Understanding Social Problems (5TH)

Understanding Social Problems (5TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 579 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495091585
  • DDC分類 301

Full Description

This is a comprehensive mid-level paperback text that takes a theoretically balanced, student-centered approach to social problems. The text progresses from a micro- to macro-level of analysis, focusing first on such problems as illness and health care, drugs and alcohol, and family problems and then broadening to the larger issues of poverty and inequality, population growth, environmental problems, and conflict around the world. The social problem in each chapter is framed in a global as well as U.S. context. In every chapter, the three major theoretical perspectives are applied to the social problem under discussion, and the consequences of the problem, as well as alternative solutions, are explored. Pedagogical features such as The Human Side and Self and Society enable students to grasp how social problems affect the lives of individuals and apply their understanding of social problems to their own lives.

Table of Contents

  Part 1: Sociology and the Study of Social
Thinking About Social Problems 1 (27)
What Is a Social Problem? 3 (1)
Objective and Subjective Elements of 3 (1)
Social Problems
Variability in Definitions of Social 3 (1)
Elements of Social Structure and Culture 4 (3)
Elements of Social Structure 4 (2)
Elements of Culture 6 (1)
Self and Society: Personal Beliefs About 7 (2)
Various Social Problems
The Sociological Imagination 9 (1)
Theoretical Perspectives 9 (7)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 9 (1)
Structural-Functionalist Theories of 10 (1)
Social Problems
Conflict Perspective 11 (1)
Conflict Theories of Social Problems 11 (2)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 13 (1)
Symbolic Interactionist Theories of 13 (3)
Social Problems
Taking a Stand: Should Sociologists Be 16 (1)
Required by Law to Reveal Their Sources?
Social Problems Research 16 (2)
Stages of Conducting a Research Study 16 (2)
Social Problems Research Up Close: The 18 (4)
Sociological Enterprise
Methods of Data Collection 19 (3)
Goals of the Textbook 22 (2)
The Human Side: Social Change and College 24 (2)
Student Activism
Understanding Social Problems 26 (1)
Chapter Review 26 (1)
Critical Thinking 27 (1)
Key Terms 27 (1)
Media Resources 27 (1)
Part 2: Problems of Well-Being
Illness and the Health Care Crisis 28 (44)
The Global Context: Effects of 29 (2)
Globalization on Health
Effects of Increased Travel and 30 (1)
Information Technology on Health
Effects of Increased Trade and 30 (1)
Transnational Corporations on Health
Effects of International Free Trade 31 (1)
Agreements on Health
Societal Measures of Health and Illness 31 (4)
Morbidity 32 (1)
Patterns of Longevity 32 (1)
Patterns of Mortality 33 (2)
The Epidemiological Transition 35 (1)
Patterns of Burden of Disease 35 (1)
Sociological Theories of Illness and 35 (4)
Health Care
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 36 (1)
Conflict Perspective 37 (1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 38 (1)
HIV/AIDS: A Global Health Concern 39 (2)
HIV/AIDS in Africa and Other Regions 39 (1)
HIV/AIDS in the United States 40 (1)
The Growing Problem of Obesity 41 (1)
Mental Illness: The Hidden Epidemic 42 (2)
Extent and Impact of Mental Illness 42 (1)
Causes of Mental Disorders 43 (1)
The Human Side: Men Talk About Depression 44 (1)
Lifestyle Behaviors and Social Factors 45 (1)
Associated with Health and Illness
Social Problems Research Up Close: The 46 (5)
National Health-Risk Behavior Survey
Social Class and Poverty 46 (2)
Education 48 (1)
Family and Household Factors 48 (1)
Gender 49 (1)
Racial and Ethnic Minority Status 50 (1)
Problems in U.S. Health Care 51 (4)
U.S. Health Care: An Overview 51 (2)
Inadequate Health Insurance Coverage 53 (1)
The High Cost of Health Care 54 (1)
Taking a Stand: Should Universities 55 (3)
Require Students to Have Health Insurance?
