シュライバー&アトキンス無機化学(第7版)<br>Inorganic Chemistry (7TH)

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シュライバー&アトキンス無機化学(第7版)
Inorganic Chemistry (7TH)

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  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780198768128
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Full Description


Leading the reader from the fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry, right through to cutting-edge research at the forefront of the subject, Inorganic Chemistry, Seventh Edition is the ideal course companion for the duration of a student's degree.The authors have drawn upon their extensive teaching and research experience to update this text; the seventh edition retains the much-praised clarity of style and layout from previous editions, while offering an enhanced section on 'expanding our horizons'. The latest innovative applications of green chemistry have been added, to clearly illustrate the real-world significance of the subject. This edition also sees a greater used of learning features, including substantial updates to the problem solving questions, additional self-tests and walk through explanations which enable students to check their understanding of key concepts and develop problem-solving skills. Providing comprehensive coverage of inorganic chemistry, while placing it in context, this text will enable the reader to fully master this important subject.Online Resources:Inorganic Chemistry, Seventh Edition is accompanied by a range of online resources:For registered adopters of the text:* Figures, marginal structures, and tables of data ready to download* Test bankFor students:* Answers to self-tests and exercises from the book* Tables for group theory* Web links* Links to interactive structures and other resources on www.chemtube3D.com

Table of Contents

Glossary of chemical abbreviations                 xxi
Part 1 Foundations 1 (286)
1 Atomic structure 3 (30)
The structures of hydrogenic atoms 7 (8)
1.1 Spectroscopic information 7 (1)
1.2 Some principles of quantum mechanics 8 (1)
1.3 Atomic orbitals 9 (6)
Many-electron atoms 15 (16)
1.4 Penetration and shielding 15 (3)
1.5 The building-up principle 18 (2)
1.6 The classification of the elements 20 (3)
1.7 Atomic properties 23 (8)
Further Reading 31 (1)
Exercises 31 (1)
Tutorial Problems 32 (1)
2 Molecular structure and bonding 33 (29)
Lewis structures 33 (5)
2.1 The octet rule 34 (1)
2.2 Resonance 35 (1)
2.3 The VSEPR model 35 (3)
Valence bond theory 38 (4)
2.4 The hydrogen molecule 38 (1)
2.5 Homonuclear diatomic molecules 39 (1)
2.6 Polyatomic molecules 40 (2)
Molecular orbital theory 42 (11)
2.7 An introduction to the theory 42 (3)
2.8 Homonuclear diatomic molecules 45 (3)
2.9 Heteronuclear diatomic molecules 48 (3)
2.10 Bond properties 51 (2)
Bond properties, reaction enthalpies, and 53 (6)
kinetics
2.11 Bond length 53 (1)
2.12 Bond strength and reaction enthalpies 54 (1)
2.13 Electronegativity and bond enthalpy 55 (2)
2.14 An introduction to catalysis 57 (2)
Further Reading 59 (1)
Exercises 59 (2)
Tutorial Problems 61 (1)
3 Molecular symmetry 62 (28)
An introduction to symmetry analysis 62 (9)
3.1 Symmetry operations, elements, and 63 (6)
point groups
