近代初期ヨーロッパ百科事典<br>Europe 1450 to 1789 (6-Volume Set) : Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World

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近代初期ヨーロッパ百科事典
Europe 1450 to 1789 (6-Volume Set) : Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 6 vols.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780684312002
  • DDC分類 940.2

基本説明

フランス革命前までの時代のヨーロッパを1,150のアルファベット順項目で解説。
1,150 A-Z articles in 3,600 pp. Articles support research in history, literature, religion, music, fine arts, political sciences, etc. "Europe 1450-1789" goes beyond the Scribner Middle Ages and Renaissance encyclopedias to show the formation of the modern world as we know it.

Table of Contents

VOLUME 1 Using the Encyclopedia                    xxiii
Preface xxv
Introduction xxix
Maps of Europe, 1453 to 1795 xxxix
List of Maps xlvii
List of Abbreviations xlix
Chronology li
A
Absolutism
Academies, Learned
Academies of Art
Accounting and Bookkeeping
Acoustics
Addison, Joseph
Advice and Etiquette Books
Africa
North
Sub-Saharan
Agriculture
Alba, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, duke of
Alchemy
Aldrovandi, Ulisse
Alembert, Jean Le Rond d'
Alexis I (Russia)
American Independence, War of (1775-1783)
Amsterdam
Anabaptism
Anatomy and Physiology
Ancien R馮ime
Ancient World
Ancients and Moderns
Andrusovo, Truce of (1667)
Anglo-Dutch Naval Wars
Anguissola, Sofonisba
Anna (Russia)
Anne (England)
Anne of Austria
Anne of Brittany
Anticlericalism
Antwerp
Apocalypticism
Apothecaries
Archaeology
Architecture
Arctic and Antarctic
Aristocracy and Gentry
Aristotelianism
Armada, Spanish
Armuld Family
Art
Art Exhibitions
The Art Market and Collecting
Art Theory, Criticism, and Historiography
Artistic Patronage
The Conception and Status of the Artist
Artisans
Asam Family
Asia
Assassination
Astrology
Astronomy
Atheism
Atlantic Ocean
Augsburg
Augsburg, Religious Peace of (1555)
Augustus II the Strong (Saxony and Poland)
Austria
Austrian Succession, War of the (1740-1748 )
Austro- Ottoman Wars
Authority, Concept of
Autocracy
Avvakum Petrovich
B
Bach Family
Bacon, Francis
Balkans
Balloons
Baltic and North Seas
Baltic Nations
Banditry
Banking and Credit
Bankruptcy
Barcelona
Barometer
Baroque
Basque Country
Bassi, Laura
Bavaria
Baxter, Richard
Bayle, Pierre
Beaumont and Fletcher
Beccaria, Cesare
Bonesana, marquis of
Behn, Aphra
Belarus
Bellarmine, Robert
Benedict XIV (pope)
Berkeley, George
Berlin
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo
B駻ulle, Pierre de
B閊e, Th駮dore de
Bible
Interpretation
Translations and Editions
Biography and Autobiography
Biology
Black Sea Steppe
Bodin, Jean
Boehme, Jacob
Boerhaave, Herman
Bohemia
Boileau-Despr饌ux, Nicolas
Bordeaux
Boris Godunov (Russia)
Borromeo, Carlo
Borromini, Francesco
Bossuet, Jacques-B駭igne
Boston
Boswell, James
Botany
Boucher, Fran輟is
Bourbon Dynasty (France)
