Challenging Gender Norms : Five Genders among Bugis in Indonesia (Case Studies in Cultural Anthropology)

Challenging Gender Norms : Five Genders among Bugis in Indonesia (Case Studies in Cultural Anthropology)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 152 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495092803
  • DDC分類 305.8009598

Full Description


See how gender identities are constructed in a rapidly changing cultural case study in cultural anthropology explores the Bugis ethnic group, native to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, which recognizes five gender categories rather than the two acknowledged in most societies. This ethnography presents individuals' stories, opinions, and deliberations and proposes a new theory of gender which incorporates appreciation of variously gendered subjectivities.

Table of Contents

FOREWORD                                           ix
PREFACE xii
1 Introduction: First Forays into Fieldwork 1 (14)
Field Site 5 (4)
Methodology and the Research Process 9 (3)
Language 12 (3)
2 This Thing Called Gender 15 (15)
Independence Day: A Prelude 15 (3)
Thoughts on Gender 18 (2)
Gendered Bodies 20 (3)
Fate, Spirit, and the X Factor 23 (2)
Playing out Gender 25 (1)
Erotic Desire 26 (3)
Conclusion 29 (1)
3 The Importance of Being Gendered 30 (18)
Is Gender Important? 30 (5)
Gender Ideals 35 (11)
Conclusion 46 (1)
Endnotes 47 (1)
4 Female Transgendering 48 (13)
A Crem-Bath: A Prelude 48 (2)
A Cloistered Identity 50 (2)
Calalai Gender 52 (5)
Sexuality 57 (1)
Community Reactions 58 (2)
Conclusion 60 (1)
Note 60 (1)
5 Male Transgendering 61 (21)
Yulia's Birthday: A Prelude 61 (2)
Male Femininity 63 (6)
Calabai Gender 69 (5)
Social Perceptions 74 (6)
Conclusion 80 (2)
6 Androgynous Shamans 82 (21)
A Bissu Ceremony: A Prelude 82 (2)
Who are Bissu? 84 (4)
Bissu Constitution 88 (2)
Bissu Rites of Passage 90 (2)
Bissu Life 92 (4)
Proving Possession 96 (2)
Being Bissu in a Muslim Society 98 (3)
Conclusion 101(1)
Endnotes 102(1)
7 A Journey through Two Indonesian Weddings 103(28)
A Wedding in Jakarta: Roles of Bissu 104(14)
A Wedding in Sengkang: Roles of Calabai 118(11)
Conclusion 129(2)
8 Conclusion: Five Genders 131(6)
REFERENCES 137(6)
GLOSSARY 143(4)
INDEX 147