and harassment. They used bows and arrows and, when they were united under the authority of a strong leader, were able to become a deadly threat to their sedentary neighbors.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xi
Introduction 1 (18)
The Impact of the Nomads 1 (6)
Nomads and Settled Peoples 7 (7)
The Nomadic Model: The Scythians 14 (5)
The Military Fronts of the Altaic Nomads 19 (40)
(Fourth Century B.C.-Twelfth Century A.D.)
The Chinese Front 21 (14)
The Indo-Iranian Front 35 (4)
The Byzantine Front 39 (10)
The Russian Front 49 (4)
The Exception of Western Europe 53 (6)
The Apogee of the Nomads: Mongols and 59 (38)
Turkic-Speakers (Thirteenth-Fifteenth
Centuries)
The Mongols 59 (16)
The Turkic-Speakers 75 (11)
The Eyewitnesses 86 (11)
The Revenge of the Sedentary Peoples 97 (8)
(Sixteenth-Nineteenth Centuries)
Russia after the Mongols 97 (5)
China after the Mongols 102(2)
Epilogue 104(1)
Appendices 105(6)
Periodization of Nomad Waves 105(2)
Nomad Empires of High Asia 107(1)
Sites of Waves of Invasions 108(3)
Chronology 111(14)
Annotated Bibliography 125(6)
Index 131