A Reader on Race, Civil Rights, and American Law : A Multiracial Approach

A Reader on Race, Civil Rights, and American Law : A Multiracial Approach

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 805 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780890897355
  • DDC分類 342.730873

Table of Contents

Prologue and Acknowledgments                       xvii
Concepts of Race: Biological Reality or 3 (66)
Social Construction?
Introduction 3 (1)
Some History: Biology as a Different 3 (4)
Rationalization for Racial Subordination
The Evolution of Modern Racial Awareness 3 (3)
Michael Omi & Howard Winant
Review Question 6 (1)
Suggested Readings 6 (1)
The ``One Drop'' Rule and Its Impact 7 (14)
The Devil and the One Drop Rule: Racial 7 (13)
Categories, African Americans, and the
U.S. Census
Christine B. Hickman
Review Question 20 (1)
Suggested Readings 20 (1)
Social Construction of Race 21 (12)
The Social Construction of Race: Some 21 (11)
Observations on Illusion, Fabrication,
and Choice
Ian F. Haney Lopez
Review Questions 32 (1)
Suggested Readings 33 (1)
Whiteness as a ``Race'' 33 (21)
The Concept 33 (1)
``Was Blind, But Now I See'': White Race 33 (8)
Consciousness and the Requirement of
Discriminatory Intent
Barbara J. Flagg
Privileges of ``Whiteness'' 41 (1)
Language and Silence: Making Systems of 41 (9)
Privilege Visible
Stephanie M. Wildman
Adrienne D. Davis
Whiteness Made Visible: The Emergence of 50 (1)
Critical White Studies
Dismantling Whiteness 50 (3)
Ian F. Haney Lopez
Review Questions 53 (1)
Suggested Readings 54 (1)
Identity Issues and Different Minority 54 (15)
Groups: Who Wants To Be White?
The Legal Construction of Race: 54 (6)
Mexican-Americans and Whiteness
George A. Martinez
From Black To White and Black Again 60 (8)
Frank Wu
Review Questions 68 (1)
Suggested Readings 68 (1)
Histories of Race and Racism: The Constant of 69 (58)
White Supremacy
Introduction 69 (1)
The African American Experience: Slavery 69 (15)
and the Constitution
The Ten Precepts of American Slavery 70 (7)
Jurisprudence: Chief Justice Roger
Taney's Defense and Justice Thurgood
Marshall's Condemnation of the Precept of
Black Inferiority
Leon Higginbotham
Affirmative Action for the Master Class: 77 (6)
The Creation of the Proslavery
Constitution
Paul Finkelman
Review Questions 83 (1)
Suggested Readings 83 (1)
Native Americans: Conquest and Betrayal 84 (17)
Federal Power Over Indians: Its Sources, 86 (7)
Scope, and Limitations
Nell Jessup Newton
The Algebra of Federal Indian Law: The 93 (2)
Hard Trail of Decolonizing and
Americanizing the White Man's Indian
Jurisprudence
Robert A. Williams, Jr.
The Political Status of the Native 95 (3)
Hawaiian People
Jon M. Van Dyke
Review Questions 98 (1)
Suggested Readings 99 (2)
Asian Americans: From the Chinese Exclusion 101 (12)
Laws to the Present
Toward An Asian American Legal 102 (4)
Scholarship: Critical Race Theory,
Post-Structuralism, and Narrative Space
Robert S. Chang
Asian Americans: The ``Reticent'' 106 (5)
Minority and Their Paradoxes
Pat K. Chew
Review Questions 111 (1)
Suggested Readings 112 (1)
Latinos: Braceros, Wetbacks Forgotten 113 (14)
Americans, and ``Foreigners''
The Chronicle, My Grandfather's Stories, 113 (3)
and Immigration Law: The Slave Traders
Chronicles as Racial History
Michael A. Olivas
Some Thoughts on the Future of Latino 116 (9)
Legal Scholarship
Kevin R. Johnson
Review Questions 125 (1)
Suggested Readings 125 (2)
The Anti-Discrimination Laws 127 (194)
