Sponsored by the Department of Classics of Harvard University, a revised edition of the late Professor Smyth's A Greek Grammar for Colleges is now available. All necessary corrections have been made, and the book retains the form which has long made it the most complete and valuable work of its kind. In this descriptive grammar the author offers a treatment of Greek syntax which is exceptionally rich as well subtle and varied.
Introduction The Greek Language and its Dialects Advanced Works on Grammar and Dialects Abbreviations Part I: Letters, Sounds, Syllables, Accent The Alphabet Vowels and Diphthongs Breathings Consonants and their Divisions Pronunciation Vowel Change Euphony of Vowels Hiatus Contraction Synizesis Crasis Elision Aphaeresis Euphony of Consonants Final Consonants Movable Consonants Syllables, and their Quantity Accent: General Principles Accent as affected by Contraction, Crasis, Elision Change of Accent in Declension, Inflection, and Composition Proclitics and Enclitics Marks of Punctuation Part II: Inflection Parts of Speech, Stems, Roots Declension Number, Gender, Cases Rules for Accent of Nouns, Case Endings of Nouns Declension of Substantives First Declension Second Declension Third Declension (Consonant Stems) Formation of Cases and Stems, Gender Labial Stems Dental Stems Liquid Stems Stems in Sigma Stems Cases Irregular Declension Declension of Adjectives First and Second Declensions Third Declension Consonant and Vowel Declension Combined Irregular Declension Comparison of Adjectives Declension of Pronouns Personal Pronouns Intensive Pronoun Reflexive Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns Reciprocal Pronoun, Definite Article, Demonstrative Pronouns Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns Relative Pronouns Correlative Pronouns Adverbs: Origin, Comparison, Correlative Adverbs Numerals Verbs Voices, Moods, Verbal Nouns, Tenses Number, Person, Tense-stems Principal Parts, Verb-stems Inflection, MI Inflection, Thematic Vowel. Paradigms Vowel Verbs: Synopsis and Conjugation Vowel Verbs Contracted Consonant Verbs Accent of Verbs Augment Reduplication Tense-suffixes, Thematic Vowel Mood-suffixes Personal Endings Formation of Tense-systems Changes in the Verb-stem Present and Imperfect First Class (Simple Class) Second Class (Tan Class) Third Class (Iota Class) Fourth Class Fifth Class Sixth Class (Mixed Class) Future, Active and Middle First Aorist, Active and Middle Second Aorist, Active and Middle First Perfect and Pluperfect, Active Second Perfect and Pluperfect, Active Perfect, Pluperfect, Future Perfect, Middle First Passive (First Aorist and First Future) Second Passive (Second Aorist and Second Future) Periphrastic Forms First Conjugation or Verbs Vowel Verbs Liquid Verbs, Stop Verbs Inflection of Verbs Present and Imperfect, Active and Middle Contract Verbs Future Active and Middle, Future Perfect Future Passive First Aorist, Active and Middle First and Second Aorist Passive Second Aorist, Active and Middle First and Second Perfect and Pluperfect, Active Perfect and Pluperfect, Middle Second Conjugation or Verbs in MI Present System; First or Simple Class Fourth Class Inflection of MI-Verbs Present and Imperfect Futures, First Aorist, Second Aorist First and Second Perfect and Pluperfect, Active, Perfect Middle Irregular MI-Verbs Peculiarities in the Use of Voice-forms Future Middle with Active Meaning Middle Deponents, Passive Deponents Deponents with Passive Meaning Active Verbs with Aorist Passive in a Middle Sense Mixture of Transitive and Intransitive Senses Part III: Formation of Words Primary and Secondary Stems Primitive and Denominative Words Suffixes Changes in Stems Formation of Substantives Formation of Adjectives List of Noun Suffixes Denominative Verbs First Part of a Compound Last Part of a Compound Accent of Compounds, Meaning of Compounds Part IV: Syntax Sentences, Subject, Predicate Syntax of the Simple Sentence Subject a Substantive or an Equivalent Predicate Nouns, Attributive Adjective Appositive, Copula, Object Expansion of Subject and Predicate The Concords The Subject Its Omission Impersonal Verbs, Subject of the Infinitive Case of the Subject the Nominative The Predicate Omission of the Verb Concord of Subject and Predicate With One Subject With Two or More Subjects Concord of Predicate Substantives Apposition Peculiarities in the Use of Number, Gender, Person Adjectives Attributive Adjectives: their Agreement Predicate Adjectives: their Agreement Attraction of Predicate Nouns Comparison of Adjectives (and Adverbs) Adverbs The Article Pronouns Personal Pronouns Possessive Pronouns The Pronoun Reflexive Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns The Cases Vocative Genitive Genitive Proper with Nouns Genitive of Possession Genitive of the Divided Whole (Partitive) Genitive of Quality Genitive of Explanation Genitive of Material, Measure Genitive, Subjective and Objective Genitive of Value Genitive Proper with Verbs Partitive Genitive Genitive of Price and Value Genitive of Crime and Accountability Genitive of Connection Genitive with Compound Verbs Genitive Proper: Free Uses Ablatival Genitive with Verbs Genitive of Separation Genitive of Distinction, Comparison Genitive of Cause Genitive of Source Genitive