3.2 Character tables 69 (2)
Applications of symmetry 71 (6)
3.3 Polar molecules 71 (1)
3.4 Chiral molecules 72 (1)
3.5 Molecular vibrations 73 (4)
The symmetries of molecular orbitals 77 (4)
3.6 Symmetry-adapted linear combinations 77 (1)
3.7 The construction of molecular orbitals 77 (3)
3.8 The vibrational analogy 80 (1)
Representations 81 (7)
3.9 The reduction of a representation 81 (1)
3.10 Projection operators 82 (1)
3.11 Polyatomic molecules 83 (5)
Further Reading 88 (1)
Exercises 88 (1)
Tutorial Problems 89 (1)
4 The structures of simple solids 90 (59)
The description of the structures of solids 91 (9)
4.1 Unit cells and the description of 91 (3)
crystal structures
4.2 The close packing of spheres 94 (3)
4.3 Holes in close-packed structures 97 (3)
The structures of metals and alloys 100(8)
4.4 Polytypism 101(1)
4.5 Nonclose-packed structures 101(1)
4.6 Polymorphism of metals 102(1)
4.7 Atomic radii of metals 103(1)
4.8 Alloys and interstitials 104(4)
Ionic solids 108(13)
4.9 Characteristic structures of ionic 109(8)
solids
4.10 The rationalization of structures 117(4)
The energetics of ionic bonding 121(10)
4.11 Lattice enthalpy and the Born-Haber 122(1)
cycle
4.12 The calculation of lattice enthalpies 123(2)
4.13 Comparison of experimental and 125(2)
theoretical values
4.14 The Kapustinskii equation 127(1)
4.15 Consequences of lattice enthalpies 128(3)
Defects and nonstoichiometry 131(6)
4.16 The origins and types of defects 131(4)
4.17 Nonstoichiometric compounds and 135(2)
solid solutions
The electronic structures of solids 137(7)
4.18 The conductivities of inorganic 137(1)
solids
4.19 Bands formed from overlapping atomic 138(4)
orbitals
4.20 Semiconduction 142(2)
Further information: the Born-Mayer equation 144(1)
Further Reading 145(1)
Exercises 145(3)
Tutorial Problems 148(1)
5 Acids and bases 149(36)
Bronsted acidity 150(7)
5.1 Proton transfer equilibria in water 151(6)
Characteristics of Bronsted acids 157(7)
5.2 Periodic trends in aqua acid strength 157(1)
5.3 Simple oxoacids 158(3)
5.4 Anhydrous oxides 161(1)
5.5 Polyoxo compound formation 162(2)
Lewis acidity 164(6)
5.6 Examples of Lewis acids and bases 164(1)
5.7 Group characteristics of Lewis acids 165(3)
5.8 Hydrogen bonding 168(2)
Reactions and properties of Lewis acids and 170(4)
bases
5.9 The fundamental types of reaction 170(1)
5.10 Factors governing interactions 171(2)
between Lewis acids and bases
5.11 Thermodynamic Lewis acidity 173(1)
parameters
Nonaqueous solvents 174(6)
5.12 Solvent levelling 174(1)
5.13 The Hammett acidity function and its 175(1)
application to strong, concentrated acids
5.14 The solvent system definition of 176(1)
acids and bases
5.15 Solvents as acids and bases 176(4)
Applications of add-base chemistry 180(1)
5.16 Superacids and superbases 180(1)
5.17 Heterogeneous acid-base reactions 180(1)
Further Reading 181(1)
Exercises 181(3)
Tutorial Problems 184(1)
6 Oxidation and reduction 185(31)
Reduction potentials 186(7)
6.1 Redox half-reactions 186(1)
6.2 Standard potentials and spontaneity 187(3)
6.3 Trends in standard potentials 190(1)
6.4 The electrochemical series 191(1)
6.5 The Nernst equation 192(1)
Redox stability 193(6)
6.6 The influence of pH 193(1)
6.7 Reactions with water 194(2)