Introduction 127 (3)
The Id, the Ego, and Equal Protection: 127 (3)
Reckoning with Unconscious Racism
Charles R. Lawrence III
Review Questions 130 (1)
Employment 130 (32)
Racial Discrimination in the Workplace 130 (1)
Thirty Years of Title VII's Regulatory 131 (6)
Regime: Rights, Theories, and Realities
Ronald Turner
The Content of Our Categories: A 137 (5)
Cognitive Bias Approach to Discrimination
and Equal Employment Opportunity
Linda Hamilton Krieger
The Efficiency and Efficacy of Title VII 142 (4)
Richard A. Posner
Needed in the Nineties: Improved 146 (4)
Individual and Structural Remedies for
Racial and Sexual Disadvantages in
Employment
Mary E. Becker
To Help Those Most in Need: Undocumented 150 (4)
Workers' Rights and Remedies under Title
VII
Maria L. Ontiveros
Review Questions 154 (1)
Suggested Readings 154 (2)
English-Only Rules: Language as a Proxy 156 (1)
for Race and National Origin
Direct Democracy and Distrust: The 157 (2)
Relationship Between Language Law
Rhetoric and the Language Vigilantism
Experience
Steven W. Bender
How the Garcia Cousins Lost Their 159 (2)
Accents: Understanding the Language of
Title VII Decisions Approving
English-Only Rules as the Product of
Racial Dualism, Latino Invisibility, and
Legal Indeterminacy
Christopher David Ruiz Cameron
Review Questions 161 (1)
Suggested Readings 161 (1)
Housing 162 (29)
Housing Segregation and the 162 (1)
Anti-discrimination Laws
The Persistence of Segregation: Links 163 (3)
Between Residential Segregation and
School Segregation
Nancy A. Denton
Race/ism Lost and Found: The Fair Housing 166 (4)
Act at Thirty
John O. Calmore
Free Markets Deep in the Heart of Texas 170 (4)
Jane E. Larson
Review Questions 174 (1)
Suggested Readings 174 (1)
Exclusionary Zoning 175 (1)
The Geography of Community 176 (3)
Jerry Frug
The Boundaries of Race: Political 179 (2)
Geography in Legal Analysis
Richard Thompson Ford
Review Questions 181 (1)
Suggested Readings 181 (1)
Environmental Racism and Environmental 182 (1)
Justice
Empowerment as the Key to Environmental 182 (3)
Protection: The Need for Environmental
Poverty Law
Luke W. Cole
Locally Undesirable Land Uses in Minority 185 (2)
Neighborhoods: Disproportionate Siting or
Market Dynamics?
Vicki Been
The Environmental Justice Misfit: Public 187 (2)
Participation and the Paradigm Paradox
Eileen Gauna
Review Questions 189 (1)
Suggested Readings 189 (2)
Voting 191 (18)
Racial Discrimination and the Right to 193 (4)
Vote
Armand Derfner
Save the Baby, Change the Bathwater, and 197 (5)
Scrub the Tub: Latino Electoral
Participation After Seventeen Years of
Voting Rights Act Coverage
Rodolfo O. De La Garza
Louis DeSipio
Groups, Representation, and 202 (2)
Race-Conscious Districting: A Case of the
Emperor's Clothes
Lani Guinier
A Black Party? Timmons, Black Backlash 204 (4)
and the Endangered Two-Party Paradigm
Terry Smith
Review Questions 208 (1)
Suggested Readings 208 (1)
Education 209 (112)
An Historical Overview 210 (1)
Civil Rights Litigation: Cases and 210 (5)
Perspectives (1995)
Roy L. Brooks
Gilbert P. Carrasco
Gordon A. Martin
Legal Indeterminancy, Judicial Discretion 215 (5)
and the Mexican-American Litigation
Experience: 1930--1980
George A. Martinez
American Indian Education: The Terror of 220 (6)
History and the Nation's Debt to the
Indian Peoples
Raymond Cross
Review Questions 226 (1)
Suggested Readings 226 (1)
Brown v. Board of Education: The Civil 227 (1)
Rights Event of the Century or False Hope
for an Integrated Society?
