海洋学および漁業におけるGIS<br>Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

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海洋学および漁業におけるGIS
Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 209 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415284639
  • DDC分類 551.4600285

基本説明

Provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines.

Full Description


Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications.This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks.Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

        List of colour plates                      ix
List of figures x
List of tables xii
Foreword xiii
Preface xvi
Marine Geographic Information Systems 1 (34)
Introduction 1 (9)
The Essential Goal of Marine GIS 10 (2)
Spatial Thinking and GIS Analysis in the 12 (7)
Marine Context
Conceptual Model of a Marine GIS 19 (4)
GIS and Scientific Visualisation Systems 23 (3)
Software Issues and Packages for Marine GIS 26 (1)
Development
Summary 27 (1)
References 28 (7)
GIS and Oceanography 35 (76)
Introduction 35 (3)
The Use of GIS in Various Fields of 38 (10)
Oceanography
Marine Geology 38 (2)
Flood Assessment 40 (1)
Coastal and Ocean Management 41 (2)
Coastal Zone Dynamics 43 (1)
Marine Oil Spills 44 (1)
Sea-Level Rise 45 (1)
Natural and Artificial Reefs 46 (1)
Wetlands and Watersheds 47 (1)
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation 48 (1)
Worldwide Oceanographic GIS Initiatives 48 (2)
Online Oceanographic GIS Tools 50 (5)
Oceanographic Data Sampling Methods 55 (4)
Oceanographic Data Sources and GIS Databases 59 (11)
Identification and Measurement of Upwelling 70 (4)
Events
Identification of Temperature and 74 (5)
Chlorophyll Fronts
Identification and Measurement of Gyres 79 (3)
Classification of Surface Waters 82 (3)
Mapping of the Seabed 85 (5)
Summary 90 (2)
References 92 (19)
GIS and Fisheries 111 (74)
Introduction 111 (4)
Worldwide Fisheries GIS Tools and 115 (6)
Initiatives
GIS Applications in Marine and Inland 121 (10)
Fisheries and Aquaculture
Marine Fisheries 123 (4)
Aquaculture 127 (3)
Inland Fisheries 130 (1)
Fisheries Data Sampling Methods 131 (4)
Fisheries Data Sources and GIS Databases 135 (5)
Mapping Production, Biological and Genetic 140 (7)
Data
Mapping of Spawning Grounds 147 (2)
Mapping Environmental Variation of 149 (4)
Production
Mapping Migration Corridors 153 (2)
Mapping Seasonal Essential Habitats 155 (5)
GIS and Fisheries Management 160 (4)
Summary 164 (1)
References 165 (20)
Instead of an Epilogue 185 (6)
References 188 (3)
Annex I: GIS Routines for Chapter Two 191 (10)
Annex II: GIS Routines for Chapter Three 201 (4)
Index 205