The Managed Care Crisis 57 (1)
Inadequate Mental Health Care 57 (1)
Strategies for Action: Improving Health 58 (2)
and Health Care
Improving Maternal and Infant Health 58 (1)
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Alleviation 59 (1)
Focus on Technology: Americans' Use of 60 (7)
the Internet to Find Health Information
Fighting the Growing Problem of Obesity 64 (1)
U.S. Health Care Reform 65 (1)
Strategies to Improve Mental Health Care 66 (1)
Self and Society: Attitudes Toward 67 (1)
Seeking Professional Psychological Help
Understanding Illness and the Health Care 68 (2)
Chapter Review 70 (1)
Critical Thinking 71 (1)
Key Terms 71 (1)
Media Resources 71 (1)
Alcohol and Other Drugs 72 (32)
The Global Context: Drug Use and Abuse 73 (2)
Drug Use and Abuse Around the World 73 (2)
Self and Society: U.S. Social Policy 75 (2)
Drug Use and Abuse in the United States 76 (1)
Sociological Theories of Drug Use and 77 (3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 77 (1)
Conflict Perspective 78 (1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 79 (1)
Biological and Psychological Theories 80 (1)
Frequently Used Legal and Illegal Drugs 80 (2)
Alcohol 80 (2)
The Human Side: An Excerpt from Smashed: 82 (2)
Story of a Drunken Girlhood, by Koren
Tobacco 83 (1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: Images 84 (5)
of Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Children's
Animated Films
Marijuana 85 (1)
Cocaine 86 (1)
Other Drugs 87 (2)
Societal Consequences of Drug Use and 89 (4)
Family Costs 90 (1)
Crime Costs 90 (1)
Economic Costs 91 (1)
Health Costs 92 (1)
Focus on Technology: The Question of Drug 93 (1)
Treatment Alternatives 94 (2)
Inpatient and Outpatient Treatment 94 (1)
Peer Support Groups 95 (1)
Strategies for Action: America Responds 96 (3)
Government Regulations 96 (2)
Deregulation or Legalization: The Debate 98 (1)
Taking a Stand: Should Drugs Be Legalized 99 (2)
for Those 21 Years Old and Older?
Collective Action 100(1)
Understanding Alcohol and Other Drugs 101(1)
Chapter Review 102(1)
Critical Thinking 102(1)
Key Terms 103(1)
Media Resources 103(1)
Crime and Social Control 104(33)
The Global Context: International Crime 105(1)
and Social Control
Sources of Crime Statistics 106(2)
Official Statistics 106(1)
Victimization Surveys 107(1)
Self-Report Offender Surveys 107(1)
Self and Society: Criminal Activities 108(1)
Sociological Theories of Crime 109(3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 109(2)
Conflict Perspective 111(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 112(1)
Types of Crime 112(2)
Street Crime: Violent Offenses 113(1)
Taking a Stand: Should Sex Offenders Be 114(6)
Required to Register?
Street Crime: Property Offenses 115(1)
Vice Crimes 115(1)
White-Collar Crime 116(1)
Computer Crime 117(2)
Juvenile Delinquency 119(1)
Demographic Patterns of Crime 120(2)
Gender and Crime 120(1)
Age and Crime 121(1)
Race, Social Class, and Crime 121(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: Race 122(3)
and Ethnicity in Sentencing Outcomes
Region and Crime 123(2)
The Costs of Crime and Social Control 125(1)
Economic Costs 125(1)
Social and Psychological Costs 126(1)
Strategies for Action: Crime and Social 126(5)
Local Initiatives 127(1)
Criminal Justice Policy 128(3)
The Human Side: Witness to an Execution 131(2)
Legislative Action 132(1)
Focus on Technology: DNA Evidence 133(1)
Understanding Crime and Social Control 134(1)
Chapter Review 135(1)
Critical Thinking 136(1)
Key Terms 136(1)
Media Resources 136(1)
Family Problems 137(45)
The Global Context: Families of the World 138(3)
Monogamy, Polygamy, and Arranged 138(2)
Role of Women in the Family 140(1)
Same-Sex Relationships 140(1)
Changing Patterns and Structures in U.S. 141(5)
Families and Households
The Marital Decline and Marital 144(2)
Resilience Perspectives on the American
Sociological Theories of Family Problems 146(2)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 146(1)
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives 146(2)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 148(1)
Violence and Abuse in Intimate and Family 148(1)
Self and Society: Abusive Behavior 149(8)
Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse 150(2)
Child Abuse 152(3)
Elder Abuse, Parent Abuse, and Sibling 155(1)
Factors Contributing to Intimate 155(2)
Partner and Family Violence and Abuse
Strategies for Action: Preventing and 157(3)
Responding to Violence and Abuse in
Intimate and Family Relationships
Primary Prevention Strategies 157(2)
Secondary Prevention Strategies 159(1)
Tertiary Prevention Strategies 159(1)
Problems Associated with Divorce 160(4)
Social Causes of Divorce 160(2)
Consequences of Divorce 162(2)
Focus on Technology: DNA Paternity 164(1)
Testing and Child Support
The Human Side: My Parents' Divorce 165(2)
Strategies for Action: Strengthening 167(3)
Marriage and Alleviating Problems of
Strategies to Strengthen Marriage and 167(2)
Prevent Divorce
Strategies to Strengthen Families 169(1)
During and After Divorce
Nonmarital and Teenage Childbearing 170(4)
Social Factors Related to Nonmarital 172(1)
and Teenage Childbearing
Social Problems Related to Nonmarital 173(1)
and Teenage Childbearing
Social Problems Research Up Close: 174(2)
Perceptions of Marriage Among Low-Income
Single Mothers
Strategies for Action: Interventions in 176(2)
Teenage and Nonmarital Childbearing
Teenage Pregnancy Prevention 176(2)
Taking a Stand: Should Pharmacists Be 178(1)
Allowed to Refuse to Fill Prescriptions
for Birth Control Products?
