火薬、爆発と国家:技術史<br>Gunpowder, Explosives and the State : A Technological History

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火薬、爆発と国家:技術史
Gunpowder, Explosives and the State : A Technological History

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 425 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780754652595
  • DDC分類 662.26

基本説明

This volume investigates the technology of explosives manufacture, ranging in scope from the Old World to the New, from sources of raw materials in south-east Asia to the complications of manufacture in the West, showing that the story is more than the simple one of how an intriguing product was made.

Full Description


Gunpowder studies are still in their infancy despite the long-standing civil and military importance of this explosive since its discovery in China in the mid-ninth century AD. In this second volume by contributors who meet regularly at symposia of the International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC), the research is again rooted in the investigation of the technology of explosives manufacture, but the fact that the chapters range in scope from the Old World to the New, from sources of raw materials in south-east Asia to the complications of manufacture in the West, shows that the story is more than the simple one of how an intriguing product was made. This volume is the first to develop the implications of the subject, not just in the sense of relating it to changing military technologies, but in that of seeing the securing of gunpowder supplies as fundamental to the power of the state and imperial pretensions.The search for saltpetre, for example, an essential ingredient of gunpowder, became a powerful engine of sea-going European trade from the early seventeenth century. Smaller states like Venice were unable to form these distant connections, and so to sustain a gunpowder army. Stronger states like France and Britain were able to do so, and became even more powerful as the demand for improved explosives fostered national strengths - leading to a development of the sciences, especially chemistry, in the former case, and of manufacturing techniques in the latter.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations                              viii
List of Tables xiii
Notes on Contributors xiv
Acknowledgements xix
Foreword xxii
Editor's Introduction: Setting the Context 1 (18)
Part One: Modern Perceptions and Ancient 19 (72)
Knowledge
1 Realities and Perceptions in the 21 (21)
Evolution of Black Powder Making
Robert A. Howard
2 Gunpowder and its Applications in Ancient 42 (9)
India
Asitesh Bhattacharya
3 The Indian Response to Firearms, 1300-1750 51 (16)
Iqtidar Alam Khan
4 Saltpetre: A Commodity of Empire 67 (24)
Brenda J. Buchanan
Part Two: The Production of Saltpetre and 91 (90)
Gunpowder in Europe
5 Venetian Gunpowder in the Second Half of 93 (30)
the Sixteenth Century: Production, Storage,
Use
Walter Panciera
6 The Barcarena Gunpowder Factory: Its 123 (19)
History and Technological Evolution between
the Seventeenth and Twentieth Centuries
Ant io C. Quintela, Jo縊 Luis Cardoso
and Jos Manuel de Mascarenhas
7 Saltpetre at the Intersection of Military 142 (16)
and Agricultural Interests in
Eighteenth-Century Sweden
Thomas Kaiserfeld
8 Torsebro Powder Mills, Sweden: 158 (23)
Manufacturing and Testing the Product
Leif M蚌tensson
Part Three: The Overseas Transfer of Technology 181 (68)
from Europe
9 Portuguese Overseas Gunpowder Factories, 183 (23)
in Particular Those of Goa (India) and Rio
de Janeiro (Brazil)
Jos Manuel de Mascarenhas
10 Gunpowder Manufacture in Cairo from 206 (24)
Bonaparte to Muhammad 'Ali: Adaptation,
Innovation and the Transfer of Technology,
1798-1820
Patrice Bret
11 ノl钁e des Poudres E.I. du Pont's Multiple 230 (9)
Transfers of French Technology
Darwin H. Stapleton
12 Unorthodox British Technology at the 239 (10)
Confederate Gunpowder Works, Augusta,
Georgia, 1862-1865
William S. Curtis
Part Four: Military Technicalities 249 (92)
13 Breech-loading Guns with Removable Powder 251 (15)
Chambers: A Long-lived Military Technology
Kelly DeVries and Robert Douglas Smith
14 The Smelting of Iron Cannons and 266 (15)
Consumption of Gunpowder in Gipuzkoa in the
Sixteenth Century
Ignacio M. Carri  Arregui
15 Rational Mechanics as Enlightenment 281 (22)
Engineering: Leonhard Euler and Interior
Ballistics
Brett D. Steele
16 Pellets, Pebbles and Prisms: British 303 (38)
Munitions for Larger Guns, 1860-1885
Seymour H. Mauskopf
Part Five: Modern Developments 341 (68)
17 Scientific Reasoning and the Empirical 343 (12)
Approach at the Time of the European
Invention of Smokeless Powder
Ren Amiable
18 Smokeless Powder: Scientific and 355 (12)
Institutional Contexts at the End of the
Nineteenth Century
Richard E. Rice
19 Rackarock: On the Path from Black Powder 367 (18)
to ANFO
Ian D. Rae and James H. Whitehead
20 Explosives from Oil: The Transformation of 385 (24)
Royal Dutch/Shell during World War I from Oil
to Petrochemical Company
Ernst Homburg
Index 409