The Mediterranean Basin, California, Chile, the western Cape of South Africa and southern Australia share a Mediterranean climate characterized by cool wet winters and hot dry summers. These five regions have differing patterns of human settlement but similarities in natural vegetation and some faunal assemblages. The similarities are being enhanced by an increasing level of biotic exchange between the regions as time passes since European settlement in each region. This unique documentation of the introduced floras and faunas in these five regions of Mediterranean climate both increases our understanding of the ecology of biological invasions, and points the way to more effective management of the biota of these regions. This book is an initiative of a subcommittee of SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment) which realized that the integrity of many natural ecosystems was being threatened by the ingress of invasive species.
Table of Contents
Part I. Introduction: 1. An ecological overview
of the five regions with a mediterranean
climate F. di Castri
Part II. Historical Background: 2. The
palaeohistory of the Mediterranean biota Z.
Naveh and J.-L. Vernet
3. Human impact on the biota of
mediterranean-climate regions of Chile and
California H. Aschmann
4. Central Chile: how do introduced plants and
animals fit into the landscape? E. R. Fuentes
5. Historical background of invasions in the
mediterranean region of southern Africa H. J.
6. A short history of biological invasions of
Australia R. H. Groves
Part III. Biogeography of Taxa: IIIa. Higher
Plants: 7. Invasive plants of the Mediterranean
Basin E. Le Floc'h
8. Invasive vascular plants of California M.
Rejmanek, C. D. Thomsen and I. D. Peters
9. Introduction of plants into the
mediterranean-type climate area of Chile G.
Montenegro, S. Teillier, P. Arce and V. Poblete
10. Introduced plants of the fynbos biome of
South Africa M. J. Wells
11. Invasive plants of southern Australia P. M.
12. Life cycles of some Mediterranean invasive
plants I. Olivieri, P.-H. Gouyon and J.-M.
13. Invasion processes as related to succession
and disturbance J. Lepart and M. Debussche
14. Is fire an agent favouring plant invasions?
15. Plant invasion and soil seed banks: control
by water and nutrients R. L. Specht and H. T.
16. Invasion by annual brome grasses: a case
study challenging the homoclime approach to
invasions J. Roy, M. L. Navas and L. Sonié
IIIb. Mammals: 17. Patterns of Pleistocene
turnover, current distribution and speciation
among Mediterranean mammals G. Cheylan
18. Introduced mammals in California W. Z.
19. Ecology of a successful invader: the
European rabbit in central Chile F. M. Jaksic
and E. R. Fuentes
20. Mammals introduced to the mediterranean
region of South Africa R. C. Bigalke and D.
21. Mammals introduced to southern Australia T.
D. Redhead, G. R. Singleton, K. Myers and B. J.
IIIc. Birds: 22. Invasions and range
modifications of birds in the Mediterranean
Basin J. Blondel
23. Invasions in the mediterranean avifaunas of
California and Chile F. Vuilleumier
24. Birds introduced to the fynbos biome of
South Africa R. K. Brooke and W. R. Siegfried
25. Species of introduced birds in
mediterranean Australia J. L. Long and P. R.
Part IV. Applied Aspects of Mediterranean
Invasions: 26. Weed invasion in agricultural
areas J. L. Guillerm
27. Plant invasions in the rangelands of the
isoclimatic mediterranean zone H. N. Le Houé
28. Forest plantations and invasions in the
mediterranean zones of Australia and South
Africa L. D. Pryor
29. The importation of mediterranean-adapted
dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from
the northern hemisphere to other parts of the
world A. A. Kirk and J.-P. Lumaret
Part V. Overview: 30. The biogeography of
mediterranean plant invasions R. H. Groves
31. The biogeography of mediterranean animal
invasions F. di Castri
Index of scientific names