Bourbon Dynasty (Spain)
Bourgeoisie
Boyle, Robert
Brahe, Tycho
Brandenburg
Brant, Sebastian
Britain, Architecture in
Britain, Art in
British Colonies
The Caribbean
India
North America
Brittany
Browne, Thomas
Bruegel Family
Bruno, Giordano
Budapest
Bud  Guillaume
Buenos Aires
Buffou, Georges Louis Leclerc
Bullinger, Heinrich
Bunyan, John
Burgundy
Burke, Edmund
Burney, Frances
Buxtehude, Dieterich
C
Cabala
Cadiz
Calder  de la Barca, Pedro
Calendar
Callot, Jacques
Calvin, John
Calvinism
Cambrai, League of (1508)
Cambridge Platonists
Camera Obscura
Camisard Revolt
Cam s, Luis Vaz de
Canova, Antonio
Capitalism
Caravaggio and Caravaggism
Caricature and Cartoon
Carnival
Carracci Family
Carriera, Rosalba
Cartesianism
Cartography and Geography
Casanova, Giacomo Girolamo
Castiglione, Baldassare
Catalonia
Catalonia, Revolt of (1640-1652)
Cateau-Cambr駸is (1559)
Catherine II (Russia)
Catherine de M馘icis
Catholic League (France)
Catholic Spirituality and Mysticism
Catholicism
Cavendish Margaret
Caxton, William
Cecil Family
Cellini, Benvenuto
Censorship
Census
Central Europe, Art in
Ceramics, Pottery, and Porcelain
Cervantes, Miguel de
Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Sim駮n
Charity and Poor Relief
Charles I (England)
Charles II (England)
Charles VIII (France)
Charles V (Holy Roman Empire)
Charles VI (Holy Roman Empire)
Charles II (Spain)
Charles III (Spain)
Charles X Gustav (Sweden)
Charles XII (Sweden)
Charles the Bold (Burgundy)
Charleston
Charleton, Walter
Chemistry
Childhood and Childrearing
Christina (Sweden)
Chronometer
Church and State Relations
Church of England
Churchill, John, duke of Marlborough
Cisneros, Cardinal Francisco Jim駭ez de
Cities and Urban Life
Citizenship
City Planning
City-State
Class, Status, and Order
Classicism
Claude Lorrain (Gell馥)
Clergy
Protestant Clergy
Roman Catholic Clergy
Russian Orthodox Clergy
Clocks and Watches
Clothing
Clouet, Fran輟is
Cobos, Francisco de los
Coins and Medals
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste
Coligny Family
VOLUME 2
C (CONTINUED)
Cologne
Colonialism
Columbus, Christopher
Comenius, Jan Amos
Commedia dell'Arte
Commerce and Markets
Communication, Scientific
Communication and Transportation
Comuneros Revolt (1520-1521)
Concubinage
Cond Family
Condorcet, Marie-Jean Caritas, marquis de
Confraternities
Constantinople
Constitutionalism
Consumption
Converses
Copernicus, Nicolaus
Cornaro Piscopia, Elena Lucrezia
Corneille, Pierre
Correggio
Corsica
Cort駸, Hern疣
Cosmology
Cossacks
Coulomb, Charles-Augustin de
Court and Courtiers
Cracow
Cranach Family
Crime and Punishment
Crisis of the Seventeenth Century
Cromwell, Oliver
Cromwell, Thomas
Cullen, William
Czech Literature and Language
D
Daily Life
Dance
Dashkova, Princess Catherine
David, Jacques-Louis
Death and Dying
Decorative Arts
Dee, John
Defoe, Daniel
Deism
Democracy
Denmark
Descartes, Ren 
Design

