多くの声、ひとつの世界:マクブライト報告書<br>Many Voices, One World : Towards a New, More Just, and More Efficient World Information and Communication Order (Critical Media Studies) (1ST)

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多くの声、ひとつの世界:マクブライト報告書
Many Voices, One World : Towards a New, More Just, and More Efficient World Information and Communication Order (Critical Media Studies) (1ST)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 336 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780742528680
  • DDC分類 302.2

基本説明

Originally published in 1980. Frequently referred to as the MacBride Report, it criticized First World corporate control of media flows and suggested ways to make media production accessible in Third World and developing countries.

Full Description


Originally published in 1980 and now back in print, Many Voices, One World came out of hundreds of international studies and proposed reforms for global communication media to ensure a free flow of information. Prepared by the distinguished MacBride Commission-and frequently referred to as the MacBride Report-it criticized corporate control of media flows and suggested ways to make media production accessible in poorer countries. Still widely taught and cited, the MacBride Report is a key work in the history of communication that continues to be relevant today.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the R&L Edition by Andrew Calabrese    xiii
Foreword by Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow xvii
Preface by Sean MacBride xxi
Part I: Communication and Society
Chapter 1: The Historical Dimension 3 (11)
1. A Past Still Present 3 (3)
2. The Roots of the Present 6 (4)
3. The Future in the Making 10 (4)
Chapter 2: The Contemporary Dimension 14 (20)
1. The Functions of Communication 14 (2)
2. A Social Need 16 (2)
3. A Political Instrument 18 (5)
4. An Economic Force 23 (2)
5. An Educational Potential 25 (5)
6. An Impulse and Threat to Culture 30 (1)
7. The Technological Dilemma 31 (3)
Chapter 3: The International Dimension 34 (13)
1. The Issue 34 (1)
2. Imbalances and Inequalities 35 (2)
3. The International Debate 37 (3)
4. A Forum Open to the World: Unesco 40 (7)
Part II: Communication Today
Chapter 1: Means of Communication 47 (21)
1. Signs and Words 47 (2)
2. Languages 49 (2)
3. Reading and Writing 51 (2)
4. Post and Telephone 53 (2)
5. Group and Local Media 55 (2)
6. The Mass Media 57 (5)
7. Satellites 62 (2)
8. Computers 64 (4)
Chapter 2: Expanding Infrastructures 68 (13)
1. From Libraries to Data Banks 68 (3)
2. Amplification of Telephone Services 71 (1)
3. Vehicles for specialised Messages 72 (2)
4. Broadcasting and Broad Bands 74 (1)
5. Cinema and Television Combine 74 (2)
6. Entertainment and Leisure 76 (2)
7. Extension Towards New Areas 78 (3)
Chapter 3: Integration: Changing Patterns 81 (15)
1. Combination of Traditional and Modern 81 (1)
2. Links between Interpersonal and Mediated 82 (1)
Communication
3. Extension of Visual Expression 83 (1)
4. Cooperative Efforts for News Circulation 84 (2)
5. Diverse Messages to Diverse Publics 86 (7)
6. Combination of New Technologies 93 (3)
Chapter 4: Concentration 96 (16)
1. The Communication Industry 96 (3)
2. Pluralism in Ownership and Control 99 (5)
3. Concentration and Monopolies 104 (2)
4. Transnationalization 106 (6)
Chapter 5: Interaction: Participants 112 (11)
1. Individuals 112 (2)
2. Groups and Voluntary Organizations 114 (1)
3. Communities 115 (1)
4. Institutions 116 (1)
5. Professionals 117 (1)
6. National and Transnational Companies 118 (2)
7. The state 120 (1)
8. International Bodies 121 (2)
Chapter 6: Disparities 123 (14)
1. Within Countries 123 (2)
2. Regional Disparities 125 (2)