6.8 Oxidation by atmospheric oxygen 196(1)
6.9 Disproportionation and 196(1)
comproportionation
6.10 The influence of complexation 197(1)
6.11 The relation between solubility and 198(1)
standard potentials
Diagrammatic presentation of potential data 199(7)
6.12 Latimer diagrams 199(1)
6.13 Frost diagrams 200(4)
6.14 Proton-coupled electron transfer: 204(1)
Pourbaix diagrams
6.15 Applications in environmental 205(1)
chemistry: natural waters
Chemical extraction of the elements 206(5)
6.16 Chemical reduction 206(4)
6.17 Chemical oxidation 210(1)
6.18 Electrochemical extraction 210(1)
Further Reading 211(1)
Exercises 212(2)
Tutorial Problems 214(2)
7 An introduction to coordination compounds 216(28)
The language of coordination chemistry 217(5)
7.1 Representative ligands 218(3)
7.2 Nomenclature 221(1)
Constitution and geometry 222(5)
7.3 Low coordination numbers 222(1)
7.4 Intermediate coordination numbers 223(2)
7.5 Higher coordination numbers 225(2)
7.6 Polymetallic complexes 227(1)
Isomerism and chirality 227(10)
7.7 Square-planar complexes 228(2)
7.8 Tetrahedral complexes 230(1)
7.9 Trigonal-bipyramidal and 230(1)
square-pyramidal complexes
7.10 Octahedral complexes 231(4)
7.11 Ligand chirality 235(2)
The thermodynamics of complex formation 237(5)
7.12 Formation constants 237(1)
7.13 Trends in successive formation 238(1)
constants
7.14 The chelate and macrocyclic effects 239(1)
7.15 Steric effects and electron 240(2)
delocalization
Further Reading 242(1)
Exercises 242(1)
Tutorial Problems 243(1)
8 Physical techniques in inorganic chemistry 244(43)
Diffraction methods 245(6)
8.1 X-ray diffraction 245(4)
8.2 Neutron diffraction 249(2)
Absorption and emission spectroscopies 251(9)
8.3 Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy 252(3)
8.4 Fluorescence or emission spectroscopy 255(1)
8.5 Infrared and Raman spectroscopy 256(4)
Resonance techniques 260(9)
8.6 Nuclear magnetic resonance 260(6)
8.7 Electron paramagnetic resonance 266(2)
8.8 Mossbauer spectroscopy 268(1)
Ionization-based techniques 269(5)
8.9 Photoelectron spectroscopy 269(1)
8.10 X-ray absorption spectroscopy 270(1)
8.11 Mass spectrometry 271(3)
Chemical analysis 274(4)
8.12 Atomic absorption spectroscopy 274(1)
8.13 CHN analysis 274(1)
8.14 X-ray fluorescence elemental analysis 275(1)
8.15 Thermal analysis 276(2)
Magnetometry and magnetic susceptibility 278(1)
Electrochemical techniques 279(2)
Microscopy 281(2)
8.16 Scanning probe microscopy 281(1)
8.17 Electron microscopy 282(1)
Further Reading 283(1)
Exercises 283(2)
Tutorial Problems 285(2)
Part 2 The elements and their compounds 287(432)
9 Periodic trends 289(22)
Periodic properties of the elements 289(11)
9.1 Valence electron configurations 289(1)
9.2 Atomic parameters 290(5)
9.3 Occurrence 295(1)
9.4 Metallic character 296(1)
9.5 Oxidation states 297(3)
Periodic characteristics of compounds 300(9)
9.6 Presence of unpaired electrons 300(1)
9.7 Coordination numbers 301(1)
9.8 Bond enthalpy trends 301(1)
9.9 Binary compounds 302(3)
9.10 Wider aspects of periodicity 305(3)
9.11 Anomalous nature of the first member 308(1)
of each group
Further Reading 309(1)
Exercises 310(1)
Tutorial Problems 310(1)
10 Hydrogen 311(25)
Part A: The essentials 311(6)