Determinism

Devolution, War of (1667-1668)

Diamond Necklace, Affair of the

Diaries

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Diderot, Denis

Dientzenhofer Family

Diplomacy

Dissemination of Knowledge

Dissenters, English

Divine Right Kingship

Divorce

Donne, John

Dort, Synod of

Drama

English

German

Italian

Spanish and Portuguese

Dresden

Dryden, John

Dublin

Duel

Duma

D er, Albrecht

Dutch Colonies

The Americas

The East Indies

Dutch Literature and Language

Dutch Republic

Dutch Revolt (1568-1648)

Dutch War (1672-1678)

E

Early Modern Period: Art Historical

Interpretations

Earth, Theories of the

Eboli, Ruy G ez de Silva, prince of

Economic Crises

Edinburgh

Education

Edward VI (England)

El Greco

Elizabeth I (England)

Elizabeth (Russia)

Empiricism

Enclosure

Encyclop馘ie

Engineering

Civil

Military

England

English Civil War and Interregnum

English Civil War Radicalism

English Literature and Language

Enlightened Despotism Enlightenment

Ensenada, Cen  Somodevilla, marqu駸 de la

Enthusiasm

Environment

Epistemology

Equality and Inequality

Erasmus, Desiderius

Espionage

Estates and Country Houses

Estates-General, French

Estates-General, 1614

Estates-General, 1789

Ethnography

Euler, Leonhard

Europe and the World

Exclusion Crisis

Exploration

F

False Dmitrii, First

Family

Farnese, Isabel (Spain)

Febronianism

Feminism

F駭elon, Fran輟is

Ferdinand I (Holy Roman Empire)

Ferdinand II (Holy Roman Empire)

Ferdinand III (Holy Roman Empire)

Ferdinand VI (Spain)

Ferdinand of Arag 

Festivals

Feudalism

Fielding, Henry

Firearms

Fischer von Erlach, Johann Bernhard

Florence

Florence, Art in

Floridablanca, Jose Mo no, count of

Folk Tales and Fairy Tales

Fontainebleau, School of

Food and Drink

Food Riots

Forests and Woodlands

Forgeries, Copies, and Casts

Fragonard, Jean Honore

France

France, Architecture in

France Art in

Francis I (France)

Francis II (Holy Roman Empire)

Franck, Sebastian Fran輟is de Sales

Frankfurt am Main

Frederick III (Holy Roman Empire)

Frederick I (Prussia)

Frederick II (Prussia)

Frederick William (Brandenburg)

Frederick William I (Prussia)

Frederick William II (Prussia)

Free and Imperial Cities

Free Will

Freemasonry

French Colonies

The Caribbean

India

North America

French Literature and Language

Fronde

Fugger Family

Fur Trade

North America

Russia

VOLUME 3

G

Gabrieli, Andrea and Giovanni

Gainsborough, Thomas

Galileo Galilei

Galleys

Gallicanism

Gama, Vasco da

Gambling

Games and Play

Gardens and Parks

Gassendi, Pierre

Gattinara, Mercurino

Gdansk

Gender

Geneva

Genoa

Gentileschi, Artemisia

Gentleman

Geoffrin, Marie-Th駻鑚e

Geology

George I (Great Britain)

George II (Great Britain)

George III (Great Britain)

German Literature and Language

Germany, Idea of

Gessner, Conrad

Ghetto

Giambologna (Giovanni da Bologna)

Gianonne, Pietro

Gibbon, Edward

Gilbert, William

Giorgione

Glisson, Francis

Glorious Revolution (Britain)

Gluck, Christoph Willibald von

Goa

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

Goldopi, Carlo

G gora y Argote, Luis de

Goya y Lucientes, Franciscoo de

Granada

Grand Tour

Graunt, John

Greece

Greuze, Jean-Baptiste

Grimm, Friedrich Melchior von

Grimmelshausen, H.J.C. von

Grotius, Hugo

Guicciardini, Francesco

Guilds

Guise Family

Gustavus II Adolphus (Sweden)

Gutenberg, Johannes

H

Habsburg Dynasty

Austria

Spain

Habsburg Territories

Habsburg-Valois Wars

Hagiography

Haller, Albrecht von

Hals, Frans

Hamburg

Handel, George Frideric

Hanover

Hanoverian Dynasty (Great Britain)

Hansa

Harem

Harley, Robert

Harrington, James

Hartlib, Samuel

Harvey, William

Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment)

Hastings, Warren

Haydn, Franz Joseph

Helmont, Jean Baptiste van

Helv騁ius, Claude-Adrien

Henry VII (England)

Henry VIII (England)

Henry II (France)

Henry III (France)

Henry IV (France)

Heraldry

Herder, Johann Gottfried von

Hermeticism

Hesse, Landgraviate of

Hetmanate (Ukraine)