Increasing Life Options of Teenagers 178(1)
and Unmarried Mothers
Increase Men's Involvement with Children 178(1)
Understanding Family Problems 179(1)
Chapter Review 180(1)
Critical Thinking 181(1)
Key Terms 181(1)
Media Resources 181(1)
Part 3: Problems of Inequality
Poverty and Economic Inequality 182(37)
The Global Context: Poverty and Economic 185(3)
Inequality Around the World
Defining and Measuring Poverty 185(2)
The Extent of Global Poverty and 187(1)
Economic Inequality
Sociological Theories of Poverty and 188(2)
Economic Inequality
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 188(1)
Conflict Perspective 189(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 190(1)
Economic Inequality and Poverty in the 190(4)
United States
Economic Inequality in the United States 191(1)
Patterns of Poverty in the United States 191(3)
Consequences of Poverty and Economic 194(2)
Health Problems, Hunger, and Poverty 194(2)
Self and Society: Food Security Scale 196(4)
Educational Problems and Poverty 196(1)
Family Stress and Parenting Problems 197(1)
Associated with Poverty
Housing Problems and Homelessness 198(1)
Intergenerational Poverty 199(1)
The Human Side: Life on the Streets: New 200(2)
York's Homeless
War and Social Conflict 200(2)
Strategies for Action: Antipoverty 202(3)
Programs, Policies, and Proposals
Government Public Assistance and 202(3)
Welfare Programs in the United States
Taking a Stand: Do Laws That Prohibit 205(5)
Homeless People from Begging and Sleeping
in Public Unfairly Punish the Homeless?
Welfare in the United States: Myths and 207(1)
Minimum Wage Increase and ``Living 208(1)
Wage'' Laws
Faith-Based Services for the Poor 209(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: Making 210(3)
Ends Meet: Survival Strategies Among
Low-Income and Welfare Single Mothers
International Responses to Poverty 211(2)
Understanding Poverty and Economic 213(1)
Focus on Technology: Is Genetically 214(3)
Modified Food the Solution for Global
Chapter Review 217(1)
Critical Thinking 217(1)
Key Terms 217(1)
Media Resources 218(1)
Work and Employment 219(36)
The Global Context: The Economy in the 220(4)
21st Century
Socialism and Capitalism 220(1)
Industrialization, 221(1)
Post-Industrialization, and the
Changing Nature of Work
The Globalization of Trade and Free 222(1)
Trade Agreements
Transnational Corporations 223(1)
Sociological Theories of Work and the 224(3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 224(1)
Conflict Perspective 225(2)
Self and Society: How Do You Define the 227(1)
American Dream?
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 227(1)
Problems of Work and Unemployment 228(6)
Forced Labor and Slavery 228(2)
Sweatshop Labor 230(1)
Health and Safety Hazards in the U.S. 231(2)
Job Dissatisfaction and Alienation 233(1)
The Human Side: Excerpts from an 234(2)
Interview with Barbara Ehrenreich, Author
of Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By
in America
Work-Family Concerns 234(2)
Taking a Stand: Should Employers Have the 236(4)
Right to Monitor Their Employees' E-Mails
from the Work Site?