with Adjectives Genitive With Adverbs Genitive of Time and Place Dative Dative Proper Dative Dependent on a Single Word Direct Complement Indirect Complement Director Indirect Complement Dative as a Modifier of the Sentence Dative of Interest Dative of Relation Dative with Adjectives, Adverbs, Substantives Instrumental Dative Instrumental Dative Proper Comitative Dative With Adjectives, Adverbs, Substantives Locative Dative Dative with Compound Verbs Accusative Accusative of Internal Object (Object Effected) Accusative of External Object (Object Affected) Free Uses of the Accusative Accusative of Respect Adverbial Accusative Two Accusatives with One Verb Two Verbs with a Common Object The Prepositions Origin and Development Variation Repetition and Omission Ordinary Uses List of Prepositions Improper Prepositions The Verb The Voices Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice The Moods The Particle The Moods in Simple Sentences The Tenses Kind of Time, Stage of Action Tenses outside of the Indicative Tenses of the Indicative Present Imperfect Future Aorist Perfect Pluperfect Future Perfect Periphrastic Tenses The Infinitive Subject and Predicate Noun with Infinitive Personal and Impersonal Construction Infinitive without the Article As Subject, Predicate, and Appositive Not in Indirect Discourse After Verbs of will or desire After Other Verbs After Adjectives, Adverbs, and Substantives Infinitive of Purpose and Result Absolute Infinitive Infinitive in Commands, Wishes, and Exclamations In Indirect Discourse Infinitive with the Article THE PARTICIPLE Attributive Participle Circumstantial Participle Genitive Absolute Accusative Absolute Adverbs used in Connection with Circumstantial Participles Supplementary Participle Not in Indirect Discourse In Indirect Discourse Omission Participle in Indirect Discourse Verbs taking either the Participle or the Infinitive Remarks on Some Uses of Participles Verbal Adjectives Personal and Impersonal Constructions Summary of the Forms of Simple Sentences Syntax of the Compound Sentence Asyndeton Coordination in Place of Subordination - Parataxis Syntax of the Complex Sentence General View Anticipation (or Prolepsis) Assimilation of Moods Three Main Classes of Subordinate Clauses Purpose Clauses (Final Clauses) Equivalents of a Final Clause Object Clauses Connection of Final with Object Clauses Object Clauses with Verbs of Effort Object Clauses with Verbs of Caution Object Clauses with Verbs of Fearing Causal Clauses Result Clauses (Consecutive Clauses) with the Infinitive with a Finite Verb Proviso Clauses Conditional Clauses Classification Table of Conditional Forms Present and Past Conditions Simple Present and Past Conditions Present and Past Unreal Conditions Unreal Conditions Future Conditions More Vivid Future Conditions Emotional Future Conditions Less Vivid Future Conditions General Conditions Present General Conditions Past General Conditions Indicative Form of General Conditions Different Forms of Conditional Sentences in the Same Sentence Variations from the Ordinary Forms and Meanings of Conditional Sentences Modifications of the Protasis Modifications of the Apodosis Protasis and Apodosis Combined Less Usual Combinations of Complete Protasis and Apodosis Two or More Protases or Apodoses in One Sentence Concessive Clauses Temporal Clauses Indicative Temporal Clauses referring to Present Or Past Time Temporal Clauses referring to the Future Temporal Clauses in Generic Sentences Temporal Clauses denoting Purpose Summary of the Constructions of so long as and until General Rule Comparative Clauses Similes and Comparisons Relative Clauses Relative Pronouns Concord of Relative Pronouns The Antecedent of Relative Clauses Definite and Indefinite Antecedent Omission of the Antecedent Relative not Repeated Attraction of Relative Pronouns Case of the Relative with Omitted Antecedent Inverse Attraction of Relative Pronouns Incorporation of the Antecedent Other Peculiarities of Relative Clauses Use of the Moods in Relative Clauses Classes of Relative Clauses Ordinary Relative Clauses Relative Clauses of Purpose Relative Clauses of Cause Relative Clauses of Result Conditional Relative Clauses Less Usual Forms Dependent Substantive Clauses Dependent Statements Indirect Discourse General Principles Simple Sentences in Indirect Discourse Complex Sentences in Indirect Discourse Implied Indirect Discourse Remarks on the Constructions of Indirect Discourse Interrogative Sentences Direct Questions Indirect Questions Exclamatory Sentences Direct Exclamatory Sentences Indirect Exclamatory Sentences Negative Sentences Differences between words Positions Adherescent Indicative and Optative Subjunctive and Imperative Negatives of Indirect Discourse Infinitive Not in Indirect Discourse In Indirect Discourse Participle Substantives and Adjectives used Substantively Apparent Exchange Infinitive depending on Verbs of Negative Meaning Infinitive depending on Negatived Verbs Participle depending on Negatived Verbs Subjunctive and Indicative Redundant Negatives and the Infinitive Accumulation of Negatives Some Negative Phrases Particles General View List of Particles Figures List of Grammatical and Rhetorical Figures Appendix: List of Verbs English Index Greek Index