応用大気力学<br>Applied Atmospheric Dynamics (HAR/CDR)

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応用大気力学
Applied Atmospheric Dynamics (HAR/CDR)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780470861721
  • DDC分類 551.5

基本説明

Strongly driven by descriptions of real world phenomena and ways in which these can be simplified. Part 1: Anatomy of a Cyclone, cover the fundamental theory of atmospheric dynamics. Part 2: features a set of applications of atmospheric dynamics to particular types of systems around the world.

Full Description


The weather can be a cause of disruption, despair and even danger everywhere around the world at one time or another. Even when benign it is a source of constant fascination. Applied Atmospheric Dynamics connects this interest with the theoretical underpinnings of fluid dynamics; linking real physical events as diverse as Hurricane Katrina and the strong katabatic winds of Antarctica, with quantitative conceptual models of atmospheric behaviour. Assuming only basic calculus the book provides a physical basis for understanding atmospheric motions around the globe as well as detailing the advances that have led to a greater understanding of weather and climate. The accompanying supplementary CD-ROM features colour graphics, maps, databases, animations, project materials, as well as weather data tips.*Covers the standard theoretical principles of atmospheric dynamics and applies the theory to global real world examples* Assumes only non-vector based calculus* Features supplementary CD-ROM with electronic versions of all figures, case study data and possible term projects* An invaluable text for students of Meteorology, Atmospheric Science, Geography and Environmental Science A Solutions Manual is also available for this textbook on the Instructor Companion Site www.wileyeurope.com/college/lynch

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Part I Anatomy of a cyclone 1 (164)
1 Anatomy of a cyclone 3 (20)
1.1 A 'typical' extra-tropical cyclone 3 (1)
1.2 Describing the atmosphere 4 (5)
1.3 Air masses and fronts 9 (5)
1.4 The structure of a typical 14 (6)
extra-tropical cyclone
Review questions 20 (3)
2 Mathematical methods in fluid dynamics 23 (18)
2.1 Scalars and vectors 23 (1)
2.2 The algebra of vectors 23 (4)
2.3 Scalar and vector fields 27 (1)
2.4 Coordinate systems on the Earth 27 (1)
2.5 Gradients of vectors 28 (3)
2.6 Line and surface integrals 31 (3)
2.7 Eulerian and Lagrangian frames of 34 (1)
reference
2.8 Advection 35 (3)
Review questions 38 (3)
3 Properties of fluids 41 (16)
3.1 Solids, liquids, and gases 41 (1)
3.2 Thermodynamic properties of air 42 (1)
3.3 Composition of the atmosphere 43 (3)
3.4 Static stability 46 (4)
3.5 The continuum hypothesis 50 (1)
3.6 Practical assumptions 50 (1)
3.7 Continuity equation 51 (2)
Review questions 53 (4)
4 Fundamental forces 57 (22)
4.1 Newton's second law: F= ma 57 (1)
4.2 Body, surface, and line forces 57 (1)
4.3 Forces in an inertial reference frame 58 (8)
4.4 Forces in a rotating reference frame 66 (6)
4.5 The Navier-Stokes equations 72 (2)
Review questions 74 (5)
5 Scale analysis 79 (14)
5.1 Dimensional homogeneity 79 (1)
5.2 Scales 80 (1)
5.3 Non-dimensional parameters 80 (4)
5.4 Scale analysis 84 (3)
5.5 The geostrophic approximation 87 (4)
Review questions 91 (2)
6 Simple steady motion 93 (26)
6.1 Natural coordinate system 93 (2)
6.2 Balanced flow 95 (9)
6.3 The Boussinesq approximation 104(1)
6.4 The thermal wind 105(3)
6.5 Departures from balance 108(6)
Review questions 114(5)
7 Circulation and vorticity 119(16)
7.1 Circulation 119(5)
7.2 Vorticity 124(2)
7.3 Conservation of potential vorticity 126(4)
7.4 An introduction to the vorticity 130(2)
equation
Review questions 132(3)
8 Simple wave motions 135(14)
8.1 Properties of waves 135(3)
8.2 Perturbation analysis 138(2)
8.3 Planetary waves 140(7)
Review questions 147(2)
9 Extra-tropical weather systems 149(16)
9.1 Fronts 149(3)
9.2 Frontal cyclones 152(9)
9.3 Baroclinic instability 161(1)
Review questions 162(3)
Part II Atmospheric phenomena 165(100)
10 Boundary layers 167(16)
10.1 Turbulence 168(1)
10.2 Reynolds decomposition 169(3)
10.3 Generation of turbulence 172(1)
10.4 Closure assumptions 173(8)
Review questions 181(2)
11 Clouds and severe weather 183(16)
11.1 Moist processes in the atmosphere 183(8)
11.2 Air mass thunderstorms 191(2)
11.3 Multi-cell thunderstorms 193(1)
11.4 Supercell thunderstorms and tornadoes 194(2)
11.5 Mesoscale convective systems 196(1)
Review questions 197(2)
12 Tropical weather 199(10)
12.1 Scales of motion 199(4)
12.2 Atmospheric oscillations 203(2)
12.3 Tropical cyclones 205(3)
Review questions 208(1)
13 Mountain weather 209(24)
13.1 Internal gravity waves 209(8)
13.2 Flow over mountains 217(9)
13.3 Downslope windstorms 226(4)
Review questions 230(3)
14 Polar weather 233(18)
14.1 Katabatic winds 233(9)
14.2 Barrier winds 242(5)
14.3 Polar lows 247(2)
Review questions 249(2)
15 Epilogue: the general circulation 251(14)
15.1 Fueled by the Sun 251(2)
15.2 Radiative幼onvective equilibrium 253(1)
15.3 The zonal mean circulation 254(5)
15.4 The angular momentum budget 259(2)
15.5 The energy cycle 261(4)
Appendix A symbols 265(6)
Appendix B constants and units 271(2)
Bibliography 273(4)
Index 277