3. Disparities between Developed and 127 (5)
Developing Countries
4. Towards Less inequality 132 (1)
5. Beyond Quantitative Disparities 133 (4)
Part III: Problems and Issues of Common Concern
Chapter 1: Flaws in Communication Flows 137 (19)
1. Free Flow 137 (8)
2. One-way Flow 145 (4)
3. Vertical Flow 149 (3)
4. Market Dominance 152 (4)
Chapter 2: Dominance in Communication Contents 156 (10)
1. Distortion of Contents 156 (3)
2. Cultural Alienation 159 (3)
3. External Influence 162 (2)
4. Shared Responsibilities 164 (2)
Chapter 3: DemocratizaUon of Communication 166 (9)
1. Barriers to Democratization 166 (2)
2. Breaks in the Barriers 168 (3)
3. Critical Awareness 171 (1)
4. The Right to Communicate 172 (3)
Chapter 4: Images of the World 175 (20)
1. War and Disarmament 175 (4)
2. Hunger and Poverty 179 (2)
3. A Gap both Old and New: the North-South 181 (2)
split
4. East-West Interface 183 (2)
5. Violations of Human Rights 185 (4)
6. Equal Rights for Women 189 (2)
7. Interdependence and Cooperation 191 (4)
Chapter 5: The Public and Public Opinion 195 (8)
1. The Concept of the Public 195 (1)
2. National Public Opinion 196 (2)
3. World Public Opinion 198 (1)
4. Beyond the Concepts of the Public and of 199 (4)
Public Opinion
Part IV: The Institutional and Professional
Framework
Chapter 1: Communication Policies 203 (10)
1. Relationship with Development strategies 203 (4)
2. The institutional Framework 207 (3)
3. The structural Framework 210 (3)
Chapter 2: Material Resources 213 (10)
1. Infrastructures 213 (2)
2. Technologies 215 (2)
3. Costs of Communications Projects 217 (2)
4. International Cooperation and Foreign 219 (4)
Assistance
Chapter 3: Research Contributions 223 (4)
1. Main Trends in Communications Research 223 (1)
2. Major shortcomings 224 (1)
3. Trends and Needs 225 (2)
Chapter 4: The Professional Communicators 227 (6)
1. Difficulties of Definition 227 (2)
2. Professionalism in Communication 229 (1)
3. Training of Professionals 230 (3)
Chapter 5: Rights and Responsibilities of 233 (8)
Journalists
1. Access to Information 233 (1)
2. Protection of Journalists 234 (2)
3. Professional Regulations 236 (2)
4. Professional Rights and the General 238 (3)
Interest
Chapter 6: Norms of Professional Conduct 241 (12)
1. Codes of Professional Ethics 241 (4)
2. Press and Media Councils 245 (3)
3. Right of Reply and Right of Correction 248 (5)
Part V: Communication Tomorrow
A. Conclusions and Recommendations 253 (20)
I. Strengthening Independence and 254 (4)
self-reliance
II. Social Consequences and New Tasks 258 (3)
III. Professional Integrity and Standards 261 (4)
IV. Democratization of Communication 265 (3)
V. Fostering International Cooperation 268 (5)
B. Issues Requiring Further study 273 (6)
I. Increased Interdependence 273 (1)
II. Improved Coordination 273 (1)
III. International Standards and Instruments 273 (1)
IV. Collection and Dissemination of News 274 (1)
V. Protection of journalists 274 (1)
VI. Greater Attention to Neglected Areas 274 (1)
VII. More Extensive Financial Resources 274 (5)
Appendices
Appendix 1: General Comments 279 (4)
Sergei Losev 279 (1)
Mustapha Masmoudi 280 (1)
Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Juan Somavia 281 (2)
Appendix 2: Notes 283 (12)
Definitions 283 (1)
Some Schemes or Models for the Study of 284 (4)
Communication
International Satellite systems 288 (3)
International Organizations Active in 291 (4)
Various
Communication Fields
Appendix 3: International Commission for the 295 (8)
Judy of Communication Problems
Origin and Mandate 295 (1)
Composition 295 (1)
Activities 296 (1)
List of Documents of The International 297 (6)
Commission For The Study of Communication
Problems
Index 303