韓国語<br>The Korean Language (Cambridge Language Surveys)

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韓国語
The Korean Language (Cambridge Language Surveys)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 466 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521369435
  • DDC分類 428

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1999. Offers a comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Korean. Covers dialects (including the differences between South and North Korean).

Full Description


This book provides a detailed survey of the Korean language, covering its speakers, genetic affiliation, historical development, dialects, lexicon, writing systems, sound patterns, word structure, and grammatical structure. It is designed to be accessible to a wide readership, and provides a wealth of data in a user-friendly format that does not presuppose an in-depth knowledge of the latest linguistic theories. It will be used by general linguists and Korean linguists who are interested in the typological characteristics of the language from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives, and by undergraduates and graduate students in those disciplines who seek a comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Korean. Likewise, advanced students of the Korean language and language educators will find it offers valuable insights into lexical, phonological, morphological and syntactic aspects of the language for their purposes.

Table of Contents

        Maps                                       xv
Preface xvii
Abbreviations xix
Introduction 1 (16)
Transcriptions 1 (3)
Speakers 4 (2)
Korean as a foreign language 6 (2)
Linguistic study of Korean 8 (3)
Salient features of Korean: an overview 11 (6)
Genetic affiliation and historical 11 (1)
development
Dialectal variations 12 (1)
Korean vocabulary 12 (1)
Writing systems 13 (1)
The sound pattern 14 (1)
Agglutinative morphology 15 (1)
SOV syntax 15 (1)
Honorifics 16 (1)
Genetic affiliation 17 (20)
Prehistory of Korean 17 (1)
Altaic hypothesis 18 (7)
Austronesian and Dravidian hypotheses 25 (4)
Genetic linkage between Korean and Japanese 29 (8)
Historical development 37 (20)
Bird's-eye-view of Korean history 37 (2)
Evolvement of Korean 39 (3)
Prehistoric and Old Korean 42 (2)
Middle Korean 44 (8)
Modern and Contemporary Korean 52 (5)
Dialects 57 (30)
Dialectal zones 57 (3)
Representative isoglosses 60 (6)
Prosodemes: tones and vowel length 60 (2)
Reflexes of Middle Korean 62 (1)
Other vowel alternations 63 (1)
Reflexes of Middle Korean z 63 (1)
Reflexes of Middle Korean β 64 (1)
Word-medial k 65 (1)
Word-initial / and n 65 (1)
Palatalization 65 (1)
Hamkyeng zone 66 (2)
Phyengan zone 68 (1)
Central zone 69 (1)
Chwungcheng zone 70 (1)
Kyengsang zone 71 (2)
Cenla zone 73 (1)
Ceycwu zone 74 (2)
Linguistic divergence in South and North 76 (11)
Korea
South Korean policies 77 (1)
North Korean policies 78 (1)
Areas of major linguistic divergence 79 (8)
Lexicon 87 (34)
Composition of the Korean lexicon 87 (5)
Native words 92 (4)
Sound symbolism 96 (6)
Sino-Korean words 102 (13)
Loan words 115 (6)
Writing systems 121 (30)
Chinese characters 121 (3)
Introduction of Chinese characters 122 (1)
Sino-Korean pronunciation 123 (1)
The Itwu (Clerk Reading) script 124 (5)
Hankul: the Korean alphabet 129 (15)
Creation of Hankul 129 (7)
Early literature in Hankul 136 (1)
Hankul in current use 137 (4)
Spelling conventions 141 (3)
Mixed use of Hankul and Chinese characters 144 (2)
Orthographic divergence in South and North 146 (3)
Korea
Romanization 149 (2)
Sound patterns 151 (52)
Introduction 151 (1)
Speech sounds 152 (7)