Unemployment and Underemployment 237(1)
Labor Unions and the Struggle for 238(2)
Workers' Rights
Social Problems Research Up Close: Annual 240(2)
Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights
Strategies for Action: Responses to 242(6)
Workers' Concerns
Efforts to End Slavery 242(1)
Responses to Sweatshop Labor 243(1)
Responses to Worker Health and Safety 243(2)
Work-Family Policies and Programs 245(2)
Workforce Development and Job-Creation 247(1)
Focus on Technology: Telework: The New 248(4)
Workplace of the 21st Century
Efforts to Strengthen Labor 249(2)
Challenges to Corporate Power and 251(1)
Understanding Work and Unemployment 252(1)
Chapter Review 253(1)
Critical Thinking 254(1)
Key Terms 254(1)
Media Resources 254(1)
Problems in Education 255(34)
The Global Context: Cross-Cultural 256(1)
Variations in Education
Social Problems Research Up Close: Guns, 257(2)
Kids, and Schools
Taking a Stand: Should Schools Be 259(1)
Sociological Theories of Education 259(4)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 260(2)
Conflict Perspective 262(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 263(1)
Who Succeeds? The Inequality of 263(8)
Educational Attainment
Social Class and Family Background 263(3)
Race and Ethnicity 266(3)
Gender 269(2)
Self and Society: Student Alienation Scale 271(1)
Problems in the American Educational 272(7)
Low Levels of Academic Achievement 272(1)
School Dropouts 273(1)
Violence in the Schools 274(2)
Inadequate School Facilities and 276(1)
Recruitment and Retention of Quality 277(2)
Strategies for Action: Trends and 279(1)
Innovations in American Education
National Educational Policy 279(1)
The Human Side: The Pendulum of Change 280(4)
Character Education 282(1)
Computer Technology in Education 283(1)
School Choice 283(1)
Focus on Technology: Distance Learning 284(2)
and the New Education
Understanding Problems in Education 286(1)
Chapter Review 287(1)
Critical Thinking 288(1)
Key Terms 288(1)
Media Resources 288(1)
Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration 289(42)
The Global Context: Diversity Worldwide 291(4)
The Social Construction of Race 291(1)
Patterns of Racial and Ethnic Group 292(3)
Racial and Ethnic Group Diversity and 295(4)
Relations in the United States
Racial Diversity in the United States 295(2)
Ethnic Diversity in the United States 297(1)
Race and Ethnic Group Relations in the 297(2)
United States
Immigrants in America 299(1)
U.S. Immigration: A Historical 299(1)
Self and Society: Attitudes Toward U.S. 300(5)
Immigrants and Immigration
Being a U.S. Immigrant: Challenges and 300(3)
Illegal Immigration 303(1)
Becoming a U.S. Citizen 304(1)
Taking a Stand: Should Undocumented 305(1)
Immigrants Quality for In-State College
Sociological Theories of Race and Ethnic 305(3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 306(1)
Conflict Perspective 306(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 307(1)
Prejudice and Racism 308(2)
Aversive and Modem Racism 308(1)
Learning to Be Prejudiced: The Role of 309(1)
Socialization and the Media
Focus on Technology: Hate on the Web 310(2)
Discrimination Against Racial and Ethnic 312(4)
Individual Versus Institutional 312(1)
Employment Discrimination 313(1)
Housing Discrimination and Segregation 314(1)
Educational Discrimination and 315(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: An 316(4)
Undergraduate Sociology Class Uncovers
Racial Discrimination in Housing
Political Discrimination 318(1)
Hate Crimes 318(2)
The Human Side: Anti-Immigrant Hate: One 320(2)
Immigrant's Experience
Strategies for Action: Responding to 322(6)
Prejudice, Racism, and Discrimination
Legal and Political Strategies 322(1)
Affirmative Action 323(3)
Educational Strategies 326(2)
Understanding Race, Ethnicity, and 328(1)
Chapter Review 329(1)
Critical Thinking 330(1)
Key Terms 330(1)
Media Resources 330(1)
Gender Inequality 331(37)
The Global Context: The Status of Women 333(3)
and Men
Inequality in the United States 335(1)
Self and Society: The Beliefs About Women 336(1)
Scale (BAWS)
Sociological Theories of Gender Inequality 337(2)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 337(1)
Conflict Perspective 337(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 338(1)
Gender Stratification: Structural Sexism 339(5)
Education and Structural Sexism 339(2)
Work and Structural Sexism 341(2)
Income and Structural Sexism 343(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: Gender 344(4)
and the Quantity and Quality of Free Time
Politics and Structural Sexism 346(2)
Civil Rights, the Law, and Structural 348(1)
The Social Construction of Gender Roles: 348(2)
Cultural Sexism
Family Relations and Cultural Sexism 349(1)
Focus on Technology: Sex Selection of 350(5)
The School Experience and Cultural 352(2)
Media, Language, and Cultural Sexism 354(1)
Religion and Cultural Sexism 355(1)
Social Problems and Traditional Gender 355(3)
Role Socialization
The Feminization of Poverty 356(1)
Social-Psychological and Other Health 356(2)
The Human Side: Real Boys' Voices 358(1)
Taking a Stand: Are Gender Roles a Matter 359(1)
of Biology or Environment?