10.1 The element 312(1)
10.2 Simple compounds 313(4)
Part B: The detail 317(16)
10.3 Nuclear properties 317(1)
10.4 Production of dihydrogen 318(3)
10.5 Reactions of dihydrogen 321(1)
10.6 Compounds of hydrogen 322(10)
10.7 General methods for synthesis of 332(1)
binary hydrogen compounds
Further Reading 333(1)
Exercises 334(1)
Tutorial Problems 335(1)
11 The Group 1 elements 336(22)
Part A: The essentials 336(4)
11.1 The elements 337(1)
11.2 Simple compounds 338(2)
11.3 The atypical properties of lithium 340(1)
Part B: The detail 340(16)
11.4 Occurrence and extraction 340(1)
11.5 Uses of the elements and their 341(3)
compounds
11.6 Hydrides 344(1)
11.7 Halides 345(1)
11.8 Oxides and related compounds 346(2)
11.9 Sulfides, selenides, and tellurides 348(1)
11.10 Hydroxides 348(1)
11.11 Compounds of oxoacids 349(2)
11.12 Nitrides and carbides 351(1)
11.13 Solubility and hydration 352(1)
11.14 Solutions in liquid ammonia 352(1)
11.15 Zintl phases containing alkali 353(1)
metals
11.16 Coordination compounds 353(2)
11.17 Organometallic compounds 355(1)
Further Reading 356(1)
Exercises 356(1)
Tutorial Problems 357(1)
12 The Group 2 elements 358(22)
Part A: The essentials 359(3)
12.1 The elements 359(1)
12.2 Simple compounds 360(1)
12.3 The anomalous properties of beryllium 361(1)
Part B: The detail 362(16)
12.4 Occurrence and extraction 362(1)
12.5 Uses of the elements and their 363(2)
compounds
12.6 Hydrides 365(1)
12.7 Halides 365(2)
12.8 Oxides, sulfides, and hydroxides 367(2)
12.9 Nitrides and carbides369(1)
12.10 Salts of oxoacids 370(4)
12.11 Solubility, hydration, and 374(1)
beryllates
12.12 Coordination compounds 374(1)
12.13 Organometallic compounds 375(2)
12.14 Lower oxidation state Group 2 377(1)
compounds
Further Reading 378(1)
Exercises 378(1)
Tutorial Problems 378(2)
13 The Group 13 elements 380(32)
Part A: The essentials 381(5)
13.1 The elements 381(1)
13.2 Compounds 382(3)
13.3 Boron clusters and borides 385(1)
Part B: The detail 386(24)
13.4 Occurrence and recovery 387(1)
13.5 Uses of the elements and their 387(1)
compounds
13.6 Simple hydrides of boron 388(3)
13.7 Boron trihalides 391(2)
13.8 Boron-oxygen compounds 393(1)
13.9 Compounds of boron with nitrogen 394(2)
13.10 Metal borides 396(1)
13.11 Higher boranes and borohydrides 397(5)
13.12 Metallaboranes and carboranes 402(2)
13.13 The hydrides of aluminium, gallium, 404(1)
indium, and thallium
13.14 Trihalides of aluminium, gallium, 405(1)
indium, and thallium
13.15 Low oxidation state halides of 405(1)
aluminium, gallium, indium, and thallium
13.16 Oxo compounds of aluminium, 406(1)
gallium, indium, and thallium
13.17 Sulfides of gallium, indium, and 407(1)
thallium
13.18 Compounds with Group 15 elements 407(1)
13.19 Zintl phases 408(1)
13.20 Organometallic compounds 408(2)
Further Reading 410(1)
Exercises 410(1)
Tutorial Problems 411(1)
14 The Group 14 elements 412(33)
Part A: The essentials 413(4)
14.1 The elements 413(2)
14.2 Simple compounds 415(1)
14.3 Extended silicon-oxygen compounds 416(1)
Part B: The detail 417(25)
14.4 Occurrence and recovery 417(1)
14.5 Diamond and graphite 418(1)
14.6 Other forms of carbon 419(4)
14.7 Hydrides 423(2)
14.8 Compounds with halogens 425(3)
14.9 Compounds of carbon with oxygen and 428(3)
