CSS Cookbook (3TH)

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CSS Cookbook (3TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 702 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780596155933
  • DDC分類 005.72

Full Description


This cookbook provides you with hundreds of practical examples for using CSS to format your web pages, complete with code recipes you can use in your projects right away. With "CSS Cookbook", you'll go beyond theory to solve real problems, from determining which aspects of CSS meet the specific needs of your site to methods for resolving differences in the way browsers display it. Arranged in a quick-lookup format for easy reference, the third edition has been updated to explain the unique behavior of the latest browsers: Google Chrome, Apple Safari, Microsoft's IE 8, and Mozilla's Firefox 3. With topics that range from CSS basics to complex hacks and workarounds, this book is a must-have companion, regardless of your CSS experience. Each recipe includes an explanation of how to customize the formatting for your needs, and each chapter features a sample design of the topics discussed. Learn the basics, such as understanding CSS rule structure. Work with web typography and page layout. Create effects for images and page elements. Learn techniques for formatting lists, forms, and tables. Design effective web navigation and create custom links.Get creative by combining CSS with JavaScript. Learn useful troubleshooting techniques, hacks, and workarounds.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xv
Preface xvii
Using HTML Basics 1 (32)
Picking a Text Editor 3 (1)
Coding a Basic HTML Page 4 (2)
Understanding DOCTYPEs and Effects on 6 (4)
Browser Layout
Marking Up Headers 10 (2)
Making Appropriate Quotations 12 (2)
Adding an Image 14 (2)
Adding Audio with HTML5 16 (1)
Incorporating Video with HTML5 17 (2)
Using strong and em Effectively 19 (1)
Creating Lists 20 (2)
Making a Link to a Web Page 22 (3)
Coding Tables 25 (2)
Creating an HTML vCard (hCard) 27 (1)
Marking Up an Event (hCalendar) 28 (1)
Validating HTML 29 (4)
CSS Basics 33 (72)
Applying CSS Rules to a Web Page 35 (3)
Using Basic Selectors to Apply Styles 38 (9)
Applying Child Selectors 47 (2)
Applying Adjacent Selectors 49 (2)
Applying Attribute Selectors 51 (2)
Using Pseudo-Classes 53 (1)
Using Pseudo-Elements 54 (2)
Determining When to Use Class and ID 56 (5)
Selectors
Understanding CSS Properties 61 (1)
Understanding the Box Model 62 (8)
Associating Styles to a Web Page 70 (3)
Understanding the Origin 73 (1)
Understanding the Sort Order Within CSS 73 (3)
Using !important to Override Certain CSS 76 (1)
Rules
Clarifying Specificity 77 (2)
Setting Up Different Types of Stylesheets 79 (4)
Adding Comments Within Stylesheets 83 (1)
Organizing the Contents of a Stylesheet 84 (2)
Working with Shorthand Properties 86 (2)
Setting Up an Alternate Stylesheet 88 (1)
Using Floats 89 (3)
Using Self-Clearing Floated Elements 92 (3)
Using Absolute Positioning 95 (3)
Using Relative Positioning 98 (1)
Using Shackling Positioning 99 (2)
Stacking Elements with z-index 101 (1)
Validating CSS Rules 102 (3)
Web Typography 105 (74)
Specifying Fonts 106 (3)
Using Web-Safe Fonts 109 (3)
Setting an Ampersand Flourish 112 (2)
Embedding Font Files 114 (4)
Forcing a Break on Really Long Words 118 (1)
Specifying Font Measurements and Sizes 119 (2)
