oRuth Hubbard and Lynda Birke have asked an important questionthe practices of biology change if organisms were considered subjects with agency? They have gathered an array of excellent scholars and a broad spectrum of perspectives...this is a fresh question and one very much on the minds of many people.O NLonda Schiebinger What would the study of life be like if omanO were not given a special place? The contributors to Reinventing Biology begin to answer that question, exploring what biology would blook like if scientists gave more forethought and concern to the organisms with which they work. These essays address a broad spectrum of concerns: How are organisms raised, housed, and maintained, and what concern is given to using the minimum number needed to address the question at hand? What does it mean to raise animals or plants specifically as experimental resources? What guides the decisions about which animals are routinely bred for experimental purposesNdogs and cats are not, unlike guinea pigs, rats, and mice. What about experiments with owildO animals and the impact of such experimentation on natural populations?The questions raised here point to contradictions in present-day biological research: debates about the lines between nature and culture, subject and object, organisms and machinesNespecially as machines become more sophisticated. Reinventing Biology also addresses the status and social responsibility of scientists, as well as the social construction of science and onature.O The contributors are Arnold Arluke, Lynda Birke, Anne Fausto-Sterling, Ruth Hubbard, Emily Martin, Judith C. Masters, Donna Mergler, Karen Messing, Stuart A. Newman, Lesley J. Rogers, Hilary Rose, Boria Sax, Vandana Shiva, Marianne van den Wijngaard and Betty J. Wall.
IntroductionNLynda Birke and Ruth Hubbard Part IoOtherO IntroductionNLynda Birke and Ruth Hubbard 1. Learning From the New Priesthood and the Shrieking Sisterhood: Debating the Life Sciences in Victorian EnglandNHilary Rose 2. oThe Rat CouldnOt Speak, But We Can:O Inhumanity in Occupational Health ResearchNKaren Messing and Donna Mergler 3. Democratizing BiologyNVandana Shiva Part II: Personal Accounts IntroductionNLynda Birke and Ruth Hubbard 4. On Keeping a Respectful DistanceNLynda Birke 5. The Logos of LifeNRuth Hubbard 6. More Than the Sum of Our PartsNBetty J. Wall Part III: Theorizing and Practice of Biology IntroductionNRuth Hubbard and Lynda Birke 7. Nature Is the Human Heart Made TangibleNAnne Fausto-Sterling 8. The Liberation of the Female RodentNMarianne van den Wijngaard 9. They Are Only AnimalsNLesley J. Rogers 10. Revolutionary Theory: Reinventing Our Origin MythsNJudith C. Masters Part IV: Border Crossings: Human/Animal, Live/Inanimate IntroductionNRuth Hubbard and Lynda Birke 11. Carnal Boundaries: The Commingling of Flesh in Theory and PracticeNStuart A. Newman 12. The Nazi Treatment of Animals and PeopleNArnold Arluke and Boria Sax 13. Working Across the Human-Other DivideNEmily martin EnvoiNRuth Hubbard and Lynda Birke About the Authors