Helping Children Succeed : What Works and Why

Helping Children Succeed : What Works and Why

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 125 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780544935280
  • DDC分類 372.1

Table of Contents

1 Adversity Why do poor children struggle      1  (5)
in school? -- the importance of
noncognitive skills -- "O.K., now that we
know this, what do we do?"
2 Strategies The problem with scaling up -- 6 (3)
different approaches, common threads -- an
unbroken story from birth through high
school
3 Skills Can we agree on the best way to 9 (4)
teach grit? -- teaching character without
talking about character -- is "teaching"
the right word to use?
4 Stress A brief explanation of our 13 (3)
fight-or-flight response -- what toxic
stress does to the brain -- why executive
functions matter in school
5 Parents How babies make sense of the 16 (3)
world -- the importance of "serve and
return" -- helping infants handle stress
(or not)
6 Trauma What is your ACE score? -- adverse 19 (3)
experiences vs. adverse environments --
ACEs and their effect on school success
7 Neglect The "good" kind of neglect? -- 22 (4)
the harsh effects of chronic
understimulation -- a lesson from a Russian
orphanage
8 Early Intervention Why the early years 26 (4)
matter -- education funding meets brain
science -- baby talk and the policy makers'
dilemma
9 Attachment What a Jamaican study can 30 (6)
teach us about parental attachment --
building a "secure base" -- can we just
hand out brochures and let parents figure
it out from there?
10 Home Visiting Attachment and 36 (6)
Biobehavioral Catch-up -- Julianna and the
cookie-throwing incident -- "We just zero
in on this one positive moment"
11 Beyond the Home The Educare effect -- 42 (6)
reaching informal childcare providers --
helping pre-K teachers feel less
stressed-out -- the bi-directional model of
self-regulation
12 Building Blocks What changes (and what 48 (5)
doesn't) in kindergarten -- "it may not be
a matter of you just not sucking it up
enough" -- the deep roots of perseverance
and resilience
13 Discipline The history of "zero 53 (3)
tolerance" -- who gets suspended and why --
the effects of suspensions on the kids who
aren't suspended -- why harsh punishments
often backfire
14 Incentives The behaviorist approach to 56 (3)
education -- getting past stickers and
pizza parties -- "The impact of financial
incentives on student achievement is
statistically 0"
15 Motivation Intrinsic vs. extrinsic 59 (6)
motivation -- what makes a 4-year-old want
to quit crayoning? -- autonomy, competence,
and relatedness
16 Assessment How do we measure 65 (9)
noncognitive abilities? -- finding the
educators who help kids engage -- what are
the deep messages teachers convey to their
students?
17 Messages The narrative of failure within 74 (7)
each school -- what kind of classroom
promotes perseverance? -- be gritty, or
just act gritty?
18 Mindsets Is my teacher a friend or a 81 (5)
foe? -- the transformative power of a
Post-it -- switching off the
fight-or-flight alarm
19 Relationships Why Rashid got jumped, and 86 (5)
why he was able to talk about it -- how
classroom climate affects test scores -- is
it really possible to transform an entire
school?
20 Pedagogy What happens when teachers give 91 (9)
up the reins? -- self-directed projects and
student-led conferences -- assigning work
that is challenging rigorous, and deep
21 Challenge Lots of basic skills, little 100(4)
problem-solving -- the Japanese approach --
the dominant American instructional
strategy -- "Confusion and frustration
should be minimized"
22 Deeper Learning The demands of the 104(6)
21st-century job market -- "Deeper learning
has historically been the province of the
advantaged" -- change comes to Elm City Prep
23 Solutions Seven million children in deep 110(7)
poverty -- a broken system -- changing our
policies, our practices, and our way of
thinking
Acknowledgments 117(4)
A Note on Sources 121(2)
About the Author 123(2)
About the Type 125