ダニエルズ&ワーシンガム筋力徒手テスト(第10版)<br>Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing : Techniques of Manual Examination and Performance Testing (10 SPI)

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ダニエルズ&ワーシンガム筋力徒手テスト(第10版)
Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing : Techniques of Manual Examination and Performance Testing (10 SPI)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 528 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780323569149
  • DDC分類 615

Full Description


A practical handbook on evaluating muscular strength and function, Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing: Techniques of Manual Examination and Performance Testing, 10th Edition helps you to understand and master procedures in manual muscle testing and performance testing. Clear, illustrated instructions provide a guide to patient positioning, direction of motion, and direction of resistance. In addition to muscle testing of normal individuals and others with weakness or paralysis, this edition includes coverage of alternative strength tests and performance tests for older adults and others with functional decline (such as the inactive and obese). The tenth edition also includes coverage of muscle dynamometry and a sampling of ideal exercises. Updated by educators Dale Avers and Marybeth Brown, this classic physical therapy reference once again features a companion website with many new video clips demonstrating the latest muscle testing procedures and alternatives to muscle testing. In addition, two online only chapters - Cranial Nerve and Ready Reference Anatomy - have been added.Drawings and arrows along with clear written directions make it easy to understand and perform muscle testing procedures, allowing you to assess deficits in strength, balance, and range of motion.More than 500 illustrations clearly show testing sequences, muscle anatomy, and muscle innervation.Chapters on performance testing cover functional strength testing in older adults and those with functional decline, and testing muscle performance in various clinical settings. Chapters on manual muscle testing address when to use manual muscle testing, the limitations of manual muscle testing, and alternatives to manual muscle testing.Details of muscle anatomy and innervation help in linking muscle topography with function.Helpful Hints and Substitutions boxes provide additional tips and highlight muscle substitutions that may occur during a test to ensure greater accuracy in testing.A constant reference number clearly identifies each muscle in the body, indexed in the Alphabetical List of Muscles by Region as well as in the Ready Reference Anatomy Manual on Evolve, to speed cross-referencing and help you to quickly identify any muscle.NEW! Content on the muscle dynamometer and muscle dynamometry data introduces you to muscle dynamometry including muscle dynamometer methods and results with each muscle.NEW! Video clips demonstrate the latest muscle testing techniques and alternative muscle testing procedures in a clinical setting.NEW! Ideal exercises for selected muscles thoroughly explain procedures based on the literature.NEW! Additional Video Educational Content box alerts you when videos associated with that chapter are available to view.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Brief History of Muscle Testing      xi
How to Use This Book xii
Names of the Muscles xiii
Anatomical Authorities xiii
The Convention of Arrows in the Text xiii
Chapter 1 Principles of Manual Muscle 1 (10)
Testing
Grading System 2 (1)
Overview of Test Procedures 2 (1)
Criteria for Assigning a Muscle Test Grade 3 (3)
Screening Tests 6 (1)
Preparing for the Muscle Test 6 (3)
Exercises 9 (1)
Prime Movers 10 (1)
Chapter 2 Relevance and Limitations of 11 (8)
Manual Muscle Testing
Introduction 12 (1)
The Examiner and the Value of the Muscle 12 (1)
Test
Influence of the Patient on the Test 13 (1)
Use of Manual Muscle Testing in Various 13 (3)
Clinical Settings
Limitations of Manual Muscle Testing 16 (3)
Chapter 3 Testing the Muscles of the Neck 19 (22)
Capital Extension 21 (5)
Cervical Extension 26 (4)
Capital Flexion (Chin Tuck) 30 (4)
Cervical Flexion 34 (4)
Flexion to Isolate a Single 38 (1)
Sternocleidomastoid
Cervical Rotation 39 (2)
Chapter 4 Testing the Muscles of the Trunk 41 (48)
and Pelvic Floor
Trunk Extension 42 (7)
