Attention : Theory and Practice

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Attention : Theory and Practice

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 474 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780761927617
  • DDC分類 153.733

Full Description


'The book is well-organized and comprehensive in covering the essential material. The inclusion of human factors material is a strength that is not covered in other books. . . . The book is a balanced survey which will be of value to graduate students or anyone wanting to enter the field and needing a broad overview' - Steven Yantis, The Johns Hopkins University'The chapters present the material at a level appropriate for a first course on attention. The focus on providing a comprehensive treatment of the highlights of a variety of different topics related to attention is a strength' - Art Kramer, University of IllinoisAttention is one of the fastest growing research areas in cognitive psychology. In light of the growing importance of this topic, there are surprisingly few texts that provide a coherent overview of the field of attention. Addie Johnson and Robert W Proctor have written Attention: Theory and Practice for students who wish to gain insight into this area in a comprehensible and consistent manner. Attention: Theory and Practice provides a balance between a readable overview of attention and an emphasis on how theories and paradigms for the study of attention have developed. The book highlights the important issues and major findings while giving sufficient details of experimental studies, models, and theories so that results and conclusions are easy to follow and evaluate. Rather than brushing over tricky technical details, the authors explain them clearly, giving readers the benefit of understanding the motivation for and techniques of the experiments in order to allow readers to think through results, models, and theories for themselves. Features and benefits of this text:Balanced. The book gives equal coverage to theory, experimental paradigms and results, neuropsychology, and applications. Adaptable. "Technical Boxes" isolate technical procedures and difficult models, which can be omitted without interrupting the flow of the chapters, allowing instructors to adjust the material to the level of their course. Pedagogical. The book includes brief chapter previews, chapter summaries, highlighted key words, an end-of-book glossary, and an abundance of figures and tables that enhance student understanding.

Contents

1. Historical Overview of Research on Attention - with Kim-Phuong L. VuThe Philosophical PeriodThe Period from 1860 to 1909The Period from 1910 to 1949The Period from 1950 to 1974The Period from 1975 to PresentSummary & Preview of the Book2. Information Processing & the Study of AttentionThe Information Processing ApproachMental ResourcesBehavioral MeasuresSignal Detection MethodsPsychophysiological MeasuresBrain Imaging TechniquesSummary3. Selective Visual AttentionThe Function of Selective AttentionThe Locus of SelectionThe Spotlight of AttentionExogenous & Endogenous OrientingSpace-based versus Object-based AttentionVisual SearchCombining Object- and Space-based Selection in Theories of Visual AttentionSummary4. Auditory & Crossmodal AttentionAuditory Selective AttentionDivided Auditory AttentionAlerting & Orienting Functions of Auditory AttentionAttentional SetCross-modal AttentionSummary5. Attention & InhibitionTypes of Inhibition(Attempted) Inhibition of Irrelevant InformationInhibition of ReturnVisual MarkingNegative PrimingInhibition of Thought & ActionResponding to a Signal to StopSummary.6. Multiple-Task PerformanceManaging Attentional ResourcesSetting Goals & IntentionsControl of Multi-step TasksIntentional Control & MultitaskingAttention & SkillA Closer Look at Dual-task PerformanceSummary7. Memory & Attention - with Mark NieuwensteinSensory MemoryWorking MemoryThe Role of Attention in Encoding & RetrievalMemory Consolidation & AttentionThe Bottleneck Model RevisitedProcedural MemoryImplicit LearningAttention, Memory, & SkillSummary8. Attention & Displays - with Kim-Phuong L. Vu Visual DisplaysOrganization of DisplaysAuditory & Multisensory DisplaysSupervisory ControlComplex Tasks & Display ArrangementsSustained Attention & VigilanceSummary9. Mental Workload & Situation AwarenessProcessing ResourcesProcessing StrategiesMeasuring Mental WorkloadSituation AwarenessHuman ErrorSummary10. Individual Differences in AttentionAttentional AbilityAttention & IntelligenceIntra-individual Differences in AttentionAttention Across the LifespanTraining & AttentionAttention, & Memory & EmotionSummary11. The Neural Basis of Attention - Robert MelaraTools of the Cognitive NeuroscientistMismatch Negativity: The Automatic Detection of ChangeSelective AttentionThe Duality of SelectionThe Sources of Selective ControlThe Sites of Selective ControlAttentional NetworksSummary.12. Disorders of Attention - with Edward de Haan & Roy KesselsDevelopmental Attention DisordersAttention Deficits Due to Focal Lesions & HemorrhageAttention Deficits Following Diffuse InjuryMeasuring Attention DeficitsDementiaAttention Deficits in Psychiatric PatientsTreatment of Attention DeficitsSummaryReferences