トラウマの帝国:被害者意識の探求<br>The Empire of Trauma : An Inquiry into the Condition of Victimhood (1ST)

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トラウマの帝国:被害者意識の探求
The Empire of Trauma : An Inquiry into the Condition of Victimhood (1ST)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 305 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780691137537
  • DDC分類 616.8521

基本説明

Translated by Rachel Gomme. Tells the story of how the traumatic victim became culturally and politically respectable, and how trauma itself became an unassailable moral category.

Full Description


Today we are accustomed to psychiatrists being summoned to scenes of terrorist attacks, natural disasters, war, and other tragic events to care for the psychic trauma of victims--yet it has not always been so. The very idea of psychic trauma came into being only at the end of the nineteenth century and for a long time was treated with suspicion. The Empire of Trauma tells the story of how the traumatic victim became culturally and politically respectable, and how trauma itself became an unassailable moral category. Basing their analysis on a wide-ranging ethnography, Didier Fassin and Richard Rechtman examine the politics of reparation, testimony, and proof made possible by the recognition of trauma. They study the application of psychiatric victimology to victims of the 1995 terrorist bombings in Paris and the 2001 industrial disaster in Toulouse; the involvement of humanitarian psychiatry with both Palestinians and Israelis during the second Intifada; and the application of the psychotraumatology of exile to asylum seekers victimized by persecution and torture.Revealing how trauma has come to authenticate the suffering of victims, The Empire of Trauma provides critical perspective on some of the moral and political issues at stake in the contemporary world.

Table of Contents

Preface to the English Edition                     xi
Introduction: A New Language of the Event 1
PART ONE: The Reversing of the Truth 13
CHAPTER ONE A Dual Genealogy 25
The Significance of a Controversy 27
The Birth of Trauma 30
Labor Laws 34
CHAPTER TWO The Long Hunt 40
Cowardice or Death 41
The Brutalization of Therapy 43
After the War 50
A French History 54
CHAPTER THREE The Intimate Confession 58
War Psychoanalysis 59
A Profitable Sickness 64
Victims of the Self 66
The Issue of Survival 70
CHAPTER FOUR An End to Suspicion 77
Women and Children First 78
The Consecration of the Event 84
The Last Witnesses 88
The Humanity of Criminals 93
PART TWO: The Politics of Reparation 99
CHAPTER FIVE Psychiatric Victimology 107
Victims' Rights 108
The Resistance of Psychiatry 115
An Ambiguous Origin 119
A Relative Autonomy 124
CHAPTER SIX Toulouse 128
The Summons to Trauma 130
Emergency Care in Question 135
Inequalities and Exclusions 140
Consolation and Compensation 148
PART THREE: The Politics of Testimony 155
CHAPTER SEVEN Humanitarian Psychiatry 163
One Origin, Two Accounts 164
In the Beginning Was Humanitarianism 171
On the Margins of War 177
The Frontiers of Humanity 183
CHAPTER EIGHT Palestine 189
The Need to Testify 192
The Chronicles of Suffering 197
The Equivalence of Victims 203
Histories without a History 209
PART FOUR: The Politics of Proof 217
CHAPTER NINE The Psychotraumatology of Exile 225
The immigrant, Between Native and Foreigner 226
The Clinical Practice of Asylum 231
A Change of Paradigm 236
The Evidence of the Body 249
CHAPTER TEN Asylum 250
The Illegitimate Refugee 252
Recognizing the Sign 258
The Truth of Writing 264
The Meaning of Words 269
CONCLUSION The Moral Economy of Trauma 275
Bibliography 285
Index of Names 299
Index of Subjects 303