Bede : On the Nature of Things and on Times (Translated Texts for Historians)

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Bede : On the Nature of Things and on Times (Translated Texts for Historians)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 222 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781846314964
  • DDC分類 523.10902

基本説明

Contains extensive annotations and commentaries on the technical aspects of the various chapters of the two works.

Full Description


The Venerable Bede composed On the Nature of Things (De natura rerum) and On Times (De temporibus) at the outset of his career, about AD 703. Bede fashioned himself as a teacher to his people and his age, and these two short works show him selecting, editing, and clarifying a mass of difficult and sometimes dangerous material. He insisted that his reader understand the mathematical and physical basis of time, and though he was dependent on his textual sources, he also included observations of his own. But Bede was also a Christian exegete who thought deeply and earnestly about how salvation-history connected to natural history and the history of the peoples of the earth. To comprehend his religious mentality, we have to take on board his views on "science" -- and vice versa.On the Nature of Things is a survey of cosmology. Starting with Creation and the universe as a whole, Bede reads the cosmos downwards from the heavens, through the atmosphere, to the oceans and rivers of earth. This order (recapitulating the four elements or fire, air, water and earth) was derived from his main source, Isidore of Seville's On the Nature of Things. However, Bede separated out Isidore's chapters on time, and dealt with them in On Times. On Times, like its "second, revised and enlarged edition" The Reckoning of Time (De temporum ratione), works upwards from the smallest units of time, through the day and night, the week, month and year, to the world-ages. Bede's innovation is to introduce a practical manual of Easter reckoning, or computus, into this survey. Hidden beneath the matter-of-fact surface of the work is an intense polemic about the correct principles for determining the date of Easter -- principles which in Bede's view are bound up with both the integrity of nature as God's creation, and the theological significance of Christ's death and resurrection. In these works Bede re-united cosmology and time-reckoning to form a unified science of computus that would become the framework for Carolingian and Scholastic basic scientific education.

Table of Contents

        Illustrations                              x
Acknowledgements xi
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction
Date and Purpose of On the Nature of Things 1 (2)
(ONT) and On Times (OT)
Structure and Content of ONT and OT 3 (1)
Unity of Conception of ONT and OT 4 (2)
The Place of ONT and OT in Bede's Thought 6 (1)
Bede's Template: Isidore of Seville's De 7 (5)
natura rerum (DNR)
Bede's Transformation of Isidore's DNR 12 (1)
Bede's Attitude Toward Isidore 13 (7)
The Easter Controversy and the Pedagogy of 20 (5)
Computus
The Christian World-Chronicle 25 (5)
Bede's Science: Continuities and New 30 (3)
Directions
The Transmission of ONT and OT 33 (4)
The Reception of ONT and OT: Glosses and 37 (5)
Excerpts
Principles Governing this Translation 42 (1)
Inventory of Manuscripts and Editions of 43 (28)
Bede's ONT and OT
Bede: On the Nature of Things
A Poem of Bede the Priest 71 (1)
The Chapters of On the Nature of Things 72 (2)
1 The Fourfold Work of God 74 (1)
2 The Formation of the World 74 (1)
3 What the World Is 75 (1)
4 The Elements 75 (1)
5 The Firmament 76 (1)
6 The Varied Height of Heaven 77 (1)
7 Upper Heaven 77 (1)
8 The Heavenly Waters 77 (1)
9 The Five Circles of the World 78 (1)
10 The Regions of the World 79 (1)
11 The Stars 80 (1)
12 The Course of the Planets 80 (1)
13 Their Order 81 (1)
14 Their Orbits 82 (1)
15 Why Their Colours Change 83 (1)
16 The Circle of the Zodiac 83 (1)
17 The Twelve Signs 84 (1)
18 The Milky Way 84 (1)
19 The Course and Size of the Sun 85 (1)
20 The Nature and Place of the Moon 85 (1)
21 Method for Determining the Course of the 86 (1)
Moon through the Signs of the Zodiac
22 The Eclipse of the Sun and the Moon 87 (1)
23 Where there is No Eclipse and Why 88 (1)
24 Comets 89 (1)
25 The Air 89 (1)
26 The Winds 90 (1)
27 The Order of the Winds 90 (1)
28 Thunder 91 (1)
29 Lightning 91 (1)
30 Where Lightning is Not and Why 92 (1)
31 The Rainbow 92 (1)
32 Clouds 92 (1)
33 Rains 93 (1)
34 Hail 93 (1)
35 Snow 93 (1)
36 Signs of Storms or Fair Weather 93 (1)
37 Pestilence 94 (1)
38 On the Dual Nature of the Waters 94 (1)
39 The Ocean's Tide 95 (1)
40 Why the Sea Does Not Grow in Size 95 (1)
41 Why It is Bitter 96 (1)
42 The Red Sea 96 (1)
43 The Nile 96 (1)
44 That the Earth is Bound by Waters 97 (1)
45 The Position of the Earth 97 (1)
46 That the Earth is Like a Globe 97 (1)
47 The Circles of the Earth 98 (3)
48 More on the Same Subject: the Art of 101 (1)
Using Sundials
49 Earthquake 101 (1)
50 The Fire of Mount Etna 102 (1)
51 The Division of the Earth 102 (4)
Bede: On Times
The Chapters of On Times 106 (1)
1 Moments and Hours 107 (1)
2 The Day 107 (1)
3 The Night 108 (1)
4 The Week 108 (1)
5 The Month 109 (1)
6 The Months of the Romans 109 (1)
7 Solstice and Equinox 110 (1)
8 The Seasons 111 (1)
9 Years 112 (1)
10 The Leap-Year Day 112 (1)
11 The Nineteen-Year Cycle 113 (1)
12 The `Leap of the Moon' 113 (1)
13 The Contents of the Paschal Cycle 114 (1)
14 The Formulas for the Headings of the 115 (1)
Paschal Table
15 The Sacrament of the Easter Season 116 (1)
16 The Ages of the World 117 (1)
17 The Sequence and Order of Times 118 (1)
18 The Second Age 119 (1)
19 The Third Age 120 (2)
20 The Fourth Age 122 (2)
21 The Fifth Age 124 (2)
22 The Sixth Age 126 (9)
Commentaries
Commentary: On the Nature of Things 135 (31)
Commentary: On Times 166 (14)
Appendices
Appendix 1 Bede: A Hymn on the Work of 180 (6)
the First Six Days and the Six Ages of
the World
Appendix 2 An Excursus on Bede's 186 (2)
Mathematical Reasoning
Appendix 3 Bede's Calculation of Tidal 188 (3)
Periods and the Purported `Immaturity' of
On the Nature of Things
Appendix 4 Bede and Lucretius 191 (2)
Select Bibliography 193 (13)
Index of Sources and Parallels 206 (6)
General Index 212