The Significance of Brown: Contrasting 227 (1)
Views
Bid Whist, Tonk, and United States v. 228 (6)
Fordice: Why Integrationism Fails
African-Americans Again
Alex M. Johnson
The Heart of Equal Protection: Education 234 (3)
and Race
Sharon E. Rush
From Desegregation to Re-Segregation? 237 (1)
The Heart of Equal Protection: Education 238 (9)
and Race
Sharon E. Rush
Transformative Desegregation: Liberating 247 (7)
Hearts and Minds
Wendy Brown-Scott
Review Questions 254 (1)
Suggested Readings 255 (1)
The Continuing Relevance of Race 256 (1)
School Choice 257 (1)
Black America and School Choice: Charting 257 (4)
a New Course
Robin D. Barnes
Reforming School Reform 261 (7)
Martha Minow
Review Questions 268 (1)
Suggested Readings 268 (1)
Financing of Education 269 (1)
Schools, Race, and Money 269 (11)
James E. Ryan
Review Questions 280 (1)
Suggested Readings 280 (1)
Bilingual Education 280 (1)
Bilingual Education, Immigration, and the 281 (6)
Culture of Disinvestment
Rachel F. Moran
Discrimination by Proxy: The Case of 287 (4)
Proposition 227 and the Ban on Bilingual
Education
Kevin R. Johnson
George A. Martinez
The Law of Civil Rights and the Dangers 291 (4)
of Separatism in Multicultural America
J. Harvie Wilkinson III
Review Questions 295 (1)
Suggested Readings 295 (1)
Higher Education 296 (1)
The Affirmative Action Debate 296 (1)
Diversity, Distance, and the Delivery of 297 (7)
Higher Education
Rachel F. Moran
Constitutional Criteria: The Social 304 (7)
Science and Common Law of Admissions
Decisions in Higher Education
Michael A. Olivas
Review Questions 311 (1)
Suggested Readings 311 (2)
Racism in College Athletics 313 (1)
Racism in Athletics: Subtle Yet Persistent 313 (5)
Timothy Davis
Review Questions 318 (1)
Suggested Readings 318 (3)
Affirmative Action 321 (86)
Introduction 321 (1)
Types and Justification 321 (25)
Understanding Affirmative Action 321 (24)
David Benjamin Oppenheimer
Review Questions 345 (1)
Suggested Readings 345 (1)
Complexities of Affirmative Action 346 (14)
Affirmative Action For Whom? 346 (13)
Paul Brest
Miranda Oshige
Review Questions 359 (1)
Suggested Readings 359 (1)
Criticisms 360 (16)
``Affirmative Action,'' Past, Present, 360 (5)
and Future
Lino A. Graglia
Ten Arguments Against Affirmative Action 365 (10)
--- How Valid?
Richard Delgado
Review Questions 375 (1)
Suggested Readings 375 (1)
The Backlash --- Hopwood, Proposition 209, 376 (31)
and Beyond: The Elusive Quest for
Color-Blindness
The Rumors of My Death Have Been 376 (11)
Exaggerated: Hopwood's Error in
``Discarding'' Bakke
Philip T. K. Daniel
Kyle Edward Timkin
Proposition 209 387 (12)
Girardeau A. Spann
A Critique of ``Our Constitution Is 399 (6)
Color-Blind''
Neil Gotanda
Review Questions 405 (1)
Suggested Readings 406 (1)
Criminal Justice 407 (100)
Introduction 407 (2)
Historical Perspectives 409 (4)
The African American Experience 409 (1)
Measuring Racial Equity in Criminal 409 (3)
Justice: The Historical Record
Katheryn K. Russell
The Chinese American and Japanese 412 (1)
American Experience
Defining Race Through the Minority 412 (1)
Experience
Coramae Richey Mann
Disparate Effect of Criminal Laws 413 (21)
Disproportionate Arrests and Incarceration 413 (1)
The Minority ``Crime Problem'' 414 (3)
Coramae Richey Mann
The Intended and Unintended Consequences 417 (3)
of Incarceration-Based Sentencing Policies
Marc Mauer
Review Question 420 (1)
Suggested Readings 420 (1)
Perspectives on Racial Discrimination in 420 (1)
Prosecutorial Discretion and Criminal
Enforcement
Crime, Race, and Reproduction 421 (4)
Dorothy E. Roberts
Prosecution and Race: The Power and 425 (5)
Privilege of Discretion
Angela J. Davis
The Race Question in Criminal Law: 430 (2)
Changing the Politics of Conflict
Randall Kennedy
Review Questions 432 (1)
Suggested Readings 432 (2)
Specific Issues 434 (73)
``Driving While Black'' 434 (1)
Race and the Fourth Amendment 435 (11)
Tracey Maclin
Review Questions 446 (1)
Suggested Readings 446 (1)
Gangs 447 (1)
Gangs: Myth or Reality? 447 (1)
Gangs and Law Enforcement: The Necessity 447 (2)