Gaining More Cross-Browser Consistency 121 (4)
with Font Sizes
Setting Hyphens, Em Dashes, and En Dashes 125 (1)
Centering Text 126 (1)
Setting Text to Be Justified 126 (2)
Indicating an Overflow of Text with an 128 (1)
Ellipsis
Removing Space Between Headings and 129 (1)
Paragraphs
Setting a Simple Initial Cap 130 (1)
Setting a Larger, Centered Initial Cap 131 (2)
Setting an Initial Cap with Decoration 133 (2)
(Imagery)
Creating a Heading with Stylized Text 135 (2)
Creating a Heading with Stylized Text and 137 (2)
Borders
Stylizing a Heading with Text and an Image 139 (2)
Creating a Pull Quote with HTML Text 141 (2)
Placing a Pull Quote to the Side of a 143 (2)
Column
Creating a Pull Quote with Borders 145 (1)
Creating a Pull Quote with Images 146 (3)
Setting the Indent in the First Line of a 149 (1)
Paragraph
Setting the Indent of Entire Paragraphs 150 (3)
Creating a Hanging Indent 153 (3)
Styling the First Line of a Paragraph 156 (2)
Styling the First Line of a Paragraph 158 (1)
with an Image
Creating a Highlighted Text Effect 159 (1)
Changing the Text Selection Color 160 (1)
Changing Line Spacing 161 (2)
Adding a Graphic Treatment to HTML Text 163 (2)
Placing a Shadow Behind Text 165 (3)
Adjusting the Space Between Letters and 168 (3)
Words
Applying Baseline Rhythm on Web Typography 171 (2)
Styling Superscripts and Subscripts 173 (2)
Without Messing the Text Baseline
Setting Up Multiple Columns of Text 175 (4)
Images 179 (86)
Transforming Color Images to Black and 179 (1)
White in IE with CSS
Setting a Border Around an Image 180 (2)
Setting a Rounded Border Around an Image 182 (2)
Removing Borders Set on Images by Default 184 (2)
in Some Browsers
Setting a Background Image 186 (1)
Creating a Line of Background Images 187 (1)
Positioning a Background Image 188 (3)
Using Multiple Background Images on One 191 (3)
HTML Element
Setting Images on a Border 194 (3)
Creating a Stationary Background Image 197 (2)
Stretching Images As the Browser Resizes 199 (3)
Stretching an Image Across the Entire 202 (1)
Browser Window
Making Images Scalable 203 (2)
Setting How a Browser Renders an Image 205 (1)
Rotating Images with CSS 206 (2)
Setting Gradients with CSS 208 (3)
Creating Transparent PNG Images for IE6 211 (1)
and Later
Using Transparent PNG Images with 212 (3)
JavaScript
Overlaying HTML Text on an Image 215 (2)
Replacing HTML Text with an Image 217 (3)
Building a Panoramic Image Presentation 220 (2)
Combining Different Image Formats 222 (5)
Rounding Corners with Fixed-Width Columns 227 (3)
Rounding Corners (Sliding Doors Technique) 230 (5)
Rounding Corners (Mountaintop Technique) 235 (4)
Rounding Corners with JavaScript 239 (3)
Setting a Shadow on an Element with CSS 242 (2)
Placing a Drop Shadow Behind an Image 244 (3)
Placing a Smooth Drop Shadow Behind an 247 (4)
Image
Making Word Balloons 251 (3)
Hindering People from Stealing Your Images 254 (2)
Inserting Reflections on Images 256 (2)
Automatically
Using Image Sprites 258 (2)
Clipping Background Images 260 (2)
Applying Masks to Images and Borders 262 (3)
Page Elements 265 (34)
Eliminating Page Margins 265 (3)
Resetting Browser-Style Defaults for 268 (4)
Elements
Coloring the Scroll Bar in IE 272 (3)
Techniques for Centering Elements on a 275 (5)
Web Page
Placing a Page Border 280 (3)
Placing a Border Around the Browser's 283 (2)
Viewport