Historiography

Hobbes, Thomas

Hogarth, William

Hohenzollern Dynasty

Holbach, Paul Thiry, baron d'

Holbein, Hans, the Younger

Holy Leagues

Holy Roman Empire

Holy Roman Empire Institutions

Homosexuality

Honor

Hooke, Robert

Hooker, Richard

Hospitals

Housing

Huguenots

Humanists and Humanism

Hume, David

Humor

Hungarian Literature and Language

Hungary

Hunting

Hussites

Huygens Family

Hymns

I

Idealism

Ignatius of Loyola

Imperial Expansion, Russia

Index of Prohibited Books

Industrial Revolution

Industry

Inflation

Inheritance and Wills

Inquisition

Inquisition, Roman

Inquisition, Spanish

Insurance

Intendants

Interest

Ireland

Isabel Clara Eugenia and Albert of Habsburg

Isabella of Castile

Islam in the Ottoman Empire

Islands

Italian Literature and Language

Italian Wars (1494-1559)

Italy

Ivan III (Muscovy)

Ivan IV, "the Terrible" (Russia)

J

Jacobitism

Jadwiga (Poland)

Jagiellon Dynasty (Poland-Lithuania)

James I and VI (England and Scotland)

James II (England)

Janissary

Jansenism

Jenkins' Ear, War of (1739-1748)

Jesuits

Jewelry

Jews Attitudes toward

Jews, Expulsion of (Spain; Portugal)

Jews and Judaism

Joanna I, "the Mad" (Spain)

Johnson, Samuel

Jones, Inigo

Jonson, Ben

Joseph I (Holy Roman Empire)

Joseph II (Holy Roman Empire)

Josephinism

Journalism, Newspapers, and Newssheets

Journals, Literary

Juan de Austria, Don

Julich-Cleves-Berg

Julius II (pope)

K

Kalmar, Union of

Kant, Immanuel

Kauffmann, Angelica

Kepler, Johannes

Khmelnytsky, Bohdan

Kelnytsky Uprising

Kiev

Kircher, Athanasius

Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb

Knox, John

Kochanowski, Jan

Kollataj, Hugo

L

La Bruy鑽e, Jean de

La Fayette, Marie-Madeleine de

La Fontaine, Jean de

La Mettrie, Julien Offroy de

La Rochefoucauld, Fran輟is, duc de

La Rochelle

Laborers

Ladlos, Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de

Lagrange, Joseph-Louis

Landholding

Las Casas, Bartolom de

Lasso, Orlando di

Late Middle Ages

Latin

Laud, William

Lavoisier, Antoine

Law

Canon Law

Common Law

Courts

International Law

Lawyers

Roman Law

Russian Law

Law's System

Le Brun, Charles

League of Augsburg, War of the (1688-1697)

Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas

Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm

Leipzig

Leo X (pope)

Leonardo da Vinci

Leopold I (Holy Roman Empire)

Lepanto, Battle of

Lerma, Francisco G ez de Sandoval y Rojas,

1st duke of

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim

Lettre de Cachet

Levant

Leyden, Jan van

L'H ital, Michel de

Liberalism, Economic

Liberty

Libraries

Lima

Linnaeus, Carl

Lipsius, Justus

Lisbon

Literacy and Reading

Lithuania, Grand Duchy of, to 1569

Lithuanian Literature and Language

Livonian War (1558-1583)

Locke, John

Logic London

Lorraine, Duchy of

Lottery

Louis XII (France)

Louis XIII (France)

Louis XIV (France)

Louis XV (France)

Louis XVI (France)

Louvois, Fran輟is

Le Tellier, marquis de

L eck

Lublin, Union of (1569)