sulfur
14.10 Simple compounds of silicon with 431(2)
oxygen
14.11 Oxides of germanium, tin, and lead 433(1)
14.12 Compounds with nitrogen 433(1)
14.13 Carbides 434(2)
14.14 Silicides 436(1)
14.15 Extended silicon-oxygen compounds 437(3)
14.16 Organosilicon and organogermanium 440(1)
compounds
14.17 Organometallic compounds 441(1)
Further Reading 442(1)
Exercises 443(1)
Tutorial Problems 444(1)
15 The Group 15 elements 445(29)
Part A: The essentials 446(4)
15.1 The elements 446(1)
15.2 Simple compounds 447(2)
15.3 Oxides and oxoanions of nitrogen 449(1)
Part B: The detail 450(21)
15.4 Occurrence and recovery 450(1)
15.5 Uses 450(3)
15.6 Nitrogen activation 453(1)
15.7 Nitrides and azides 454(1)
15.8 Phosphides 455(1)
15.9 Arsenides, antimonides, and 456(1)
bismuthides
15.10 Hydrides 456(3)
15.11 Halides 459(1)
15.12 Oxohalides 460(1)
15.13 Oxides and oxoanions of nitrogen 460(5)
15.14 Oxides of phosphorus, arsenic, 465(1)
antimony, and bismuth
15.15 Oxoanions of phosphorus, arsenic, 466(1)
antimony, and bismuth
15.16 Condensed phosphates 467(1)
15.17 Phosphazenes 468(1)
15.18 Organometallic compounds of 469(2)
arsenic, antimony, and bismuth
Further Reading 471(1)
Exercises 471(2)
Tutorial Problems 473(1)
16 The Group 16 elements 474(26)
Part A: The essentials 475(3)
16.1 The elements 475(1)
16.2 Simple compounds 476(2)
16.3 Ring and cluster compounds 478(1)
Part B: The detail 478(19)
16.4 Oxygen 478(3)
16.5 Reactivity of oxygen 481(1)
16.6 Sulfur 481(2)
16.7 Selenium, tellurium, and polonium 483(1)
16.8 Hydrides 484(3)
16.9 Halides 487(1)
16.10 Metal oxides 487(1)
16.11 Metal sulfides, selenides, 488(1)
tellurides, and polonides
16.12 Oxides 489(2)
16.13 Oxoacids of sulfur 491(4)
16.14 Polyanions of sulfur, selenium, and 495(1)
tellurium
16.15 Polycations of sulfur, selenium, 496(1)
and tellurium
16.16 Sulfur-nitrogen compounds 496(1)
Further Reading 497(1)
Exercises 498(1)
Tutorial Problems 498(2)
17 The Group 17 elements 500(26)
Part A: The essentials 501(4)
17.1 The elements 501(1)
17.2 Simple compounds 502(1)
17.3 The interhalogens 503(2)
Part B: The detail 505(18)
17.4 Occurrence, recovery, and uses 505(3)
17.5 Molecular structure and properties 508(2)
17.6 Reactivity trends 510(1)
17.7 Pseudohalogens 510(1)
17.8 Special properties of fluorine 511(1)
compounds
17.9 Structural features 512(1)
17.10 The interhalogens 513(3)
17.11 Halogen oxides 516(1)
17.12 Oxoacids and oxoanions 517(1)
17.13 Thermodynamic aspects of oxoanion 518(1)
redox reactions
17.14 Trends in rates of oxoanion redox 519(1)
reactions
17.15 Redox properties of individual 520(2)
oxidation states
17.16 Fluorocarbons 522(1)
Further Reading 523(1)
Exercises 523(1)
Tutorial Problems 524(2)
18 The Group 18 elements 526(12)
Part A: The essentials 527(1)
18.1 The elements 527(1)
18.2 Simple compounds 527(1)
Part B: The detail 528(7)
18.3 Occurrence and recovery 528(1)
18.4 Uses 529(1)
18.5 Synthesis and structure of xenon 530(1)
fluorides
18.6 Reactions of xenon fluorides 531(1)
18.7 Xenon-oxygen compounds 532(1)
18.8 Xenon insertion compounds 533(1)
18.9 Organoxenon compounds 534(1)
18.10 Coordination compounds 534(1)
18.11 Other compounds of noble gases 535(1)
Further Reading 535(1)
Exercises 536(1)