Lumbar Spine 45 (1)
Thoracic Spine 46 (3)
Elevation of the Pelvis 49 (4)
Trunk Flexion 53 (6)
Trunk Rotation 59 (5)
Core Tests 64 (7)
Core Strength, Stability, and Endurance 64 (7)
Quiet Inspiration 71 (7)
Diaphragm 75 (2)
Intercostals 77 (1)
Forced Expiration 78 (3)
Pelvic Floor 81 (8)
Chapter 5 Testing the Muscles of the Upper 89 (136)
Extremity
Introduction to Shoulder Girdle Strength 91 (3)
Testing
Scapular Abduction and Upward Rotation 94 (4)
Scapular Elevation 98 (3)
Scapular Adduction (Retraction) 101 (3)
Scapular Depression and Adduction 104 (3)
Scapular Adduction (Retraction) and 107 (5)
Downward Rotation
Latissimus Dorsi 112 (5)
Introduction to Testing the Deltoid 117 (1)
Shoulder Flexion 118 (4)
Shoulder Extension 122 (4)
Shoulder Abduction 126 (5)
Shoulder Horizontal Abduction 131 (3)
Shoulder Horizontal Adduction 134 (4)
Introduction to the Rotator Cuff 138 (1)
Shoulder External Rotation 139 (5)
Shoulder Internal Rotation 144 (6)
Elbow Flexion 150 (5)
Elbow Extension 155 (5)
Forearm Supination 160 (5)
Forearm Pronation 165 (4)
Wrist Flexion 169 (5)
Wrist Extension 174 (5)
Introduction to Testing the Muscles of 179 (1)
the Hand
Extrinsic Muscles 179 (1)
Finger PIP and DIP Flexion 180 (3)
Combined DIP and PIP Tests 182 (1)
PIP Tests 183 (2)
DIP Tests 185 (1)
Finger MCP Extension 186 (4)
Intrinsic Muscles 189 (1)
Finger MCP Flexion 190 (5)
Finger Abduction 195 (2)
Finger Adduction 197 (4)
Thumb Muscles 199 (2)
Thumb MCP and IP Flexion 201 (3)
Thumb IP Flexion 204 (1)
Thumb MCP and IP Extension 205 (4)
Thumb Abduction 209 (3)
Abductor Pollicis Longus 210 (1)
Abductor Pollicis Brevis 211 (1)
Thumb Adduction 212 (3)
Opposition (Thumb to Little Finger) 215 (3)
Grip Strength 218 (7)
Chapter 6 Testing the Muscles of the Lower 225 (82)
Extremity
Hip Flexion 226 (5)
Hip Flexion, Abduction, and External 231 (3)
Rotation With Knee Flexion
Hip Extension 234 (10)
Hip Extension Test to Isolate Gluteus 238 (2)
Maximus
Hip Extension Tests Modified for Hip 240 (2)
Flexion Tightness
Supine Hip Extension Test 242 (2)
Hip Abduction 244 (5)
Hip Abduction From Flexed Position 249 (3)
Hip Adduction 252 (5)
Hip External Rotation 257 (4)
Hip Internal Rotation 261 (3)
Knee Flexion 264 (6)
Hamstring Muscles in Aggregate 266 (1)
Medial Hamstring Test (Semitendinosus 266 (1)
and Semimembranosus)
Lateral Hamstring Test (Biceps Femoris) 267 (3)
Knee Extension 270 (6)
Ankle Plantar Flexion 276 (7)
Gastrocnemius and Soleus Test 278 (5)
Foot Dorsiflexion and Inversion 283 (3)
Foot Inversion 286 (3)
Foot Eversion With Plantar Flexion 289 (4)
Hallux and Toe MP Flexion 293 (4)
Hallux MP Flexion 295 (1)
Toe MP Flexion 296 (1)
Hallux and Toe DIP and PIP Flexion 297 (3)
Hallux and Toe MP and IP Extension 300 (7)
Chapter 7 Alternatives to Manual Muscle 307 (24)
Testing
Introduction 308 (3)
One-repetition Maximum Test 309 (1)
Multiple-repetition Maximum Test 310 (1)
Equipment-Based Strength Testing 311 (10)
Sitting Unilateral Knee Extension Test 311 (1)
Leg Press Test 312 (2)
Latissimus Dorsi Pull-Down Test 314 (1)
Free Weights Testing 315 (2)
Isokinetic Testing 317 (1)
Elastic Band Testing 318 (2)
Isometric Cable Tensiometry Testing 320 (1)
Power Testing 321 (6)
Body-Weight Testing 327 (2)
Cyriax Method of Testing Contractile 329 (2)
Lesions
Chapter 8 Testing Functional Performance 331 (30)
Introduction 332 (2)
Chair Stand 334 (3)
Gait Speed 337 (3)
Physical Performance Test and Modified 340 (11)
Physical Performance Test
Timed Up and Go 351 (2)
Stair Climb 353 (2)
Floor Rise 355 (2)
Gait 357 (4)
Chapter 9 Handheld Muscle Dynamometry 361 (23)
Introduction 362 (2)
Shoulder Flexion 364 (1)
Shoulder Extension 365 (1)
Shoulder Abduction 366 (1)
Shoulder External Rotation 367 (1)
Shoulder Internal Rotation 368 (1)
Elbow Flexion 369 (1)
Elbow Extension 370 (1)
Wrist Extension 371 (1)
Hip Flexion 372 (1)
Hip Extension 373 (1)
Hip Abduction 374 (1)
Hip External Rotation 375 (1)
Hip Internal Rotation 376 (1)
Knee Flexion 377 (1)
Knee Extension 378 (1)
Foot Dorsiflexion and Inversion 379 (5)
Chapter 10 Case Studies
Case 1 Shoulder Pain 384 (1)
Case 2 Compromised Gait and Function 385 (1)
Secondary to Muscle Weakness
Case 3 Fatigue Secondary to Muscle 386 (1)
Weakness
Case 4 Muscle Weakness Following Nerve 387 (1)
Injury
Case 5 Muscle Weakness Following Hip 388 (1)
Surgery
Case 6 Muscle Weakness Following 388 (3)
Childbirth
Index 391