Lully, Jean-Baptiste

Luther, Martin

Lutheranism

Lviv

Lyon

VOLUME 4

M

Macau

Machiavelli, Niccol 
Madness and Melancholy
Madrid
Magellan, Ferdinand
Magic
Malpighi, Marcello
Mandeville, Bernard
Manila
Mannerism
Mansart, Fran輟is
Mantua
Mantuan Succession, War of the (1627-1631)
Marburg, Colloquy of
Marguerite de Navarre
Maria Theresa (Holy Roman Empire)
Mariana, Juan de
Marie Antoinette
Marie de l'Incarnation
Marie de M馘icis
Marillac, Michel de
Marlowe, Christopher
Marriage
Marseille
Martyrs and Martyrology
Marvels and Wonders
Mary I (England)
Mathematics Matter, Theories of
Matthias (Holy Roman Empire)
Maulbertsch, Franz Anton
Maximilian I (Holy Roman Empire)
Maximilian II (Holy Roman Empire)
Mazarin, Jules
Mazepa, Ivan
Mechanism
Medici Family
Medicine
Medina Sidonia, Alonso P駻ez de Guzm疣,
7th duke of
Mediterranean Basin
Mehmed II (Ottoman Empire)
Melanchthon, Philipp
Mendelssohn, Moses
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Mercantilism
Mercenaries
Merian, Maria Sibylla
Mersenne, Marin
Mesmer, Franz Anton
Messianism, Jewish
Methodism
Mexico City
Michael Romannu (Russia)
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Midwives
Milan
Military
Armies: Recruitment, Organization, and
Social Composition
Battle Tactics and Campaign Strategy
Early Modern Military Theory
Historiography
Milton, John
Miracles
Missions, Parish
Missions and Missionaries
Asia
Spanish America
Mobility, Geographic
Mobility, Social
Mohyla, Peter
Moli鑽e
Monarchy
Money and Coinage
Central and Eastern Europe
Western Europe
Monopoly
Montaigne, Michel de
Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat de
Monteverdi, Claudio
Moral Philosophy and Ethics
Moravian Brethren
More, Henry
More, Thomas
Moriscos
Moriscos, Expulsion of (Spain)
Morozova, Boiarynia
Moscow
Motherhood and Childbearing
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Munich
M ster
Muratori, Ludovico Antonio
Murillo, Bartolom Esteban
Museums
Music
Music Criticism
N
Nantes, Edict of
Naples, Art in
Naples, Kingdom of
Naples, Revolt of (1647)
Nasi Family
National Identity
Natural History
Natural Law
Nature
Navigation Acts
Navy
Neoclassicism
Neoplatonism
Nepotism
Netherlands, Art in the
Art in the Netherlands, 1500-1585
Art in Flanders, 1585-1700
Art in the Northern Netherlands, 1585-1700
Netherlands, Southern
Neumann, Balthasar
New York
Newton, Isaac
Nikon, patriarch
Noble Savage
Northern Wars
Novalis
Novikov, Nikolai Ivanovich
Nuremberg
O
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Occult Philosophy
Odalisque
Officeholding
Old Age
Old Believers
Oldenbarneveldt, Johan van
Oldenburg, Henry
Olivares, Gaspar de Guzm疣 y Pimentel,
count of
Opera
Oprichnma
Optics
Orphans and Foundlings
Orthodoxy, Greek
Orthodoxy, Russian
Ottoman Dynasty
Ottoman Empire
Oxenstierna, Axel
P
Pacific Ocean
Pacifism
Painting
Palatinate
Palestripa, Giovanni
Pierluigi da
Palladio, Andrea, and Palladianism
Papacy and Papal States
Paracelsus
Paris
Parlements
Parliament
Parma
Parma, Alexander Farnese, duke of
Pascal, Blaise
Passarowitz, Peace of (1718)
Passions
Pastel
Pati  y Morales, Jos 
Patriarchy and Paternalism

Patriot Revolution

Patronage

Paul I (Russia)

Paul III (pope)

Paul V (pope)

Pawning

Peasantry

Peasants' War, German

Peiresc, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de

Pepys, Samuel

Perrault, Charles

Persecution

Peter I (Russia)

Petty, William

Philadelphia

Philip II (Spain)

Philip III (Spain)

Philip IV (Spain)

Philip V (Spain)