Tutorial Problems 536(2)
19 The d-block elements 538(30)
Part A: The essentials 539(3)
19.1 Occurrence and recovery 539(1)
19.2 Chemical and physical properties 539(3)
Part B: The detail 542(24)
19.3 Group 3: scandium, yttrium, and 542(1)
lanthanum
19.4 Group 4: titanium, zirconium, and 543(2)
hafnium
19.5 Group 5: vanadium, niobium, and 545(4)
tantalum
19.6 Group 6: chromium, molybdenum, and 549(5)
tungsten
19.7 Group 7: manganese, technetium, and 554(2)
rhenium
19.8 Group 8: iron, ruthenium, and osmium 556(2)
19.9 Group 9: cobalt, rhodium, and iridium 558(1)
19.10 Group 10: nickel, palladium, and 559(2)
platinum
19.11 Group 11: copper, silver, and gold 561(2)
19.12 Group 12: zinc, cadmium, and mercury 563(3)
Further Reading 566(1)
Exercises 567(1)
Tutorial Problems 567(1)
20 d-Metal complexes: electronic structure 568(36)
and properties
Electronic structure 568(15)
20.1 Crystal-field theory 569(10)
20.2 Ligand-field theory 579(4)
Electronic spectra 583(15)
20.3 Electronic spectra of atoms 584(4)
20.4 Electronic spectra of complexes 588(5)
20.5 Charge-transfer bands 593(2)
20.6 Selection rules and intensities 595(2)
20.7 Luminescence 597(1)
Magnetism 598(3)
20.8 Cooperative magnetism 598(2)
20.9 Spin-crossover complexes 600(1)
Further Reading 601(1)
Exercises 601(1)
Tutorial Problems 602(2)
21 Coordination chemistry: reactions of 604(29)
complexes
Ligand substitution reactions 605(5)
21.1 Rates of ligand substitution 605(1)
21.2 The classification of mechanisms 606(4)
Ligand substitution in square-planar 610(4)
complexes
21.3 The nucleophilicity of the entering 610(1)
group
21.4 The shape of the transition state 611(3)
Ligand substitution in octahedral complexes 614(7)
21.5 Rate laws and their interpretation 614(1)
21.6 The activation of octahedral 615(4)
complexes
21.7 Base hydrolysis 619(1)
21.8 Stereochemistry 619(1)
21.9 Isomerization reactions 620(1)
Redox reactions 621(6)
21.10 The classification of redox 621(1)
reactions
21.11 The inner-sphere mechanism 622(2)
21.12 The outer-sphere mechanism 624(3)
Photochemical reactions 627(3)
21.13 Prompt and delayed reactions 628(1)
21.14 d-d and charge-transfer reactions 628(1)
21.15 Transitions in metal-metal bonded 629(1)
systems
Further Reading 630(1)
Exercises 630(1)
Tutorial Problems 631(2)
22 d-Metal organometallic chemistry 633(56)
Bonding 635(5)
22.1 Stable electron configurations 635(1)
22.2 Electron-count preference 636(1)
22.3 Electron counting and oxidation 637(2)
states
22.4 Nomenclature 639(1)
Ligands 640(14)
22.5 Carbon monoxide 640(2)
22.6 Phosphines 642(1)
22.7 Hydrides and dihydrogen complexes 643(1)
22.8 η1-Alkyl, -alkenyl, -alkynyl, 644(1)
and -aryl ligands
22.9 η2-Alkene and -alkyne ligands 645(1)
22.10 Nonconjugated diene and polyene 646(1)
ligands
22.11 Butadiene, cyclobutadiene, and 646(2)
cyclooctatetraene
22.12 Benzene and other arenes 648(1)
22.13 The allyl ligand 649(1)
22.14 Cyclopentadiene and cycloheptatriene 650(2)
22.15 Carbenes 652(1)
22.16 Alkanes, agostic hydrogens, and 653(1)
noble gases
22.17 Dinitrogen and nitrogen monoxide 653(1)
Compounds 654(13)
22.18 d-Block carbonyls 654(6)
22.19 Metallocenes 660(4)
22.20 Metal-metal bonding and metal 664(3)
clusters
Reactions 667(6)
22.21 Ligand substitution 667(3)
