Ideal for those coming to the subject for the first time, this fully updated new edition incorporates discussion on contemporary debated, including philosophy of biology, normative naturalism, theory appraisal, experimental practice, and scientific realism.
Designed for those coming to the subject for the first time, this stimulating introduction offers a historical exposition of differing views on the philosophy of science. With concise profiles introducing the major philosophers whose contributions are discussed, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by philosophers and scientists about the proper evaluation of science. This new edition incorporates contemporary developments in the discipline, includingrecent work on theory-appraisal, experimental practice, the debate over scientific realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative approach, with a focus on the historical development of the subject, John Losee presents a full and up to date account that is ideal for the introductory reader. Science, including philosophy of biology, normative naturalism, theory appraisal, experimental practice, theories of explanation, and scientific realism
Introduction ; 1. Aristotle's Philosophy of Science ; 2. The Pythagorean Orientation ; 3. The Ideal of Deductive Systemization ; 4. Atomism and the Concept of Underlying Mechanism ; 5. Affirmation and Development of Aristotle's Method in the Medieval Period ; 6. The Debate over Saving the Appearances ; 7. The Seventeenth-Century Attack on Aristotelian Philosophy ; 8. Newton's Axiomatic Method ; 9. Analysis of the Implications of the New Science for a Theory of Scientific Method ; 10. Inductivism v the Hypothetico-Deductive View of Science ; 11. Mathematical Positivism and Conventionlism ; 12. Logical Reconstructivist Philosophy of Science ; 13. Orthodoxy under Attack ; 14. Theories of Scientific Progress ; 15. Explanation, Causation, and Unification ; 16. Confirmation and Evidential Support ; 17. The Justification of Evaluative Standards ; 18. The Debate over Scientific Realism ; 19. Descriptive Philosophies of Science ; Bibliography ; Index