Philosophes

Philosophy

Physics

Physiocrats and Physiocracy

Picturesque

Pietism

Pilon, Germain

Piracy

Piranesi, Giovanni Battista

Pitt, William the Elder and William the

Younger

Pius IV (pope)

Pius V (pope)

Pizarro Brothers

Plague

Poisons, Affair of the

Poissy, Colloquy of

Poland, Partitions of

Poland to 1569

Poland-Lithuania, Commonwealth of, 1569-1795

Police

Polish Literature and Language

Polish Succession, War of the (1733-1738)

Political Parties in England

Political Philosophy

Political Secularization

Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette

Poisson

Pompeii and Herculaneum

Poniatowski, Stanislaw II Augustus

Pope, Alexander

VOLUME 5

P (CONTINUED)

Popular Culture

Popular

Protest and Rebellions

Pornography

Porte

Portrait Miniatures

Portugal

Portuguese Colonies

Africa

Brazil

The Indian Ocean and Asia

Madeira and the Azores

Portuguese Literature and Language

Postal Systems

Potosi

Poussin, Nicolas

Poverty

Prague

Prague, Defenestration of

Preaching and Sermons

Pr騅ost d'Exiles, Antoine-Fran輟is

Priestley, Joseph

Printing and Publishing

Prints and Popular Imagery

Early Popular Imagery

Later Prints and Printmaking

Progress

Prokopovich, Feofan

Property

Prophecy

Prostitution

Proto-Industry

Providence

Provincial Government

Prussia

Psychology

Public Health

Public Opinion

Pugachev Revolt (1773-1775)

Purcell, Henry

Puritanism

Pyrenees, Peace of the (1659)

Q

Quakers

Queens and Empresses

Quietism

R

Rabelais, Fran輟is

Race, Theories of

Racine, Jean

R疚 zi Revolt

Rameau, Jean-Philippe

Ramus, Petrus

Raphael

Ray, John

Razin, Stepav

Reason

Reformation Catholic

Reformation, Protestant

Reformations in Eastern Europe: Protestant,

Catholic and Orthodox

Refugees, Exiles, and Emigr駸

Regency

Religious Orders

Religious Piety

Rembrandt van Rijn

Renaissance

Rentiers

Representative Institutions

Republic of Letters

Republicanism

Resistance, Theory of

Restoration, Portuguese War of (1640-1668)

Revolutions, Age of

Reynolds, Joshua

Rhetoric

Richardson, Samuel

Richelieu, Armand-Jean Du Plessis, cardinal

Rights, Natural

Ritual, Civic and Royal

Ritual, Religious

Robertson, William

Rococo

Roma (Gypsies)

Romania

Romanov Dynasty (Russia)

Romanticism

Rome

Rome, Architecture in

Rome, Art in

Rome, Sack of

Rosicrucianism

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques

Rubens, Peter Paul

Rudolf II (Holy Roman Empire)

Russia

Russia, Architecture in

Russia, Art in

Russian Literature and Language

Russo-Ottoman Wars

Russo-Polish Wars

Ruysch, Rachel

S

Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-Fran輟is de

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

St. Petersburg

Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy

Salamanca, School of

Salons

Salzburg Expulsion

Sanitation

Santa Cruz, Alvaro de Baz疣, first marquis

of

Sarmatism

Sarpi, Paolo (Pietro)

Savoy, duchy of

Saxony

Scarlatti, Domenico and Alessandro

Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von

Schmalkaldic War (1546-1547)

Scholasticism

Sch z, Heinrich

Scientific Illustration

Scientific Instruments

Scientific Method

Scientific Revolution

Scotland

Scud駻y, Madeleine de

Sculpture

Sea Beggars

Secrets, Books of

Seminary

Sensibility

Sep伃veda, Juan Gin駸 de

Serbia

Serfdom

Serfdom in East Central Europe

Serfdom in Russia

Servants

Seven Years' War (1756-1763)