22.22 Oxidative addition and reductive 670(1)
elimination
22.23 σ-Bond metathesis 671(1)
22.24 1,1-Migratory insertion reactions 671(1)
22.25 1,2-Insertions and n-hydride 672(1)
elimination
22.26 &allpha;-, γ, and δ 673(1)
Hydride eliminations and cyclometallations
Catalysis 673(12)
22.27 Alkene metathesis 674(1)
22.28 Hydrogenation of alkenes 675(2)
22.29 Hydroformylation 677(2)
22.30 Wacker oxidation of alkenes 679(1)
22.31 Palladium-catalysed C-C 679(2)
bond-forming reactions
22.32 Oligomerization and polymerization 681(4)
Further Reading 685(1)
Exercises 685(2)
Tutorial Problems 687(2)
23 The f-block elements 689(30)
The elements 690(3)
23.1 The valence orbitals 690(1)
23.2 Occurrence and recovery 691(1)
23.3 Physical properties and applications 692(1)
Lanthanoid chemistry 693(16)
23.4 General trends 693(3)
23.5 Optical and magnetic properties 696(4)
23.6 Binary ionic compounds 700(2)
23.7 Ternary and complex oxides 702(1)
23.8 Coordination compounds 703(3)
23.9 Organometallic compounds 706(3)
Actinoid chemistry 709(7)
23.10 General trends 709(3)
23.11 Electronic spectra of the actinoids 712(1)
23.12 Thorium and uranium 713(2)
23.13 Neptunium, plutonium, and americium 715(1)
Further Reading 716(1)
Exercises 716(1)
Tutorial Problems 717(2)
Part 3 Expanding our horizons: advances and 719(182)
applications
24 Materials chemistry and nanomaterials 721(88)
Synthesis of materials 722(3)
24.1 The formation of bulk materials 722(3)
Defects and ion transport 725(6)
24.2 Extended defects 725(1)
24.3 Atom and ion diffusion 726(1)
24.4 Solid electrolytes 727(4)
Metal oxides, nitrides, and fluorides 731(18)
24.5 Monoxides of the 3d metals 732(2)
24.6 Higher oxides and complex oxides 734(11)
24.7 Oxide glasses 745(2)
24.8 Nitrides, fluorides, and mixed-anion 747(2)
phases
Sulfides, intercalation compounds, and 749(5)
metal-rich phases
24.9 Layered MS2 compounds and 750(3)
intercalation
24.10 Chevrel phases and chalcogenide 753(1)
thermoelectrics
Framework structures and heterogeneous 754(11)
catalysis in porous materials
24.11 Structures based on tetrahedral 755(3)
oxoanions
24.12 Structures based on linked 758(5)
octahedral and tetrahedral metal centres
24.13 Zeolites and microporous structures 763(2)
in heterogeneous catalysis
Hydrides and hydrogen-storage materials 765(4)
24.14 Metal hydrides 766(2)
24.15 Other inorganic hydrogen-storage 768(1)
materials
Optical properties of inorganic materials 769(4)
24.16 Coloured solids 770(1)
24.17 White and black pigments 771(1)
24.18 Photocatalysts 772(1)
Semiconductor chemistry 773(1)
24.19 Group 14 (760)
semiconductors 774(2)
24.20 Semiconductor systems isoelectronic 775(1)
with silicon
Molecular materials and fullerides 776(5)
24.21 Fullerides 776(1)
24.22 Molecular materials chemistry 777(4)
Nanomaterials 781(6)
24.23 Nanomaterial terminology and history 781(1)
24.24 Solution-based synthesis of 782(1)
nanoparticles
24.25 Vapour-phase synthesis of 783(1)
nanoparticles via solutions or solids
24.26 Templated synthesis of 784(2)
nanomaterials using frameworks, supports,
and substrates
24.27 Characterization and formation of 786(1)
nanomaterials using microscopy
Nanostructures and properties 787(11)
24.28 One-dimensional control: carbon 787(2)
