鉱物の組成と起源<br>Minerals : Their Constitution and Origin

鉱物の組成と起源
Minerals : Their Constitution and Origin

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 646 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521529587
  • DDC分類 549

基本説明

A comprehensive and modern textbook for course in geology and materials science. Contains many stunning colour photographs.

Full Description


Mineralsfor undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of geology and materials science. It has been designed for a one-semester course and covers all aspects of mineralogy in an up-to-date and integrated style. The book is divided into five parts that discuss structure and bonding within minerals; mineral physics and optical properties; modes of mineral formation and thermodynamics; mineral groups within the context of mineral-forming environments; and the application of mineralogy for the exploitation of metal deposits, gems, and cement. Identification of minerals in hand specimen and under the microscope are also covered. Throughout the text emphasis is placed on linking mineral properties with broader geological processes, and on conveying their economic value. Containing beautiful colour photographs, handy reference tables and a glossary of terms, this textbook will be an indispensable guide for the next generation of mineralogy students.

Table of Contents

Part I. Structural Features of Minerals: 1.
Subject and history of mineralogy
2. Elements, bonding, simple structures and
ionic radii
3. The lattice concept and description of
crystal structures
4. Macroscopic symmetries: crystal morphology
5. Crystal growth and aggregation
6. Isomorphism, polymorphism and crystalline
defects
Part II. Physical Investigation of Minerals: 7.
Experimental approaches to crystal structures:
X-ray diffraction
8. Physical properties
9. Optical properties of crystals
10. Mineral identification with the
petrographic microscope
11. Color
12. Additional analytical methods
13. Mechanical properties and deformation
Part III. Variety of Minerals and
Mineral-forming Processes: 14. Classification
and names of minerals
15. Mineral identification of hand specimens
16. Mineral genesis
17. Stability of minerals and phase diagrams
18. Solid solutions
Part IV. A Systematic Look at Mineral Groups:
19. Some very common minerals: quartz and
feldspars. Crystallization of granite and
pegmatite
20. Simple compounds and new minerals. Unusual
occurrences
21. Halides. Evaporite deposits
22. Carbonates and other minerals with
triangular anion groups. Sedimentary origins
23. Phosphates, sulfates and related minerals.
Apatite as a biogenic mineral
24. Sulfides. Hydrothermal processes
25. Oxides and hydroxides. Review of ionic
crystals
26. Orthosilicates and ring silicates.
Metamorphic mineral assemblages
27. Sheet silicates. Weathering of silicate
rocks
28. Chain silicates. Discussion of some igneous
and metamorphic processes
29. Framework silicates. Zeolites and ion
exchange properties of minerals
Part V. Applied Mineralogy: 30. Metalliferous
mineral deposits
31. Gemstones
32. Cement minerals
33. Minerals and human health
34. Mineral composition of the solar system
35. Mineral composition of the Earth
Appendices: Determinative tables for hand
specimen identification
Determinative tables for optical mineralogy
Glossary
Index.