Conflict in Relationships 359(1)
Strategies for Action: Toward Gender 360(4)
Grassroots Movements 360(2)
Public Policy 362(2)
International Efforts 364(1)
Understanding Gender Inequality 364(2)
Chapter Review 366(1)
Critical Thinking 366(1)
Key Terms 367(1)
Media Resources 367(1)
Issues in Sexual Orientation 368(40)
The Global Context: A World View of Laws 370(2)
Pertaining to Homosexuality
Homosexuality and Bisexuality in the 372(2)
United States: A Demographic Overview
Sexual Orientation: Problems Associated 372(1)
with Identification and Classification
The Prevalence of Nonheterosexual 373(1)
Adults in the United States
Prevalence of Same Sex Unmarried Couple 373(1)
Households in the United States
The Origins of Sexual Orientation 374(2)
Beliefs About What ``Causes'' 374(1)
Can Homosexuals Change Their Sexual 374(2)
Sociological Theories of Sexual 376(3)
Orientation Issues
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 376(1)
Conflict-Perspective 377(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 378(1)
Heterosexism, Homophobia, and Biphobia 379(1)
Homophobia 379(1)
Self and Society: The Self-Report of 380(4)
Behavior Scale (Revised)
Biphobia 383(1)
Changing Attitudes Toward Homosexuality 383(1)
Discrimination Against Sexual Orientation 384(2)
Discrimination in the Workplace and in 385(1)
Discrimination in the Military 385(1)
Focus on Technology: Effect of Internet 386(2)
Filtering and Monitoring on Sexual
Orientation Minorities
Discrimination in Marriage 387(1)
Taking a Stand: Should Religious 388(2)
Organizations That Receive Federal Funds
to Provide Social Services Under the
Faith-Based Initiative Be Allowed to
Discriminate in Hiring?
The Human Side: Effects of a Federal 390(4)
Marriage Amendment on Gay and Lesbian
Families: One Woman's Plea to ``Do No
Discrimination in Child Custody and 391(1)
Discrimination in Adoption and Foster 392(1)
Hate Crimes Against Sexual Orientation 392(1)
Antigay Hate in Schools and on Campuses 393(1)
Police Mistreatment of Sexual 394(1)
Orientation Minorities
Effects of Homophobia, Heterosexism, and 394(2)
Antigay Discrimination on Heterosexuals
Social Problems Research Up Close: Campus 396(1)
Climate for GLBT People: A National
Strategies for Action: Reducing Antigay 396(8)
Prejudice and Discrimination
Reducing Employment Discrimination 398(2)
Against Sexual Orientation Minorities
Providing Legal Recognition and Support 400(1)
to Lesbian and Gay Couples
Protecting Gay and Lesbian Parental 401(1)
Antigay Hate Crimes Legislation 402(1)
Educational Strategies: Policies and 402(1)
Programs in the Public Schools
Campus Policies and Programs Dealing 403(1)
with Sexual Orientation
Understanding Issues in Sexual Orientation 404(2)
Chapter Review 406(1)
Critical Thinking 407(1)
Key Terms 407(1)
Media Resources 407(1)
Problems of Youth and Aging 408(34)
The Global Context: Youth and Aging 409(1)
Around the World
Youth and Aging 410(2)
Childhood, Adulthood, and Elderhood 411(1)
Sociological Theories of Age Inequality 412(3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 412(1)
Conflict Perspective 413(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 413(2)
Problems of Youth 415(1)
Child Labor 415(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: 416(7)
Television and the Portrayal of the
Orphaned and Street Children 419(1)
Children's Rights 420(1)
Foster Care and Adoption 420(1)
Poverty and Economic Discrimination 421(1)
Children, Violence, and the Media 422(1)
Children's Health 422(1)
The Human Side: Growing Up in the Other 423(1)
Kids in Crisis 423(1)
Demographics: The Graying of America 424(2)
Age and Race and Ethnicity 424(1)
Age and Sex 424(2)
Age and Social Class 426(1)
Problems of the Elderly 426(1)
Self and Society: Facts on Aging Quiz 427(3)
Work and Retirement 427(1)
Poverty 428(2)
Taking a Stand: Should Social Security Be 430(4)
Health Issues 430(1)