nanotubes and inorganic nanowires
24.29 Two-dimensional control: graphene, 789(3)
quantum wells, and solid-state
superlattices
24.30 Three-dimensional control: 792(4)
mesoporous materials and composites
24.31 Special optical properties of 796(2)
nanomaterials
Heterogeneous nanoparticle catalysts 798(6)
24.32 The nature of heterogeneous 799(4)
catalysts
24.33 Reactions involving heterogeneous 803(1)
nanoparticle catalysts
Further Reading 804(1)
Exercises 805(1)
Tutorial Problems 806(3)
25 Green chemistry 809(15)
Twelve principles 810(12)
25.1 Prevention 810(1)
25.2 Atom economy 811(1)
25.3 Less hazardous chemical species 812(1)
25.4 Designing safer chemicals 813(1)
25.5 Safer solvents and auxiliaries 813(2)
25.6 Design for energy efficiency 815(1)
25.7 Use of renewable feedstocks 816(1)
25.8 Reduce derivatives 817(1)
25.9 Catalysis 818(2)
25.10 Design for degradation 820(1)
25.11 Real-time analysis for pollution 821(1)
prevention
25.12 Inherently safer chemistry for 821(1)
accident prevention
Further Reading 822(1)
Exercises 822(1)
Tutorial Problems 823(1)
26 Biological inorganic chemistry 824(61)
The organization of cells 825(8)
26.1 The physical structure of cells 825(1)
26.2 The inorganic composition of living 825(3)
organisms
26.3 Biological metal-coordination sites 828(5)
Metal ions in transport and communication 833(15)
26.4 Sodium and potassium transport 833(2)
26.5 Calcium signalling proteins 835(1)
26.6 Selective transport and storage of 836(3)
iron
26.7 Oxygen transport and storage 839(3)
26.8 Electron transfer 842(6)
Catalytic processes 848(26)
26.9 Acid-base catalysis 848(7)
26.10 Enzymes dealing with H2O2 and O2 855(9)
26.11 Enzymes dealing with radicals and 864(4)
alkyl groups
26.12 Oxygen atom transfer by molybdenum 868(1)
and tungsten enzymes
26.13 Hydrogenases, enzymes that activate 869(2)
H2
26.14 The nitrogen cycle 871(3)
Metals in gene regulation 874(6)
27.15 Transcription factors and the role 874(1)
of Zn
26.16 Iron proteins as sensors 875(3)
26.17 Proteins that sense Cu and Zn levels 878(1)
26.18 Biomineralization 878(2)
Perspectives 880(2)
26.19 The contributions of individual 880(1)
elements
26.20 Future directions 881(1)
Further Reading 882(1)
Exercises 883(1)
Tutorial Problems 884(1)
27 Inorganic chemistry in medicine 885(16)
The chemistry of elements in medicine 885(14)
27.1 Inorganic complexes in cancer 887(3)
treatment
27.2 Anti-arthritis drugs 890(1)
27.3 Bismuth in the treatment of gastric 891(1)
ulcers
27.4 Lithium in the treatment of bipolar 892(1)
disorders
27.5 Organometallic drugs in the 892(1)
treatment of malaria
27.6 Metal complexes as antiviral agents 893(2)
27.7 Metal drugs that slowly release CO: 895(1)
an agent against post-operative stress
27.8 Chelation therapy 895(1)
27.9 Imaging agents 896(2)
27.10 Nanoparticles in directed drug 898(1)
delivery
27.11 Outlook 899(1)
Further Reading 899(1)
Exercises 900(1)
Tutorial Problems 900(1)
Resource section 1 Selected ionic radii 901(2)
Resource section 2 Electronic properties of the 903(2)
elements
Resource section 3 Standard potentials 905(13)
Resource section 4 Character tables 918(4)
Resource section 5 Symmetry-adapted orbitals 922(4)
Resource section 6 Tanabe-Sugano diagrams 926(3)
Index 929