気象学の創生<br>Weather by the Numbers : The Genesis of Modern Meteorology (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) (Reprint)

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気象学の創生
Weather by the Numbers : The Genesis of Modern Meteorology (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) (Reprint)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 308 p./サイズ 20 illus.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780262517355
  • DDC分類 551

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was publishied in 2008. Tells the story of the transformation of meteorology from a "guessing science" into a sophisticated physics - and mathematics - based scientific discipline.

Full Description


The history of the growth and professionalization of American meteorology and its transformation into a physics- and mathematics-based scientific discipline.For much of the first half of the twentieth century, meteorology was more art than science, dependent on an individual forecaster's lifetime of local experience. In Weather by the Numbers, Kristine Harper tells the story of the transformation of meteorology from a "guessing science" into a sophisticated scientific discipline based on physics and mathematics. What made this possible was the development of the electronic digital computer; earlier attempts at numerical weather prediction had foundered on the human inability to solve nonlinear equations quickly enough for timely forecasting. After World War II, the combination of an expanded observation network developed for military purposes, newly trained meteorologists, savvy about math and physics, and the nascent digital computer created a new way of approaching atmospheric theory and weather forecasting.This transformation of a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important intellectual achievement of twentieth-century meteorology, and paved the way for the growth of computer-assisted modeling in all the sciences.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   vii
Introduction 1 (10)
1 A Stagnant Atmosphere: The Weather 11 (38)
Services before World War II
2 Toward a More Dynamic Atmosphere: 49 (20)
Discipline Development in the Interwar
Period (1919--1938)
3 An Expanding Atmosphere: The War Years 69 (22)
(1939--1945)
4 Initial Atmospheric Conditions: 91 (30)
Scientific Goals, Civilian Manpower, and
Military Funding (1944--1948)
5 An International Atmosphere: Carl-Gustav 121(30)
Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection
(1948--1950)
6 Creating a Realistic Atmosphere 151(36)
(1950--1952)
7 A Changing Atmosphere: From Developmental 187(38)
to Operational Numerical Weather Prediction
(1952--1955)
8 A New Atmosphere 225(16)
Notes 241(38)
Bibliography 279(20)
Index 299