The Music of American Folk Song : and Selected Other Writings on American Folk Music (Eastman Studies in Music)

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The Music of American Folk Song : and Selected Other Writings on American Folk Music (Eastman Studies in Music)

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  • University of Rochester Press(2003/05発売)
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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 212 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781580461368
  • DDC分類 782.4216200793

Full Description

This is the first publication of an annotated monograph by the noted composer and folksong scholar Ruth Crawford Seeger. Originally written as a foreword for the 1940 book Our Singing Country, it was considered too longand was replaced by a much shorter version. According to her stepson, Pete Seeger, when the original was not included "Ruth suffered one of the biggest disappointments of the last ten years of her life. It just killed her . . .She was trying to analyze the whole style and problem of performing this music." Along with her children Mike and Peggy Seeger, he has long desired to see this work in print as it was meant to be read.The manuscript hasbeen edited from several varying sources by Larry Polansky, with the assistance of Seeger's biographer Judith Tick. It is divided into two sections: I. "A Note on Transcription" and II. "Notes on the Songs and on Manners of Singing." Seeger examines all aspects of the relationship between singer, song, notation, the eventual performer, and the transcriber. In Section I, Seeger develops a complex and well-organized system of notation for these songs which is meant to be both descritive [transcription as cultural preservation] and prescriptive [she intended that others would be able to perform these songs]. In Section II, she provides an interpretive theory for performance of this music, and suggests how performers might make the songs "their own" through a deep knowledge of the original styles. Ruth Crawford Seeger considered this work to be both a major accomplishment and a central statement of herownideas on the topic.Larry Polansky is Associate Professor of Music at Dartmouth College, and a well-known composer and theorist on American music.Judith Tick is Professor of Music at Northeastern University and author of the first major biography of Ruth Crawford Seeger.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      ix
List of Music Examples xi
Foreword xv
Pete Seeger
Foreword: A Few Personal Words about Ruth xvi
Crawford Seeger's The Music of American Folk
Mike Seeger
Foreword xix
Peggy Seeger
Historical Introduction: The Salvation of xxi
Writing Things Down
Judith Tick
Editor's Introduction xxxi
Larry Polansky
Abbreviations liii
The Music of American Folk Song
Ruth Crawford Seeger
I. A Note on Transcription 7 (24)
The singer and the song 7 (1)
Phonographic recording of the song 8 (1)
Transcription of the song from phonographic 8 (3)
Transcription from phonograph recording 8 (1)
versus dictation direct from folk singer,
player or intermediary
Transcription through graph notation 9 (2)
The reader and the song 11 (2)
Music notation as a bridge 13 (1)
Three basic types of transcription 14 (8)
Song-norm 22 (1)
Majority usage 23 (2)
Underlimits of amount of detail shown in 25 (1)
notation, especially with regard to the
simpler singing-styles
The model tune as representative of the 26 (1)
song as a whole
The initial tune as model tune 27 (1)
The composite tune 28 (1)
The transcriber and a changing oral 28 (3)
II. Notes on the Songs and on Manners of 31 (116)
Adherence to a dynamic level throughout the 31 (1)
song as a whole
Adherence to a dramatic level throughout 32 (1)
the song as a whole
Adherence to the tempo set at the beginning 33 (1)
of the song
Infrequency of long ritardandos from the 33 (1)
beginning to the end of the song as a
Infrequency of short stereotyped 33 (1)
ritardandos at ends of phrases and stanzas
Strict time and free singing styles 34 (2)
Pulse and count 36 (2)
Anticipation and delay of beat 38 (3)
Simple and compound meter 41 (13)
Metrical irregularities---prolongation and 54 (7)
contraction of measure
Prolongation of measure---the extended 57 (1)
tone and the extended or inserted rest
Underlimit of metrical irregularity shown 58 (1)
in these notations, especially with
regard to extension of tone and extension
or insertion of rest
Manners of notating extended tone and 59 (2)
extended or inserted rest
Metrical irregularities---divisions of beat 61 (1)
and measure
Rest 62 (1)
Phrase pattern 63 (1)
Number of measures to a phrase 63 (1)
Number of phrases to the [stanza] 64 (1)
Interstanzaic variation 64 (2)
Manners of accomodating extra syllables of 66 (1)
succeeding stanzas
Tone attack and release 66 (1)
Attack 66 (1)
Release 67 (1)
Intonation 67 (2)
Scale and mode 69 (3)
Accompaniment 72 (75)
Editor's Endnotes 77 (31)
Appendix 1: Songs Referred to in The 108 (6)
Music of American Folk Song
Appendix 2: List of Unpublished 114 (4)
Transcriptions in the Lomax Family
Appendix 3: Amazing Grace/Pisgah 118 (11)
Transcriptions, from George Pullen
Jackson, White and Negro Spirituals
Selected Other Writings on American Folk Music
Ruth Crawford Seeger
Editor's Introduction 129 (2)
Larry Polansky
Pre-School Children and American Folk 131 (6)
Music (late 1940s?)
Keep the Song Going! (1951) 137 (7)
Review of John N. Work, American Negro 144 (3)
Songs for Mixed Voices (1948)
Index of Songs 147 (6)
Index 153