of Limiting the Use of Gang Profiles
Suzin Kim
Review Questions 449 (1)
Gangs, Vagrancy Statutes and Discretion 449 (1)
Scholarship
Foreword: The Coming Crisis of Criminal 449 (9)
Procedure
Dan M. Kahan
Tracey L. Meares
Foreword: Discretion and Discrimination 458 (5)
Reconsidered: A Response to the New
Criminal Justice Scholarship
David Cole
Review Questions 463 (1)
Suggested Readings 463 (1)
The Jury System 464 (1)
Jury Nullification: Pro and Con 464 (1)
Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black 464 (6)
Power in the Criminal Justice System
Paul Butler
The Myth of the Nullifying Jury 470 (3)
Nancy S. Marder
Review Questions 473 (1)
Suggested Readings 474 (1)
Jury Selection 474 (1)
Rights Held Hostage: Race, Ideology and 474 (13)
the Peremptory Challenge
Kenneth B. Nunn
Review Questions 487 (1)
Suggested Readings 487 (2)
Sentencing: Mandatory Sentencing Laws and 489 (1)
Racial Minorities
The Dilemma of Difference: Race As a 489 (3)
Sentencing Factor
Placido G. Gomez
Indeterminate Sentencing: An Analysis of 492 (3)
Sentencing in America
Christopher M. Alexander
Review Questions 495 (1)
Suggested Readings 495 (1)
Death Penalty 496 (1)
Racial Discrimination and the Death 497 (6)
Penalty in the Post-Furman Era: An
Empirical and Legal Overview, with Recent
Findings From Philadelphia
David C. Baldus
George Woodworth
David Zuckerman
Neil Alan Weiner
Barbara Broffitt
Probing the Capital Prosecutor's 503 (2)
Perspective: Race of the Discretionary
Actors
Jeffrey J. Pokorak
Review Questions 505 (1)
Suggested Readings 505 (2)
Hate Speech 507 (56)
Introduction 507 (1)
The Case for Regulation 507 (35)
Words that Wound: A Tort Action for 507 (7)
Racial Insults, Epithets, and Name-Calling
Richard Delgado
If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating 514 (17)
Racist Speech On Campus
Charles R. Lawrence III
Review Questions 531 (1)
Suggested Readings 531 (1)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul 532 (1)
The Case of the Missing Amendments: 532 (10)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul
Akhil Reed Amar
Review Question 542 (1)
Suggested Readings 542 (1)
Responses To Speech Regulation 542 (21)
The Case Against Postmodern Censorship 542 (20)
Theory
Steven G. Gey
Review Questions 562 (1)
Suggested Readings 562 (1)
Race and Immigration Law 563 (30)
Introduction 563 (30)
Race, the Immigration Laws, and Domestic 565 (10)
Race Relations: A ``Magic Mirror'' into
the Heart of Darkness
Kevin R. Johnson
The Limits of Borders: A Moderate 575 (1)
Proposal for Immigration Reform
Frank H. Wu
The Construction of Race and Class 576 (2)
Buffers in the Structure of Immigration
Controls and Laws
Tanya Kateri Hernandez
The Civil Rights Revolution Comes to 578 (3)
Immigration Law: A New Look at the
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
Gabriel J. Chin
Immigration, Equality and Diversity 581 (3)
Stephen H. Legomsky
Demography and Distrust: The Latino 584 (3)
Challenge to Civil Rights and Immigration
Policy in the 1990s and Beyond
Rachel F. Moran
LatCrit Theory, International Human 587 (2)
Rights, Popular Culture, and the Faces of
Despair in INS Raids
Elvia R. Arriola
Review Questions 589 (1)
Suggested Readings 590 (3)
The Intersection of Race and Gender 593 (40)
Introduction 593 (40)
Introduction 594 (2)
Adrien K. Wing
Race and Essentialism in Feminist Legal 596 (8)
Theory
Angela P. Harris
Review Questions 604 (1)
Converging Stereotypes in Racialized 604 (6)
Sexual Harassment: Where the Model
Minority Meets Suzie Wong
Sumi K. Cho
Foreword: The Meaning of Gender Equality 610 (2)
in Criminal Law
Dorothy E. Roberts
Las Olvidadas---Gendered in 612 (8)
Justice/Gendered Injustice: Latinas,
Fronteras and the Law
Berta Esperanza Hernandez-Truyol
Intersectionality and Positionality: 620 (9)
Situating Women of Color in the
Affirmative Action Dialogue
Laura M. Padilla
Review Questions 629 (1)
Suggested Readings 629 (4)
Racial Complexities 633 (64)
Introduction 633 (1)
Assimilation 634 (21)
Do African-Americans Need Immersion 635 (6)
Schools?: The Paradoxes Created by Legal
