The Germans and the East


The Germans and the East

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 458 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781557534439
  • DDC分類 947.000431

Full Description

This volume provides an historical overview of the relationship between Germany, German speakers, and successive waves of German colonists with their eastern neighbors over the period from the Middle Ages to the present. The collection of essays by 28 leading experts includes the most recent scholarship together with fresh perspectives on the subject. The problems and issues raised in this volume come as a result of different understandings of ""German"" and ""Germany"" from the Germanic tribes and German ""stem-duchies"" of the Middle Ages to the highly decentralized and multi-ethnic Holy Roman Empire of late medieval and early modern times and the German Confederation of the 1815-1866 period to the various forms of the German state from 1871 to the present. The relationship of German-speakers to their eastern non-German speaking neighbors, as well as that of ""Germany"" both to those neighbors and to German-speakers living beyond the borders of the modern German state are covered. In addition, some attention is given to the German perception of the ""East"" during this unfolding relationship. ""The Germans and the East"" is divided into five sections. The first section covers the medieval period which saw the first German colonial expansion eastward. The second section, devoted to the early modern period, reviews the role of German speakers in the development policies of enlightened absolutism. The third section looks at the problem during the age of emerging nationalism in the ""long"" nineteenth century from 1789 to 1914. The fourth and longest section covers the era of the two World Wars, including their aftermaths, which saw the expulsion of German-speakers from Eastern Europe. The final section addresses the relationship of Germany and Austria and their eastern neighbors from the Cold War to the new era of European integration.

Table of Contents

Introduction                                       1
Franz A.J. Szabo and Charles Ingrao
I. The Middle Ages 9
Introduced by Klaus Zernack
Before Colonization: Christendom at the 17
Slav Frontier and Pagan Resistance
Christian L ke
Medieval Colonization in East Central Europe 27
Jan M. Piskorski
The Most Unique Crusader State: The 37
Teutonic Order in the Development of the
Political Culture of Northeastern Europe
during the Middle Ages
Paul W. Knoll
An Amicable Enmity: Some Peculiarities in 49
Teutonic-Balt Relations in the Chronicles
of the Baltic Crusades
Raisa Mazeika
II. The Early Modern Period 59
Introduced by Charles Ingrao
Absolutism and Reform in Eighteenth-Century 64
Central and Eastern Europe
Michael G. M ler
German Writers, Power and Collapse: The 78
Emergence of Polenliteratur in
Eighteenth-Century Germany
David Pickus
German Colonization in the Banat and 89
Transylvania in the Eighteenth Century
Karl A. Roider and Robert Forrest
III. The Long Nineteenth Century 105
Introduced by Lothar H elt
Changing Meanings of "German" in Habsburg 109
Central Europe
Pieter M. Judson
Controversies on German Cultural 129
Orientation in the "Croatian National
Renewal": German Language and Culture in
Croatian Everyday Life, 1835-1848
Drago Roksandic
"Germans" in the Habsburg Empire: Language, 147
Imperial Ideology, National Identity, and
Arnold Suppan
IV. The Age of Total War 191
Introduced by Ronald Smelser
Part 1: German Aims in World War I
German Military Occupation and Culture on 201
the Eastern Front in World War I
Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius
Comrades, Enemies, Vicims: The 209
Prussian/German Army and the Ostv ker
Dennis Showalter
Part 2: The Successor States and Their
German Minorities
From "verloren gehen" to "verloren 226
bleiben": Changing German Discourses on
Nation and Nationalism in Poznania
Elizabeth A. Drummond
The National State and the Territorial 241
Parish in Interwar Poland
James Bjork
Interwar Poland and the Problem of 257
Polish-speaking Germans
Richard Blanke
The Birth of a Sudeten German Nobility, 270
Eagle Glassheim
Part 3: Nazi Germany and the War in the East
Askaris in the "Wild East": The 277
Deployment of Auxiliaries and the
Implementation of Nazi Racial Policy in
Lublin District
Peter Black
A Blind Eye and Dirty Hands: The 310
Wehrmacht's Crimes in the East, 1941-1945
Geoffrey P. Megargee
Nazi Foreign Policy towards Southeastern 328
Europe, 1933-1945
Bela Bodo
The Second World War and Its Aftermath: 347
Ethnic German Communities in the East
John C. Swanson
V. The Era of European Integration 362
Introduced by Gunter Bischof
Austrian and Czech Historical Memory of 370
World War II, National Identity, and
European Integration
G ter Bischof and Martin David
Austro-Czechoslovak Relations and the 389
Expulsion of the Germans
Emilia Hrabovec
West Germany and the Lost German East: Two 402
William Glenn Gray
The "Germans and the East": Back to Normality 421
But What Is Normal?
Eva Hahn and Hans Henning Hahn
Contributors 439
Index 443