正義と差異の政治学<br>Justice and the Politics of Difference

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正義と差異の政治学
Justice and the Politics of Difference

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 286 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780691152622
  • DDC分類 320.011

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover is out of print. The starting point of this provocative work is the experience of new social movements created by and for women, African Americans, American Indians, and gays and lesbians.

Full Description


In this classic work of feminist political thought, Iris Marion Young challenges the prevailing reduction of social justice to distributive justice. It critically analyzes basic concepts underlying most theories of justice, including impartiality, formal equality, and the unitary moral subjectivity. The starting point for her critique is the experience and concerns of the new social movements about decision making, cultural expression, and division of labor--that were created by marginal and excluded groups, including women, African Americans, and American Indians, as well as gays and lesbians. Iris Young defines concepts of domination and oppression to cover issues eluding the distributive model. Democratic theorists, according to Young do not adequately address the problem of an inclusive participatory framework. By assuming a homogeneous public, they fail to consider institutional arrangements for including people not culturally identified with white European male norms of reason and respectability. Young urges that normative theory and public policy should undermine group-based oppression by affirming rather than suppressing social group difference.Basing her vision of the good society on the differentiated, culturally plural network of contemporary urban life, she argues for a principle of group representation in democratic publics and for group-differentiated policies. Danielle Allen's new foreword contextualizes Young's work and explains how debates surrounding social justice have changed since--and been transformed by--the original publication of Justice and the Politics of Difference.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the 2011 Edition                       ix
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction 3 (12)
Chapter 1 Displacing the Distributive 15 (24)
Paradigm
The Distributive Paradigm 16 (2)
The Distributive Paradigm Presupposes and 18 (6)
Obscures Institutional Context
Overextending the Concept of Distribution 24 (6)
Problems with Talk of Distributing Power 30 (3)
Defining Injustice as Domination and 33 (6)
Oppression
Chapter 2 Five Faces of Oppression 39 (27)
Oppression as a Structural Concept 40 (2)
The Concept of a Social Group 42 (6)
The Faces of Oppression 48 (15)
Applying the Criteria 63 (3)
Chapter 3 Insurgency and the Welfare 66 (30)
Capitalist Society
Normative Principles of Welfare 67 (3)
Capitalist Society
The Depoliticization of Welfare 70 (4)
Capitalist Society
The Ideological Function of the 74 (2)
Distributive Paradigm
The Administered Society and New Forms of 76 (5)
Domination
Insurgency and the Repoliticization of 81 (7)
Public Life
The Dialectic of Recontainment versus 88 (3)
Democracy
Democracy as a Condition of Social Justice 91 (5)
Chapter 4 The Ideal of Impartiality and the 96 (26)
Civic Public
Postmodernist Critique of the Logic of 98 (1)
Identity
The Ideal of Impartiality as Denying 99 (3)
Difference
The Impossibility of Impartiality 102(5)
The Logic of Identity in the Ideal of the 107(4)
Civic Public
Ideological Functions of the Ideal of 111(5)
Impartiality
Participatory Democracy and the Idea of a 116(6)
Heterogeneous Public
Chapter 5 The Scaling of Bodies and the 122(34)
Politics of Identity
The Scaling of Bodies in Modern Discourse 124(6)
Conscious Acceptance, Unconscious Aversion 130(6)
Behavioral Norms of Respectability 136(5)
Xenophobia and Abjection 141(7)
Moral Responsibility and Unintended Action 148(4)
Justice and Cultural Revolution 152(4)
Chapter 6 Social Movements and the Politics 156(36)
of Difference
Competing Paradigms of Liberation 158(5)
Emancipation through the Politics of 163(5)
Difference
Reclaiming the Meaning of Difference 168(5)
Respecting Difference in Policy 173(10)
The Heterogeneous Public and Group 183(9)
Represenation
Chapter 7 Affirmative Action and the Myth 192(34)
of Merit
Affirmative Action and the Principle of 193(5)
Nondiscrimination
Affirmative Action Discussion and the 198(2)
Distributive Paradigm
The Myth of Merit 200(6)
Education and Testing as Performance 206(4)
Proxies
The Politics of Qualifications 210(4)
Oppression and the Social Division of 214(8)
Labor
The Democratic Division of Labor 222(4)
Chapter 8 City Life and Difference 226(31)
The Opposition between Individualism and 227(2)
Community
The Rousseauist Dream 229(3)
Privileging Face-to-Face Relations 232(2)
Undesirable Political Consequences of the 234(2)
Ideal of Community
City Life as a Normative Ideal 236(5)
Cities and Social Injustice 241(7)
Empowerment without Autonomy 248(9)
Epilogue: International Justice 257(4)
References 261(16)
Index 277