Customizing a Horizontal Rule 285 (2)
Adding a Lightbox 287 (5)
Changing the Opacity on Elements 292 (2)
Adjusting the Opacity of Background Colors 294 (5)
Lists 299 (42)
Changing the Format of a List 299 (3)
Changing the Color of a List Bullet 302 (1)
Writing Cross-Browser Indentation in Lists 303 (1)
Placing Dividers Between List Items 304 (2)
Creating Custom Text Markers for Lists 306 (2)
Creating Custom Image Markers for Lists 308 (3)
Inserting Larger Custom Image Markers for 311 (2)
Lists
Making a List Presentation Rich with 313 (5)
Imagery
Creating Inline Lists 318 (1)
Making Hanging Indents in a List 319 (2)
Moving the Marker Inside the List 321 (2)
Styling a Definition List 323 (6)
Styling a Screenplay with the HTML5 329 (2)
dialog Element
Turning a List into a Directory Tree 331 (4)
Creating a Star Ranking System 335 (6)
Links and Navigation 341 (56)
Easily Generating Text-Based Menus and 341 (2)
Submenus
Removing Underlines from Links (and 343 (3)
Adding Other Styles)
Changing Link Colors 346 (1)
Removing Dotted Lines When Clicking on a 347 (1)
Link in Internet Explorer
Changing Link Colors in Different 348 (1)
Sections of a Page
Placing Icons at the End of Different 349 (2)
Kinds of Links
Changing Cursors 351 (2)
Creating Rollovers Without JavaScript 353 (1)
Animating Rollovers on Links with CSS3 354 (4)
Transitions
Creating Text Navigation Menus and 358 (5)
Rollovers
Adding Submenus to Vertical Menus 363 (2)
Building Horizontal Navigation Menus 365 (7)
Building Horizontal Navigation Menus with 372 (2)
Drop-Down Menus
Building a Navigation Menu with Access 374 (1)
Keys
Creating Breadcrumb Navigation 375 (4)
Creating Image-Based Rollovers 379 (4)
Creating Collapsible Menus 383 (3)
Creating Contextual Menus 386 (3)
Making Tool Tips with the title Attribute 389 (1)
Designing a Dynamic Tabbed Menu 389 (3)
Changing Styles on Anchored Links 392 (5)
Forms 397 (56)
Modifying the Spacing Around a Form 398 (1)
Removing the Space Around a Form 399 (1)
Setting Styles for Input Elements 399 (3)
Changing Styles on Form Elements When a 402 (1)
User Clicks on Them
Applying Different Styles to Different 403 (1)
Input Elements in the Same Form
Setting Styles for textarea Elements 404 (2)
Setting Styles for select and option 406 (2)
Elements
Creating a Macintosh-Styled Search Field 408 (3)
Styling Form Buttons 411 (4)
Creating an Image Submit Button 415 (1)
Setting Up a Submit-Once-Only Button 416 (1)
Creating a Submit Button That Looks Like 417 (2)
HTML Text
Making an HTML Text Link Operate Like a 419 (1)
Submit Button
Designing a Web Form Without Tables 419 (3)
Designing a Two-Column Form Without Tables 422 (3)
Integrating Form Feedback with a Form 425 (3)
Styling Access Keys in Web Forms 428 (1)
Grouping Common Form Elements 429 (2)
Entering Data into a Form That is Similar 431 (3)
to a Spreadsheet
Sample Design: A Login Form 434 (7)
Sample Design: A Registration Form 441 (12)
Tables 453 (28)
Setting the Borders and Cell Padding for 453 (3)
Tables
Setting the Cell Spacing 456 (1)
Setting the Style for Captions 457 (1)
Setting the Styles Within Table Cells 458 (2)
Setting the Style for Table Header 460 (2)
Elements
Removing Gaps from Images Placed in Table 462 (2)
Cells
Eliminating Gaps Between Table Cells 464 (1)
Creating Alternating Background Colors in 465 (3)
Table Rows
Adding a Highlighting Effect on a Table 468 (2)