S騅ign  Marie de

Seville

Sexual Difference, Theories of

Sexuality and Sexual Behavior

Shabbetai Tzevi

Shakespeare, William

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley

Shipbuilding and Navigation

Shipping

Shops and Shopkeeping

Sidney, Philip

Sigismund II Augustus (Poland, Lithuania)

Silesia

Sinan

Sixtus V (pope)

Skepticism: Academic and Pyrrhonian

Slavery and the Slave Trade

Sleidanus, Johannes

Smith, Adam

Smollett, Tobias

Smotrytskyi, Meletii

Smyrna (tzmir)

Sofia Alekseevna

Songs, Popular

Sovereignty, Theory of

Spain

Spain, Art in

Spanish Colonies

Africa and the Canary Islands

The Caribbean

Mexico

Other American Colonies

Peru

The Philippines

Spanish Literature and Language

Spanish Succession, War of the (1701-1714)

Spas and Resorts

Spener, Edmund

Spinoza, Baruch

Sports

Sprat, Thomas

Star Chamber

State and Bureaucracy

Statistics

Steele, Richard

Steno, Nicolaus

Stephen B疸hory

Sterne, Laurence

Stock Exchanges

Stockholm

Stoicism

Strasbourg

Strikes

Stuart Dynasty (England and Scotland)

Sublime, Idea of the

Sugar

Suicide

Suleiman I

Sultan

Sumptuary Laws

Surgeons

Surveying

Sweden

Swedenborgianism

Swedish Literature and Language

Swift, Jonathan

Switzerland

VOLUME 6

T

Tasso, Torquato

Taxation

Technology

Teresa of Avila

Teutonic Knights

Textile Industry

Theology

Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)

Thomasius, Christian

3 May Constitution

Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista

Tilly, Johann Tserclaes of

Time, Measurement of

Time of Troubles (Russia)

Tintoretto

Titian

Tobacco

Toledo

Toleration

Topkapi Palace

Torture

Tournament

Trading Companies

Travel and Travel Literature

Trent, Council of

Triangular Trade Pattern

Tudor Dynasty (England)

Tulip Era (Ottoman Empire)

Tulips

Turkish Literature and Language

Tyranny, Theory of

U

Ukraine

Ukrainian Literature and Language

Uniates

Union of Brest (1596)

Universities

Urban VIII (pope)

Utopia

Utrecht, Peace of (1713)

V

Vagrants and Beggars

Valois Dynasty (France)

Van Dyck, Anthon

Vasa Dynasty (Sweden)

Vasan, Giorgio

Vasilii III (Muscovy)

Vaughan, Thomas

Veduta (View Painting)

Vega, Lope de

Vel痙quez, Diego

Venice

Venice Architecture in

Venice, Art in

Vermeer Jan

Veronese (Paolo Caliari )

Versailles

Vesalius, Andreas

Vico, Giovanni Battista

victoria, Tom疽 Luis de

Vienna

Vienna, Sieges of

Vi鑼e, Fran輟is

Vig馥-Lebrun, Elisabeth

Villages

Vilnius

Vincent de Paul

Violence

Virtue

Vivaldi, Antonio

Vives, Juan Luis

Vizier

Voltaire

Vouer, Simon

W

Wages

Wallenstein, A.W.E. von

Walpole, Horace

Wars of Religion, French

Warsaw

Watteau, Antoine

Weather and Climate

Weights and Measures

Wesley Family

Westphalia, Peace of (1648)

Widows and Widowhood

Wieland, Christoph Martin

Wilkins, John

William and Mary

William of Orange

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim

Witchcraft

Witt, Johan and Cornelis de

Wittelsbach Dynasty (Bavaria)

Wladyslaw II Jagiello (Poland)

Wolff, Christian

Women

Women and Art

Wren, Christopher

W ttemberg, duchy of

XYZ

Youth

Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von

Zoology

Zurbar疣, Francisco de

Zurich

Zwingli, Huidrych

Systematic Outline of Contents 267 (14)

Directory of Contributors 281 (22)

Index 303