Archaeological Conservation Using Polymers : Practical Applications for Organic Artifact Stabilization (Texas A&m University Anthropology Series, 6) (1ST)

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Archaeological Conservation Using Polymers : Practical Applications for Organic Artifact Stabilization (Texas A&m University Anthropology Series, 6) (1ST)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 192 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781585442188
  • DDC分類 930.1028

Full Description


Over the years, archaeologists have developed a number of techniques for conserving historical artifacts for future generations. Up to now, however, these methods have provided artifacts only a limited lifespan and in some cases they do not work well with water-logged materials. Within the past few years, archaeological chemistry and concerns of longevity testing have become central issues in the development of conservation treatment strategies. This problem became particularly acute when members of the Texas A&M Nautical Archaeology Program were called on to conserve artifacts on "LaBelle", the sunken ship of La Salle excavated in the 1990s off the coast of Texas by the Texas Historical Commission. Working with Dow Corning Corporation, Texas A&M's Archaeological Preservation Research Lab, and the Conservation Research Lab, C. Wayne Smith and his colleagues set out to develop a series of techniques that would yield successful and affordable treatment strategies for organic artifacts without sacrificing important information. In this work, C. Wayne Smith prescribes an effective layout for day-to-day conservation of small organic artifacts and then examines some of the techniques used to process various organic materials from marine and land sites.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           ix
J. M. Klosowski
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction 3 (4)
Laboratory Setup 7 (6)
Major Instrumentation 7 (1)
Small Necessities in the Laboratory 8 (1)
Chemicals 9 (4)
Baseline Mechanisms 13 (8)
Dowel Experiment 13 (4)
Mass Spectrographic Analysis of Out-Gases 17 (4)
Created from the Dehydration of
Archaeological Wood Samples
Archaeological Wood 21 (39)
The Challenge of Conserving Waterlogged 21 (1)
Wood
Degradation and Shrinkage 22 (1)
Waterlogged Wood from Saltwater 22 (4)
Environments
Case Study: Waterlogged Wooden Buttons 26 (2)
with and without Associated Thread
Dry-Site Artifacts---Dry and Desiccated 28 (2)
Wood
Reprocessing and Stabilization of 30 (1)
PEG-Treated Wood
Tongue Depressor Experiment 31 (9)
Case Study: Re-treatment of Two 40 (3)
PEG-Treated Sabots
Re-treatment of PEG-Treated Waterlogged 43 (2)
Wood
Case Study: Treatment of Waterlogged Wood 45 (15)
Using Hydrolyzable, Multifunctional
Alkoxysilane Polymers
Leather Preservation 60 (14)
Archaeological Leather 60 (2)
Cleaning 62 (1)
Chemical Cleaning 62 (1)
Treatment of Leather 62 (1)
PEG/Air-Drying Treatments 63 (1)
Freeze-Drying PEG-Treated Artifacts 64 (1)
PEG and Other Polymers 65 (1)
Passivation Polymer Processes 66 (1)
Case Study: A Successful Treatment 66 (3)
Strategy for a Waterlogged Shoe
Passivation Polymer Treatment for 69 (1)
Dessicated Leather
An Effective Treatment for Dry Leather 70 (2)
Suggestions for Treating Leather between 72 (1)
Sheets of Glass
Storage and Display of Leather Artifacts 72 (2)
Composite Artifacts 74 (7)
Case Study: Preservation of a Composite 74 (7)
Artifact Containing Basketry and Iron Shot
Cordage and Textiles 81 (12)
New Techniques for the Preservation of 81 (1)
Waterlogged Rope
Silicone Treatment Strategies 82 (1)
Frankfurter Method of Rope Preservation 82 (1)
Treating Waterlogged Rope in a Nonpolar 82 (1)
Suspension Medium
Incorporating the Use of Nonpolar 83 (1)
Suspension Mediums and Elements of the
Frankfurter Method into ``Traditional''
Silicone Treatment Strategies
Case Study: La Belle Rope 83 (7)
Case Study: Preservation of Waterlogged 90 (3)
Canvas from Port Royal
Glass Conservation 93 (19)
Devitrification 96 (1)
Removal of Sulfide Stains from Lead 96 (1)
Crystal
Consolidating Waterlogged Glass Using 96 (1)
Passivation Polymers
An Effective Silicone Oil Treatment 96 (2)
Strategy
Reconstruction 98 (2)
Case Study: Preservation of 100 (8)
Seventeenth-Century Glass Using Polymers
Case Study: Preserving Waterlogged Glass 108 (4)
and Cork
Ivory and Bone 112 (7)
Basic Structural Differences 112 (1)
Equipment Setup for Very Fragile Bone and 113 (1)
Ivory
Case Study: Consolidating Friable Bone 114 (1)
Case Study: Ivory from Tantura-B 115 (1)
Excavations in Israel
Case Study: Waterlogged Tusks from 116 (3)
Western Australia
Expanding the Conservation Tool Kit 119 (6)
Computerized Tomography and the 120 (1)
Stereolithographic Process
Case Study: Scanning an Encrusted 121 (1)
Artifact---CT Scanning Used as a
Diagnostic Tool
New Tools---New Directions in Research 121 (4)
Notes 125 (2)
Index 127