Row
Sample Design: An Elegant Calendar 470 (11)
Designing Web Pages for Printing 481 (24)
Applying a Stylesheet for Printing to a 481 (3)
Web Page
Replacing a Color Logo for a 484 (2)
Black-and-White Logo When Printing Web
Pages
Making a Web Form Print-Ready 486 (4)
Displaying URIs After Links 490 (2)
Inserting Special Characters Before Links 492 (1)
Setting Page Breaks for a Printed Document 493 (2)
Sample Design: A Printer-Friendly Page 495 (10)
with CSS
Page Layouts 505 (46)
Building a One-Column Layout 505 (2)
Building a Two-Column Layout 507 (4)
Building a Two-Column Layout with 511 (3)
Fixed-Width Columns
Creating a Flexible Multicolumn Layout 514 (3)
with Floats
Creating a Fixed-Width Multicolumn Layout 517 (3)
with Floats
Creating a Flexible Multicolumn Layout 520 (3)
with Positioning
Creating a Fixed-Width Multicolumn Layout 523 (1)
with Positioning
Using Floats to Display Columns in Any 524 (20)
Order
Designing an Asymmetric Layout 544 (3)
Designing Resolution-Independent Layouts 547 (4)
Hacks, Workarounds, and Troubleshooting 551 (18)
Overriding Inline Styles 552 (1)
Diagnosing CSS Bugs and Browser Issues 552 (2)
Using Bookmarklets to Troubleshoot CSS 554 (1)
Using Browser Extensions to Troubleshoot 555 (2)
CSS
Patching Up Internet Explorer 6 557 (1)
Patching Up Internet Explorer 6 with 558 (1)
JavaScript
Using Conditional Comments to Deliver 559 (2)
Styles to Different Versions of Internet
Explorer
Using CSS Filters to Deliver CSS Rules to 561 (1)
Almost Any Browser
Setting Up an Intelligent CSS Delivery 562 (2)
System for Modern Browsers
Testing a Site Design on More Than One 564 (1)
Platform with Only One Computer
Testing a Website with a Text Browser 565 (4)
Designing with CSS 569 (54)
Enlarging Text Excessively 570 (1)
Creating Unexpected Incongruity 571 (3)
Combining Unlike Elements to Create 574 (2)
Contrast
Leading the Eye with Contrast 576 (2)
Checking for Enough Color Contrast 578 (1)
Emphasizing a Quotation with Smart Quotes 579 (3)
Setting a Moving Background Scene When a 582 (2)
User Resizes the Window
Adding Animation to Elements on a Page 584 (4)
Creating a Fireworks Display As a User 588 (2)
Scrolls
Customizing the View Source Stylesheet 590 (1)
for Firefox
Designing with Grids (CSS Frameworks) 591 (2)
Sample Design: A Cohesive Web Design 593 (16)
Sample Design: The U.S. Flag 609 (14)
Interacting with JavaScript 623 (56)
Determining Whether JavaScript is 623 (2)
Available Within a Browser
Applying a Different Stylesheet Based on 625 (1)
the Time of Day
Redirecting to a Mobile Site Based on the 626 (1)
Browser's Screen Width
Adding a JavaScript Framework to a Web 627 (1)
Page
Using CSS3 Selectors in IE6 and IE7 628 (2)
Zebra-Striping an HTML Table with 630 (2)
JavaScript
Highlighting a Table Row with Mouseovers 632 (2)
Adding Effects to Simple Image Rollovers 634 (1)
Making a Row of Elements with a Variable 635 (3)
Amount of Content the Same Height
Setting a Link to Open a New Window 638 (1)
Making an Entire div Element Clickable 639 (1)
Supporting Transparent PNGs in IE6 with 640 (2)
JavaScript
Delivering HTML5 and CSS3 to Browsers 642 (37)
That Can Handle Them
Resources 645 (6)
CSS 2.1 Properties and Proprietary 651 (18)
Extensions
CSS 2.1 Selectors, Pseudo-Classes, and 669 (4)
Pseudo-Elements
CSS3 Selectors and Pseudo-Classes 673 (4)
Styling of Form Elements 677 (2)
Index 679