女性不在の哲学:西洋思想における性差別の誕生<br>Philosophy without Women : The Birth of Sexism in Western Thought (Athlone Contemporary European Thinkers Series)

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女性不在の哲学:西洋思想における性差別の誕生
Philosophy without Women : The Birth of Sexism in Western Thought (Athlone Contemporary European Thinkers Series)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 224 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780826458490
  • DDC分類 180.82

基本説明

Translated by Peter Cripps. Philosophy without Women re-evaluates Greek mythology, throws a harsh new light on the invention of democracy, and exposes Platonic harmony to be an ideal driven by a peculiarly masculine fear of death.

Full Description


For most of its history, western philosophy has regarded woman as an imperfect version of man. Like so many aspects of western culture, this tradition builds on foundations laid in ancient Greece. Yet the first philosophers of antiquity were hardly agreed on first principles. Songe-M-|ller shows how the Greeks made intellectual choices that would prove fateful for half of humankind.

Table of Contents

Translator's Note                                  ix
Preface xi
Introduction xiii
PART I Sexuality in Myths and Early Philosophy 1 (76)
The Greek Dream of a Womanless World 3 (18)
A myth of Athenian origins: man as the 4 (2)
source of the child
Asymmetrical sexes: man as citizen, woman 6 (2)
as secual being
The Pandora myth: woman as death-bringer 8 (2)
Plato and sexuality: the One as male 10 (2)
principle, the Other as female
An inversion: woman as One, man as Other 12 (9)
Thought and Sexuality: A Troubled 21 (28)
Relationship An analysis of Hesiod and
Parmenides
Introduction 21 (2)
What is the origin of all things? Hesiod 23 (10)
replies
Parmenides' poem: thought instead of 33 (16)
sexuality
The prologue: the young man's journey 33 (5)
to the goddess
Being and thinking: a mutually 38 (2)
dependent relationship
Being: securely held in unyielding 40 (3)
bonds. Mythology and logic in
Parmenides' peom
Being: life without decay and death 43 (2)
Parmenidean Being: ceaselessly virile 45 (4)
activity?
The Logic of Exclusion and the Free Men's 49 (28)
Democracy An analysis of the notions of
equality and balance in Anaximander and
Parmenides
Introduction 49 (3)
The democratic polis: circularity and 52 (6)
balance
Cosmology: from the hierarchical 58 (7)
world-view of mythology to Anaximander's
model of cosmic stability
Parmenides: theorist of the polis? 65 (12)
The sphere of Being as metaphor for the 67 (2)
democratic city state. The unity,
equality and self-identity of Being
The self-sufficicy of Being and the 69 (1)
impossibility of reproduction
Being and polis: the active exclusion 70 (2)
of the unequal
The opinions of mortals: an alternative 72 (5)
ideal of equality
PART II Plato, Love and Sexual Difference 77 (78)
Tragic Conflict or Platonic Harmony? Two 79 (10)
views of gender in antiquity
Tragic ambivalence 80 (4)
Platonic concorde 84 (5)
Sexuality and Philosophy in Plato's 89 (24)
Symposium
Abolishing the female, or, the absence of 89 (5)
sexual difference in Plato's philosophy
Philosophy as masculine birth: an 94 (19)
analysis of the Symposium
The prologue (172a-180b): rhetorical 94 (3)
presentation of the dialogue's theme
Pausanias' speech in praise of the 97 (4)
heavenly, pederastic Eros (180c-185c)
Aristophanes' speech (189c-193d): on 101 (3)
the origins of erotic desire
Socrates'/ Diotima's speech 104 (9)
(199c-212c): philosophy as masculine
reproduction
Virginity and Masculine Reproduction: Plato 113 (16)
in a Woman's Looking-Glass Irigaray's
reading of the cave myth
Plato's philosophy: portal to our mimetic 113 (3)
culture
Plato's cave myth: a sketh 116 (3)
Plato's text mirrored by Irigary: a game 119 (3)
of inversions, distortions and
mystifications
The uterus seen through a distorting and 122 (2)
inverting masculine mirror: a cave of
death
Virginity as a model for ideal 124 (3)
reproduction
From the prison of illusions to the 127 (2)
prison of truth
From Pederasty to Philosophy On Foucault's 129 (26)
view of sexuality in antiquity
The Greeks' sexual-moral problem: how to 131 (2)
stylize one's life?
A masculine, virile morality: to be 133 (3)
master of oneself and others
The Greek for sexuality: aphrodisia 136 (3)
The principal themes of Foucault's 139 (14)
analysis of secuality: Dietetics,
Economics, Erotics and True Love
Dietetics 139 (2)
Economics 141 (3)
Erotics 144 (5)
True love 149 (4)
The reception of Foucault's and 153 (2)
Irigaray's Platonic studies: the history
of woman's exclusion in repeat?
Notes 155 (14)
Bibliography 169 (6)
Index 175