Living Arrangements 431(2)
Victimization and Abuse 433(1)
Quality of Life 433(1)
Strategies for Action: Growing Up and 434(1)
Growing Old
Collective Action 434(1)
Focus on Technology: Physician-Assisted 435(4)
Suicide and Social Policy
Political Power 436(1)
Economic Power 436(1)
Fighting Discrimination 437(1)
Government Policy 438(1)
Understanding Youth and Aging 439(1)
Chapter Review 440(1)
Critical Thinking 440(1)
Key Terms 441(1)
Media Resources 441(1)
Part 4: Problems of Globalization
Population Growth and Urbanization 442(30)
The Global Context: A World View of 443(6)
Population Growth and Urbanization
World Population: History, Current 443(3)
Trends, and Future Projections
An Overview of Urbanization Worldwide 446(3)
and in the United States
Sociological Theories of Population 449(3)
Growth and Urbanization
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 449(1)
Conflict Perspective 450(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 450(2)
The Human Side: Voices from Around the 452(1)
World: Women and Men Talk About Family
Social Problems Related to Population 452(6)
Growth and Urbanization
Problems Associated with 453(1)
Below-Replacement Fertility
Environmental Problems and Resource 454(1)
Poverty and Unemployment 454(1)
Global Insecurity 455(1)
Poor Maternal, Infant, and Child Health 456(1)
Transportation and Traffic Problems 456(1)
Effects of Sprawl on Wildlife and Human 457(1)
Strategies for Action: Responding to 458(1)
Problems of Population Growth, Population
Decline, and Urbanization
Social Problems Research Up Close: 459(1)
Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and
Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity
Efforts to Maintain or Increase 459(1)
Population in Low-Fertility Countries
Self and Society: Attitudes Toward 460(4)
Walking and Creating Better Walking
Provide Access to Family Planning 460(3)
Improve the Status of Women: The 463(1)
Importance of Education and Employment
Increase Economic Development and 463(1)
Improve Health
Taking a Stand: Do You Think Safe 464(4)
Abortion Should Be Part of Reproductive
Health Care in Developing Countries?
Restore Urban Prosperity 464(2)
Improve Transportation and Alleviate 466(1)
Traffic Congestion
Responding to Urban Sprawl: Growth 467(1)
Boundaries, Smart Growth, and New
Regionalism 467(1)
Focus on Technology: A Return to Simpler 468(1)
Technology: Bicycles as a Solution to
Urban Problems
Strategies for Reducing Urban Growth in 469(1)
Developing Countries
Understanding Problems of Population 469(1)
Growth and Urbanization
Chapter Review 470(1)
Critical Thinking 471(1)
Key Terms 471(1)
Media Resources 471(1)
Environmental Problems 472(40)
The Global Context: Globalization and the 473(2)
Permeability of International Borders 474(1)
Cultural and Social Integration 474(1)
The Growth of Transnational 474(1)
Corporations and Free Trade Agreements
Sociological Theories of Environmental 475(4)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 475(1)
Conflict Perspective 476(1)
Ecofeminist Perspective 477(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 478(1)
Environmental Problems: An Overview 479(1)
Energy Use Worldwide: An Overview 479(1)
Self and Society: Attitudes Toward Energy 480(8)
and the Environment
Depletion of Natural Resources 481(1)
Air Pollution 482(2)
Global Warming and Climate Change 484(2)
Land Pollution 486(1)
Water Pollution 487(1)
Focus on Technology: Environmental and 488(4)
Health Hazards of Computer Manufacturing,
Disposal, and Recycling
Chemicals, Carcinogens, and Health 490(2)
Social Problems Research Up Close: The 492(4)
Third National Report on Human Exposure
to Environmental Chemicals
Environmental Injustice 493(2)
Threats to Biodiversity 495(1)
Environmental Problems and Disappearing 495(1)
Social Causes of Environmental Problems 496(2)
Population Growth 496(1)
Industrialization and Economic 497(1)