Conceptualization of Race and Public
Education
Kevin Brown
Deconstructing Homo[geneous] Americanus: 641 (2)
The White Ethnic Immigrant Narrative and
Its Exclusionary Effect
Sylvia R. Lazos Vargas
Beyond the Rhetoric of Assimilation and 643 (7)
Cultural Pluralism: Addressing the
Tension of Separatism and Conflict in an
Immigration-Driven Multiracial Society
Bill Ong Hing
Lations, Assimilation and the Law: A 650 (4)
Philosophical Perspective
George A. Martinez
Review Questions 654 (1)
Suggested Readings 654 (1)
Interracial Conflict 655 (13)
Traces of the Master Narrative in the 655 (3)
Story of African American/Korean American
Conflict: How We Constructed ``Los
Angeles''
Lisa C. Ikemoto
Multicultural Empowerment: It's Not Just 658 (6)
Black and White Anymore
Deborah Ramirez
Civil Rights and Immigration: Challenges 664 (3)
for the Latino Community in the
Twenty-First Century
Kevin R. Johnson
Review Questions 667 (1)
Suggested Readings 667 (1)
Multiracialism 668 (13)
Unloving 668 (2)
Jim Chen
``Multiracial'' Discourse: Racial 670 (3)
Classifications in an Era of Color-Blind
Jurisprudence
Tanya Kateri Hernandez
Destabilizing Racial Classifications 673 (3)
Based on Insights Gleaned from Trademark
Law
Alex M. Johnson
``Melting Pot'' or ``Ring of Fire''?: 676 (4)
Assimilation and the Mexican-American
Experience
Kevin R. Johnson
Review Questions 680 (1)
Suggested Readings 680 (1)
Sexual Orientation and Race 681 (16)
Myths of Identity: Individual and Group 682 (3)
Portraits of Race and Sexual Orientation
Kenneth L. Karst
Ignoring the Sexualization of Race: 685 (4)
Heteronormativity, Critical Race Theory
and Anti-Racist Politics
Darren Lenard Hutchinson
Latina Multidimensionality and LatCrit 689 (3)
Possibilities: Culture, Gender, and Sex
Berta Esperanza Hernandez-Truyol
Sex and Race in Queer Legal Culture: 692 (2)
Ruminations on Identities &
Inter-Connectivities
Francisco Valdes
Review Questions 694 (1)
Suggested Readings 694 (3)
The Pursuit of Racial Justice: What Can Be 697 (34)
Done?
Introduction 697 (34)
Is American Law Inherently Racist? 698 (5)
Richard Delgado
Daniel A. Farber
Guess Who's Not Coming to Dinner!! 703 (3)
Stephen Reinhardt
Legal Indeterminacy, Judicial Discretion 706 (2)
and the Mexican-American Litigation
Experience: 1930--1980
George A. Martine
Critical Race Praxis: Race Theory and 708 (3)
Political Lawyering Practice in
Post-Civil Rights America
Eric K. Yamamoto
Entering Great America: Reflections on 711 (1)
Race and the Convergence of Progressive
Legal Theory and Practice
Margaret M. Russell
Civil Rights and Immigration: Challenges 712 (5)
for the Latino Community in the
Twenty-First Century
Kevin R. Johnson
Essential Politics 717 (2)
Sumi K. Cho
Coalition-Building Between Natives and 719 (4)
Non-Natives
Haunani-Kay Trask
Cyber-Race 723 (3)
Jerry Kang
Review Questions 726 (1)
Suggested Readings 727 (4)
Racial Minorities in Legal Academia 731 (64)
Introduction 731 (1)
The Experiences of People of Color in the 731 (11)
Citadel
Reflections on Identity, Diversity, and 731 (4)
Morality
Deborah Waire Post
A Latino Law Professor 735 (6)
Kevin Johnson
Review Questions 741 (1)
Suggested Readings 741 (1)
The Rise of Critical Race Theory, 742 (16)
Storytelling, and Other Forms of Subversion
Brown v. Board of Education and the 742 (5)
Interest-Convergence Dilemma
Derrick A. Bell, Jr.
The Imperial Scholar: Reflections on a 747 (6)
Review of Civil Rights Literature
Richard Delgado
Critical Race Theory, Archie Shepp, and 753 (5)
Fire Music: Securing an Authentic
Intellectual Life in a Multicultural World
John O. Calmore
Review Questions 758 (1)
Suggested Readings 758 (1)
The Empire Strikes Back: Critics of the 758 (37)
Critics
Telling Stories Out of School: An Essay 758 (13)
on Legal Narratives
Daniel A. Farber
Suzanna Sherry
Some Critical Thoughts on Critical Race 771 (13)
Theory
Douglas E. Litowitz
Philosophical Considerations and the Use 784 (9)
of Narrative in Law
George A. Martinez
Review Questions 793 (1)
Suggested Readings 793 (2)
Author Index 795 (2)
Index 797