Consonants 153 (3)
Vowels 156 (2)
Semivowels (glides) 158 (1)
Sound combination 159 (4)
Syllable structure 159 (2)
Sequential constraints 161 (2)
Sound alternations 163 (33)
Automatic vs. non-automatic alternation 163 (1)
Automatic sound alternations 163 (14)
Non-automatic sound alternations 177 (19)
Rhythmic patterns 196 (7)
Length, stress, pitch 196 (1)
Intonation contours 197 (3)
Tones in the Kyengsang dialect 200 (3)
Word structure 203 (62)
Word categories 203 (12)
Classification 203 (1)
Nouns 204 (3)
Pronouns 207 (1)
Numerals 208 (1)
Verbs 209 (1)
Adjectives 209 (1)
Determiners 210 (1)
Adverbs 211 (1)
Particles 212 (3)
Affixation 215 (3)
Affixes, stems, and roots 215 (1)
Derivation and inflection 216 (1)
Native and Sino-Korean affixes 217 (1)
Derivational morphology 218 (13)
Noun derivation 219 (5)
Verb derivation 224 (3)
Adjective derivation 227 (2)
Adverb derivation 229 (2)
Determiner derivation 231 (1)
Inflectional morphology 231 (11)
Inflectional categories 231 (2)
Non-terminal suffixes 233 (1)
Sentence enders 234 (4)
Embedded-clause enders 238 (3)
Irregular predicates 241 (1)
Compounding 242 (17)
General properties 242 (3)
Compound nouns 245 (6)
Compound pronouns 251 (1)
Compound numerals 251 (1)
Compound verbs 252 (3)
Compound adjectives 255 (1)
Compound determiners 256 (1)
Compound adverbs 256 (2)
Compound particles 258 (1)
Abbreviation 259 (2)
Grammaticalization 261 (4)
Grammatical structure 265 (154)
Structural essentials 265 (3)
Sentence types 268 (29)
Declarative, interrogative, propositive, 269 (6)
and imperative
Verbs and adjectives 275 (2)
Verb sentences 277 (3)
Adjective sentences 280 (7)
Transtivity 287 (2)
Topic-stacking sentences 289 (2)
Subjectless sentences 291 (2)
Word order 293 (4)
Syntactic relations 297 (5)
Embedded clauses 302 (24)
Types of embedding 302 (2)
Conjunctive constructions 304 (5)
Relative clause constructions 309 (5)
Complement clause constructions 314 (5)
Nominalized constructions 319 (3)
Quotative constructions 322 (4)
Case marking 326 (19)
Syntactic cases: nominative, accusative, 327 (6)
and genitive
Dative, locative, goal, and source 333 (4)
Directional, instrumental, and function 337 (1)
Ablative 338 (1)
Comitative and connective 339 (1)
Comparative 340 (1)
Vocative 341 (2)
Case-particle stacking 343 (2)
Delimiter constructions 345 (5)
Constituent delimiters 345 (3)
Sentential delimiters 348 (2)
Numeral constructions 350 (4)
Time expressions 350 (2)
Ordinals, frequency, and number 352 (1)
Classifier constructions 352 (2)
Modality and tense-aspect 354 (13)
Sentence enders 355 (3)
Mood: indicative, retrospective, 358 (2)
requestive, and suppositive
Modal elements: -keyss and -(u)l(i) 360 (2)
Tense and aspect 362 (5)
Passive and causative constructions 367 (11)
Passive sentences 368 (5)
Causative sentences 373 (5)
Complex predicate constructions 378 (10)
Relative complex predicates 378 (2)
Serial predicate constructions 380 (1)
Auxiliary predicate constructions 381 (7)
Negation 388 (6)
Sentential negation 389 (4)
Constituent negation 393 (1)
Double negation and rhetorical negation 393 (1)
Adverbial constructions 394 (6)
Attributive adverbials: time, place, 396 (1)
manner, and degree
Modal averbials 397 (1)
Nominal-modifying adverbials 398 (1)
Conjunctive adverbials 399 (1)
Discoursal adverbials 399 (1)
Reduction phenomena 400 (7)
Ellipsis 401 (1)
Gapping 402 (1)
Omission 402 (1)
Pro-replacement 403 (2)
Reflexivization 405 (2)
Honorifics and politeness strategies 407 (12)
Lexico-suffixal patterns of honorifics 408 (6)
Syntactic patterns of honorifics 414 (3)
Strategic politeness expressions 417 (2)
Select bibliography 419 (21)
Index 440