Assesses its contributions to the environment, food quality, farmers' incomes, and rural development.
Food retailers in Europe, including supermarkets, have responded to rapidly rising demand for organic produce. The organic sector has moved from a marginal production fad to a serious subject of policy concern for politicians and public servants involved in European agricultural policy. Drawing on a large body of scientific research, this book: reviews the organic farming sector in the 21st century and the policies developed towards it; assesses its contributions to the environment, food quality, farmers' incomes, and rural development; explains the key factors impinging on the organic farming sector in future; and makes a detailed range of recommendations for future organic farming policy.
Organic farming - a grassroots movement taken over by policy?; organic farming in Europe at the dawn of the new millennium - farms, land area and regional distribution, markets, institutions, research and innovation, European policies for organic farming in the 1990s, the development of organic farming in selected countries, conclusion; organic farming's contribution to policy objectives - environmental performance, food quality, farm income, rural development, surplus reduction and government expenditure, criticism of organic farming policy; a changing policy environment - agenda 2000, EU enlargement, WTO negotiations, possible futures, organic farming and agricultural policy; recommendations for future organic farming policy - an integrated approach, status quo analysis, objectives and strategic decisions, instruments and addressees, monitoring and control, conclusions; references - addresses of organic farming organizations, international organizations, research organizations, producer associations.