画法幾何学の広がり<br>Descriptive Geometry, The Spread of a Polytechnic Art〈1st ed. 2019〉 : The Legacy of Gaspard Monge

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画法幾何学の広がり
Descriptive Geometry, The Spread of a Polytechnic Art〈1st ed. 2019〉 : The Legacy of Gaspard Monge

  • 言語:ENG
  • ISBN:9783030148072
  • eISBN:9783030148089

ファイル: /

Description

This book seeks to explore the history of descriptive geometry in relation to its circulation in the 19th century, which had been favoured by the transfers of the model of the École Polytechnique to other countries. The book also covers the diffusion of its teaching from higher instruction to technical and secondary teaching. In relation to that, there is analysis of the role of the institution – similar but definitely not identical in the different countries – in the field under consideration. The&nbsp;book contains chapters focused on different countries, areas, and institutions, written by specialists of the history of the field. Insights on descriptive geometry are provided in the context of the mathematical aspect, the aspect of teaching in particular to non-mathematicians, and the institutions themselves.

Table of Contents

Part I- First spreading in Western Europe

Chapter 1 Monge’s Descriptive Geometry: his Lessons and the Teachings given by Lacroix and Hachette

Évelyne Barbin

Chapter 2 Descriptive Geometry in France: Circulation, Transformation, Recognition

(1795- 1905)

Évelyne Barbin

Chapter 3 Descriptive Geometry in Italy in the 19th Century: Spread, Popularization, Teaching

Roberto Scoth

Chapter 4 Luigi Cremona and Wilhelm Fiedler: the Link between Descriptive and Projective Geometry in Technical Instruction

Marta Menghini

Chapter 5 Descriptive Geometry in 19th Century Spain: from Monge to Cirodde

Elena Ausejo

Chapter 6 Descriptive Geometry in Spain and the Emergence of the late Modern European outlook on the Relationship between Pure Science and Technology

Ana Millán Gasca

Chapter 7 Portuguese books of Descriptive Geometry, from University and Polytechnic to Secondary School

Eliana Manuel Pinho, José Carlos Santos, João Pedro Xavier

Part II- Installation of Descriptive Geometry in Europe

Chapter 8 A German Interpreting of Descriptive Geometry and Polytechnic

Nadine Benstein

Chapter 9 The Evolution of Descriptive Geometry in Austria

Hellmuth Stachel

Chapter 10 The Vienna School of Descriptive Geometry

Christa Binder

Chapter 11 Otto Wilhelm Fiedler and the Synthesis of Projective and Descriptive Geometry

Klaus Volkert

Chapter 12 At the Crossroads of two Engineering Cultures, or An Unedited Story of the French Polytechnician Charles Potier’s Descriptive Geometry Books in Russia

Irina Gouzevitch and Dmitri Gouzevitch

Chapter 13 Engineering Studies and Secondary Education: Descriptive Geometry in the Netherlands (1820-1960)

Jenneke Krüger

Chapter 14 In Pursuit of Monge’s Ideal: the Introduction of Descriptive Geometry in the Educational Institutions in Greece during the 19th century

Christine Phili

Chapter 15 The Rise and Fall of Descriptive Geometry in Denmark

Jesper Lützen

Chapter 16 Descriptive Geometry at Czech Technical Universities until 1939

Vlasta Moravcová

Chapter 17 The Love Affair with Descriptive Geometry: Its History in Serbia

Katarina Jevtic Novakovic and Snezana Lawrence

Chapter 18 Descriptive geometry in England ? Lost in Translation

Snezana Lawrence

Part III- Descriptive geometry in America and Africa

Chapter 19 Teaching of Descriptive Geometry in the United States (1817-1915): Circulation among Military Engineers, Scholars and Draftsmen

Thomas Préveraud

Chapter 20 The Teaching of Descriptive Geometry in Egypt (1837?1902)

Pascal Crozet

Chapter 21 The Dissemination of Descriptive Geometry in Latin America

Gert Schubring, Vinicius Mendes,

Thiago Oliveira and Luiz Carlos Guimarães

Epilogue

Chapter 22 The Myth of the Polytechnic School

Gert Schubring