Cultural Values and Attitudes 498(1)
Strategies for Action: Responding to 498(2)
Environmental Problems
Environmental Activism 498(2)
The Human Side: An Interview with West 500(3)
Virginia Anti-Mountaintop Removal
Activist Julia Bonds
Environmental Education 502(1)
Taking a Stand: Should Corporate Law Be 503(5)
Changed to Include the Code for Corporate
``Green'' Energy 503(2)
Modifications in Consumer Behavior 505(1)
Government Policies, Regulations, and 506(1)
Sustainable Economic Development 507(1)
International Cooperation and Assistance 507(1)
Understanding Environmental Problems 508(2)
Chapter Review 510(1)
Critical Thinking 511(1)
Key Terms 511(1)
Media Resources 511(1)
Science and Technology 512(33)
Focus on Technology: New Technological 514(1)
The Global Context: The Technological 515(2)
Postmodernism and the Technological Fix 516(1)
Sociological Theories of Science and 517(2)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 517(1)
Conflict Perspective 518(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 518(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: The 519(1)
Social Construction of the Hacking
Technology and the Transformation of 520(9)
Technology in the Workplace 521(1)
The Computer Revolution 522(2)
The Internet 524(2)
Science and Biotechnology 526(3)
Self and Society: Abortion Attitude Scale 529(1)
Societal Consequences of Science and 530(2)
Alienation, Deskilling, and Upskilling 530(2)
Taking a Stand: Should Federal Funds Be 532(2)
Used to Support Embryonic Stem Cell
Social Relationships and Social 532(1)
Loss of Privacy and Security 533(1)
The Human Side: Grow, Cells, Grow: One 534(4)
Child's Fight for Survival
Unemployment 535(1)
The Digital Divide 536(1)
Mental and Physical Health 537(1)
The Challenges to Traditional Values 538(1)
and Beliefs
Strategies for Action: Controlling 538(3)
Science and Technology
Science, Ethics, and the Law 538(1)
Technology and Corporate America 539(1)
Runaway Science and Government Policy 540(1)
Understanding Science and Technology 541(2)
Chapter Review 543(1)
Critical Thinking 543(1)
Key Terms 544(1)
Media Resources 544(1)
Conflict, War, and Terrorism 545
The Global Context: Conflict in a 546(2)
Changing World
War and Social Change 547(1)
Focus on Technology: Cyberwarfare and 548(1)
The Economics of Military Spending 549(1)
Sociological Theories of War 549(3)
Structural-Functionalist Perspective 549(2)
Conflict Perspective 551(1)
Social Problems Research Up Close: 552(3)
Generation X and the Military
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 552(3)
Causes of War 555(3)
Conflict over Land and Other Natural 555(1)
Conflict over Values and Ideologies 556(1)
Racial, Ethnic, and Religious 556(1)
Defense Against Hostile Attacks 557(1)
Revolution 557(1)
Nationalism 558(1)
Terrorism 558(6)
Types of Terrorism 558(2)
Patterns of Global Terrorism 560(1)
The Roots of Terrorism 561(1)
America's Response to Terrorism 561(3)
Taking a Stand: Does Antiterrorism 564(1)
Legislation Threaten Civil Liberties?
Social Problems Associated with Conflict, 565(1)
War, and Terrorism
Death and Disability 565(1)
Rape, Forced Prostitution, and 565(1)
Displacement of Women and Children
Self and Society: The Landmine Knowledge 566(5)
Social-Psychological Costs 567(1)
Diversion of Economic Resources 568(1)
Destruction of the Environment 568(3)
The Human Side: The Death of a Gulf War 571(1)
Strategies for Action: In Search of 572(5)
Global Peace
Redistribution of Economic Resources 572(1)
World Government 572(2)
The United Nations 574(1)
Mediation and Arbitration 575(1)
Arms Control and Disarmament 575(2)
Understanding Conflict, War, and Terrorism 577(1)
Chapter Review 578(1)
Critical Thinking 578(1)
Key Terms 579(1)
Media Resources 579
Epilogue 1 (1)
Appendix: Methods of Data Analysis 1 (1)
Glossary 1 (1)
References 1 (1)
Photo Credits 1 (1)
Name Index 1 (2)
Subject Index 3